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2020 inali chaka choyipitsitsa m'mbiri yoyenda pandege

Alexandre de Juniac, Director General ndi CEO wa IATA
Alexandre de Juniac, Director General ndi CEO wa IATA
Written by Harry S. Johnson

Kubwezeretsa maulendo apandege nyengo yachilimwe kudayimitsidwa mu nthawi yophukira ndipo zinthu zidasokonekera kwambiri kumapeto kwa tchuthi chakumapeto kwa chaka, chifukwa zoletsa zoyenda kwambiri zidakhazikitsidwa pakabuka ziphuphu zatsopano ndi mitundu yatsopano ya COVID-19

  • Chaka chatha kudali tsoka ndipo palibe njira ina yofotokozera izi, malinga ndi Alexandre de Juniac, Director General ndi CEO wa IATA
  • Zoletsa zoyenda kwambiri zidakhazikitsidwa ndikubuka kwatsopano komanso mitundu yatsopano ya COVID-19
  • Dziko lapansi ndi lotsekeka kwambiri lero kuposa nthawi ina iliyonse m'miyezi 12 yapitayi

The Mgwirizano Wapadziko Lonse Woyendetsa Ndege (IATA) yalengeza zakomwe zakhala zikuyenda chaka chonse padziko lonse lapansi za 2020 zomwe zikuwonetsa kuti kufunika (makilomita okwera ndalama kapena ma RPKs) kudatsika ndi 65.9% poyerekeza ndi chaka chonse cha 2019, ndikuchepa kwamayendedwe owopsa kwambiri m'mbiri ya ndege. Kuphatikiza apo, kusungitsa malo patsogolo kwatsika kwambiri kuyambira kumapeto kwa Disembala.

Anthu okwera pamaulendo apadziko lonse mu 2020 anali 75.6% pansi pa milingo ya 2019. Mphamvu, (zoyezedwa m'makilomita ampando omwe alipo kapena ma ASK) zidatsika 68.1% ndipo katundu adatsika ndi 19.2 peresenti mpaka 62.8%.

Zofunikira zakunyumba mu 2020 zidatsika 48.8% poyerekeza ndi 2019. Mphamvu zomwe zidaperekedwa ndi 35.7% ndi katundu wamagetsi zatsika ndi 17% mpaka 66.6%.

Disembala 2020 kuchuluka kwamagalimoto kunali 69.7% m'mwezi womwewo mu 2019, sizinasinthe kwenikweni kuchokera pakumangika kwa 70.4% mu Novembala. Mphamvu idatsika 56.7% ndipo katundu adatsika ndi 24.6% mpaka 57.5%.

Kusungitsa maulendo mtsogolo opangidwa mu Januware 2021 kudatsika ndi 70% poyerekeza ndi chaka chapitacho, zomwe zimakakamiza ena pantchito zandalama komanso zomwe zingakhudze nthawi yomwe akuchira.

Kulosera koyambirira kwa IATA kwa 2021 ndikukula kwa 50.4% pakufunidwa kwa 2020 komwe kungabweretse makampani ku 50.6% ya milingo ya 2019. Ngakhale lingaliro ili silikusintha, pali chiwopsezo chachikulu ngati zoletsa zoyenda kwambiri poyankha mitundu yatsopano zikupitilirabe. Izi zikachitika, kufuna kusintha kumangokhala kokha 13% kuposa milingo ya 2020, kusiya bizinesiyo pa 38% ya milingo ya 2019.

“Chaka chatha kudali tsoka. Palibe njira ina yofotokozera izi. Kuchira komwe kudapezekanso m'nyengo yachilimwe yaku Northern nyengo kudakhazikika nthawi yophukira ndipo zinthu zidakulirakulira kwambiri kumapeto kwa tchuthi chakumapeto kwa chaka, chifukwa zoletsa zoyenda zoyipa zidakhazikitsidwa ndikubuka kwatsopano komanso mitundu yatsopano ya COVID-19. " A Alexandre de Juniac, Director General ndi CEO wa IATA. 

Msika Wapadziko Lonse Wonyamula Anthu

Ndege zaku Asia-PacificMagalimoto azaka zonse adakwera 80.3% mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi 2019, komwe kudali kutsika kwakukulu m'dera lililonse. Idagwa 94.7% m'mwezi wa Disembala pakati pazitseko zolimba, zosintha pang'ono kuchoka pakuchepa kwa 95% mu Novembala. Kutha kwa chaka chathunthu kunali pansi pa 74.1% poyerekeza ndi 2019. Katundu adatsika ndi 19.5 peresenti mpaka 61.4%.

Onyamula ku Europe adawona kutsika kwa 73.7% mu 2020 kutengera 2019. Mphamvu idagwa 66.3% ndipo katundu adatsika 18.8 peresenti mpaka 66.8%. M'mwezi wa Disembala, kuchuluka kwamagalimoto kudatsika ndi 82.3% poyerekeza ndi Disembala 2019, kukwera kwa 87% kutsika kwa chaka ndi chaka mu Novembala kuwonetsa kukondwerera kusanachitike komwe kudasinthidwa kumapeto kwa mwezi.

Ndege zaku Middle East'okwera pachaka okwera mu 2020 anali 72.9% pansi pa 2019. Mphamvu yapachaka idagwa 63.9% ndipo katundu adatsika mpaka 18.9 peresenti mpaka 57.3%. Magalimoto a Disembala anali otsika 82.6% poyerekeza ndi Disembala 2019, adasintha kuchoka kutsika kwa 86.1% mu Novembala.

Ndege zaku North Americakuchuluka kwa magalimoto kudatsika ndi 75.4% poyerekeza ndi 2019. Mphamvu idatsika 65.5%, ndipo katundu adatsika ndi 23.9% mpaka 60.1%. Disembala amafuna kutsika ndi 79.6% poyerekeza ndi mwezi womwewo chaka chapitacho, kunyamula kopitilira 82.8% mu Novembala kuwonetsa kuchuluka kwa tchuthi.

Ndege zaku Latin America anali ndi kuchepa kwa magalimoto kwa 71.8% chaka chonse poyerekeza ndi 2019, ndikupangitsa kuti likhale dera labwino kwambiri pambuyo pa Africa. Mphamvu idagwa 67.7% ndipo katundu adatsitsa 10.4 peresenti mpaka 72.4%, ndipamwamba kwambiri pakati pa zigawo. Magalimoto adatsika ndi 76.2% m'mwezi wa Disembala poyerekeza ndi Disembala 2019, zasintha pang'ono kuchoka pa kutsika kwa 78.7% mu Novembala. 

Ndege zaku Africa ' kuchuluka kwa magalimoto kudagwa 69.8% chaka chatha poyerekeza ndi 2019, yomwe inali magwiridwe antchito abwino kwambiri pakati pa zigawo. Mphamvu zatsika ndi 61.5%, ndipo katundu adatsika ndi 15.4% mpaka 55.9%, otsika kwambiri pakati pa zigawo. Kufunika kwa mwezi wa Disembala kunali 68.8% pansi pa nyengo yapitayi, patsogolo pa kutsika kwa 75.8% mu Novembala. Onyamula m'derali apindula ndi zoletsa kuyenda kwakanthawi kochepa poyerekeza ndi mayiko ena onse padziko lapansi.

China kuchuluka kwa anthu okwera pagalimoto kudatsika ndi 30.8% mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi 2019. Zinali zotsika 7.6% m'mwezi wa Disembala poyerekeza ndi Disembala chaka chapitacho, zomwe zinali kuwonongeka poyerekeza ndi kutsika kwa 6.3% mu Novembala mkati mwaziphuphu zatsopano komanso zoletsa.

Russia kuchuluka kwa anthu ogula kwapakhomo kudagwa 23.5% pachaka chonse, koma 12% ya mwezi wa Disembala, zidasintha kwambiri kutsika kwa 23% mu Novembala. Zotsatira za chaka chonse zidathandizidwa ndi zokopa alendo zakutchire m'nyengo yotentha komanso mitengo yotsika.

Muyenera Kudziwa

“Tikuyembekeza kuti kubwera ndi kugawa katemera koyamba kudzapangitsa kuti ntchito zapaulendo zapadziko lonse lapansi zibwezeretse mwadongosolo komanso mwadongosolo, zidasokonekera chifukwa cha kuphulika kwatsopano komanso kusintha kwatsopano kwa matendawa. Dziko lapansi ndi lotsekedwa lero kuposa nthawi ina iliyonse m'miyezi 12 yapitayi ndipo okwera ndege akukumana ndi zovuta zambiri zosintha mwachangu komanso zosagwirizana padziko lonse lapansi. Tikukulimbikitsani maboma kuti agwirizane ndi mafakitale kuti apange miyezo ya katemera, kuyesa, ndi kutsimikizira zomwe zingathandize maboma kukhala ndi chidaliro kuti malire atha kutsegulidwanso ndipo maulendo apandege apadziko lonse lapansi ayambanso pomwe chiwopsezo cha kachilomboka chatha. IATA Travel Pass ithandizira izi, popatsa okwera ndi App kuti aziyendetsa maulendo awo mosavutikira mogwirizana ndi zomwe boma lingafune pakuyesa kwa COVID-19 kapena chidziwitso cha katemera. Pakadali pano, makampani opanga ndege adzafunika kupitilizabe kuthandizidwa ndi maboma kuti akhalebe otheka, "atero a Juniac.