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ETA yatsopano yopanga ukadaulo yakhazikitsidwa pochotsa anthu osamukira ku Australia

ETA yatsopano

Australia pakadali pano yatsekedwa kwa alendo ochokera kumayiko ena, koma ikatsegulidwanso pamakhala pulogalamu yatsopano yothandizira kuti alendo omwe abwera kudziko lotchedwa Down Under atha kudalira APP yatsopano kuti izitsogolera izi.

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  1. Pulogalamu ya Australia ETA ndi zotsatira za mgwirizano wophatikizika wophatikiza akatswiri ochokera ku Dipatimenti Yanyumba yaku Australia, SITA, ndi Gulu la Arq.
  2. Yopangidwa ndikukula ku Sydney, pulogalamuyi imalola mayiko oyenerera kuti adzalembetse ETA, mumphindi zochepa, kuchokera pazida zawo.
  3. Pogwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje opitilira muyeso kuti azidzaza zokha kuchokera ku pasipoti ya wofunsayo ndikujambula ma biometric awo, njira yodzitetezera yotetezedwa iyi sikuti imangowonjezera kulondola komanso kulemera kwa chidziwitso koma imathandizanso kwambiri pakusintha kwa ogwiritsa ntchito.  

SITA Anayambitsa dongosolo la ETA pamasewera a Olimpiki aku Sydney a 2000 kuti apatse akuluakulu mphamvu zowonekera m'mamiliyoni a alendo omwe akukonzekera kuwoloka malire ndikuchepetsa zovuta ku akazembe aku Australia ndi malo olowera alendo. Chiyambireni, ETA yakhala ikuyesa nthawi ndipo yatsogolera njira yoti ma visa apakompyuta akhazikitsidwe ngati njira yovomerezeka yamitundu yosavuta ya ma visa (mwachitsanzo, Visa pakufika) ndi madipatimenti osamukira kudziko lonse lapansi.

Australia idakhalabe malo opitako otchuka ndipo ETA APP iwonetsa kuchita bwino kwake mavuto apano a COVID ndipo dziko litsegulidwanso kwa apaulendo.

Pambuyo pazaka zopitilira 20 zakusintha kwamatekinoloje, inali nthawi yobwezeretsanso ETA kudzera pulogalamu ya Australia ETA. Matekinoloje atsopano ndi ma paradigms atsopano amachititsa kusintha kosintha kwa anthu kuderalo, zokumana nazo, ndi ntchito, makamaka ngati luso ndi injini yomwe ikuthandizira kusintha.

Kupeza ndikufufuza kwa ntchitoyi kunaphatikizapo kumvetsetsa zosowa zaomwe akuyendera komanso zoyendera. Amayang'ana kwambiri pakupeza kumvetsetsa kozama kwa omwe adzalembetse, bizinesi, ndi mayendedwe amakampani ndi mayembekezero kuti afotokozere za kumapeto kwaulendo wogwiritsa ntchito boma mtsogolo.

Popanga yankho lamasiku ano pogwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje apamwamba, gululi lidazindikira kufunika kopereka mankhwala abwino komanso otetezeka popereka zovuta zovuta zokhudzana ndi kulanda deta, kutsimikizika, kuchuluka kwa anthu, komanso koposa zonse, kutsimikizira kuti ndi ndani. Tinayesa ukadaulo wonse, kuphatikiza, ndikuwayesa ogwiritsa ntchito kuti tiwonetsetse kuti yankho lakonzeka ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito ogwiritsa ntchito kumakhalabe pamtima pakupanga. Chosanjikiza chidaphatikizira matekinoloje ena a chipani chachitatu, ndikupangitsa pulogalamuyo kukhala yowona mtsogolo komanso yosavuta kuti matekinoloje apano asinthidwe ndi ena abwino mtsogolo.

Njirayi imapezeka pazida zonse. Kuti chidwi chathu chizikhala pa ogwiritsa ntchito, pulogalamuyi idafunikira kupereka njira yosavuta komanso yolunjika yopezera visa yaku Australia pazida zonse pa nsanja za iOS ndi Android.

Kodi pulogalamuyi imagwira ntchito bwanji? 

Pulogalamuyi imagwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje a m'manja (Optical Character Recognition (OCR) ndi Near Field Communication (NFC) kuti atenge ndikulemba pasipoti yofunika kwambiri komanso chidziwitso cha pasipoti. Kujambula molondola zofunikira pakugwiritsa ntchito mwachindunji kuchokera ku gwero lodalirika kumachotsa zolakwika zakulowererapo deta komanso zosagwirizana zomwe zimakhudza kukonza ma visa.

Pulogalamuyo imatsimikizira ndikumatsimikizira mapasipoti amagetsi kudzera pa NFC pakompyuta pomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito m'malo mozungulira malire. Kufikira pulogalamu ya pasipoti kumapezeka pogwiritsa ntchito OCR kuti muwerenge Machine Readable Zone (MRZ) mkati mwa pasipoti ndikupeza kiyi. Chinsinsi ichi chimalola kuti chip chitha kupezeka ndikutsimikizika pogwiritsa ntchito ziphaso za digito zomwe zili mu chip, kuonetsetsa kuti pasipoti ndiyowona ndipo chip sichinasokonekere. Chip chikatsimikiziridwa, zomwe zili pa chip - zomwe zimakhala ndi chikalata chapaulendo, zidziwitso, ndi chithunzi cha digito ya amene amakhala ndi passport - zimawerengedwa. Kenako amafanizidwa ndi kujambula chithunzi musanapite.

Njira yojambulira zithunzi ya selfie imapangitsa kuti anthu azikhala osangalala komanso kuti asamawononge mafayilo omwe ali pachiwopsezo, zomwe zimalimbikitsa kutsimikizika kwa wopemphayo. Kufufuza kofunikira kumeneku kumachitika mosadukiza ndi pulogalamuyo popanda kukhumudwitsa wopemphayo.

OCR, NFC, selfie image and liveness complex, and anti-spoofing cheque zimaphatikizidwa mu pulogalamuyo m'njira yatsopano, zomwe timakhulupirira kuti ndizoyamba padziko lonse lapansi.

Apaulendo akuyika pulogalamuyi ndichinthu chimodzi chamtengo wapatali kwambiri - deta yawo. Kodi mudatani kuti muthane ndi zovuta zachinsinsi pakukula kwake?

Tidagwiritsa ntchito Zachinsinsi mwa kapangidwe kake pakapangidwe ka mapulogalamuwa, kuyambira ndi Kafukufuku Wosunga Chinsinsi kuti tiwonetsetse kuti malangizo onse, kusamalira deta, ndi kusungira zikugwirizana ndi zomwe boma la Australia limafunikira pazinsinsi. 

Zambiri zamunthu zimasungidwa mchikwama chotetezedwa pachida cha wogwiritsa ntchito. Palibe chidziwitso chogawana ndi omwe akutenga nawo mbali, kupatula Home Affairs, chomwe chimafunikira kuti chidziwitsochi chikwaniritse ntchito za ETA. Migwirizano ndi zokwaniritsa zimakhazikitsidwa bwino mkati mwa pulogalamuyi kuti wogwiritsa ntchito avomereze asanapite. Izi zikufotokozera momwe zidziwitso zimasungidwira bwino, komanso momwe zimagwiritsidwira ntchito ndikutetezedwa mukamazitumiza ku Home Affairs.

Kuti muonetsetse kuti mukusungika chinsinsi, ofunsira akhoza kuchotsapo zambiri zawo ndi mapulogalamu am'mbuyomu nthawi iliyonse. Kuphatikiza apo, onse olembetsa omwe amagwiritsanso ntchito omwe angalembetse m'malo mwa omwe amafunsira samasunga zomwe amafunsira kapena fomu yofunsira pazida zawo pulogalamuyo ikaperekedwa. 

Pulogalamuyi imagwiritsa ntchito njira zosungira zosungika komanso ma protocol ovomerezeka. Kulumikizana konse pakati pa chipangizocho ndi makina a backend ndikotetezedwa, kuwonetsetsa kuti chitetezo chili chonse ndikuwongolera pazosuta.

Kodi malingaliro ake akhala otani mpaka pano? 

Kuyambira pachiyambi, momwe ntchitoyi idapangidwira idapangitsa kuti ntchitoyo ikhale yosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito kwa wopemphayo wopanda chidziwitso komanso wosagwiritsa ntchito bwino ma pulatifomu onse a iOS ndi Android. Zotsatira zake zalandiridwa bwino, ogwiritsa ntchito angapo akuphatikiza kugwiritsa ntchito mosavuta komanso mosavuta.

Kuwunikira mosalekeza, kuwunika kwamachitidwe, ndi mayankho a ogwiritsa ntchito ndi zina mwa njira zothetsera mavutowo. Kutha kusintha pulogalamuyi mwachangu kwathandizira zowonjezera kuti zithandizire pakuwerenga mapasipoti osiyanasiyana, kuthandizira pakuwongolera, komanso makanema ojambula pamalangizo. 

Malingaliro amtengo wapatali operekedwa ndi omwe amafunsira kudzera m'misika yamapulogalamu ndi pulogalamu ya Contact Us yathandizira kusintha ndi kusintha komwe kwachitika kuyambira pomwe woyendetsa ndege adayamba, ndikupititsa patsogolo pulogalamuyi.

Kuthandiza kwa magulu ogwiritsa ntchito padziko lonse poyesa zida zosiyanasiyana ndikusonkhanitsa chidziwitso cha ogwiritsa ntchito kunatsimikizira kuti pulogalamuyi imagwira ntchito m'malo ophatikizika azipangizo komanso pasipoti yamagetsi. Chiyambire pomwe pulogalamuyi idatumizidwa mu Okutobala 2020, zathandizira kuti anthu zikwizikwi apite ku Australia panthawiyi.

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Ponena za wolemba

Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.

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