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Ntchito yapadziko lonse lapansi yatsegulidwa, ikufuna kuti pakhale lamulo loyenera la kusefera ndi machenjezo, kuti akhazikitsidwe pa ndege zonse zonyamula ndege

GCAQE 1
chitetezo cha ndege
Written by mkonzi

Chitetezo cha pandege nthawi zambiri chimasokonekera chifukwa cha operewera kapena kukhala olumala chifukwa chokhala ndi mpweya woipa.

The Global kanyumba Air Quality Executive (GCAQE) lero yakhazikitsa 'Campaign Yoyera Ya Air'kuyitanitsa oyang'anira ndi maboma padziko lonse lapansi, kuti alamulire kukhazikitsidwa kwa zosefera za' magazi otuluka magazi 'ndi masensa ochenjeza a mpweya pa ndege zonyamula.

Pofuna kuthandizira kampeni yawo a GCAQE atulutsa kanema wachidule wamaphunziro mzilankhulo zoposa 40. Adatulutsanso kanema wamakatuni wamfupi wofotokozera zoyambira za kayendedwe ka mpweya pa ndege.

Kampeni ya GCAQE imathandizidwa ndi nthumwi zaopitilira 1 miliyoni, Mgwirizano wa European Trade Union (ETUC), a Bungwe La European Transport Workers 'Federation (ETF), a Bungwe La International Transport Workers 'Federation (ITF) ndi Mgwirizano wa European Cabin Crew Association (EECECCA).

Makanema onsewa amapezeka patsamba la GCAQE Clean Air Campaign ku:

https://www.gcaqe.org/cleanair

Pazaka 20 zapitazi, pakhala malingaliro ndi zotsatira zopitilira 50 zopangidwa ndi madipatimenti 12 a ngozi zapadziko lonse lapansi, zokhudzana ndi kuwonongeka kwa mpweya wapa ndege zonyamula anthu. Komabe, ndege zamalonda zikupitilizabe kuuluka, popanda makina ochenjeza a mpweya owadziwitsa okwera kapena ogwira ntchito pomwe mpweya womwe akupuma waipitsidwa.

Kulephera kwakapangidwe kake kumakhudzana ndi momwe mpweya wopumira wa ndege zonse zonyamula anthu (kupatula Boeing 787) zimaperekedwa. Mpweya wopuma umaperekedwa kwa okwera ndi ogwira ntchito osasefedwa mwachindunji kuchokera pagawo lamajini kapena ku Auxiliary Power Unit (APU), injini yaying'ono mchira wa ndege. Iyi ndi njira yomwe imadziwika kuti 'magazi otuluka magazi' chifukwa 'amatuluka magazi' kuchokera pagawo lotentha la injini. 'Mpweya wamagazi' sunaseferedwe ndipo amadziwika kuti waipitsidwa ndi mafuta opanga ma jet[1] ndi madzi amadzimadzi.

Zitini za mafuta a jet engine ndi ma hydraulic fluid mankhwala omwe akuwononga mpweya wopuma komanso omwe anthu awululidwa, anena momveka bwino kuti:

"Musapume chifunga kapena nthunzi kuchokera kuzinthu zotenthedwa",

"Chiwopsezo choyambitsa khansa",

"Kuopsa kwa kusabereka",

"Kuopsa kwa zaminyewa" zina ...

Makampaniwa nthawi zambiri amanena kuti mpweya wabwino mu ndege ndi wabwino kuposa m'nyumba kapena muofesi. Ngakhale izi zili choncho, makampani amasefa 'mpweya wamagazi' womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito pa Fuel Tank Inerting System (FTIS). FTIS idayambitsidwa pambuyo pa ngozi ya TWA 800 popewa kuyatsa mafuta. Dongosolo la FITS limagwira ntchito popereka malo okhala ndi nayitrogeni mu thanki yamafuta. Dongosololi limagwiritsanso ntchito mpweya wotuluka magazi, koma chifukwa chakupezeka kwa mafuta amafuta mu 'mpweya wotuluka magazi' ndi zovuta zake pakadali pano, 'mpweya wamagazi' uwu umasefedwa. Nchifukwa chiyani makampaniwa samasankhanso 'mpweya wamagazi' womwe anthu akupuma? Kanema wachidule wofotokozera izi ndikutsamba latsamba la kampeni ku: gcaqe.org/cleanair

Mafuta onse a jet ndi madzi amadzimadzi amakhala ndi organophosphates. Mankhwalawa amapezeka m'mitundu yambiri ya ma swab yomwe imachitika m'malo amkati mwa ndege komanso m'maphunziro ambiri owunikira mpweya.

Mneneri wa GCAQE Captain Tristan Loraine adati:

"M'malingaliro a GCAQE, ngakhale adziwa za nkhaniyi kwazaka zambiri, oyendetsa ndege padziko lonse lapansi monga US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) ndi European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) ali ndi vuto ili, akuyika chidwi pamakampani opanga ndege chitetezo cha ndege ndi thanzi labwino. Yalephera kulamula kuti akhazikitse njira zowonongera zowononga mpweya kapena 'kusefukira kwa mpweya'. Alephera kufunanso ndege kuti zidziwitse ogwira ntchito kapena okwera ndege za izi. M'malo mwake, amati mpweya wa ndege ndiwabwino kuposa m'nyumba mwanu ndikupitiliza kufunafuna kafukufuku wina. Zotsatira zokhazokha zofunsa kuti zifufuzidwenso zidzachedwetsa kuchitapo kanthu zomwe zikufunika pakadali pano, kuti tithetse vuto laumoyo wa anthu komanso chitetezo pandege. ”

Chitetezo cha pandege nthawi zambiri chimasokonekera chifukwa cha operewera kapena kukhala olumala chifukwa chokhala ndi mpweya woipa. Ogwira ntchito ndi okwera ndege adakumana ndi zovuta kwakanthawi komanso kwakanthawi chifukwa chakuwonekera kumeneku.[2] Ogwira ntchito ena akhala akudwala atapuma pantchito. Monga adalembera a Howard et al (2017/2018), polankhula za aetiology ya matenda a aerotoxic,[3] pali umboni wosonyeza kuti, kuwonjezera pa kusakanikirana kovuta kwa mpweya kwa mankhwala othawa komwe kumakhalabe mumlengalenga, palinso chopumira cha tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta ma ultrafine particles (UFPs), zomwe zimabweretsa zotsatira zofunikira pakukhala ndi mpweya wa UFP.[4]

Kuyambira pa 15 mpaka 18 Marichi 2021, a GCAQE azichita nawo Msonkhano wa '2021 Aircraft Cabin Air' (aircraftcabinair.com). Uwu ukhala msonkhano waukulu kwambiri womwe udachitikapo pankhani izi. Zidzachitika masiku 4 kuyambira 1500 mpaka 2000 GMT tsiku lililonse komanso pakati pa omwe amathandizira; Padzakhala makampani angapo akuwonetsa njira zothetsera mavuto ndi matekinoloje omwe akutuluka kwa ogwiritsa ntchito ndege. Matekinoloje monga makina atsopano azosefera mpweya, ma sensa ochenjeza komanso otembenuza othandizira.

Kuphatikiza pa 'Clean Air Campaign' komanso '2021 Aircraft Cabin Air Conference', GCAQE yapanganso pulogalamu yoyamba yapadziko lonse lapansi yazomwe zakhala zikuyipa mlengalenga, yotchedwa GCARS. 'Global Cabin Air Reporting System', yomwe aliyense angagwiritse ntchito, amapezeka pa: https://gcars.app/

Mneneri wa GCAQE Captain Tristan Loraine adatinso:

“Makampaniwa akwaniritsa zinthu zazikulu kwambiri mzaka 50 zapitazi. Zatenga njira zingapo zokulitsa chitetezo cha ndege koma zachisoni pankhaniyi, yalephera. Oyang'anirawo akuti akuyenera kudziwa kuti ndi mankhwala ati omwe ali ndi mpweya woipa asanaganize zololera ukadaulo watsopano kuti muchepetse vutoli. Amadziwa zaka 20 zapitazo mankhwala omwe analipo, popeza ali ndi chidziwitso pakufufuza za kulephera kwathunthu kwa oyendetsa ndege awiri paulendo wapanyanja waku Sweden wotchedwa "Malmo". Ndizosadabwitsa kuti akupitilizabe kulephera kukonza zolakwika izi. ”

Mabungwe ambiri ogwira ntchito ndi GCAQE akhala akugwira ntchito ndi mafakitale kwazaka zopitilira XNUMX kuti avomereze zovomerezeka pamlengalenga. Kutha kubvomerezana pankhaniyi kudafunsidwa posachedwa kutsatira kwa makampani kuti achedwetse muyeso watsopano wa CEN.

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mkonzi

Mkonzi wamkulu ndi Linda Hohnholz.