24/7 eTV KusinthaNewsShow : Dinani pa batani la voliyumu (kumanzere kumanzere kwa kanema)
ndege Ulendo Wamalonda Nkhani Tourism thiransipoti Nkhani Zosiyanasiyana

Ndege zamagetsi ndi ziphuphu sizingawuluke

Ndege zamagetsi - ngati ziphuphu?

Kwa zaka makumi ambiri akatswiri aza maphunziro adatsimikizira kuti njuchi sizingathe kuwuluka ndipo adakwiya kwambiri kuti apitilizabe kuuluka - pogwiritsa ntchito ma equation osiyanasiyana. Zomwezi zikuchitikanso ndi ndege zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi. Amayenera kukhala osatheka, koma opitilira zana ali kumtunda uko ndi pafupifupi 1000 mwa dongosolo.

Sangalalani, PDF ndi Imelo
  1. Izi ndizochepa kotero safunikira ngakhale njira yatsopano yowuluka.
  2. Amangokopera njira ya Tesla yokhala ndi magalimoto pansipa.
  3. Mu lipoti la IDTechEx, "Manned Electric Aircraft: Smart City and Regional 2021-2041," ndege zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsizi komanso kusanthula kwamapangidwe andege onyamuka atsopano amagetsi mwatsatanetsatane.

Zosintha zazing'ono zambiri zimachulukana. Zosintha ziwiri 10% zimapindula ndi 21% ndipo zisankho ndizabwino kwambiri. Anthu amaganiza molakwika kuti Tesla imalemba bwino kuchokera pa batri yabwinoko, koma kofunikanso ndikuyendetsa batire pafupi kwambiri ndi malire ake, kuchotsa magawo zikwizikwi, ndi zina zambiri. Zosiyanasiyana ndizofunikanso kwambiri ndi ndege zing'onozing'ono chifukwa magwiridwe antchito ndi chitetezo, chifukwa chake oyendetsa ndege amafunanso kukoka kwa 0.2, kuchotsa kilomita imodzi yamatumba, magawo mazana, ndi ma mota osagwira ntchito komanso zamagetsi zamagetsi.

Poyang'anizana ndi zenizeni, okonda ndege zazing'ono zamagetsi tsopano ayang'ana kwambiri ndege zamagetsi ndi ofukula kunyamuka kukhala zosatheka. Ali ndi mfundo zina, chifukwa pakadali pano tili m'nyengo yopusa pomwe malingaliro ambiri opanda nzeru amakopa ndalama kuchokera kwa osunga ndalama omwe akuyembekeza Tesla wotsatira. Akatswiri a zaumulungu anali olondola kunena kuti kapangidwe kamodzi kokhala ndi chopindika papiko lililonse lamapiko ndipo palibe chilichonse chapakati chomwe chitha kudzichotsa m'mlengalenga pomwe wina walephera. Ali ndi chenjezo loti ziwalo zomwe zilipo pakadali pano, ma VTOL ambiri amachokera kumwamba mumphindi 60 kuchokera pakunyamuka - osadumphadumpha ngakhale kutumizidwa kwa parachute pamtunda wotere. Chuma cham'mizinda yamatauni amafunsidwa moyenerera mu lipotilo, "Ma taxi Amlengalenga: Ma Vertical Take-Off and Landing Ndege 2021-2041."  

Ambiri akuthamangira ku VTOL ndi mapiko okhazikika, kuti athe kuwuluka ngati ndege zanthawi zonse, kupirira nthawi yayitali, ndipo nthawi zina, kutha kutuluka mwadzidzidzi. Chitsanzo chimodzi ndikuyamba kwa UK Vertical Aerospace ikuyandama $ 2.2 biliyoni kutsatira Virgin Atlantic ndi American Airlines kuyitanitsa ma 1,000 a mapiko ake okhazikika a VTOL - madola mabiliyoni angapo ngakhale kulibe mlengalenga.

Ma helikopita omwe amasiyana mosiyanasiyana amakhala othandiza kwambiri pakuwuluka mozungulira koma osagundanso komanso kukhazikika pamphepo. Amathandizira kukhazikitsa nyumba zazitali, zomwe zimangoyenderera ola limodzi nthawi. Palibe batri VTOL yomwe ingachite izi: ayenera kuthana ndi zochitika zochepa zapa hover.

Kubwerera ndi ndege zofananira zokhala ndi mapiko okhazikika, pali kuwerengera kofanana ndi bumblebee komwe kumachenjeza kuti palibe mtundu uliwonse wa mipando 8- mpaka 100 wolonjezedwa wa 2026-2030 womwe ungathe kuwuluka. Amagwiritsa ntchito ma equation olakwika chifukwa 2 imagwiritsa ntchito njira yosiyaniranatu ya momwe nthaka imagwirira ntchito ndipo ena ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito mfundo yatsopano yogawira DT, yophatikizira oyendetsa angapo m'mphepete mwa phiko. DT imatanthawuza kuperekera ndi ziphuphu ndi kuchuluka kwakukulu, malo, mtengo wazinthu, kukoka, ndi kutalika kwa msewu wothamanga. Kuwerengera ndi kuyesa kwa NASA ndi DLR kumathandizira izi. United Airlines ikukonzekera kuyambitsa ndege zamagetsi pofika 2026.

Otsutsa nawonso akulakwitsa chifukwa amanyalanyaza njira "zochepa zothandizira" zoyendera ndege zazikulu. Mwachitsanzo, ndege zodetsa chilengedwe zamasiku ano zili ndi zingwe za makilomita 30 komanso zopanda mphamvu koma yodzala magetsi ili ngati Tesla. Mtundu wa Tesla umabwera makamaka chifukwa chobwezeretsa kukonzanso ndipo ndege yofananira ndiyomwe imasunthira pakubwera ndi mawilo omwe amabweranso pakubwera. Inde, mawilo oyendetsa magetsi amatha kupanga taxi yamagetsi ndi kunyamuka mosavuta.  

Tiyeni tikambirane chitsanzo chimodzi. Bye Aerospace ili ndi maulamuliro opitilira 720 - opitilira $ 250 miliyoni, ndi zopereka zoti ziyambe kuyambika - kuchokera m'masukulu oyendetsa ndege komanso oyendetsa taxi pama ndege ake a 2- ndi 4-batire omwe mutha kuyesa kuwuluka lero. Posachedwa yalengeza za ndege zonyamula ma batri-8 zamagetsi pamtundu wofanana "wotsika mtengo kwambiri wa umwini", koma 500 nm range (yodzaza) idalengezedwa kuti ikudalira mgwirizano ndi Oxis Energy pa batiri yatsopano. Otsutsawo adachita thukuta pomwe Oxis adapita mofulumira. Komabe, chimphona cha LGChem chili munthawi yofananira kuti chikhale ndi batiri lofananira, ndipo monga Tesla, Bye sanadalire bateri limodzi. Amagwira ntchito yotopetsa pazosintha zazing'ono zonse. Zinthu zotsatirazi zomwe zafotokozedwazo zikuwulula zina mwazinthu izi komanso zotetezera zingapo kupyola ngakhale kutalika kwake, dongosolo lodzidzimutsa kwadzidzidzi ndi parachute ya ndege.  

Kupanga kwa eFlyer 800 kumeneku ndi kwatsopano kuyambira nsonga mpaka mchira. Kuchita bwino pamphamvu yamagetsi kumawirikiza kawiri ndege yomwe ili ndi cholowa chofanana kukula kwake - magwiridwe antchito oyendetsa bwino kwambiri okhala ndi magudumu oyenda pang'ono otsika ozizira, ma mota amagetsi okhala ndi mapiko awiri aliwonse okhala ndi zokutira zapawiri-zopanda ntchito komanso mapaketi a batri a quad-redundant. Kuwonjezeka kocheperako kumaperekedwa kuchokera kuma cell owonjezera owonjezera mphamvu yamagetsi (mwina satelayiti yomwe amayesa - imapanga magetsi awiri amagetsi apamtunda ndi ndege zamasiku ano) komanso taxi yamagetsi yamagetsi.

Jet It, ndi JetClub, makampani azigawo ochepa ku North America ndi Europe motsatana, asayina mgwirizano wogula madola mabiliyoni ambiri pa ndege za eFlyer 800. Kuphatikiza apo, L3Harris Technologies ndi Bye Aerospace asayina mgwirizano wopanga zida zamagetsi zamagetsi, zamautumiki osiyanasiyana zomwe zithandizire kulingalira, kuyang'anira, komanso kuzindikira (ISR).

Pakadali pano, Bye Aerospace sakupanga bumblebee ndi njira yatsopano yowuluka, koma imatha kuwonjezera kuyendetsa kogawika panthawi yomwe yasankha. Pakadali pano, ndege zonse zamagetsi zamagetsi zimakwera mwachangu kuposa zoyipitsa zoyendetsa monga momwe Teslas imathamangira mwachangu. Ingokhalani osamala ponena kuti palibe bizinesi yamagetsi yamagetsi - kapena ndege zam'madera zomwe zingawuluke. Pali bumblebee akumwetulira kuchokera kumwamba.    

Sangalalani, PDF ndi Imelo

Ponena za wolemba

Linda Hohnholz, mkonzi wa eTN

Linda Hohnholz wakhala akulemba ndi kusintha zolemba kuyambira pomwe anayamba ntchito. Iye wagwiritsa ntchito chilakolako chobadwachi m'malo ngati Hawaii Pacific University, Chaminade University, Hawaii Children's Discovery Center, ndipo tsopano TravelNewsGroup.

Siyani Comment