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Chaka cha 2020 chinali chaka chatsoka kwa katundu wandege

Chaka cha 2020 chinali chaka chatsoka kwa katundu wandege
Chaka cha 2020 chinali chaka chatsoka kwa katundu wandege
Written by Harry S. Johnson

Makampani ogulitsa katundu mlengalenga adatsimikiza kutsika kwakukulu pazaka zonse kuyambira IATA idayamba kuwunika momwe katundu akugwirira ntchito ku 1990

  • Katundu wapa ndege adakumana ndi kutsika kwakukulu pakufunika kwa chaka ndi chaka
  • Mphamvu yapadziko lonse lapansi idakumana ndi zochulukirapo kuposa zomwe zidafunidwa
  • Kusintha kwamphamvu kudawonekera pakukwera kwa katundu wonyamula ndege mu 2020

The Mgwirizano Wapadziko Lonse Woyendetsa Ndege (IATA) idatulutsa zidziwitso pamisika yapadziko lonse yonyamula katundu yomwe ikusonyeza kuti kufunika kwa katundu wonyamula ndege kwatsika ndi 10.6% mu 2020, poyerekeza ndi 2019. Uku kunali kutsika kwakukulu pakufunika kwa chaka ndi chaka kuyambira IATA idayamba kuwunika momwe katundu akuyendera mu 1990, kupitirira 6% kugwa kwa malonda padziko lonse lapansi. 

  • Kufunika kwapadziko lonse mu 2020, komwe kumayesedwa ndi katundu wamakilomita matani (CTKs *), kunali 10.6% pansi pamilingo ya 2019 (-11.8% yantchito yapadziko lonse). 
     
  • Mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi, zomwe zimayesedwa ndi ma kilomita okwana ma tonne (ACTKs), zidachepa ndi 23.3% mu 2020 (24.1% ya ntchito zapadziko lonse lapansi) poyerekeza ndi 2019. Izi zidapitilira kawiri zomwe zidafunikira. 
     
  • Chifukwa chakuchepa kwa mphamvu, katundu wonyamula katundu adakwera 7.7% mu 2020. Izi zidathandizira kukolola ndi kupeza ndalama zambiri, kupereka thandizo kwa ndege komanso maulendo ena ataliatali poyang'anizana ndi ndalama zomwe zidakwera. 
     
  • Zolowera zakumalire a yearend zidawonetsedwa mu Disembala pomwe kufunikira kwapadziko lonse kunali 0.5% pamlingo wambiri wam'mbuyomu (-2.3% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi). Mphamvu yapadziko lonse inali 17.7% pansi pamiyeso yam'mbuyomu (-20.6% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi). Izi ndizakuya kwambiri kuposa kupendekera kofunikira, kuwonetsa kupitilirabe komanso kulimba kwa mphamvu. Ndi kuimitsidwa kwa kuchira m'misika zonyamula anthu, palibe kutha kwa kuchepa kwa mphamvu.

Mkhalidwe wachuma ukukula pamene tikupita mu 2021. Gawo latsopano la maoda ogulitsira kunja la Index of Managingasing Manager 'Index (PMI) ¹ lili m'gawo lakukula m'misika yonse yotukuka komanso yomwe ikubwera kumene. Kupanga kwa mafakitale padziko lonse lapansi kwathandizanso. 

“Katundu wandege akupulumuka pamavuto abwinopo kuposa mbali zonyamula anthu zamabizinesi. Kwa ndege zambiri, 2020 idanyamula katundu wapaulendo kukhala gwero lofunikira la ndalama, ngakhale kufunikira kochepa. Koma popeza zombo zambiri zonyamula anthu zakhazikitsidwa, kufunika kwa misonkhano popanda kuchuluka kwa m'mimba kukupitilizabe kukhala vuto lalikulu. Ndipo, monga mayiko amalimbitsa zoletsa kuyenda poyang'anizana ndi mitundu yatsopano yama coronavirus, ndizovuta kuwona kusintha pakufuna kwa okwera kapena kuchuluka kwa mphamvu. 2021 ukhala chaka china chovuta, "atero a Alexandre de Juniac, Director General ndi CEO wa IATA.

Magwiridwe Achigawo a 2020

Kusintha kwamphamvu kudawonekera pakukwera kwa katundu wonyamula ndege mu 2020. Onyamula aku North America ndi aku Africa adanenanso phindu lomwe likupezeka pachaka mu 2020 (+ 1.1% ndi + 1.0%, motsatana), pomwe zigawo zina zonse zidatsalira m'malo oyipa poyerekeza ndi 2019 Zofuna zapadziko lonse lapansi zidagwa m'malo onse kupatula Africa yomwe idalemba 1.9% mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi chaka chatha.

Ndege zaku Asia-Pacific idanenanso zakuchepa kwa kufunika kwa 15.2% mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi 2019 (-13.2% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi) ndikuchepa kwa 27.4% (-26.2% pazantchito zamayiko ena). M'mwezi wa Disembala ndege zakomweko zidalemba kutsika kwa 3.9% pakufunika kwamayiko ena poyerekeza ndi chaka chatha. Pambuyo poti ayambe kuchira mu Q3, kufunikira kukukwera, komwe kumayendetsedwa ndi kubwereranso pakupanga ndi kutumiza kunja kuchokera ku China ndi South Korea. Mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi zidakakamizidwa mu Disembala, kutsika ndi 25.1%. 

Onyamula ku North America adatumiza kuwonjezeka kwa 1.1% pakufunidwa mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi 2019 (-5.2% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi) ndikutsika kwa 15.9% (-19.7% ya mayiko akunja). M'mwezi wa Disembala onyamula m'derali adalemba kuchuluka kwa 3.1% pakufunika kwapadziko lonse lapansi. Umenewu unali ntchito yamphamvu kwambiri pamwezi kuyambira kumapeto kwa chaka cha 2018. Magalimoto olimba pamisewu yaku Asia-North America, yomwe inali 2.1% mu 2020, adathandizira pantchitoyi, motsogozedwa ndi kufunikira kwamphamvu kwa ogula aku North America pazinthu zopangidwa ku Asia. Mphamvu zidakakamizidwa, kutsika ndi 14.1% mu Disembala. 

Onyamula ku Europe adanenanso zakuchepa kwa 16.0% mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi 2019 (-16.2% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi) ndikuchepa kwa 27.1% (-27.1% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi). Mu Disembala ndege zoyendetsa ndege zidatsitsa kuchepa kwa zofuna zapadziko lonse za 5.6% poyerekeza ndi chaka chatha. Pambuyo poti ayambe kuchira mu Novembala, zosintha zakusintha kwakanthawi zidakula 7% pamwezi mu Disembala, kukwera kwakukulu kwa zigawo zonse. Komabe, kutsekedwa kwatsopano ndi mavuto azachuma mderali zimawopseza kuyambiranso. Kusowa kwa mphamvu kumakhalabe kovuta, popeza mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi zatsika ndi 19.4% mu Disembala.  

Onyamula ku Middle East idanenanso zakuchepa kwa kufunikira kwa 9.5% mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi 2019 (-9.5% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi) ndikuchepa kwa 20.9% (-20.6% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi). Pambuyo pochepetsa pang'ono mu Novembala, onyamula m'derali adachita bwino mu Disembala, ndikuwonjezera kuchuluka kwa 2.3% pakufunika kwapadziko lonse lapansi. Mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi zatsika ndi 18.2% mu Disembala, osasintha kuyambira Novembala. 

Onyamula ku Latin America adanenanso zakuchepa kwa kufunikira kwa 21.3% mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi 2019 (-20.3% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi) ndikutsika kwa 35% (-33.6% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi). Mu Disembala kuchuluka kwa katundu wapadziko lonse kudatsika ndi 19.0% poyerekeza ndi chaka chatha. Kubwezeretsa katundu wapaulendo m'derali kwakhudzidwa ndi mavuto azachuma m'misika monga Mexico, Argentina ndi Peru. Mphamvu zikadali zopanikiza kwambiri mderali. Mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi zatsika mu Disembala ndi 36.7%, kutsika kwa 30.4% kukugwa mu Novembala.  

Ndege zaku Africa adawona kufunika kukukula ndi 1.0% mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi 2019 (1.9% yantchito yapadziko lonse lapansi) ndikutsika kwa 17.3% (-15.8% ya mayiko akunja). Ndege zaku Africa zidatumiza kukula kwamphamvu kwambiri kwamayiko onse ku 2020 komanso Disembala. Zofuna zapadziko lonse m'mwezi zidakula ndi 6.3% pachaka. Ndege zaku Africa tsopano zili ndi gawo lofanana pamsika wadziko lonse wonyamula katundu monga omwe amanyamula ku Latin America (2.4%). Mphamvu zapadziko lonse lapansi zatsika ndi 21.6% mu Disembala, kuwonjezeka kwa 18.6% kugwa mu Novembala.