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IATA pachitetezo cha makampani ogulitsa ndege

chitetezo-infographic-2017
chitetezo-infographic-2017

International Air Transport Association (IATA) idatulutsa zidziwitso zachitetezo cha 2017 m'makampani ogulitsa ndege akuwonetsa kupitilirabe kwamphamvu kwachitetezo.

  • Chiwerengero chonse cha ngozi (kuyerekezedwa ndi ngozi pa ndege miliyoni 1) chinali 1.08, kusintha kuposa ngozi zonse za 1.68 mu 2016 ndi mlingo wa 2.01 mzaka zisanu zapitazo (5-2012).
  • Chiwerengero cha 2017 cha ngozi zazikulu zaku jet (kuyerekezera kutayika kwa jet pa ndege miliyoni imodzi) chinali 1, chomwe chinali chofanana ndi ngozi imodzi yayikulu pa ndege zilizonse 0.11 miliyoni. Uku kunali kusintha pamitengo 8.7 yomwe idakwaniritsidwa mu 0.39 komanso kuposa zaka zisanu (2016-2012) za 2016.
  • Panali ngozi 6 zakupha pomwe 19 zidapha anthu apaulendo ndi ogwira ntchito. Izi zikufanizira ndi ngozi zapakati pa 10.8 ndipo pafupifupi 315 zakufa chaka chilichonse mzaka zisanu zapitazi (2012-2016). Mu 2016 panali ngozi 9 zakupha ndi 202 zakufa.
  • Palibe ngozi 6 yakupha yomwe idakhudza ndege yonyamula. Asanu anali okhudzana ndi ndege zam'mlengalenga ndipo m'modzi adakhudza ndege yonyamula katundu. Kuwonongeka kwa ndege yonyamula katundu kunadzetsanso kufa kwa anthu 35 pansi, komanso oyendetsa ndegeyo.
  • Ndege za mamembala a IATA zidakumana ndi ngozi zowopsa kapena kuwonongeka kwa thupi mu 2017 ndi zida za jet kapena turboprop.

"2017 inali chaka chabwino kwambiri chachitetezo cha ndege. Apaulendo pafupifupi 4.1 biliyoni adawuluka bwinobwino paulendo 41.8 miliyoni. Tidawona kusintha kwamitundu yonse yayikulu padziko lonse lapansi komanso zigawo zambiri. Ndipo kutsimikiza mtima kwathu kuti makampani otetezedwa kwambiri akhale otetezeka akupitilizabe. Mu 2017 panali zochitika ndi ngozi zomwe tidzaphunzire kuchokera kufufuzidwe, monganso momwe tidzaphunzirire pamavuto aposachedwa ku Russia ndi Iran. Kuphatikiza chidziwitsocho ndi zidziwitso zomwe titha kupeza kuchokera ku mamiliyoni apaulendo omwe amateteza. Zambiri pazantchitozi zikuthandizira kukulitsa ma analytics olosera zamtsogolo omwe adzatithandizire kuthetsa zomwe zingayambitse ngozi. Makampaniwa amadziwa kuti kufa kulikonse ndi tsoka. Cholinga chathu tonse ndikuti ndege iliyonse inyamuka ndikufika bwinobwino, "atero a Alexandre de Juniac, Director General ndi CEO wa IATA.

2017 Safety Magwiridwe: 

2017

2016

Zaka zapakati pa 5 (2012-2016)

Ophedwa Pabodi ¡

19

202

314.6

Ngozi Zonse

45

67

74.8

Ngozi Zoopsa

6

9 ¡¡

10.8

Chiwopsezo ¡¡¡

0.09

0.21

0.24

Ngozi Zoyipitsa Zokwera Anthu

2

3

5.6

Ngozi Zakupha Ndege Ndege 4 6 4.6

% ya ngozi zakufa

13.3

13.4

14.4

Kuwonongeka kwa ndege 4 13 10
Kutayika kwa ndege za Jet ndikupha anthu ambiri 1 4 3.4
Zotayika za Turboprop 9 7 15

Kutayika kwa Turboprop ndikufa

5

4

7.2

 

Pafupifupi zigawo zonse zidawonetsa kusintha mu 2017 poyerekeza ndi zaka zisanu zapitazo (2012-2016) motere:

Kuwonongeka kwa ndege za jet ndi dera la omwe amagwiritsa ntchito (mamiliyoni akuchoka)

Chigawo

2017

2012 - 2016

Africa

0.00

2.21

Asia Pacific

0.18

0.48

Commonwealth of Independent (CIS)

0.92

1.17

Europe

0.13

0.14

Latin America ndi Pacific

0.41

0.53

Middle East ndi North Africa

0.00

0.74

kumpoto kwa Amerika

0.00

0.22

Kumpoto kwa Asia 0.00 0.00

Kuwonongeka kwa turboprop hull padziko lapansi kunali 1.30 pa ndege miliyoni, zomwe zidawonongeka kuyambira 1.01 mu 2016 koma kusintha pazaka zisanu (2012-2016) za 2.18. Madera onse adawona kuti ntchito zawo zachitetezo cha turboprop zikuyenda bwino mu 2017 poyerekeza ndi zaka zisanu. Ngakhale izi, ngozi zapamtunda wama turboprop zikuyimira 44% ya ngozi zonse mu 2017 ndi 83% ya ngozi zakufa.

Mitengo yotayika ya Turboprop ndi dera la ogwiritsa ntchito (paulendo miliyoni)

 

Chigawo

2017

2012 - 2016

Africa

5.70

7.38

Asia Pacific

0.61

1.45

Commonwealth of Independent (CIS)

16.44

20.59

Europe

0.00

0.73

Latin America ndi Caribbean

0.00

1.55

Middle East ndi North Africa

0.00

3.42

kumpoto kwa Amerika

0.94

0.98

Kumpoto kwa Asia 0.00 8.73

 

Kupita patsogolo ku Africa

Madera akumwera kwa Sahara akupitilizabe kupita patsogolo pazachitetezo. Ndege za m'derali zidatayika zero zero komanso ngozi zero zakupha za jets kapena ma turboprops kwa chaka chachiwiri chotsatira. Kuchuluka kwa chiwonongeko cha turboprop komanso ngozi zonse zatsika poyerekeza ndi zaka zisanu zapitazo. Komabe, chiwonongeko cha turboprop hull chinawonjezeka poyerekeza ndi 2016 (5.70 vs. 1.52). Momwemonso, izi makamaka ndizomwe zidapangitsa kuti chiwonjezeko chiwonjezeke pamiyeso yonse poyerekeza ndi 2016 (6.87 vs. 2.43).

“Ndege ku Sub-Saharan Africa zikupitilizabe kukonza magwiridwe antchito achitetezo. Cholinga ndikuti ndikwaniritse chitetezo chamayiko onse. Kwa chaka chachiwiri motsatizana, ndege zakomweko sizinaphedwe zonyamula anthu kapena kuwonongeka ndi ndege. Koma pali mpata waukulu woti ungachitike pachitetezo cha zombo zaku Africa zaku turboprop. Miyezo yapadziko lonse monga Kufufuza kwa IATA Ntchito (IOSA) akupanga kusiyana. Kuwerengera ngozi zonse, magwiridwe antchito a ndege aku Africa pa registry ya IOSA anali oposa katatu kuposa ndege zomwe sizili za IOSA mderali. Ichi ndichifukwa chake tikupitilizabe kulimbikitsa mayiko aku Africa kuti aphatikize IOSA ndi Kuwunika Kwa IATA Standard (ISSA) m'mayendedwe awo oyang'anira chitetezo. ISSA, yomwe cholinga chake ndi chonyamula omwe sakuyenerera IOSA, imaperekanso mwayi kwa omwe akuyendetsa ndege zomwe zikadakhala pansi pa IOSA, zomwe zimapangitsa njira yowonjezera kukwaniritsa IOSA, "atero a Juniac.

Mofananamo, maboma aku Africa akuyenera kufulumizitsa kukhazikitsa miyezo yokhudzana ndi chitetezo ku ICAO ndi machitidwe olimbikitsidwa (SARPS). Pofika kumapeto kwa chaka cha 2017, maiko 25 aku Africa okha ndi omwe adakwaniritsa 60% ya SARPS, "adatero de Juniac.

Mapulogalamu onse pa intaneti

Mu 2017, mitengo yonse yangozi yama ndege ku registry ya IOSA inali yabwino pafupifupi kanayi kuposa ya ndege zomwe sizinali za IOSA (0.56 vs. 2.17) ndipo zidapitilira katatu kuposa nthawi ya 2012-16. Ndege zonse za mamembala a IATA akuyenera kuti azilembetsa ku IOSA. Pakadali pano pali ndege zokwana 423 pa IOSA Registry pomwe 142 siamembala a IATA. Kwa zaka zingapo zikubwerazi, IOSA idzasintha digito zomwe zithandizira ndege za IOSA kuyerekezera ndikuwonetsa momwe amagwirira ntchito. M'kupita kwanthawi, kusintha kwa digito kumathandizira kuyang'ana kuwunika m'malo omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu cha chitetezo.

Njira zisanu ndi chimodzi zachitetezo

IATA's Njira Zitatu Zachitetezo ndi njira yodziwika bwino yodziwitsa anthu za kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe kake,

  • Kuchepetsa chiwopsezo chantchito monga LOC-I (Loss of Control In-flight), CFIT (Controlled Flight Into Terrain) ndi RE (Runway Excursions)
  • Kupititsa patsogolo luso ndi kutsata kudzera m'mapulogalamu owerengera
  • Kupititsa patsogolo njira zowongolera ndege monga kukhazikitsa njira zoyendetsera ntchito
  • Kuthandizira kukhazikika kwa Safety Management Systems
  • Kuthandiza kupeza anthu ogwira ntchito ndi maphunziro kuti apititse patsogolo luso komanso kutsata kudzera m'mapulogalamu monga IATA Training and Qualification Initiative
  • Kuzindikira ndi kuthana ndi mavuto omwe akutuluka, monga ma batri a lithiamu ndikuphatikiza ndege zoyendetsa ndege zoyenda kutali (RPAS) kupita kumalo okwera ndege.

Onani Pepala la Zowona Zachitetezo