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Uganda Yogulitsa Zinyama Zamtchire Pakompyuta, Kusunga Ulendo

Uganda Yogulitsa Ogulitsa Zinyama

Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities ya Uganda lero, pa Julayi 29, 2021, yakhazikitsa njira yoyamba yololeza kugulitsa nyama zamtchire komanso nyama zamtchire mdzikolo.

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  1. Pansi pa mutu wakuti "Kulimbikitsa Malamulo Okhazikika Ogulitsa Zinyama," njira yololeza zamagetsi ikufuna kuwongolera malonda azovomerezeka zakutchire ndikuletsa kugulitsa mitundu yosaloledwa.
  2. Izi zimakwaniritsidwa kudzera pazilolezo zamagetsi ndi zilolezo zamalonda (kulowetsa kunja, kutumiza kunja, ndi kutumizanso kunja) mumitundu.
  3. Zitsanzozi zalembedwa mu Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Uganda tsopano ikukhala dziko loyamba ku East Africa komanso la 8 pa kontrakitala waku Africa kupanga pulogalamu yamagetsi ya CITES.

Kukula kwa njira yololeza zamagetsi kwathandizidwa ndi anthu aku America pansi pa United States Agency for International Development (USAID) / Uganda Combating Wildlife Crime (CWC) kudzera ku Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) mogwirizana ndi Ministry of Tourism, Zinyama Zakale ndi Zakale.

Kutsegulira kunayang'aniridwa ndi Dr. Barirega Akankwasah, PhD, Commissioner wa Conservation of Wildlife ndi Acting Director of the Ministry of Tourism Wildlife and Antiquities (MTWA), pamtundu wosakanizidwa pa intaneti komanso mwakuthupi. Opezekapo anali Minister of Tourism Wildlife and Antiquities, Wolemekezeka Tom Butime, yemwe adatsogolera mwambowu; Mlembi wake Wamuyaya, Doreen Katusiime; Kazembe wa United States ku Uganda, Kazembe Natalie E. Brown; ndi Mutu wa European Delegation ku Uganda, Kazembe Attilio Pacifici. Haruko Okusu, Mutu wa Pulojekitiyi, adatha kuyimira pafupifupi Secretariat ya CITES.

Polankhula pamwambowu, Ambassador Brown adalongosola ntchito zomwe zikuthandizidwa ndi USAID polimbana ndi malonda osaloledwa a nyama zakutchire kuphatikiza Canine Unit ku Karuma Wildlife Reserve, komwe agalu amaphunzitsidwa ndikukonzekereredwa kulowetsa nyama zamtchire mderali. 

Kazembe Pacifici adadzudzula kuwonongedwa kwa nkhalango kuphatikiza Bugoma ndi shuga wamalonda wolimidwa ndi Hoima Sugar Limited ndi Zoka Forest kwa odula mitengo omwe nthumwi za EU zidayendera mu Novembala 2020 ndikulemba za chiwonetserochi pogwiritsa ntchito zithunzi zapa satellite. Nkhalango ya Bugoma ndi malo okhala Uganda Mangabey, ndipo Zoka Forest ndi malo okhala ku Flying squirrel. Nkhalango zonse ziwirizi zakhala zikulimbana kwambiri ndi anthu olanda malo komanso ziphuphu m'maofesi apamwamba.

A Haruko Okusu, Secretariat ya CITES, adazindikira kuti “… Zilolezo ndi chimodzi mwazida zofunikira kwambiri pakuwunika malonda amitundu yolembedwa ndi CITES ndipo ndizofunikira kwambiri pakumvetsetsa kukula kwa malonda a CITES. Dongosolo la Uganda likufuna kuti aliyense amene ali mndende akhale ndi mwayi wopeza ndende. ”

Dr. Barirega adafotokoza za CITES ndi kusaina komwe kudachitika ku Uganda kuphatikiza kumasulira kwa Appendices I, II, ndi III pamsonkhanowu pamndandanda wazomwe zimapereka mitundu yosiyanasiyana kapena mitundu yazodzitchinjiriza ku nkhanza.

Anatinso, monga CITES Management Authority, Unduna wa Zoyang'anira, Zinyama ndi Zakale ku Uganda walamulidwa kuwonetsetsa kuti malonda azinthu zamtundu wa CITES ndi nyama zina zamtchire ndizokhazikika komanso zovomerezeka. Izi zachitika mwa njira zina kudzera pakupereka ziphaso ku CITES pamalangizo a Uganda Wildlife Authority kwa nyama zamtchire; Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Animal and Fisheries za nsomba zokongoletsera; ndi Unduna wa Zamadzi ndi Zachilengedwe wa zomera zakutchire. Akuluakulu asayansi ku CITES ndi omwe akuyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti malonda, makamaka nyama kapena mitundu yazomera, sizowononga zamoyo zawo zakutchire.

Mpaka pano, Uganda monga mayiko ena ambiri yakhala ikugwiritsa ntchito chikalata chovomerezera ndi kupereka chilolezo, chomwe chitha kukhala chabodza, chimatenga nthawi yochulukirapo ndikuwunika, ndipo pakubwera kwa COVID-19, kusuntha kwa zikalata kukhala pachiwopsezo chotenga matenda. Ndi zamagetsi, malo osiyanasiyana a CITES ndi mabungwe oyang'anira zamalamulo amatha kutsimikizira chilolezo nthawi yomweyo ndikugawana zidziwitso zenizeni zakugulitsa nyama zamtchire. Izi zitha kuletsa kugulitsa nyama zamtchire zosavomerezeka zomwe zimawopseza mitundu yambiri yazinyama monga njovu, zomwe zimafooketsa ndalama zaku zokopa alendo ku Uganda komanso chitetezo chamayiko.

A Joward Baluku, Ofesi ya Zinyama ku Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities, adawonetsa makinawa pa intaneti akuwonetsa momwe angachitire lembani zikalata zawo kudzera pa ulalo wa Unduna wa Zoyang'anira Zakuthengo ndi Zakale zomwe zimamupangitsa kuti wolembetsayo alembetsedwe asanavomerezedwe.

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) / Uganda Combating Wildlife Crime (CWC) ndi ntchito yazaka 5 (Meyi 13, 2020 - Meyi 12, 2025) yomwe yakhazikitsidwa ndi Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) limodzi ndi mgwirizano wamagulu kuphatikiza African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), Natural Resource Conservation Network (NRCN), ndi The Royal United Services Institute (RUSI). Cholinga cha ntchitoyi ndikuchepetsa umbanda wanyama ku Uganda polimbikitsa kuthekera kwa omwe akutenga nawo gawo pa CWC kuti azindikire, kuletsa, ndi kuzenga milandu yokhudza nyama zakutchire pogwirizana ndi mabungwe achitetezo, a USAID omwe akugwira nawo ntchito, makampani azinsinsi, komanso madera oyandikana nawo kumalo otetezedwa.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) idasainidwa pa Marichi 3, 1973, ndipo idayamba kugwira ntchito pa Julayi 1, 1975. Msonkhanowu umalimbikitsa malonda apadziko lonse lapansi mwa mitundu yazinthu zosankhika kuti avomereze kudzera munjira yololeza . Uganda, omwe akhala nawo pamsonkhano kuyambira pa Okutobala 16, 1991, asankha Unduna wa Zokopa alendo, Zinyama Zakale ndi Antiquities kukhala CITES Management Authority yoyang'anira dongosolo la ziphaso ndi kuyang'anira kukhazikitsa kwa CITES ku Uganda. Uganda yasalawo Uganda Wildlife Authority; Ministry of Water and Environment; ndi Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries kuti akhale CITES Scientific Authorities for wild animals, zomera zakutchire, ndi nsomba zokongoletsa motsatana kuti apereke upangiri wasayansi pazotsatira zamalonda pakusamala zachilengedwe zakuthengo. 

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Tony Ofungi - eTN Uganda

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