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Msika wa zinyama zakutchire: Kuwononga mabomba nthawi yayitali miliri yama virus

misika ya nyama zamtchire
misika ya nyama zamtchire

Unduna wa Zaumoyo Pagulu la Thailand udzagwira ntchito ndi Unduna wa Zachilengedwe ndi Dipatimenti Yake Yachilengedwe kuti ayang'ane mosamala msika wa nyama wa Chatuchak. Zatsimikiziridwa kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kuchokera ku nyama zomwe zimagulitsidwa m'misika yamtunduwu ndizomwe zimayambitsa ma virus omwe adayambitsa miliri.

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  1. Zogulitsa zamalonda zimatha kunyamula tizilombo toyambitsa matenda zomwe anthu kapena nyama zina sizitha kuyankha.
  2. A SARS adalumphira kwa munthu kuchokera ku mphaka wamphongo womwe udadwala ndi mileme. Minda ya Mink idapezeka chaka chatha m'maiko angapo kuti inyamule coronavirus. Ma Pangolin ndi nyama ina yomwe yapezeka posachedwa itanyamula ma coronavirus.
  3. Gulu lofufuzira la WHO lomwe lidatumizidwa ku Wuhan lati misika ngati Chatuchak imatha kupatsira ma virus owopsa ndipo ikadatha kukhala chiyambi cha COVID-19.

Freeland akuyamika Unduna wa Zaumoyo ku Thailand pazomwe ananena lero pamsonkhano wa atolankhani ku Facebook Live ku Bangkok, pomwe adanenanso lipoti la Lolemba lochirikizidwa ndi Freeland pamsika wa Chatuchak ndikuvomereza kuti misika ya nyama zamtchire ndi malonda zitha kuwononga thanzi la anthu. Mneneri wa Undunawu adafotokozera mwachidule zomwe membala waku Danish wofufuza ku Wuhan adatumiza ku nyuzipepala yaku Danish Politiken, kuti misika ngati Chatuchak imatha kupatsira ma virus owopsa ndipo atha kukhala kuti COVID-19.

Unduna wa Zaumoyo ku Thailand tsopano ugwirizana ndi Unduna wa Zachilengedwe ndi Dipatimenti Yake Yachilengedwe kuti ayang'ane mosamala msika wa nyama wa Chatuchak, ndikupanga dongosolo limodzi lolimbikitsa kuteteza nyama zakutchire ndikuletsa kugulitsa nyama zamtchire m'misika .

"Tikuyamikira njirayi mosamala kwambiri," atero a Freeland Founder, a Steven Galster omwe amapatsa Politiken zidziwitso za nkhani zawo ku Chatuchak, pomwe amapita ndi mtolankhani wake kumsika kangapo kuti akalembe zomwe zachitika kumeneko. "Nthawi yotsiriza boma lidavomera kuwulula atolankhani ... Marichi watha popita kumsika, ndikuwapopera, ndikupereka timapepala, kenako ndikuti titsegulenso. Izi sizinathandize.

"Koma zikuwoneka kuti nthawi ino, chidwi cham'magulu apamwamba ndi mabungwe amtandawo pankhaniyi kuchokera ku Boma la Thailand, komanso nkhawa ya nthumwi ya WHO, zitha kubweretsa zotsatira zolimba. Tikufuna dziko la Thailand lithe kugulitsa nyama zamtchire, chifukwa chake dzikolo lingakhale mtsogoleri wapadziko lonse lapansi pazomwe zimatchedwa 'One Health', zomwe zimaphatikiza kuteteza anthu, nyama ndi zachilengedwe monga njira yabwino yopewera miliri. ” Freeland ndi membala wa kampeni yapadziko lonse ya "EndPandemics".

Msika ndi "Mabomba Owononga Nthawi"

Kumwera chakum'mawa kwa Asia kwakhala kukugulitsa zambiri ku China malonda amtchire. Chifukwa cha anthu otsika (komanso omwe nthawi zambiri amawonongeka) ku China amitundu yamtengo wapatali yogulitsira yomwe ikufunidwa kumeneko, obereketsa aku China ndi malo ogulitsa amalonda amadalira kulowetsa nyama kuchokera kunja kwa dzikolo kuti azisunga mokwanira komanso kusiyanasiyana kwamitundu. Mitundu yotumizidwa imatha kutumizidwa kapena kupita ku China molunjika, kapena nthawi zambiri imalowetsedwa, kapena kutumizidwa kudutsa, Southeast Asia.

Mwachitsanzo, ma pangolini amapyola madera ena a Asia ndi Africa, atsala pang'ono kutha ku China. Matupi awo kapena ziwalo zawo zakhala zikugulitsidwa kuchokera ku Southeast Asia ndi Africa kudzera ku Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Hong Kong, ndi Vietnam kupita ku China.

Nyama zogulitsa zamalonda zimatha kunyamula tizilombo toyambitsa matenda zomwe anthu kapena nyama zina sizitha kuyankha, ndipo tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa titha kupitilizidwa m'njira zingapo, kaya nyamayo ikugulitsidwa mwalamulo kapena mosaloledwa.

Mwachitsanzo, mbidzi zomwe zidatumizidwa mwalamulo 3 ku Thailand mu 2019 zidanyamula magege omwe adalumphira pamahatchi am'deralo, ndikupangitsa Matenda Akavalo A ku Africa komanso kufa kwa 90% +, zomwe zidaphetsa mahatchi opitilira 600. Zinyama zina zomwe zikugulitsidwa ku China ndi ku Southeast Asia zimagulitsidwa kuti zigulitsidwe ngati nyama ndi mankhwala, pomwe zina monga ziweto zosowa. Zina zimagulitsidwa monga zonse ziwiri, ndipo zina ndi zina zowonjezera. Mwachitsanzo, amphanga amagulitsidwa ngati ziweto, opangira nyemba za khofi (kudzera mu ndowe zawo), opanga mafuta onunkhiritsa, ndi nyama.

 Zina mwa nyamazi ndizotengeka kwambiri ndi ma virus omwe amapezeka ndi mileme, kuphatikiza chiwewe, Ebola, ndi Coronavirus. Nyamazi zimaphatikizapo mamembala a mabanja a Mustelide ndi Viverridae, okhala ndi mink, badgers, polecats, mongoose, civets, martens, ndi ena ambiri.

A SARS adalumphira kwa munthu kuchokera ku mphaka wamphongo womwe udadwala ndi mileme. Minda ya Mink idapezeka chaka chatha m'maiko angapo kuti inyamule coronavirus. Ma Pangolin ndi nyama ina yomwe yapezeka posachedwa itanyamula ma coronavirus.

Kafukufuku wa Freeland akuwonetsa kuti nyama zonsezi - ndi zina zomwe zitha kutenga kachilombo koyambitsa matendawa - zikugulitsidwabe ku Southeast Asia. Kuphatikiza apo, kafukufuku wa Freeland adapeza kuti mitundu yayikulu ya mbalame zakutchire komanso zosowa, zomwe zitha kunyamula H5N1 ndi mitundu ina ya "Flu Flu", zikuphatikizidwabe ndi mbalame zoweta, zodzaza m'makola ndikugulitsidwa m'malo opanikizika m'misika ina.

Zigawo za nyama zamtchire zomwe zikugulitsidwa kuchokera ku Southeast Asia kupita ku China - mwalamulo, zoletsedwa, thupi lonse, ndi mawonekedwe ena - zimagulitsidwa m'maiko aku Southeast Asia omwe amakhala ndi misika yawo yamalonda yamtchire yolimbana ndi ogula akumayiko akunja. Zitsanzo zake ndi misika ndi malo ogulitsira ku Jakarta, Bangkok, madera ena a Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, ndi Myanmar.

Msika wa Bangkok wa Chatuchak ndi dziko - ngati si dera - likulu kwambiri logulitsira nyama zakunja. Malinga ndi kafukufuku watsopano wa Freeland, wophatikizira cheke masiku awiri apitawa, munthu akhoza kugulabe pamsika uwu, mwa mitundu ina yambiri: ferrets; ziphuphu; chovala; ziphuphu; mongoose; meerkats; ziphuphu; chikopa; zofiira zofiira; Ma parrot amtundu waku Africa; zofunda; mitundu yambiri ya akamba ochokera kuzungulira dziko lapansi; mitundu yoposa 100 ya njoka; Akamba amtunda aku Africa ndi Asia; mitundu yopitilira khumi ndi iwiri ya mbewa zazing'ono, zapakatikati, ndi zazikulu; ndi abuluzi achilendo ochokera ku Latin America, Africa, ndi Australia. Amalonda ena ankapereka mbidzi, mvuu zazing'ono, ndi kangaroo. Adadzipereka kugulitsa awiriawiri oswana pazinthu zamalonda, ndipo sanapemphe umboni wa layisensi yakuswana.

Freeland wakhala akuchita kampeni zaka 19 kutseka gawo la msika wa nyama la Chatuchak, ndi misika ina ya nyama zakutchire ku Asia, komanso kuti akuluakulu aboma aletse malonda osaloledwa a nyama zakutchire kuti zisawonongeke, asunge zachilengedwe, ndikupewa kuphulika kwa zoonotic. Ntchito zathu "Zogulitsidwa", "iTHINK", komanso mgwirizano waposachedwa wa "EndPandemics" zakhala zikuphatikizira kuyitanitsa kutseka msika wazinyama ku Chatuchak, kuwonetsa zizindikilo zosaloledwa, mikhalidwe yopanda umunthu, kuwopseza mitundu yamalonda kuchokera ku malonda osadalirika, ndikuwopseza anthu.

Potengera COVID-19, Freeland adapempha mu Marichi 2020 kwa Atumiki angapo aku Thai kuti atseke Chatuchak Animal Market ngati nkhani yathanzi komanso chitetezo chamayiko ena. Ntchito zofalitsa nkhani za Freeland zowulula kusayeruzika ndi zoopsa za zoonotic pa Msika Wanyama wa Chatuchak zidapangitsa kuti department ya National Parks yaku Thailand ichite ntchito yoyeretsa kumapeto kwa Marichi. Maofesala oyang'anira malo ogulitsa ziweto, kufunsa kuti agulitse ndi kupatsa ziphaso, pomwe gulu lodana ndi ma virus lidapopera gawo lonselo lanyama. Msikawo udatsegulidwanso mkati mwa miyezi iwiri ndipo amakhalabe mu bizinesi.

"Timakhalabe ndi nkhawa kwambiri kuti msika wa zinyama wa Chatuchak ndi misika ina yotereyi - yayikulu, yaying'ono, komanso intaneti - m'derali ikugwirabe ntchito," atero a Freeland Founder a Steven Galster. “Tili ndi nkhawa kuti anthu omwe akukhudzidwa ndi zigawenga omwe akugulitsa zigawenga zazikulu sanatayidwe ntchito.

“Kuphatikiza apo, padakali malo ochulukirapo oweta nyama zakutchire (zina zolembetsedwa ngati malo osungira nyama), komanso kugulitsa nyama zamtchire pa intaneti zomwe zikugwirabe ntchito mderali. Ndizotheka kuti COVID-19 idalumphira kwa munthu kuchokera kunyama yogulitsa malonda. N'kutheka kuti nyama yotereyi inali kugulitsidwa mumsika wa nyama zakutchire ku Southeast Asia, monga Chatuchak, kapena papulatifomu yapaintaneti, kapena kufamu yoswana. Zitha kutenga zaka kuti mudziwe komwe adachokera. Koma bwanji, pakadali pano, tikuloleza kuti nsanja zamalonda zamtchirezi zipitilize kugwira ntchito ngati tikudziwa kuti zitha kupha munthu? Zowonadi sitikufuna kuwona kubuka kwatsopano? ”

Ponena za Thailand, a Galster anawonjezera kuti: "Timakhulupirirabe kuti Thailand isintha kuchoka pa malonda a nyama zakutchire kukhala" njira yolowera "kukhala" woyang'anira nyama zakutchire ", ndikukhala mtsogoleri wadziko lonse popewa miliri. Akuluakulu aboma agwira ntchito yayikulu yokongoletsa khomo pano, koma asiya khomo limodzi ili lotseguka - malonda awo anyama zakutchire. ”

#kumanga

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Ponena za wolemba

Linda Hohnholz, mkonzi wa eTN

Linda Hohnholz wakhala akulemba ndi kusintha zolemba kuyambira pomwe anayamba ntchito. Iye wagwiritsa ntchito chilakolako chobadwachi m'malo ngati Hawaii Pacific University, Chaminade University, Hawaii Children's Discovery Center, ndipo tsopano TravelNewsGroup.