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Kutsitsa Mtengo Wowonjezerera M'makampani Anga ndi Chitetezo

Written by mkonzi

Maunyolo a Aerospace and Defense (A&D) akukumana ndi nyengo yovuta kwambiri.

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  1. Mliri wa COVID-19 wabweretsa makampani onse oyendetsa ndege kuti agwade, kusiya opanga ndi ogulitsa omwewo akukangana kuti abwerere mgulu lazopanga.
  2. Maboma, poyankha chuma chofookacho, achepetsa ndalama zomwe amawononga pa A&D pazida zankhondo.
  3. Mabizinesi achinsinsi, momwemonso, achepetsa kuwononga ndalama pazida zamagetsi.

Izi zasiya makampani ambiri omwe alibe odalirika bwenzi logulitsira zinthu mumlengalenga kugwedezeka. Koma sizinthu zamagetsi za A&D zokha zomwe zikuvutika. Oyang'anira Biden posachedwapa achita kuyesa kwa masiku 100 ya unyolo wovuta. Zomwe zapezazi zikuwonetsa zofooka zosiyanasiyana m'makampani ogulitsa. 

United States yagwa kuchokera 37 peresenti yama semiconductor apadziko lonse lapansi mpaka 12% pazaka 20 zapitazi. United States tsopano ikupanga 6 mpaka 9 peresenti yokha yazinthu zokhwima kwambiri, luso la semiconductor wapamwamba. Malinga ndi Purezidenti, kuchuluka kwakuchepa kumeneku "kumawopseza magulu onse azogulitsa ma semiconductor komanso kupikisana kwathu kwachuma kwanthawi yayitali."

Kutsika kwa mitengo kwapangitsa kuti oyang'anira a Biden alengeze "gulu lankhondo," lotsogozedwa ndi Woimira Zamalonda ku US a Katherine Tai, lomwe "lipereka lingaliro logwirizira limodzi ndi mayiko ambiri motsutsana ndi malonda osalungama omwe asokoneza unyolo wovuta."

Pamene onse ogwira nawo ntchito m'boma komanso amalonda amayang'ana njira yotsika mtengo yokwaniritsira zosowa zawo mlengalenga, opanga a A&D akuyenera kuchepetsa ndalama kuti athe kupeza madongosolo ndikusunga malire a phindu. 

Nazi njira zina zothandizira ang'ono ndi apakatikati ndege opanga atha kukopa kukhathamiritsa kwamagetsi kuti achepetse mtengo:

1. Sinthanitsani matelefoni 

Mtundu wachikale wamagetsi umagwira ntchito mozungulira, ndipo opanga mfundo amakhala ndi malingaliro ochepa pazogulitsa zonse, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale zotsalira komanso kuwonjezeka kwa ndalama. 

Makina ogulitsira amtundu wa digito, komabe, amapereka chithunzi chokwanira chazinthu zoperekera kumveketsa bwino, mgwirizano, kusinthasintha, komanso mayankho achangu. Mwachidule, digitization imagwiritsa ntchito deta kuti ikwaniritse maunyolo omwe amapereka. 

Kuphatikiza kwa chidziwitso pamagulu onse azinthu kumathandizira pakukonza magulitsidwe pokonza ndikuwona komwe kumapeto kwa zinthu zomwe anthu sangatenge nawo.

 Mwachitsanzo, mapulogalamu ogwiritsa ntchito masheya, makina owunikira, kupanga zinthu mwachangu, nzeru zakuchita, ndi makina ena odziyang'anira akhoza kuphatikizidwa ndi kapangidwe kazinthu zopezera zinthu mwachangu komanso mosavuta. 

Kuti mukwaniritse makina anu ogulitsira, mungafunikire kuyanjana ndi kampani yoyang'anira masheya padziko lonse lapansi. Pali njira zingapo ku US. Bukuli limatchula mndandanda wa Makampani oyendetsa bwino kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi omwe akugwira ntchito mlengalenga ndi chitetezo.

2. Gwiritsani Ntchito Zida Zamtengo Wapatali

Kumvetsetsa ndalama zomwe amagulitsa komanso kuchuluka kwa magulidwe amathandizira opanga ma Aerospace ndi a Defense kuti azitha kupeza mitengo pazamalamulo awo. Ambiri opanga amaganiza kuti mtengo wogulitsa ndiwokhazikika. Komabe, ndalama zina zimatha kusinthidwa ngati wopanga ali ndi chidziwitso choyenera. Kuwunika kwamtengo wapatali ndiye njira yoti mupititsire.

Malinga ndi US Lamulo la Kupeza Maboma (FAR) 15.407-4, kuwunika koyenera kuwonongera ndalama kuyenera kuwunika "chuma ndi magwiridwe antchito omwe alipo kale, njira, zida, zida, nyumba, magwiridwe antchito, ndi kasamalidwe." 

Timalimbikitsa mitundu iwiri kuti mupeze dongosolo lokwanira mitengo:

Mtengo Wofunika Mtengo: Pachitsanzo ichi, kontrakitala amagwiritsa ntchito mitengo yamsika yamalonda ndi zachuma kuti azindikire phindu pamsika. Mtunduwu sulingalira omwe amagulitsa amafunsa mtengo koma amapeza kuti mtengo umagula chiyani kutengera zinthu monga zopangira, mtengo wapamwamba, ntchito, ndi kukwera kwamitengo.

Kusanthula Misozi: Kusanthula kosokoneza kumaphwanya chinthu kukhala tizigawo ting'onoting'ono kuti tifotokozere mtengo wamtengo wapatali kapena mtengo wake aliyense malinga ndi kagwiridwe kake. Kupatula pakupanga kwa mafakitale, chida ichi chimayesa ukadaulo, kulimba, zokolola, kudalirika, chitetezo, ndi zina zofunikira. 

Dziwani zambiri za kugwiritsa ntchito zida zotsika mtengo m'nkhaniyi.

3. Mndandanda wazida ndi Zida

Mabungwe ayeneranso kupanga mindandanda yazitsanzo ndi zida zomwe owongolera azigwiritsa ntchito asanagule. Mndandandanda woterewu ungafotokoze malingaliro monga ngati wopanga ali ndi chinthu chomwe chimagwiritsa ntchito bajeti koma chimatha kugwira ntchito yomweyo. 

Zipangizazi zitha kukhala ma graph ndi ma sheet omwe amathandizira director kuti apange mwachangu malo oyendetsera ntchito, kutengera mtengo wa omwe akukhala ndi ogulitsa ena, ndikuwunika misika. 

Atsogoleri akuyenera kuwonetsetsa bwino zosowa mosasamala kanthu kuti woperekayo akufuna kuchuluka kocheperako. Cholinga sichiyenera kukhala chongopewa kumaliza kumaliza ntchitoyo komanso kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa zinthu.

4. Kambiranani bwino kwambiri ndi ogulitsa

ambiri Aerospace ndi Chitetezo makampani amakhulupirira kuti alibe ndalama zokwanira zotsimikizira ogulitsa awo kuti achepetse mitengo, makamaka ogulitsa ozama kwambiri olumikizidwa ndi mapulogalamu akulu. 

Makampaniwa amasiya makamaka masewerawa asanayambe. Ngakhale zokambirana sizoyenda paki, pali njira zingapo zomwe makampani opanga ndege ndi malo achitetezo angagwiritse ntchito kukweza mtengo.  

Sankhani mtengo womwe ungatetezedwe

Opanga ambiri nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi malingaliro ochepa pazachuma choyambira cha chinthu kuchokera kwa woperekayo. Zotsatira zake, gawo loyamba ndikubwera ndi chiwongola dzanja choyenera pazomwe boma liyenera kuwononga. Makampani amatha kugwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo kuti akwaniritse izi.

Makampani amayang'ana momwe mtengo wamagulitsidwe amtundu winawake amathandizira kutsika kwa njira yotsikira. Zipangizo zotsogola kwambiri, chinthu choyamba chomalizidwa kuchoka pamsonkhanowu chimawononga ndalama zoposa zana, zomwe zimawononga ndalama zoposa chikwi. 

Mtengo wotsika pamtengo wonse wamagetsi ndi ubale wokhazikika pakati pakupanga kuchuluka kwa kampani ndi mtengo wopangira. Popeza kuchuluka kwa mayunitsi, mtundu wa msonkhano wofunikirako, ndi mtengo woyambira poyambira, kakhome kamtengo kakuwonetsa zomwe wogulitsa wapamwamba ayenera kufunsa pambuyo pa kuchuluka kotsimikizika. 

Pali njira zingapo zotsikira kutsata mtengo womwe mukufuna. Njira yopangira zinthuzo imaphatikizapo kuyang'ana pazazinthu zazing'ono zamakina omwe apatsidwa. Izi nthawi zambiri zimapezeka pamsika waulere, ndipo makampani amatha kudziwa mtengo wokwanira wa aliyense wa iwo, pamodzi ndi zolipirira kuti awagwirizane. 

Makampani amathanso kuyang'anitsitsa mtengo wazomwezi ndizofanana nazo. Palibe njira izi zomwe ndizopusitsa, koma pogwiritsa ntchito zonsezi, makampani amatha kupanga ndalama kuti akwaniritse zomwe akufuna. Izi zimawapatsa zifukwa zodalirika komanso zowerengeka zokambirana ndi wogulitsa kuti achepetse ndalama.

Pangani mfundo zothandizirana ndi wogulitsa

Njira yina yopezera malonda ndi omwe akutumizirani ndikumvetsetsa magawo omwe angapezeke. Nthawi zambiri, makampani amatha kupeza mwayi wopitilira momwe amaganizira pogwiritsa ntchito zomwe zapezeka m'malo ena. Choyamba, Komabe, Opanga Zida Zoyambirira (OEMs) ayenera kudziwa momwe ogulitsa amapangira phindu lawo komanso momwe zopindulira zimakhalira kukulirakulira kwakanthawi.

Mwachitsanzo, ena ogulitsa amapanga ndalama zawo zambiri kugulitsa kwa OEM monga gawo la mgwirizano wapachiyambi. Ena amapindula kwambiri pogulitsa maboma padziko lonse lapansi kapena kuboma lawo. 

Komabe, ena amagogomezera zotsatira zakugulitsa kwa zida zosinthira makina omwe amatha nthawi yayitali. Pogwira pulani ya kampaniyo, kampaniyo imatha kudziwa momwe angalumikizirane ndioperekayo kuti amange zopezera zokambirana. 

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mkonzi

Mkonzi wamkulu ndi Linda Hohnholz.

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  • Mwachitsanzo, ena ogulitsa amapanga ndalama zawo zambiri kugulitsa kwa OEM monga gawo la mgwirizano wapachiyambi. Ena amapindula kwambiri pogulitsa maboma padziko lonse lapansi kapena kuboma lawo. Zikomo chifukwa chogawana zambiri.