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Nkhondo ya katemera komanso momwe zimakhudzira mayiko omwe amapeza ndalama zochepa

Nkhondo ya katemera komanso momwe zimakhudzira mayiko omwe amapeza ndalama zochepa
nkhondo ya katemera
Written by Galileo Violini

Masabata angapo apitawa, msonkhano womaliza wa World Trade Organisation (WTO) sunatulutse chilichonse munkhondo yankhondo ya katemera.

  1. Maiko olemera azindikira mobwerezabwereza kufunikira kotsimikizira kupeza katemera wa COVID-19 padziko lonse lapansi.
  2. Pali, komabe, nkhani zakubisira katemera komanso njira zazikulu zogulira mayiko olemera motsutsana ndi mayiko omwe amapeza ndalama zochepa.
  3. Google it - Palibe amene ali otetezeka mpaka aliyense atakhala bwino.

Lingaliro ku India ndi South Africa loti ma setifiketi motsutsana ndi COVID-19 amasulidwe sanalandiridwe pamsonkhano wa WTO, ngakhale mayiko ambiri omwe anali mgululi amathandizira. Lingaliroli likadayimitsanso ufulu wina waluntha, koma gawo lalikulu la mikangano pakati pa mayiko olemera ndi osauka linali nkhondo ya katemera.

Pakati pa Novembala ndi Marichi, mayiko olemera adazindikira mobwerezabwereza (G20 ku Abu Dhabi ndi G7 ku Geneva) kufunikira kotsimikizira kufikira katemera wa onse. Wotchuka kwambiri (pafupifupi 84 miliyoni zotsatira pakusaka kwa Google) ndi mawu akuti: "Palibe amene ali otetezeka mpaka aliyense atakhala bwino." Komabe, kukhazikika kwa kuchuluka kwa katemera komwe kumachitika m'maiko oyambilira 10 (75.5% ya katemera wathunthu, omwe amafika mpaka 83.3% ngati wina angaganizire 15 yoyamba) atha kubweretsa kukayikira pazomwe zimachitika pazochitika zenizeni, ndipo izi ndi izi kutsimikiziridwa ndi kutsutsana kwa WTO.

Mukutsutsana uku, mayiko olemera adziika kumbuyo kumbuyo kwa mfundo ziwiri: m'modzi - kafukufuku ndi zina zatsopano amatenga chitsimikizo ndikuteteza ufulu waluntha, ndipo zina - kuyimitsidwa komwe sikungapangitse kuti katemerayu achuluke.

Mtsutso womalizawu amanyalanyaza mopanda manyazi za katemera woteteza komanso njira zazikulu zogulira mayiko olemera. Zakhala zikunenedwa kawirikawiri kuti Canada yadzipereka yomwe ingaloleze katemera pafupifupi anthu kasanu. Koma izi sizachilendo. Mwachitsanzo, Italy, yomwe ili ndi anthu pafupifupi 5 miliyoni, yasaina mapangano oti alandire kumapeto kwa 60, 2022 miliyoni Mlingo wa AstraZeneca, 40 Pfizer, 65.8 Johnson ndi Johnson, 26.6 Sanofi, 40.4 Curevac, ndi 29.9 Moderna. Mtengo woyerekeza, malinga ndi a Ms. De Bleeker posindikiza mwangozi mndandanda wamitengo, miyezi 39.8 yapitayo, ikadakhala madola 3 biliyoni, koma kuyambira pamenepo mitengo ina yakwera.

Mtengo uwu ndi 1% ya thumba lobwezeretsa lomwe linaperekedwa ku Italy ndi European Union ndipo zitha kuyimira pafupifupi 10% ya GNP yonse yamayiko akumwera kwa Sahara. Nkhani yothandizidwa ndi Associated Press ya mwezi umodzi wapitawu idatsimikiza kuti mitengo yosiyana siyana yolipiridwa ndi mayiko osiyanasiyana imadalira mitengo yakapangidwe kam'deralo komanso kukula kwa dongosololi ndikuti zomwe zimalengezedwa kuti mayiko osauka atha kulipira ndalama zochepa mwina mwina zinali zokhumba. (Maria Cheng ndi Lori Hinnant, Marichi 1)

Mtsutso wina ndikuti mayiko olemera okha ndi omwe amatha kupanga katemera.

Izi ndi zabodza.