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WHO yalengeza mwachangu madandaulo aku US $ 7.7 biliyoni kuti athetse kuchuluka kosiyanasiyana

Mitundu ya COVID imathandizanso zipatala zambiri

Ndi milandu yambiri ya COVID-19 yomwe idanenedwa m'miyezi 5 yoyambirira ya 2021 kuposa 2020 yonse, dziko lapansi likadali pachimake pa mliriwu - ngakhale kuli katemera wambiri m'maiko ena kuteteza anthu ku matenda akulu ndi imfa.

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  1. Pempho la US $ 7.7 biliyoni silowonjezeranso ndalama koma ndi gawo la bajeti ya 2021 ya ACT-Accelerator, yomwe ikufunika mwachangu m'miyezi 4 ikubwerayi kuti muthane ndi mitundu ya COVID.
  2. Kuyesedwa kosakwanira komanso kuchuluka kwa katemera kumakulitsa kufalitsa matenda komanso machitidwe azachipatala ambiri.
  3. Zomwe zikuchitika pano zikusiya dziko lonse lapansi kukhala pachiwopsezo chamitundu yatsopano.

Mayiko ambiri akukumana ndi mafunde atsopano - ndipo ngakhale mayiko ambiri omwe amapeza ndalama zambiri komanso mayiko ena omwe ali ndi ndalama zapakati pano akhala akugwiritsa ntchito katemera, kuyika njira zoyeserera zolimba m'malo mwake, ndikupangitsa kuti mankhwala azipezeka - ambiri otsika ndi otsika -maiko ena akuvutika kupeza zida zofunika izi chifukwa chakusowa ndalama ndi zinthu zina. World Health Organisation (WHO) yalengeza kuti kuyika ndalama mu ACT-Accelerator kuti zithandizire aliyense, kulikonse, zipindulitsa mayiko onse kudzera pakuyankha kophatikizira padziko lonse lapansi.

Kufikira kwa COVID-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT-Accelerator) ndi mgwirizano wapadziko lonse wamabungwe omwe akupanga ndikukhazikitsa njira zatsopano zowunikira, mankhwala ndi katemera wofunikira kuti athetse gawo lalikulu la mliriwu. Mgwirizanowu udapangidwa koyambirira kwa mliriwu poyankha kuyitanidwa ndi atsogoleri a G20 ndipo udakhazikitsidwa mu Epulo 2020 pamwambo womwe udakonzedwa ndi Director-General wa World Health Organisation, Purezidenti wa France, Purezidenti wa European Commission, ndi Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Ndalama zoyeserera pantchitoyi zimachokera pakulimbikitsa kopereka komwe sikunachitikepo, kuphatikiza mayiko, mabungwe aboma, opereka mphatso zachifundo, ndi othandizana nawo mayiko ambiri.

Ngakhale 4 zosiyanasiyana za nkhawa pakadali pano akulamulira matendawa, pali mantha kuti mitundu yatsopano yazovuta, mwina yowopsa, itha kutuluka.

Ndi zopindulitsa zovuta za miyezi itatu yapitayi pachiwopsezo, ACT-Accelerator yakweza US $Kupempha kwa 7.7 biliyoni, Rapid ACT-Accelerator Delta Response (RADAR), mwachangu:

  • Chulukitsani kuyesa: US $ 2.4 biliyoni kuyika mayiko onse omwe ali ndi ndalama zochepa komanso otsika pakati kuti athe kuwonjezeka kakhumi pakuyezetsa kwa COVID-19 ndikuwonetsetsa kuti mayiko onse akwanitsa kuyesa koyenera. Izi zithandizira kumvetsetsa kwakomweko komanso kwapadziko lonse lapansi kwamatenda omwe akusintha komanso mavuto ena omwe akupezeka, kudziwitsa anthu za momwe angagwiritsire ntchito zaumoyo wa anthu komanso kuthana ndi kufalitsa.
  • Sungani zoyeserera za R & D kuti mupitilize kachilomboka: US $ 1 biliyoni pa R & D yomwe ikupitilira, ikuthandizira kupititsa patsogolo msika ndikupanga, kuthandizira ukadaulo ndikupanga njira zowonetsetsa kuti mayeso, mankhwala ndi katemera zikugwirabe ntchito motsutsana ndi mitundu ina ya Delta ndi mitundu ina yomwe ikubwera, komanso kuti ndi yotheka pomwe ingafunike.
  • Adilesi ya oxygen yofunikira iyenera kupulumutsa miyoyo:  US $ 1.2 biliyoni kuti athane mwachangu ndi mpweya wofunikira wa oxygen uyenera kuchiza odwala kwambiri ndikuwongolera kuchuluka kwa kufa komwe kumachitika chifukwa cha kusiyana kwa Delta.
  • Kutulutsa zida: US $ 1.4 biliyoni yothandizira mayiko kuzindikira ndi kuthana ndi zotchinga kuti agwiritse ntchito moyenera ndi kugwiritsa ntchito zida zonse za COVID-19. Pomwe katemera wa COVID-19 akuchulukirachulukira m'miyezi ikubwerayi, ndalama zosinthira zidzakhala zofunikira kuthandiza kudzaza mipata yoperekera pansi.
  • Tetezani ogwira ntchito zaumoyo kutsogolo: US $ 1.7 biliyoni kuti apatse ogwira ntchito zofunika zaumoyo mamiliyoni awiri PPE yokwanira kuti iwathandize kukhala otetezeka pamene akusamalira odwala, kupewa kugwa kwamachitidwe azachipatala komwe ogwira ntchito azaumoyo ali kale ndi anthu ochulukirapo komanso otambasulidwa, ndikuletsa kufalikira kwina kwa COVID-19.

Kuphatikiza pa pempholi la US $ 7.7 biliyoni, pali mwayi wopezeka katemera pogwiritsa ntchito njira zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kotala lachinayi la 2021 kuti 760 miliyoni ya katemera ipezeke mkatikati mwa 2022 kupyola muyeso wothandizidwa ndi COVAX mpaka kumapeto kwa Q1 2022. Kudzipereka kusungira katemera m'gawo lomaliza la chaka kuti aperekedwe pakati pa 2022 atha kupangidwa ku Gavi / COVAX, monga gawo la mabungwe a ACT-A.  

Katundu wosungidwa wa katemera wa 760 miliyoni pogwiritsa ntchito njira zomwe zingachitike kumapeto komaliza chaka chino kuti zitsimikizire kuti pakupezeka zopitilira 2022 kumafunikira ndalama. Kutumiza kwa Mlingo 760 miliyoni kudzawononga $ 3.8 biliyoni yowonjezera. 

Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General wa WHO, adati: "US $ 7.7 biliyoni ikufunika mwachangu kuti ipereke ndalama kuntchito ya ACT-Accelerator yothana ndi kufalikira kwa Delta ndikuyika dziko lapansi panjira yothetsera mliriwu. Ndalamayi ndi kachigawo kakang'ono chabe ka ndalama zomwe maboma akuwononga kuthana ndi COVID-19 ndipo zimamveka bwino, zachuma komanso matenda. Ngati ndalamazi sizikupezeka pano kuti aletse kutumizidwa kwa Delta m'maiko omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu, mosakayikira tonse tidzalipira zotsatirazi chaka chamawa. ”

Carl Bildt, Mtumiki Wapadera wa WHO ku ACT-Accelerator, anati: "Kuthetsa mliriwu kudzabweretsa madola mabiliyoni ambiri kubweza chuma chifukwa chakuchuma kwachuma padziko lonse komanso kuchepa kwa malingaliro aboma olimbirana ndi mavuto azaumoyo komanso azachuma omwe COVID- 19 zimayambitsa. Zenera lakuchitapo kanthu tsopano. ”

ACT-Accelerator posachedwapa yasindikiza fayilo yake ya Lipoti Losintha la Q2 2021. Epulo-mpaka-Juni 19. Zikuwonetsa momwe ndalama zomwe zidapangidwa ku ACT-Accelerator zayendetsa zotsatira zake ndikulimbana ndi COVID-19.

Zolankhula zakuchulukirachulukira komanso zoyeserera zatsopano zikuwunikira zofunikira kuti tikwaniritse chilungamo polimbana ndi mliriwu. M'miyezi yopitilira 15, pofika Ogasiti 9, 2021, opereka ndalama anali atakwera ndikupereka US $ 17.8 biliyoni ya ndalama za ACT-Accelerator za US $ 38.1 biliyoni zosowa. Kupatsa kumeneku sikunachitikepo komwe kwathandizira kuyesayesa kwachangu kwambiri komanso kogwirizana kwambiri m'mbiri kuti apange zida zotetezera chitetezo chamayiko padziko lonse lapansi, komanso kuti zithandizire pomwe zikufunika kwambiri.

Zomwe zachitika pazipilala za ACT-Accelerator zikuphatikiza:

Chipilala chozindikira, yopangidwa ndi FIND ndi Global Fund, yogwira ntchito limodzi ndi UNITAID, UNICEF, WHO ndi anzawo opitilira 30 padziko lonse lapansi kuti athe kupeza mwayi wofananira ndi matekinoloje a COVID-19:

  • Opitilira 84 miliyoni am'magulu ndi ma antigen ofufuza mwachangu (RDTs) apezeka kudzera mu Diagnostics Consortium
  • Kupanga kwachigawo kulimbikitsidwa kudzera pakusamutsa ukadaulo
  • Maiko opitilira 70 adathandizira kukulitsa zomangamanga ndikupitiliza kuyesa.

Chipilala cha mankhwala, Yopangidwa ndi Wellcome, Unitaid, yothandizidwa ndi WHO, UNICEF ndi Global Fund ili ndi:

  • Adapeza chithandizo chamankhwala aku US $ 37 miliyoni kuphatikiza miyezo 3 miliyoni ya dexamethasone, ndi mpweya wa US $ 316 miliyoni.
  • Chizindikiro chothandizidwa cha mankhwala oyamba opulumutsa moyo a COVID-19 - dexamethasone - ndikuwapatsa upangiri wapadziko lonse pakagwiritsidwe kake.
  • COVID-19 Oxygen Emergency Taskforce idakhazikitsidwa kuti iwunikire ndikuthana ndi ma COVID-19 ofuna kupha anthu omwe angafe. Chipilalachi chinagwirizananso mgwirizano wa omwe amapereka chithandizo chamankhwala padziko lonse lapansi - Air Liquide ndi Linde - kuti agwirizane ndi othandizana nawo a ACT-Accelerator pakuwonjezera mwayi wopeza mpweya m'maiko omwe amapeza ndalama zochepa komanso otsika. Kufunikira kwapadziko lonse kwa oxygen yamankhwala pakadali pano ndi kopitilira kakhumi konse kuposa mliri uja usanachitike.
  • Kuyambira pachiyambi cha mliriwu mpaka Julayi 1, 2021, ndalama zopitilira $ 97 miliyoni za oxygen (zinthu 2.7 miliyoni) zatumizidwa kumayiko.
  • Kuphatikiza apo, mu kotala yapitayi, US $ 219 miliyoni yapatsidwa kumayiko kuti agule zopangira oxygen, kuphatikiza ma oxygen oxygen ndi malo atsopano opangira oxygen, kudzera mu Global Fund COVID-19 Response Mechanism.

COVAX, mzati wa katemera, ikugwirizanitsidwa ndi Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), Gavi, Vaccine Alliance ndi World Health Organisation (WHO) - akugwira ntchito limodzi ndi UNICEF ngati mnzake wothandizirana naye, komanso opanga katemera, mabungwe aboma, komanso Banki Yadziko Lonse ili ndi:

  • Kufulumizitsa kafukufuku ndi chitukuko cha mbiri ya ofuna katemera 11 pamapulatifomu anayi aukadaulo.
  • Tumizani katemera okwana 186.2 miliyoni kumayiko ndi chuma 138 (kuyambira 5 Ogasiti 2021). Mwa izi, Mlingo 137.5 miliyoni adatumizidwa kumayiko 84 ndi AMC ndi zachuma. Zikuyembekezeka kuti miyezo yonse ya 1.9 biliyoni ipezeka kuti izitha kutumizidwa kumapeto kwa 2021. Mwa awa, omwe akutenga nawo mbali ku AMC akuyembekezeka kulandira pafupifupi 1.5 biliyoni, kuphatikiza kuchuluka kwa zopereka, zofanana ndi pafupifupi 23% ya anthu (kupatula India) .
  • Anakhazikitsa Gulu Lopanga Zinthu kuti azindikire ndi kuthetsa zovuta zopanga zomwe zikulepheretsa kupeza katemera mofanana kudzera mu COVAX. Taskforce ikulimbana mwachangu ndi zovuta zakanthawi kochepa komanso zotchinga ndikugwira ntchito ndi mgwirizano ku South Africa kusamutsa ukadaulo ndikupanga malo opangira katemera m'derali, kuwonetsetsa kuti chitetezo chazigawo chikhala kwakanthawi.

Cholumikizira cha Health Systems, yopangidwa ndi Global Fund, WHO ndi World Bank ili:

  • Pakutha Epulo, adagula PPE yamtengo wapatali kuposa US $ 500 miliyoni, kuwunika kukonzekera kudziko lonse kuti atumize katemera wa COVID-19 m'maiko opitilira 140 (limodzi ndi World Bank, GFF, Gavi, Global Fund, UNICEF ndi WHO), ndikulemba zosokoneza mpaka 90% yamachitidwe azachipatala ndi ntchito kudzera pakufufuza kwamayiko oposa 100.
  • Anazindikira zidziwitso zakudziko lonse pazovuta ndi zovuta zomwe zimachitika chifukwa cha machitidwe azaumoyo ndipo wapanga malangizo ndi maphunziro apadziko lonse lapansi m'malo ambiri azaumoyo.
  • Zathandizidwa kuchepetsa mitengo ya PPE, kufikira 90% yochepetsera masikiti azachipatala ndi opumira N95 / FFP2. Global Fund, kudzera mu COVID-19 Response Mechanism (C19RM), ndi Global Financing Facility, kudzera mu COVID-19 Essential Health Services, idapereka ndalama kumayiko kuti agule PPE, kugawa mankhwala ndi kuphunzitsa ogwira ntchito zazaumoyo pantchito yotulutsa katemera ku limbikitsani yankho la dziko la COVID-19.
  • Masheya a PPE omwe akhazikitsidwa ndi UNICEF m'malo osungira ku Copenhagen, Dubai, Panama ndi Shanghai amapezeka nthawi yomweyo kuti aperekedwe kumayiko omwe akusowa thandizo, kutengera kupezeka kwa ndalama.
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