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Ulendo wa 2021 ku Caribbean: Gut Punched

Ulendo waku Caribbean

Mayiko omwe amadalira kwambiri zokopa alendo padziko lapansi ndi Aruba, Antigua, Barbuda, Bahamas, St. Lucia, Dominica, Grenada, Barbados, St. Vincent, ndi Grenadines, St. Kitts ndi Nevis, Jamaica, Belize, zilumba za Cayman , ndi Dominican Republic (iadb.org). Kwa zilumba izi, zokopa mayiko ndi moyo wawo wachuma ndipo zidasungunuka usiku umodzi.

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COVID itakweza mutu wake woyipa pazombo zapamadzi, oyang'anira anali atagona pagudumu.
  1. Nkhani zokopa alendo, zomwe zikadatha kuwongoleredwa ndikuyankhidwa koyambirira adaloledwa kukula ndikuwononga dziko lonse lapansi.
  2. Mpaka pano, oyendetsa maulendo apanyanja komanso oyang'anira zokopa alendo, oyang'anira maboma, komanso osankhidwa nthawi zambiri amakana kutenga nawo mbali pazinyalanyaza zawo.
  3. Ambiri mwa omwe amayang'anira zombo zapamtunda kapena zokopa alendo sanapepese chifukwa chonyalanyaza zowona ndi sayansi komanso njira yawo "pamchenga" kwa oyang'anira mabungwe awo komanso moyo wabwino wa okwera ndi ogwira ntchito.

Wodalira Ntchito Zokopa alendo

The kugwa kowopsa ndichinthu cholephera kwathunthu ku Caribbean kusiyanitsa zochitika zachuma komanso malingaliro azinthu zanga. Awa ndi amodzi mwamalo osiyanitsidwa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi omwe amawerengera zokopa alendo pa 14% ya GDP mu 2019, dera lalikulu kwambiri. Maiko a LAC ali m'gulu la mavuto omwe amapezeka kwambiri padziko lapansi ndipo masoka achilengedwe ali ngati zochita za tsiku ndi tsiku m'malo modabwitsa kapena zodabwitsa. Chatsopano, komabe, ndikuthamanga koopsa komanso kowopsa komanso kulimbikira komwe coronavirus yakhudza maziko azachuma amderali. 

Kutuluka chifukwa chobisalira, kuchereza alendo, kuyenda, komanso oyang'anira ntchito zokopa alendo omwe apulumuka mliri woyipitsitsa tsopano atsala ndi ntchito yayikulu yoleketsa makampani kuti asachirikizidwe ndikuwathandiza kukhala athanzi.

Monga aliyense amene wakhala akudwala - pakufunika kuchitapo kanthu (masitepe a ana pafupipafupi), kuti muchoke ku matenda kupita kuchipatala. Ngati odwala ali ndi mwayi, abwenzi, abale, komanso upangiri wabwino kuchokera pa Google Google pundits umapereka njira zochira. Odwala amatha kupunthwa ndikubwerera m'mbuyo kangapo, koma mwachangu komanso molimbika, adzachira ndikukhala okonzeka kumenya nkhondo.

Gut Anakhomerera

Malinga ndi Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) mliri wa COVID-19 zidapangitsa kutsika kwachuma koipitsitsa ku Latin America ndi ku Caribbean zaka mazana awiri. Kupitilira pamavuto azachuma ndikuwonongeka kwa mliriwu pagulu la anthu ndi madera azaumoyo. Ngakhale kuti derali likuyimira 8 peresenti yokha ya anthu padziko lonse lapansi lanena kuti 28% ya anthu onse afa (atlanticcouncil.org).

Ngakhale mliriwu usanachitike, kuchuluka kwachuma m'chigawochi kudali koyipa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi komwe kumangowonjezeka 0.1% yokha pazakudya zonse zapakhomo (GDP) mchaka cha 2019. Pakati pa 2013 ndi 2019, kukula kwa Latin America ndi Caribbean GDP kunali pafupifupi 0.8% ndipo dera sichinayambe kukhala ndi chuma chokhazikika.

Mayikowa agawika kwambiri pankhani yopezeka pazinthu zaboma komanso zachinsinsi, kuyambira mwayi wachuma ndi maphunziro mpaka chisamaliro chaumoyo ndi malo oyera / otetezeka omwe akuwonjezeka chifukwa chantchito yayikulu, ndalama zochepa zapagulu (16% GDP), poyerekeza ndi zina zigawo, ndipo izi zimakhudza zokolola, luso komanso kukhazikitsa ntchito (cepal.org, 2020).

Kuyambira kutsekedwa kwa ma eyapoti komanso zoletsa kuyenda kwa ogula, alendo ochokera ku Caribbean adatsika ndi 67% mu 2020 malinga ndi chidziwitso cha UN, IMF idatsimikiza kuti malo ogona apachaka amagwa ndi 70%, ndipo maulendo apanyanja akuyimitsidwa. 

Ngakhale panali mapulogalamu a katemera komanso kuchepetsedwa pang'onopang'ono kwa zoletsa kuyenda, kuyambiranso ku Caribbean kukuchepetsa kukakamiza International Monetary Fund (IMF) kuti ichepetse kukula kwa 2021 komwe kukuyembekezeka kukula kuchokera pa 4.0 mpaka 2.4 peresenti kudera lonse. Pakhala pali anthu osachepera 38,789,000 omwe amatenga matendawa ndipo 1,310,000 akuti amwalira chifukwa cha buku la coronavirus ku Latin America ndi ku Caribbean (graphics.reuters.com). Mwa matenda 100 aliwonse omaliza kufotokozedwa padziko lonse lapansi, pafupifupi 26 adanenedwa kuchokera kumayiko aku Latin America ndi Caribbean. Dera lino pakadali pano akuti akuti ali ndi matenda opatsirana miliyoni miliyoni masiku asanu ndi atatu aliwonse ndipo anena zoposa 8 kuyambira pomwe mliriwu udayamba.

Kuchepetsa kwa alendo kudakakamiza makampani kuti achepetse ntchito - yomwe, mdera lomwe zokopa alendo zimakhala ndi ntchito 2.8 miliyoni (pafupifupi 15 peresenti ya ntchito zonse). Izi ndizovuta zachuma. Ponseponse, Pacific idataya ntchito zoposa 2 miliyoni chifukwa cha mliriwu (International Labor Organisation), ambiri pantchito zokopa alendo.

Pamene maiko a LAC akukumana ndi mafunde atsopano a coronavirus pakati pa kampeni yochedwetsa katemera, kuchira kumakhala kovuta. Katundu wamkulu watsekedwa: Ku Dominican Republic, chipinda cha 400 cha Kuchita Zabwino Kwambiri ku Punta Kana; ku Jamaica, Half Moon Hotel Jamaica (400); Kitts, Ocean Terrace Inn yazipinda 50.

Kumbali ina, malo ogulitsira ma Sandals pamodzi ndi malo ogulitsira magombe adapitilizabe kutsatsa, adapanga njira zawo zawo za katemera komanso chitetezo cha alendo komanso miyezo yazaumoyo. Zotsatirazo zidakhala mitengo yabwino kwambiri yakukhalamo nthawi yonse yamavutowa, kutengera kudalira kwa ogula komwe kudapangidwa kudzera muntchito zowazunza.
Malo ogulitsira nsapato ndi magombe adalonjeza tchuthi chopanda nkhawa ndipo adakwanitsa kukwaniritsa lonjezoli mpaka pano.

Ntchito zokopa alendo sizingabwererenso mpaka derali litayamba kulamulira. Pakadali pano, bungwe la Pan American Health Organisation lapeza kuti dera ladziko lapansi "lili mkati mwadzidzidzi," ndipo kachilomboka kakupitilirabe kuzilumba zaku Caribbean komwe kuchuluka kwa anthu tsiku ndi tsiku kukukulirakulira, ndipo maboma omwe ali ndi ngongole ku Caribbean alibe ndalama zochepa zopititsira patsogolo chuma chawo. .

Minister of Tourism ku Jamaica, a Edmund Barlett adayang'ana nkhaniyi ndi diso lapadziko lonse lapansi natenga vutoli. Zinaloleza Jamaica kuthandizira yankho ndipo idapangitsa kuti mawu aku Caribbean amveke momveka bwino. Jamaica idakhala nyumba ya Global Tourism Resilience and Crisis Management Center yokhala ndi nthambi ku Malta, Nepal, Kenya, komanso Saudi Arabia. Bartlett anauza eTurboNews, kuti ali wokondwa ndikuchulukirachulukira kwa kuchuluka kwakanthawi kofika alendo.

Kutalika

Kutaya ntchito pantchito zokopa alendo kumakhudza makamaka achinyamata, azimayi, komanso ogwira ntchito osaphunzira motero kumakulitsa umphawi ndi kusalinganika. Kuperewera kwa kusiyanasiyana komanso kukhazikika kumathandizanso kutsekedwa kwamabizinesi ndi kusowa ndalama pakati pa mahotela, malo ogulitsira alendo, ndi magawo ena okhudzana ndi ntchito zokopa alendo (mwachitsanzo, malo odyera, malo ogulitsa, oyendetsa maulendo, oyendetsa taxi). Pochepetsa kuchepa kwa ndege komanso mikangano yomwe ikupitilirabe pakati pa oyendetsa sitimayo, ogwira nawo ntchito m'makampani omwe amadalira omwe akukwera sitimayo sangathandizire ngati zombozo zathetsedwa kwathunthu kapena kubwerera kumalo ena.

Dzenje Landalama          

Dera la Caribbean lilipo makamaka pangongole. Ngakhale mabungwe azachuma padziko lonse lapansi atsegula chikwama chawo chonse kuti akwaniritse kufunika kogwiritsa ntchito ndalama zaboma mderali, thandizo lakhala lupanga lakuthwa konsekonse; zovuta zaposachedwa zachepetsedwa koma maiko ambiri tsopano akukumana ndi zovuta pamene kuwonjezeka kwachuma ndikubwereka kumakhala kovuta ndipo mavuto akupitilirabe.

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Ponena za wolemba

Dr. Elinor Garely - wapadera kwa eTN komanso mkonzi wamkulu, vinyo.travel

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