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China Belt ndi Road about Tourism: Kuchokera ku Tonga kupita ku Africa China ikutsogolera

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China ikugwira ntchito molimbika kuti itengeke padziko lonse lapansi ndikutsogolera dziko lapansi kudzera ku China belt ndi Road Initiative. Ntchito zokopa alendo ndi gawo lalikulu. Tonga yasayina mgwirizano ndi China wa Belt and Road ndipo walandila mpumulo kuchokera ku Beijing panthawi yakubweza ngongole pasanapite nthawi yayitali kubweza ngongole isanayambike.

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China ikugwira ntchito molimbika kuti itengeke padziko lonse lapansi ndikutsogolera dziko lapansi kudzera ku China belt ndi Road Initiative. Ntchito zokopa alendo ndi gawo lalikulu. Tonga yasayina mgwirizano ndi China wa Belt and Road ndipo walandila mpumulo kuchokera ku Beijing panthawi yakubweza ngongole pasanapite nthawi yayitali kubweza ngongole isanayambike.

A Lopeti Senituli, alangizi andale a Prime Minister waku Tonga 'Akilisi Pohiva, adauza Reuters kudzera pa imelo Lamlungu kuti Tonga yasayina chikumbutso chomvetsetsa cha Belt ndi Road, ndikuti ngongole yobweza idasinthidwa kwa zaka zisanu.

Tonga ndi amodzi mwa mayiko asanu ndi atatu azilumba ku South Pacific omwe ali ndi ngongole yayikulu ku China. Kuchedwa kumeneku kunabwera pomwe Tonga amayenera kuyamba kubweza ngongole zonse, zomwe zikuyembekezeka kupondereza kwambiri ndalama zake.

The Belt and Road Initiative, yomwe imadziwikanso kuti One Belt One Road kapena Silk Road Economic Belt komanso Road ya Maritime Silk Road, ndi njira yachitukuko yomwe boma la China likupanga pakupanga chitukuko ndi mabizinesi m'maiko aku Europe, Asia, ndi Africa.

Makampani opanga zokopa alendo amathandizira kwambiri pa GDP komanso kukula kwachuma m'maiko ambiri. Belt and Road Initiative itha kukhala njira yabwino yolimbikitsira zokopa alendo m'maiko omwe ali mumsewu wa Silk. Mtendere ndi chitetezo ndizofunikira ziwiri zofunika pakukula kwa zokopa alendo mdziko lililonse. Njira zina zitha kutengedwa kuti zithandizire gawo la zokopa alendo pachithunzichi. Maiko onse a Belt ndi Road akuyenera kugwirana manja ndikugwirira ntchito limodzi pakupanga mfundo zoyendera alendo kuti akope alendo ambiri kumayiko awo.

Dziko lirilonse liri ndi zochitika zingapo zokopa alendo zomwe zili zachiwiri kwa palibe. Khoma Lalikulu la China, Gulu Lankhondo la Terracotta ku Xi'an ndi City Forbidden ndi zina mwazokopa zazikulu kwambiri zokopa alendo.

Zomangamanga zokongola zokongola ku Shanghai ndikuwonetsa nyumba zazitali komanso nyumba zachikoloni zaku Europe. Malo osangalatsa kwambiri ku China omwe ndi "Mtsinje wa Li" ku Guilin akhudza mitima ya akatswiri ambiri ojambula. Ma pandas akuluakulu, chuma chamtundu wa China, ku Chengdu amakondedwa chimodzimodzi ndi achi China komanso akunja. Kum'mawa kwa China, mapiri achikaso kufupi ndi Shanghai ndi nsonga zotchuka ku China. Nyumba Yachifumu ya Potala ku Tibet, yomwe imadziwikanso kuti "Mtima Wadenga Padziko Lonse Lapansi", ili ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana zojambulajambula. Mlatho woyimitsidwa kwambiri wagalasi padziko lonse lapansi, kapangidwe katsopano ndi zokopa alendo ku China kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa chigawo cha Hebei, adatsegulira anthu pa Disembala 24, 2017. Malo opitilira 10 oyendera alendo aku China ku 2017 anali Beijing, Shanghai, Xi'an, Guilin, Chongqing, Chengdu , Kunming, Shenzhen, Hangzhou ndi Sanya.

Zowona komanso kuchuluka kwa zokopa alendo ku China zomwe zawonetsedwa pamwambapa ndi za chaka cha 2017, zomwe zikuwonetsa kuti kuchuluka kwa alendo obwera ku China pambuyo pa ntchito ya Belt ndi Road ikukula chaka chilichonse. Izi zithandizira kupititsa patsogolo ntchito zokopa alendo komanso kukula kwachuma cha China mzaka zikubwerazi.

Momwemonso, malo owoneka bwino komanso odabwitsa m'maiko a Belt ndi Road akuyeneranso kufufuzidwa. Belt ndi Road zitha kugwira ntchito yofunikira kuyendetsa chitukuko cha zokopa alendo m'maiko a Silk Road. Maiko onse a Belt ndi Road ali ndi miyambo yosiyanasiyana komanso malo okongola oti angayendere. Pakufunika kuti mupeze ndikufufuza kukongola kobisika ndi mawonekedwe osangalatsa a mayiko omwe ali mumsewu wa Silika. Kuphatikiza apo, mapulogalamu osinthana azikhalidwe atha kuyambika pakati pa mayiko a Belt and Road omwe nawonso amalola anthu ochokera kosiyanasiyana kuti ayandikire ndikugawana zikhalidwe zawo.

Malo apamwamba okaona malo aku Russia akuphatikiza Moscow Kremlin, Hermitage Museum, Lake Baikal, Red Square, Cathedral ya Saint Basil, Winter Palace, Kazan Cathedral ndi Russian Museum. Malo otsogola kwambiri ku Mongolia ndi Gobi Desert, Khuvsgul Lake, Terelj National Park, Karakorum-Erdenezuu, Orkhon Valley, Khustai National Park ndi mzinda wa Ulaanbaatar. Zokopa kwambiri ku Turkey zikuphatikiza Aya Sofya, Ephesus, Cappadocia, Topkapi Palace, Pamukkale, Sumela Monastery, Mount Nemrut, Ani, Aspendos. Orchard Road, Resorts World Sentosa, Clarke Quay, Gardens pafupi ndi Bay, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Night Safari ndi Singapore Flyer akuyenera kuwonera ku Singapore. Martin's Island, Lalbagh Fort, Sompaura Mahavihara, Dhanmondi Lake, Patenga Beach akutenga malo oti akacheze ku Bangladesh. Malo opatsa chidwi kwambiri ku Pakistan ndi Naltar Valley, Neelum Valley, Fairy Meadows, Shangrila Resort, Deosai Plains, Rama Meadow, Siri Paye, Murree Hills, Swat Valley ndi chigwa cha Hunza. Kumwamba Padziko Lapansi Kashmir, Mini Switzerland 'Swat Valley' ndi Mountain Kingdom 'Hunza Valley' ndizo zikuluzikulu zokopa alendo ku Pakistan. K2 yamphamvu yomwe ili ku Karakoram Pakistan ndi Phiri lachiwiri lalitali kwambiri padziko lapansi pambuyo pa Mountain Everest.

Kutsatira kusintha kwachitetezo, zokopa alendo ku Pakistan zawonjezeka ndi 300% pazaka zingapo zapitazi. Malinga ndi lipoti laposachedwa, alendo 1.75 miliyoni adapita ku Pakistan mu 2017 mokha. Ziwerengero zochokera ku Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation zidawonetsa kuti 30% yaomwe akuyenda anali akuweta. Malinga ndi World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) chaka chatha, ndalama zochokera kukopa alendo zidapereka pafupifupi $ 19.4 biliyoni ku chuma cha Pakistan ndikupanga 6.9% yazogulitsa zapakhomo. WTTC ikuyembekeza kuti ndalamazo zidzafika $ 36.1 biliyoni mkati mwa zaka khumi.

Maiko a Belt and Road akuyenera kupanga njira zopititsira patsogolo ntchito zokopa alendo pokhazikitsa bata ndi chitetezo. Ntchito zokopa alendo za Silk Road zitha kugwira ntchito yayikulu polimbikitsa kusinthana kwachuma komanso kulumikizana kwachikhalidwe pakati pa Asia ndi Europe. Ndi zokopa alendo, bizinesi ndi malonda amayiko a Silk Road apititsanso patsogolo. Pambuyo pa Trade Road, Culture Gallery ndi Traffic Road, Silk Road idzakhala njira yowala alendo pa mapu apadziko lonse lapansi m'zaka za zana la 21. Pakadali pano, ntchito zokopa alendo za Silk Road zayambika, komabe, pakufunika kuzindikira pakati pa alendo kuti azilimbikitsa ndikuwongolera za alendo. Maiko a Belt ndi Road okhala ndi mawonekedwe achilengedwe okongola, mbiri yakale, chikhalidwe chakuya komanso kukoma kwamitundu mitundu zidzakhala malo opitilira alendo padziko lonse lapansi.

Maiko a Silk Road amafunikira malingaliro oyenera pamsika, boma likuyenera kutsogolera ndikuchita nawo mwakhama kulimbikitsa zokopa alendo. Maiko a Silk Road akuyenera kuyesetsa kulimbikitsa ntchito zokopa alendo. E-visa, e-ticketing ndi e-booking service zitha kuphunzitsidwa makamaka kwa mayiko a Belt and Road zomwe zithandizira alendo kukafika komwe akufuna.

Kukula kwamakampani oyendera alendo, madera ena angapo monga malonda, zochitika, chikhalidwe, GDP, makampani azachuma ndi zina zambiri za mayiko a Silk Road azilimbikitsidwa. Mwachidule, mayiko omwe akutukuka kumene adzakhala ndi mipata yambiri yolimbikitsira chuma chawo ndikupeza mwayi wabwino wokhala mbali ya China Belt and Road Initiative.

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Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.