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Ndege zomwe sizingachepetse ndalama zokwanira kupulumutsa ntchito

Ndege zomwe sizingachepetse ndalama zokwanira kupulumutsa ntchito
Ndege zomwe sizingachepetse ndalama zokwanira kupulumutsa ntchito
Written by Harry S. Johnson

The Mgwirizano Wapadziko Lonse Woyendetsa Ndege (IATA) yapereka kuwunika kwatsopano komwe kukuwonetsa kuti makampani opanga ndege sangathe kuwononga ndalama mokwanira kuti achepetse kuwotchera ndalama kwambiri kuti apewe bankirapuse ndikusunga ntchito mu 2021. IATA idatinso pempho lake loti mabungwe aboma azithandiza mabungwe azandalama ndikupewa kuchotsedwa ntchito. IATA idafunanso kuyeserera koyambirira kwa COVID-19 kuti atsegule malire ndikuthandizira maulendo osayikidwa.


Ndalama zonse zamakampani ku 2021 zikuyembekezeka kutsika 46% poyerekeza ndi 2019 $ 838 biliyoni ya 2021. Kuwunika koyambirira kunali kwakuti ndalama za 29 zikhale zotsika mozungulira 2019% poyerekeza ndi 2020. Izi zidatengera ziyembekezo zakubwezeretsa kufunikira kuyambira kotala lachinayi la 19. Kubwezeretsa kwachedwa komabe, chifukwa cha kufalikira kwatsopano kwa COVID-2020, komanso boma Kuletsedwa koyenera kuyenda kuphatikiza kutsekedwa kwamalire ndi njira zopumira. IATA ikuyembekeza kuti chaka chonse 66 magalimoto azikhala pansi 2019% poyerekeza ndi 68, Disembala akufuna kutsika XNUMX%. 

"Gawo lachinayi la chaka cha 2020 likhala lovuta kwambiri ndipo sizikusonyeza kuti theka loyambirira la 2021 lidzakhala labwinoko, bola malire akakhale otsekedwa ndipo / kapena malo okhala azikhala ali m'malo. Popanda ndalama zina zaboma, ndege yapakati pano ili ndi miyezi 8.5 yokha yotsalira pamiyezo yaposachedwa. Ndipo sitingathe kuchepetsa ndalama mwachangu kuti tipeze ndalama zochepa, "atero a Alexandre de Juniac, Director General ndi CEO wa IATA. 

Ngakhale ndege zachitapo kanthu mwatsatanetsatane kuti muchepetse ndalama, pafupifupi 50% yamitengo ya ndege ndiyokhazikika kapena yopanda malire, osakhalitsa. Zotsatira zake ndikuti ndalama sizinatsike mwachangu monga ndalama. Mwachitsanzo, kutsika kwa chaka ndi chaka kwamitengo yakugwira ntchito kotala yachiwiri kunali 48% poyerekeza ndi kutsika kwa 73% pamalipiro ogwirira ntchito, kutengera zitsanzo za ndege za 76. 

Kuphatikiza apo, pomwe ndege zikuchepetsa mphamvu (ma kilomita okhala ndi mipando, kapena ma ASK) chifukwa chakuwonongeka kwa mayendedwe, mitengo yama mtengo (mtengo pa ASK, kapena CASK) yakwera, popeza pali ma kilomita ochepa ampando oti 'afalikire' ndalama. Zotsatira zoyambirira za kotala lachitatu zikuwonetsa kuti mtengo wamagulu unakwera mozungulira 40% poyerekeza ndi chaka chapitacho. 

Poganizira za 2021, IATA ikuyerekeza kuti kuti akwaniritse zotsatira zopumira ndikuchepetsa kuwotcha ndalama, mtengo wamagulu uyenera kutsika ndi 30% poyerekeza ndi CASK yapakati ya 2020. Kutsika koteroko kulibe kanthu.

Zomwe zimapangitsa pakuwunikaku ndi monga:

  • Ndi zofuna zapadziko lonse lapansi pafupifupi 90%, ndege zoyendetsa ndege zayimitsa ndege zikwizikwi zonyamula anthu ataliatali ndikusintha ntchito zawo kuti zizikwera kanthawi kochepa pomwe zingatheke. Komabe, chifukwa mtunda woyenda wapansi wagwa kwambiri, ndege zambiri zimafunika kugwiritsa ntchito netiweki. Chifukwa chake, kuthamanga kwa mphamvu (ASKs) kutsika ndi 62% poyerekeza ndi Januware 2019, koma zombo zogwirira ntchito zili 21% chabe. 
     
  • Pafupifupi 60% yamagulu apadziko lonse lapansi amabwerekedwa. Pomwe ndege zalandila zochepetsedwa kuchokera kwa ocheperako, mitengo yobwereka ndege yatsika pang'ono kuposa 10% chaka chatha.
     
  • Ndikofunikira kuti ma eyapoti ndi omwe amayendetsa maulendo apandege apewera kukwera mtengo kuti akwaniritse mipata yomwe ikudalira kuchuluka kwamagalimoto zisanachitike. Mtengo wa zomangamanga watsika kwambiri chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa ndege komanso okwera. Omwe amathandizira pazomangamanga amatha kuchepetsa ndalama, kuchepetsa ndalama zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, kubwereka pamisika yamakampani kuti athe kubweza kapena kufunafuna ndalama kuboma. 
     
  • Mafuta ndiye malo okha owala omwe mitengo yake yatsika ndi 42% pa 2019. Tsoka ilo, akuyembekezeka kukwera chaka chamawa popeza kuchuluka kwachuma kumakweza kufunikira kwa magetsi.
     
  • Pomwe IATA sikuti ikulimbikitsa kuchepetsedwa kwa ogwira ntchito, kusungabe kuchuluka kwa ntchito zantchito chaka chatha (ASKs / wantchito), kungafune kuti ntchito idulidwe 40%. Zowonjezeranso kuchepa kwa ntchito kapena kulipira kumafunikira kuti zibweretse ndalama zogwirira ntchito kumapeto kwenikweni kwa zaka zaposachedwa, kutsika kwa 52% kuyambira milingo ya 2020 Q3.
     
  • Ngakhale kuchepetsedwa komwe sikunachitikepo pantchito zantchito kukakwaniritsidwa, ndalama zonse zizikhala zapamwamba kuposa ndalama zomwe zidachitika mu 2021, ndipo ndege zikapitiliza kuwotcha ndalama.

"Palibe uthenga wabwino wokhudzana ndi mtengo mu 2021. Ngakhale titapeza ndalama zocheperako, sitikhala ndi makampani azachuma ku 2021," atero a Juniac.

“Dzanja lake lili pakhoma. Tsiku lililonse lomwe zovuta zikupitilira, kuthekera kwa kutayika kwa ntchito ndi kuwonongeka kwachuma kumakula. Pokhapokha maboma atachita mwachangu, pafupifupi ndege 1.3 miliyoni zantchito zandege zili pachiwopsezo. Ndipo izi zitha kukhala ndi mphamvu zoyika ntchito zina 3.5 miliyoni munthawi zamagalimoto zangozi limodzi ndi anthu 46 miliyoni pachuma chonse omwe ntchito zawo zimathandizidwa ndi ndege. Kuphatikiza apo, kutayika kwa kulumikizana kwa ndege kudzakhudza kwambiri GDP yapadziko lonse, ndikuwopseza $ 1.8 trilioni pantchito zachuma. Maboma akuyenera kuchitapo kanthu mwamphamvu kuti athetse ngozi yomwe ikubwera posachedwapa ya zachuma ndi ntchito. Ayenera kupita patsogolo ndi njira zowonjezera zothandizira ndalama. Ndipo ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito kuyesa kwa COVID-19 mwatsatanetsatane kuti atsegulenso bwino malire osayikidwa, ”atero a Juniac.

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Harry S. Johnson

Harry S. Johnson wakhala akugwira ntchito yamaulendo kwa zaka 20. Anayamba ntchito yake yoyang'anira ndege ku Alitalia, ndipo lero, wakhala akugwira ntchito ku TravelNewsGroup ngati mkonzi wazaka 8 zapitazi. Harry ndiwokonda kuyenda padziko lonse lapansi.