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Vatican Museum ivundukula Zipinda za Raphael

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Vatican Museum idatsegula zitseko za zipinda zitatu (mwa zinayi) za Raphael kwa atolankhani angapo komanso alendo apadera kuti amasilira kukonzanso kwa zipinda zomwe poyamba zinali malo ogona a Papa Julius II.

Kukhalapo kwa Pulofesa Christoph Litpold Frommel, Wolemba buku lodziwika bwino kwambiri lotchedwa "The Stanze di Raffaello," loperekedwa monga chithunzithunzi, inali bonasi yowonjezera pamwambowu. Mayi Barbara Jatta, mtsogoleri wa Vatican Museum adayambitsa ntchito ya Prof. Frommel, ndikutsatira ndemanga za Prof. Ms Stefania Pasti ndi Prof Claudio Castelletti.

Pulofesa Christoph Litpold Frommel, Akazi a Barbara Jatta ndi a Prof Stefania Pasti

Chipinda chachinayi, chomwe sichinakonzedwenso, chidzakonzedwa mu 2020. Zipinda zinayi zidzakhala zotseguka kwa anthu onse mu 2020 pamwambo wokumbukira chikondwerero cha Emperor Constantin ndipo adatcha "Zipinda za Raphael" kuti akope alendo a Vatican Museum ndi Aphatikize paulendo wa Sistine Chapel.

Nkhani yachidule:

Mu 1508 Papa Julius II, panthawi yomwe anali wamkulu paulemerero, anali ndi Sistine Chapel yokongoletsedwa ndi Michelangelo ndi nyumba zake zapadera ndi Raphael, pozindikira zaka zochepa chabe mwa ntchito zazikulu kwambiri m'mbiri yonse ya zaluso. Pomwe Michelangelo amayang'ana kwambiri kulengedwa kwa munthu, Raphael adatulutsa Stanza della Segnatura (khothi lalikulu kwambiri la apapa) miyambo yayikulu yaku Mediterranean, kuyambira Homer mpaka nthawi yake.

Kutsegulidwa kwa zifaniziro ndi Sacramenti Yodala, yomwe imatsagana nafe ku Parnassus, ndikukhazikitsa Sukulu ya Atene, komwe kumakambidwa malamulo ndi zinsinsi za chilengedwe, ndipo kuzungulira kumatha ndi chithunzi cha wopanga malamulo Papa.

Vuto lalikulu, lazandale komanso laumwini, lomwe Julius II akukumana nalo, limapatsa chipinda cha Heliodorus mtsogolo mwauzimu, wokondana komanso wovuta. Kwazaka mazana ambiri, papa amapititsidwa kukachisi wa ku Yerusalemu. Kenako imachitika ku Bolsena wakale (chigawo chapafupi ndi Roma) chifukwa ziyenera kukhutiritsidwa ndi zinsinsi za chikhulupiriro. Amadzizindikiritsa ndi Leo the Great yemwe amakana Attila ndipo, miyezi ingapo asanamwalire, mngeloyo amumasula kundende yapadziko lapansi.

Osankhidwa mu Marichi 1513, Papa watsopano, Leo X wachichepere, adalangiza Raphael kuti ajambule Chipinda Chamoto. Koma akuyimilidwa ngati wopanga mtendere ndi Aeneas watsopano, monga woyambitsa Roma, amapambana nkhondo yolimbana ndi osakhulupirika, amaika korona wachifumu pamutu wa Carlo Magno (mfumu ya Franco-Lombard, mfumu ya Ufumu Woyera wa Roma) ndikumenya nkhondo pamlandu wonse womuneneza.

Mu 1519 Raphael amakonzekera kuzungulira kwa Constantine kwa Papa, koma amapita, ndikusiya ntchitoyo ithe. Buku ili la Pulofesa CLFrommel amatiperekeza paulendo wopita kuzipinda zomwe zidabwezeretsedwanso kukongola kwake. Mwaluso pambuyo pake mwaluso, zimawulula cholinga cha ntchito, zomwe zimawonetsa chikhalidwe cha Kubadwanso Kwatsopano ndi apapa ake.

Christoph Litpold Frommel (Heidelberg, 1933) anali pulofesa ku Yunivesite ya California, Berkeley. Kuyambira 1980 mpaka 2001 anali director of the Hertziana Library of Rome (Max Planck-Institut). Pakati pa 2002 ndi 2005 anali pulofesa wodziwika ku University of Rome ndipo adalandira digiri yaulemu ku University of Naples Federico II. Iye ndi Grand Officer wa Republic of Italy, Mphoto ya Borghese, Academician wa Lincei, British Academy ndi Academy of San Luca; anali membala wa Higher Council of Cultural Heritage for Institutes and Library ndipo mu 2011 adalandira mphotho ya Cultori di Roma.