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Mbiri Yakale: Libby's Hotel and Baths, New York, NY

Libby's Hotel ndi Malo Osambira

Chakumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 1920, msika wogulitsa unali ukukwera, mabizinesi anali kusangalala ndi phindu ndipo olemba ntchito akumanga nyumba zatsopano mwachangu.

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  1. Makampani obwereketsa nyumba adayamba kupereka masheya obweza ngongole, mtundu watsopano wazachuma.
  2. Imodzi mwa nyumba zatsopanozi inali nyumba yosanja 12 ya Libby's Hotel ndi Baths, yomangidwa mu 1926 pakona ya Chrystie ndi Delancey Streets kum'mwera chakum'mawa kwa New York.
  3. Imeneyi inali hotelo yoyamba yonse yachiyuda yokhala ndi dziwe losambira, malo ochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi amakono, malo osambira achi Russia-Turkey ndi malo ogulitsira anthu onse.

Wolemba mapulogalamuwa anali a Max Bernstein, ochokera ku Slutzk, Russia, yemwe adafika ku New York ndi banja lake mu 1900 ali ndi zaka 11. Misewu yomwe Max anakulira kum'mwera chakum'mawa inali yodzaza ndi ogulitsa ngolo, ena ndi ngolo zokokedwa ndi mahatchi, ana omwe amasewera m'misewu komanso okhala mnyumba zokhala pagulu. Tsoka ilo, amayi ake a Libby atamwalira chaka chimodzi chisanathe, Max adathawa kwawo ndikugona paki yaying'ono yapafupi. M'zaka zapitazi, Max adati maloto ake omanga Libby's Hotel pakona ya Chrystie ndi Delancey Street adabwera kwa iye usiku womwewo.

Pambuyo pazaka zambiri atakhala ndi malo odyera angapo, aliwonse omwe amatchedwa Libby's, Max adakwanitsa kupeza malo pakona yomwe amamukonda pomwe adamanga hotelo yomwe idatsegulidwa pa Epulo 5, 1926. Max mwachidziwikire anali wolemba zachilengedwe chifukwa adapereka ndalama mphamvu ndi ndalama zochulukirapo pantchito yotsatsira yayikulu m'manyuzipepala ambiri a tsiku ndi tsiku olankhula Chiyidishi. Patsiku lotsegulira, the New York Times adalumikizana ndi mapepala ena pofotokoza kutsegulidwa kwakukulu. Hotelo ya Libby inali ndi malo olandirira alendo okhala ndi nsanjika ziwiri zochititsa kaso zokhala ndi denga lojambulidwa bwino lokhala ndi zipilala zamiyala yamiyala. Hoteloyo inali ndi zipinda zamisonkhano, zipinda zamiyendo ndi malo odyera awiri osakaniza. Max anali ndi zochitika zachifundo komanso makalasi osambira a ana oyandikana nawo.

Hotelo ya Libby idafalitsa kuchokera pawailesi yoyamba ya Chiyidishi, WFBH (kuchokera pamwamba pa westside Hotel Majestic) yomwe ili ndi ochita zisangalalo odziwika, zisudzo zowonera komanso zowunikira monga Sol Hurok, Rube Goldberg ndi George Jessel. Bernstein sanasamale, akumulemba ntchito ngati director wake Josef Cherniavsky, mtsogoleri wa Yiddish-American Jazz Band komanso wodziwika kuti Myuda Paul Whiteman. Kwa zaka ziwiri zoyambirira, hoteloyo idawoneka ngati yopambana koma kumapeto kwa 1928, denga lidagwera.

Wambiri wa mahotela atsopano anali atatsegulidwa ku New York. Ambiri, kuti akhalebe osungunuka, adayamba kuthandiza Ayuda, kulanda makasitomala a Max. Max akadatha kupikisana nawo bwino ngati mkhalidwe wake wamalingaliro sunakule pansi kwenikweni; pa Okutobala 20, 1926, mkazi wake Sarah adamwalira. Mlandu wotsatira woweruza milandu, Max adachitira umboni kuti chisoni chomwe adakumana nacho chidamulepheretsa kugwira ntchito.

Kuphatikiza apo, yemwe adamupatsa ngongole yayikulu ndi American Bond and Mortgage Company (AMBAM), wobwereketsa wosatsutsika. Kutangotsala pang'ono kuwonongeka pamsika wamsika wa 1929, AMBAM adayimilira pa hoteloyo, modabwitsa, Meya Jimmy Walker adasankha a Joseph Force Crater, loya wolumikizidwa ku Tammany kuti alandire. Malinga ndi Woweruza Crater, AMBAM atha kukhala kuti anali ndi chidziwitso chamkati chazoyeserera zamzindawu zokukulitsa Chrystie Street. Mulimonsemo, AMBAM tsopano akuti hoteloyo inali yokwanira $ 3.2 miliyoni (atayamikira Libby's Hotel pamtengo wokwana $ 1.3 miliyoni okha). Kudzera muulamuliro wapamwamba, New York City idatenga umwini ndikulipira AMBAM $ 2.85 miliyoni. Mzindawu udawonongera nyumba zomwe zili m'derali kuphatikiza a Max Bernstein's Libby's Hotel ndi Baths.

Koma pali zambiri pankhaniyi. Mu 1931, AMBAM adaweruzidwa ndi chiwembu chofananacho chokhudza Mayflower Hotel ku Washington, DC Woweruza Crater yemweyo anali wolandila kuwonongedwa kwa Mayflower. Adasowa miyezi inayi pambuyo pake ndipo sanapezekenso kuyambira pano. Chrystie Street idakulitsidwa, Kukhumudwa Kwakukulu kudakhazikika ndipo pamapeto pake, malowa adasandulika Sara Delano Roosevelt Park wolemba Robert Moses.

Max Bernstein atamwalira pa Disembala 13, 1946, a New York Times Mwambo wamaliro walemba kuti: "Max Bernstein, wazaka 57, Yemwe Anali Mwini Hotelo… Anamanga $ 3,000,000 M'nyumba Zolumba, kuti awone Chikumbutso cha Amayi Razed."

Awo akanakhala mathero a nkhani yochititsa chidwi kupatula kuti Kameme Tv adalemba izi:

Nkhani ya Libby idasokonekera mpaka chilimwe cha 2001, pomwe gawo lina lamiyala pafupi ndi ngodya ya Chrystie ndi Delancey Streets lidalowa, ndikupanga sinkhole. Dzenje lidakula ndikokwanira kumeza mtengo wonse ndikuyamba kulowerera m'misewu yamizinda komanso likulu lapafupi ku Sara Delano Roosevelt Park. M'masiku osalakwawa pa Seputembara 11, dzenje lakuwoneka ngati vuto lalikulu lomwe likuyang'ana kum'mwera kwa Manhattan.

Akatswiri opanga mizinda sanadziwe chomwe chikuyambitsa, motero adatsitsa kamera kuti ikhale yopanda pake. Iwo anadabwa kuona kuti, mamita 22 pansi pake anapeza chipinda chosasunthika, chodzaza ndi timatumba ta mabuku. Atasanthula zolemba ku Municipal Archives, adamva kuti Libby's Hotel idayimapo pomwepo ndipo adapeza chipinda chogona. Mu New York Times ya pa September 11, 2001, Commissioner of Parks ku New York a Henry J. Stern ananenedwa kuti, "Zimandikumbutsa za Pompeii."

Mosiyana ndi Pompeii, sanayesere kufika mchipindacho kapena kukumba. Akatswiri opanga mzindawu adasankha kudzaza ndi grout, ndikubisa chipindacho ndi zodabwitsa zake. Mtengo watsopano udabzalidwa, ndipo pakiyo adakonzanso.

* "Ritz ndi Shvitz" wolemba Shulamith Berger ndi Jai Zion, Paka Treger, Spring 2009

Buku lake latsopano "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" langotulutsidwa kumene.

Mabuku Enanso Omasindikizidwa:

• Ma Hoteli Akuluakulu aku America: Apainiya a Makampani Ogulitsa (2009)

• Kumangidwa Pomaliza: Mahotela Akale Zaka 100+ ku New York (2011)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Azaka 100+ Kum'mawa kwa Mississippi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar waku Waldorf (2014)

• Great American Hoteliers Voliyumu 2: Apainiya a Hotel Viwanda (2016)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Akale + Zaka 100+ Kumadzulo kwa Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Great American Hotel Architects Volume I (2019)

• Hotel Mavens: Voliyumu 3: Bob ndi Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Mabuku onsewa atha kuyitanitsidwa kuchokera ku AuthorHouse poyendera www.stanleyturkel.com ndikudina pamutu wabukuli.

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Ponena za wolemba

Stanley Turkel CMHS hotelo-online.com

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