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Kuweruza milandu yamalamulo oyendera pamsonkhano wovuta

Holland-America-cruise-mzere
Holland-America-cruise-mzere

Munkhani ya sabata ino, tiwona milandu ingapo yokhudzana ndi kukhazikitsa magawo osankhidwa pamisonkhano pamgwirizano wamaulendo ndi maulendo apamtunda [Young v. Holland American Line, NV, 2016 US Dist. LEXIS 179370 (ND Cal. 2016) (kuvulala kwakuthupi komwe kumachitika paulendo wapamtunda; woyendetsa ntchito zapaulendo / woyendera alendo [Vardanyan v. Costa Rica Travel Planning, Inc., 2016 WL 7378545 (Cal. App. 2016) (imfa yolakwika ku Costa Rica; Colorado forum kusankha chigamulo chokhazikitsidwa; Malamulo a Colorado agwiritsidwa ntchito)] ndikugwiritsa ntchito lamuloli chiphunzitso chazigawo zosakhala bwino pakagwa ngozi m'ma hotelo akunja kapena malo ogulitsira anthu [Wilmot v. Marriott Hurghada Management, Inc., No. 16-3211 (3d Cir. 2017) (nzika yaku United Kingdom imavulaza mbali zamadziwe ku hotelo ku Egypt; kuyenda kuthamangitsa pazifukwa zamabungwe zomwe sizinaperekedwe mosavuta; Delaware malo osavomerezeka; maofesi aku Egypt kapena United Kingdom okwanira); Brown v. Marriott International, Inc., No. 14-CV-5960 (SLT) (MDG) (EDNY 2017) (Nzika yaku United States imazembera ndikugwera ku hotelo ku St. Kitts, British West Indies; a forum non conveniens anakana; St. Kitts si malo okwanira); Guezou v. American University of Beirut, 2017 NY Slip Op 31688 (U) (Nzika yaku France idavulala pagombe ku Lebanoni pomwe mpando wapagombe ukugwa; mayendedwe oti atulutsidwe m'malo mwa zisankho zomwe sizinaperekedwe; Lebanoni ndi malo okwanira)]. Onaninso: Dickerson, In Hotel Law, the Best Defense Is an Enforceable Forum Selection Clause, newyorklawjournal (5/26/2017) (kukambirana za St. Aubin v. Island Hotel Company, 2017 US Dist. LEXIS 37042 (SD Fla.2017) (Nzika yaku US idavulala ku malo achitetezo ku Nassau; gawo losankhidwa ku forum la Bahamas lomwe silikukakamizidwa); Molino v. Sagamore, 105 AD 3d 922 (NYAD 2016) (mlendo akuvulala ku hotelo ku Warren County, New York; gawo losankhidwa pamsonkhano). komanso nkhani yathu yapitayi pamutuwu: Dickerson, magawo osankhidwa pamsonkhano pamgwirizano wapaulendo: Kodi pakufunika chidziwitso chokwanira? eturbonews (11/15/2015).

Zowonjezera Zazigawenga

Myanmar

Mu Beech, The Rohingya Akuvutika Ndi Zoopsa Zenizeni. Nanga Chifukwa Chiyani Nkhani Zina Zawo Zili Zabodza ?, nytimes (2/1/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Kumisasa iliyonse ya othawa kwawo, ngozi zimachitika. Magulu othandizira amathandiza ovutika kwambiri ndipo anthu amazindikira mwachangu kuti nkhani ya alongo anayi amasiye imakhala yofunika kwambiri kuposa banja lomwe silinataye chilichonse chomwe lili nacho… Njira zoterezi ndi njira yachilengedwe yopulumutsira… Koma nkhani zabodza zimachepetsa zoopsa zenizeni -kupha, kugwiririra ndikuwotcha midzi-zomwe zidachitidwa ku Rohingya ndi achitetezo aku Myanmar. Ndipo nkhani zokongolazi zimangobweretsa mikangano m'boma la Myanmar kuti zomwe zikuchitika ku Rakhine State sizotsuka mafuko monga akunenera anthu akunja, koma chinyengo cha omwe akubwera kunjaku ".

Kufufuza Nkhondo Yogwiritsa Ntchito Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo ku Philippines

Ku Villamor, Khothi Lalikulu Lapadziko Lonse Lizafufuza za Duerte Pazankhondo Zamankhwala, nytimes (2/8/2018) "Khothi Lalikulu Ladziko Lonse lati Lachiwiri lati likuyamba kafukufuku woyamba milandu yomwe Purezidenti Rodrigo Duerte ndi akuluakulu ena aku Philippines adachita. umunthu munthawi yomwe boma lathana ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo… Harry Roque, mneneri wa purezidenti waku Philippines, adati kuwukira kwa boma ndi 'ntchito zovomerezeka za apolisi' komanso kuti purezidenti walandila lingaliro la bwalo lamilandu la The Hague ".

Parkland, Florida

Ku Burch & Mazzei, Florida School Kuwombera Anthu Akufa Ali ndi zaka 17 ndipo Can Rise, nthawi (2/14/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Mnyamata wina wokhala ndi zida zambiri adalowa sukulu yake yasekondale pafupifupi ola limodzi kumpoto chakumadzulo kwa Miami Lachitatu, kutsegula moto kwa ophunzira ndi aphunzitsi omwe akuchita mantha ndikusiya anthu 17 atha kufa omwe angawonjezeke ... Ophunzira adanjenjemera m'kalasi mwawo, ena akuphunzitsa mafoni awo kupha anthu, kulanda matupi awo, kulira ndi mfuti zomwe zidayamba ndi kuwombera pang'ono kenako anapitilira ndikuchulukirachulukira. Omwalirayo anaphatikizapo ophunzira ndi akulu, ena mwa iwo adawomberedwa kunja kwa sukulu ndipo ena mkati mwa nyumbayo. Mfuti wokhala ndi mfuti ya AR-15 yodziwika bwino amadziwika kuti Nikolas Cruz, wazaka 19 yemwe adathamangitsidwa pasukuluyi ”.

Kufananitsa malire

Ku Aguilar, Kuchokera ku Museums to Mountains, Pride and Patriotism, nytimes (2/6/2018) zidanenedwa kuti "Malire pakati pa United States ndi Mexico ali munkhani tsiku lililonse, pamikangano yomwe ikupitilirabe yokhudza kusamukira kudziko lina komanso kagwiritsidwe ntchito kazinthu zachitetezo . Koma zimakhala bwanji kukaona malo omwe ali m'malire? Kuti mudziwe, olemba a Travel adakhala malo awiri: Brownsville, Tex., Ndi Matamoros, Mexico; Bif Bend National Park ndi Boquillas; San Diego ndi Tijuana; Nogales, Ariz. Ndi Nogales, Mexico; ndi El Paso ndi Ciudad Juarez ”.

Katswiri Wanyama Zakuthengo Ku Kenya Aphedwa

Ku Gettleman, No Suspects in Killing of Eccentric American, a Kenyan Wildlife Expert, nytimes (2/5/2018) kudanenedwa kuti "adali wokonda nyama zakutchire ku Kenya… wodziwika ndi ntchito yosamala pamitengo yakuda yaminyanga ya njovu. ndi nyanga ya chipembere. Tsopano ndiwomwe amuzunzidwa mwachinsinsi ... Sizikudziwika ngati a Martin, omwe anali ndi zaka 76, adaphedwa chifukwa cha malingaliro awo kapena ntchito yawo. Mosakayikira anali ndi adani ambiri, kulemba lipoti lipoti lomwe lidawulula kuzama kwamalonda aminyanga ya njovu ndi zipembere padziko lonse lapansi omwe apha nyama zikwizikwi zomwe zatsala pang'ono kufa, Imfa yake idadabwitsa anthu ozungulira nyama zakutchire ku East Africa ”.

Omenyera a Majorca Kuti Aweruzidwe

Mu Mass zokopa alendo ku Majorca azunzidwa, travelwirenews (2/9/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Gulu lotchedwa Arran Paisos Catalans likuti zokopa anthu ambiri zikuwononga chilumba cha Majorca. Inagunda Palma marina mu Julayi watha, kuyatsa moto pafupi ndi ma yatchi apamwamba. Otsutsawo adaponyanso confetti pamadyerero odyera pafupi. Akuimbidwa mlandu wosokoneza pagulu, kuwonongeka komanso kuwopsezedwa ”.

Airbnb Yatsegulira Kugawa Kwa Hotelo

Mu Airbnb Yatsegulidwa Mwalamulo Kufikira Kugawa Kwa Hotelo-Kuyenda Sabata Lilonse, travelwirenews (2/8/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Airbnb ikuloleza mahotela ndi ena omwe akukhala mnyumba kuti alembe pamalowo koyamba kudzera pagawo lachitatu la chipani chachitatu netiweki. Siteminder ikhala nsanja yoyamba yogwirira ntchito yoyang'anira mayendedwe padziko lonse lapansi kuti malo ake azitha kuwonetsedwa limodzi ndi zomwe zilipo kale kuchokera kwa omwe amakhala ku Airbnb ”.

Sakanizani Hamster, Chonde

Mu mkazi wa AP Florida: Ndege idandiuza kuti ndikachotse pet hamster, msn (2/9/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Mayi wina waku Florida akuti ndege idamuuza kuti aponyetse hamster yake pachimbudzi cha eyapoti chifukwa cholusa sichimaloledwa kuti aziuluka naye… Nyuzipepala ya Miami Herald isanachitike Belen Aldecosea atanyamuka kuchokera ku koleji kupita ku South Florida, adaimbiranso foni ku Airlines kawiri kuti atsimikizire kuti atha kubweretsa Pebbles, hamster wake wamphongo, Palibe Vuto, ndegeyo idatero. Koma (iye) atafika ku eyapoti ya Baltimore, a Spirit adakana kuloleza nyamayo kuti ikwere. Wachinyamata wazaka 21 adauza pepalalo kuti wasungunula miyala yamiyala pamalingaliro a wogwira ntchito pandege, atatha zina zomwe angachite ... 'Adachita mantha. Ndinkachita mantha, Zinali zowopsa kuyesa kumuika mchimbudzi 'Aldecosea adati ".

Chonde Lekani Kusunga Zinthu Zopatulika, Chonde

Mlandu wa AP Native church umalimbikitsa ophunzirira oyang'anira eyapoti, wtop (2/8/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Bokosi lamatabwa limanyamula nthenga ya chiwombankhanga ndi mluzu wamfupa, kulira kwa mphonda ndi nthenga zomwe zimanyamula mphamvu zauzimu ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa miyambo yachipembedzo cha ku America. Munthu amene anali ndi bokosilo anapempha wothandizira chitetezo pa eyapoti ya San Antonio International kuti amulole kuti awonetse zinthuzi kuti mphamvu zawo zisawonongeke. Othandizirawo akana, akuwongolera zinthuzo ndikuzibweza m'bokosilo, malinga ndi a Sandor Iron Rope, Purezidenti wakale wa Native American Church yaku North America. Mlandu wake wotsutsana ndi (TSA) udathetsedwa mwezi watha, palibe mbali yomwe idavomereza zolakwa zawo ndipo bungweli likuvomera kuphunzitsa bwino ogwira nawo ntchito pazinthu zachipembedzo zaku Native American m'malo opitilira eyapoti mdziko lonse lapansi ".

Zolakwa Za Inshuwaransi Yaulendo Wamaulendo

Mu Zolakwa 4 Zazikulu Kwambiri Zomwe Zingapangitse Kuti Ulendo Wanu Woyenda Inshuwaransi Ukhale Wopanda Phindu, travelwirenews (2/7/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Mbiri yoletsa mphepo yamkuntho ya 2017 yomwe idawononga malo omwe anthu amapitako komanso nyengo yozizira yozizira yomwe idatseka ma eyapoti ena idapangitsa apaulendo ambiri kutaya ndalama… Kampani yoyendetsa inshuwaransi yoyenda, Squaremouth, ikufotokoza momwe tingapewere zolakwitsa zinayi zazikulu zomwe zitha kupanga mfundo zopanda pake. Cholakwitsa 1 Kuyembekezera Mpaka Padzakhala Nyengo Yoyipa Kuti Mukalandire Inshuwaransi Yoyenda… kamodzi mphepo yamkuntho kapena mphepo yamkuntho itapatsidwa dzina, yachedwa kwambiri ndi inshuwaransi yapaulendo… Vuto Lachiwiri: Kumwa Mowa ndikuganiza Kuti Zovuta Zanu Zachipatala Ziphimbidwa. Inshuwaransi yaulendo imatha kubwereketsa sitima zapamadzi zokwera mtengo pokhapokha ngati apaulendo waledzera… Vuto Lachitatu: Kungoganiza Kuti Zovuta Zanu Zachipatala Zaphimbidwa Nthawi Zonse Panyanja… Apaulendo ena atha kudziwa kuti pali zinthu zina zoopsa monga kulumpha bungee kapena kutsetsereka koma apaulendo ambiri mwina sangazindikire kuti mfundo zitha kupatula zochitika zochepa monga kayaking kapena kukwera buluni yotentha… Cholakwika 2: Kufika (ku) Port Yanu Yonyamuka Posachedwa ndikuganiza Kuti Mwaphimbika ”.

Chitani masewera olimbitsa thupi mukamayenda

Ku Vora, Momwe Mungakwaniritsire Kuchita Masewera Olimbitsa Thupi Mukamayenda, nthawi (2/8/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Ms. Lang (wophunzitsa munthu wovomerezeka ku New York City) mwachilengedwe ali ndi malangizo ambiri amomwe mungachitire masewera olimbitsa thupi mukamayenda. Nazi zina… Dziwani Zachilengedwe Zanu Kupyolera mu Ntchito ... Pangani Ulendo Wanu Wokha Woyenda… Yambitsani Tsiku Lanu Ndi Kuchita Masewera Olimbitsa Thupi… Osangodikira Pamzere… M'malo moyimirira ndi kudikirira… Mayi Lang adalangiza kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi yanu kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi atatu zomwe anzako omwe akukuyang'ana sangazindikire: ng'ombe imakwera, yomwe imalimbitsa miyendo yakumunsi, kufinya pang'ono, komwe mumalimbitsa ma glute anu ndikugwira bola momwe mungathere musanatuluke, kuti mulankhule kumbuyo kwanu ndi kupuma m'mimba, komwe mumatulutsa kwinaku mukukoka m'mimba mwako ndikupitilira kupuma ndikutulutsa mpweya kwinaku ukukoka, kuti mulimbikitse mphamvu yanu yapakati. Mutha kukhala ndi mawonekedwe osamvetseka, koma zotsatira zake zimakhala zabwino ”.

Mukutembenuza Chitetezo Cha Sitima

Ku Haag, Signal System idasokonekera chifukwa cha kusintha kwa chitetezo Asanachitike Amtrak Ngozi, Akuluakulu Amati, nthawi (2/5/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Ogwira ntchito yokonza njanji ku South Carolina Lamlungu anali atayimitsa makina awo kuti akhazikitse ukadaulo watsopano umateteza kupewa ngozi pomwe njira ya Amtrak idagunda nyumba yonyamula anthu, ndikupha anthu awiri, ofufuza adati Lolemba… Komabe, a Mr. (X) adachenjeza kuti asadzudzule anthu onse omwe adachita ngozi Kusinthana kwamanja, Anatinso mainjiniya a Amtrak m'sitimayo ayeneranso kuti anazindikira kuti switchyo inali yolakwika ".

Khalani Kutali ndi Baltimore, Chonde

Ku Williams, Ku Baltimore, Akuluakulu a ku Brazen Atenga Mpata Uliwonse kuti a Rob and Cheat, nthawi (2/6/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Ma stacks of bills, $ 100,000 adatengedwa kuchokera ku sefu. Zikwama zonyamula zodzaza ndi mankhwala obedwa omwe amaponyedwa pamsika wakuda. Woyendetsa galimoto adabedwa $ 25,000. Zolakwazo sizinachitike ndi zigawenga zabwinobwino, koma apolisi a Baltimore. Ndi ena mwa mavumbulutso m'modzi mwamanyazi oyipa kwambiri apolisi m'badwo ... ngakhale wapolisi mwiniwakeyo wanena kuti gulu lodziwika bwino lachita zamtopola, kutenga mwayi uliwonse kubera omwe amayenera kukhala apolisi kapena kuteteza, komanso osavutikira kubisa ntchito zawo ”.

Idaho: Kusintha Kwanyengo Kwakwanji?

Ku Albeck-Ripka, Idaho Anachotsa Kusintha Kwanyengo Kuchokera Pazitsogolere Za Sukulu. Now It's a Battle, nytimes (2/6/2018) zidanenedwa kuti "Nkhondo yolimbana ndi kutentha kwanyengo yapitilira ku maphunziro azasayansi mzaka zaposachedwa pomwe mayiko angapo ayesa kufooketsa kapena kuletsa miyezo yatsopano yophunzitsira yomwe idaphatikizapo chidziwitso chokhudza sayansi ya nyengo . Koma ku Idaho kokha ndipamene nyumba yamalamulo yaboma idaletsa kusintha konse kwanyengo komwe kunayambitsidwa ndi anthu kuchokera ku mfundo za sayansi mdziko lonse ndikusiya miyezo yonseyo. Tsopano aphunzitsi, makolo ndi ophunzira akukankhira kumbuyo ”.

Osadwala Ku India, Chonde

Ku Gettleman & Kumar, Fake Doctor ku India Akuganiziridwa Kupatsira Ambiri Ndi HIV, nthawi (2/6/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Apolisi kumpoto kwa India amafufuza Lachiwiri kuti apeze dokotala wonyenga yemwe akumuganizira kuti akupatsira ambiri mwa odwala ake HIV pogwiritsanso ntchito jakisoni wonyansa. Odwalawo amathandizidwa ndi omwe amadziwika kuti 'jhola chhaap dotolo' sing'anga woyendayenda yemwe chidziwitso chokhacho chotsimikizika (chhaap ndi chizindikiro kapena chidindo chovomerezeka) ndi jhola, thumba la phewa komwe mankhwala amaperekedwa. Ambiri sanaphunzitsidwe, ndipo mankhwala ena omwe amapereka akhoza kukhala owopsa, koma ku India, komwe njira zamankhwala zimatsutsidwira kwambiri, anthu ambiri osauka nthawi zambiri amawona kuti sangachitire mwina koma kulipira ndalama zochepa pantchito zawo ndikuyembekeza zabwino ”.

Uber Amakonda Amuna Ofulumira

Ku Westgard, Uber's Pay Formula for Drivers Favors Speed, Imene Imapindulitsa Amuna, msn (2/7/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Uber yatsimikizira kuti ndi malo ogwirira ntchito madalaivala omwe amatha kukhazikitsa maola awo ndi njira zawo, njira yomwe ena amaganiza kuti angakonde akazi, M'malo mwake, zikuwoneka kuti njira yolipirira oyendetsawa imakonda kuthamanga, komwe kumakonda kuwonedwa ndi amuna omwe amayenda kwambiri, kafukufuku akuwonetsa. Zotsatira zake ndikuti oyendetsa Uber amalandila 7% kuposa akazi, malinga ndi kuwunika kwa oyendetsa oposa miliyoni imodzi poyambira. Zina mwazinthu kuphatikizapo chidziwitso ndi zokonda za nthawi ndi malo ogwirira ntchito, zimathandizanso kuti pakhale kusiyana, malinga ndi kafukufukuyu ".

Chisankho cha Grubhub & Kugawana Chuma

Ku Dickey, Woweruza amalamulira Grubhub woyendetsa bwino woyendetsa ntchito ngati kontrakitala wodziyimira pawokha, techcrunch (2/9/2018) zidadziwika kuti "Miyezi ingapo atangomva zifukwa zomaliza pamlandu wa Lawson v. Grubhub, Woweruza Jacqueline Scott Corley walamula Raef Lawson , wodandaula, anali kontrakitala wodziyimira pawokha akuyendetsa galimoto ndikupereka chakudya cha Grubhub… Chofunikira kwambiri pamlanduwu poyang'ana mayeso a Borello, omwe amayang'ana zochitika ngati ntchito yomwe yachitika ndi gawo la bizinesi yanthawi zonse ya kampani, luso lomwe likufunika, kulipira Njira ndipo ngati ntchitoyi ikuchitika moyang'aniridwa ndi manejala. Cholinga cha mayeso ndikuti muwone ngati wogwira ntchito ndi 1099 contractor kapena W-2 wantchito ". Monga akunenera Khothi "" pomwe zinthu zina zimakhudza mgwirizano pantchito, kusowa kwa Grubhub pakuwongolera zonse zofunikira pa ntchito ya Mr. Lawson, kuphatikiza momwe amaperekera zoperekera anthu ngakhale kuti kapena kwa nthawi yayitali bwanji, komanso zinthu zina zimakopa Khothi kuti kontrakitala anali woyenera Mr. Lawson panthawi yomwe anali ndi Grubhub ". Lingaliro ili lidzakhudza Uber, Lyft ndi makampani ena ogawana okwera.

Milandu Yoyendera Maulendo A Sabata

Case 1

Mlandu wa Young v. Holland America Line, NV Khotilo lanena kuti a Plaintiffs "adasungitsa masiku 14 oyenda ku Caribbean… oyendetsedwa ndi Holland koma adagula matikiti awo kudzera pa Defendant Costco Travel. Otsutsa akuti adavulala paulendo wawo wapanyanja. Otsutsa adasuma mlandu (ku California) ponena kuti kunyalanyaza kwa omwe akuwatsutsa kunawapangitsa kuvulala. Holland idasuma chikalata chosamutsira malowa ku Western District ku Washington 'malinga ndi chigamulo chokhazikitsa zisankho mu Pangano la Mgwirizano' ”.

Kulankhulana Moyenera

"Apa, cholinga cha mkangano wachipani ndi chakuti ngati gawo lazosankhidwa pamsonkhano ku Holland's Passage Contract lidalankhulidwa kwa Otsutsa… Holland ikuyang'ana kwambiri pa" kusungitsa malo pakadali pa intaneti komanso njira zolembetsera ". Holland akuti Plaintiff 'amayenera kuti awone kaye kenako avomereze zomwe zili mu Pangano la Mgwirizano' zomwe zikuphatikizapo forum = gawo losankha. Zowonadi, Holland akuti 'Otsutsa sakadatha kusindikiza mapepala awo okwerera popanda kuvomereza kaye zikhalidwezo'. Kenako Holland akufotokozera momwe, mu Pangano la Phukusi, gawo losankhira anthu pamisonkhano 'limasiyanitsidwa' ndi mawonekedwe ake ".

Kusungitsa Kudzera ku Costco

"Vuto lomwe Holland akuti ndi loti Plaintiffs sanagwiritse ntchito njira yapaintaneti ... Otsutsa amafotokoza kuti adagula matikiti awo oyenda panyanja kudzera ku Costco Travel (ndipo) wothandizirana ndi Costco adatumiza a Plaintiffs chiphaso cholemba cha kusungitsa kwawo limodzi ndiulendo wawo. Palibe mwazolemba izi zomwe zatchulapo gawo losankhidwa pamsonkhano. (Pambuyo pake wothandizirana kuyenda ku Costco adatumiza imelo yomwe) adauza Plaintiffs kuti afufuze zaulendo wawo pa tsamba la Holland kuti apeze zikwangwani zawo zonyamula katundu ndi katundu wawo… Atalandira ... maimelo (a) Otsutsa adayesa kuyang'ananso ndi intaneti ya Holland koma sanathe kutero. Pamodzi, Otsutsa adatcha mzere wothandizira makasitomala ku Holland (ndipo pamapeto pake amalandila chiphaso chotsatsa masamba khumi ndi chimodzi kudzera pa imelo patsamba 8 pomwe panali) zidziwitso zokhudzana ndi gawo losankhidwa pamsonkhano ”.

Chidziwitso Chosakwanira

"Chodabwitsachi ndichakuti Plaintiffs sanadziwitsidwe za gawo losankhidwa pamsonkhanowo mu Pangano lawo la Passage mpaka atasungitsa matikiti awo oyenda panyanja ndipo, ngakhale pamenepo, lamulolo linaikidwa m'manda chakumbuyo kwa chikalata chamasamba 11. Pazifukwa izi Khothi lapeza kuti zochitika izi sizinapangitse kuti pakhale chisankho chothandiza pamsonkhano. (Kuphatikiza apo) Khothi limakayikira kuti nthawi yomwe idangowululidwa pokhapokha kugula kwachitika ndipo panthawi yomwe kuimitsidwa kungafikire mpaka 75% yamtengo wamatikiti kumatha kukwaniritsa mayeso oyenera olumikizirana. Onani Carnival Cruise Lines, Inc., 499 US 585, 595 (1991) (powona kuti ndikofunikira kuti omwe akuyenda m'sitimayo 'asunge mwayi wokana mgwirizano popanda chilango').

Case 2

Mlandu wa Vardanyan v. Costa Rica Travel Planning, Inc. (CR Travel), Khotilo lidati "Otsutsawo akuti ... Vardanyan adagula phukusi la CR Travel (lomwe) lidatumiza imelo… yokhudza ulendowu, ndipo pang'ono chabe ... pakadali pano tikutsimikizira kusungitsa kwanu malo ... Mwa kutifunsa kuti tisungire malo mukuvomera Mgwirizano ndi Zikhalidwe zathu (zomwe) zidaphatikizira gawo losankha pamsonkhano m'ndime yapadera yokhala ndi mutu wakuti 'Ntchito Yogwiritsira Ntchito' m'mawu osindikizidwa. Pansi pamutuwu panali chilankhulo chotsatirachi: 'Panganoli lidzayendetsedwa ndi malamulo a State of Colorado ndipo mikangano yonse idzabweretsedwa ku Weld County, Colorado'… pa Ogasiti 4, 2013 olowa m'malo akumira ku Costa Rica kwinaku akusambira m'nyanja … CR Travel itaperekedwa ndi… dandaulo… (zidapangitsa kuti madandaulowo atulutsidwe) kutengera gawo losankhidwa pamsonkhano ”.

Chigamulo Chosankhidwa pa Forum

Atawunikiranso zomwe Plaintiff adachita pazidziwitso zokwanira, kusazindikira komanso kudziwika Khothi lidakhazikitsa chigamulo chosankha boma ku Colorado. "Pano, chikalata chomwe chili ndi gawo losankha anthu pamsonkhanowu (kuphatikiza maimelo ndi maimelo) lili ndi tsamba limodzi lokha, ndipo gawo losankhidwa pamsonkhanowu lalembedwa m'ndime imodzi yopatukana. Ndimeyi ili ndi mutu wakuti 'Ntchito Yogwiritsira Ntchito' m'malemba olembedwa, olembedwa pamutu. Chifukwa chake, ngakhale mawu am'ndimeyo adalembedwa mofanana ndi ziwalo zina, 'sanaikidwe munyanja' yofanana. Kuphatikiza apo, mawonekedwe amalembawo sanali ochepa kwambiri. Zowonadi, chikalatacho chidatumizidwa kwa Vardanyan, font imatha kukulitsidwa atatsegula pakompyuta ”.

Case 3

Mlandu wa Wilmot v. Marriott Hurghada Managements, Inc., Khotilo linanena kuti "Mlanduwu ndiwomwe wabwera chifukwa cha kuvulala komwe kumachitika chifukwa cha dziwe lomwe Guy Wilmot, nzika komanso wokhala ku United Kingdom, adakumana nako patchuthi ku Marriott Resort ku Hurghada, Egypt. . Pambuyo povulazidwa, a Wilmot anachitidwa opareshoni chifukwa chophwanyika phewa ku Egypt ndipo adapeza chithandizo china kuchokera kwa madotolo ndi othandizira azachipatala ku United Kingdom. Omwe akuwona izi, adamuthandiza Wilmot pambuyo pake ndikumuchiza kuvulala kwake onse amakhalabe ku Egypt kapena ku United Kingdom. Zolemba zilizonse zamankhwala zomwe zimapangidwa ndi chisamaliro cha Wilmot zili ku Egypt kapena ku United Kingdom. Wilmot adabweretsa izi ku District of Delaware ”.

Kuyambitsa Kuthamangitsa

"Poyankha (pamlanduwu) Marriott adapereka chikalata chofunsira anthu pamabungwe osagwirizana, ponena kuti Aigupto anali malo oyenera kuthana ndi mlanduwu. Marriott adavomera kulandira ntchito ku Egypt ndikuvomera ku makhothi aku Egypt, Marriott adaperekanso chikalata cha Tarek Ahmed Roushdy Ezzo, Managing Partner wa kampani yamalamulo ya Aigupto ya Ezzo Advocates, yomwe idatsimikizira zomwe a Wilmot angadziwe m'makhothi aku Egypt . Wilmot atayankha, yankho la a Marriott linaperekanso ku United Kingdom ngati malo ena okhalapo ”

Forum Zosakhala Zosavuta

"Chiphunzitso cha bwaloli sichimapangitsa kuti makhothi amchigawo asankhe kusankha" kukana kukakamizidwa ndi ulamuliro wawo "… pomwe mlandu ungakhazikitse" kuponderezana ndi kuzunza kwa womutsutsayo ... mopitilira muyeso wonse wa wodandaula… Tili adafotokozanso zinthu zinayi zowongolera makhoti amchigawo kuti azichita mwanzeru: '(1) kuchuluka komwe angapatsidwe mwayi wosankha [wodandaula] pamsonkhano, (2) kupezeka kwa malo ena oyenera omwe omutsutsa angakwanitse kuwongolera ndi ] zonena zimadziwika; (3) zofunikira 'pazachinsinsi' zomwe zimakhudza kusuma kwa milandu; ndi (4) 'zofunikira pagulu' zomwe zimakhudza msonkhano '”.

Zinthu Zinayi

Choyamba, Khotilo lidavomereza kuti "zomwe a Wilmot adasankha (ziyenera kuperekedwa) 'zochepa' kuposa momwe zimaperekedwa kwa wodandaula kuti asankhe" chifukwa ndiwodandaula "wakunja" ndipo kusankha kwawo ku United States "sikungatheke kutengera kuthekera kosavuta ”. Chachiwiri, pokhudzana ndi kupezeka kwa malo ena oyenera Khothi lapeza kuti United Kingdom ndi Egypt ndizokwanira ngakhale kuti "Wilmot amatinso zauchifwamba ndi ziphuphu zimapangitsa makhothi ku Egypt kukhala osakwanira". Chachitatu, pankhani zachinsinsi [“Zofuna zaumwini zilingaliridwe ndikuphatikizira kupezeka kwa magwero a umboni; kutha kuwongolera kupezeka kwa mboni ngati kuli kofunikira; amatanthauza kuwona malo ndi zinthu zoyenera; ndi china chilichonse chomwe chingakhale cholepheretsa kuyeserera kosavuta, kosafuna ndalama zambiri komanso kofulumira "] ndi zofuna za anthu [" Zofuna zaanthu zimaphatikizaponso zovuta pakuwongolera komwe kumadza chifukwa cha makhothi ochulukitsitsa; zokonda zakomweko kuti mlanduwu uzengedwe kunyumba; ndikufuna kuti bwaloli ligwirizane ndi lamulo loyang'anira milandu kuti tipewe kusamvana kwamalamulo…; komanso popewa kupondereza nzika za bungwe losagwirizana ndi ntchito zoweruza milandu "], Khotilo linanena kuti" pafupifupi mboni zonse, umboni komanso magwero ena ali kunja kwa United States. Nkhaniyi ikukhudzana ndi ngozi yomwe idachitika ku Egypt, komwe nzika yaku Britain idakhala komanso kuvulala komwe kuvulala kwawo kunachitidwa ndi madotolo aku Egypt ndi Britain ... District of Delaware ilibe chidwi chofuna kuthetsa nkhaniyi poyerekeza ndi Egypt kapena United Kingdom ”. Zoyenera kutulutsa zalandilidwa.

Case 4

Mlandu wa Brown v. Marriott International, Inc., Khotilo lanena kuti wodandaula pomwe anali mlendo ku St. Kitts Marriott Resort "adatelereka ndikugwa chifukwa chamadzi omwe adadontha kuchokera mu mpweya ... ndikupangitsa kuti wodandaula amenye ndikubwera polumikizana mwachiwawa pansi ... St. Kitts ndi chilumba chapafupi cha Nevis ndi dziko lodziyimira pawokha la zilumba ziwiri ku West Indies; yotchedwa 'Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis… Plaintiff amakhala ku Brooklyn, New York (ndipo) Wotsutsa ndi bungwe laku Delaware (lomwe lasiya kutulutsa m'malo mwa zisangalalo) ".

St. Kitts Msonkhano Wosakwanira

"Ngakhale ndizowona kuti Plaintiff sayenera kuchita zomwe akufuna kuchitapo kanthu pamsonkhanowu, ayenera kukhala wokhoza 'kuyimba mlandu [e] ... zomwe akukangana' ... Apa nkhani ya mkangano wa Wodandaula ndiudindo waukulu malinga ndi lamulo la bungwe ... Woweruzayo adalephera kuthana ndi vuto lake posonyeza chinthu chofunikira… kuti a St. Kitts alolere kuyimbidwa mlandu wokhudza milandu kapena / kapena bungwe. Pachifukwa ichi chokha, Khothi likhoza kukana izi ... Komanso, ngati wokhala ku New York atha kukhala ndi kampani yaku America yomwe imachita bizinesi ku New York yomwe ikuyenera kukhala yofunikira kwa nzika za New York ”. Lingaliro la wotsutsa kuti atulutsidwe pazifukwa zamabwalo zosagwirizana ndikutsutsidwa.

Case 5

Mlandu wa Guezou v. American University of Beirut, Khotilo lanena kuti wodandaula anali nzika yaku France ndipo ali ku Lebanoni pagombe lomwe womutsutsayo amakhala ndi womuyang'anira amakhala pampando wosweka, akumva chammbuyo ndipo adavulala. Analandira chithandizo ku Lebanon ndi France. "Wotsutsa ndi yunivesite yophatikizidwa ndi malamulo aku New York (okhala) ndi maofesi oyang'anira ku New York ngakhale kuyambira pomwe idakhazikitsidwa, malo ake ndi malo ake ali ku Lebanon". Wotsutsa asunthira kuthana ndi bwaloli pazosavuta.

Zoyenera Kuchotsa N'zoona

"[T [apa pali mgwirizano wopanda tanthauzo pakati pa nkhaniyi ndi New York, makamaka popeza Lebanon ndiye malo oopsa komanso malo omwe angakhale mboni kupatula madotolo ndi odandaula, onse omwe amakhala ku France… Ndipo kulibe zikuwonetsa kuti kuweruza ku Lebanoni sikungathandize chilungamo chenicheni ... Popeza kuchuluka kwa zinthuzi 'kumakondera womutsutsa' komanso kufuna chilungamo chachikulu, Lebanon ndiye malo abwino kwambiri ".

alireza

Wolemba, Thomas A. Dickerson, ndi Associate Justice wa Appellate Division, Dipatimenti Yachiwiri ya Khothi Lalikulu ku New York State ndipo wakhala akulemba za Travel Law kwa zaka 42 kuphatikiza mabuku ake azamalamulo omwe amasinthidwa pachaka, Travel Law, Law Journal Press (2018), Litigating International Torts ku US Courts, Thomson Reuters WestLaw (2018), Class Actions: The Law of 50 States, Law Journal Press (2018) ndi nkhani zopitilira 500 zamilandu zambiri zomwe zimapezeka ku nycourts.gov/courts/ 9jd / taxcertatd.shtml. Kuti mudziwe zambiri pazamalamulo apaulendo komanso zomwe zikuchitika, makamaka m'maiko mamembala a EU onani IFTTA.org

Nkhaniyi mwina singatengeredwe popanda chilolezo cha a Thomas A. Dickerson.

Werengani zambiri za Zolemba za Justice Dickerson apa.