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Chitetezo chomwe chili pangozi ku Rhino Wakuda ku Tanzania chikuyenda bwino, ndikuthandizira zokopa alendo

Chitetezo chomwe chili pangozi ya Rhino Yakuda chimatanthauza kuteteza alendo

Malo osungira Ngorongoro ku Tanzania sabata ino akhazikitsa njira yatsopano yotetezera zipembere zakuda zomwe zatsala pang'ono kutetezedwa komanso madera ena akummawa kwa Africa. Pamodzi ndi Unduna wa Zachilengedwe ndi Ulendo mothandizidwa ndiukadaulo kuchokera ku Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS), Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA) tsopano ikuteteza anthu ake a zipembere ndi zipsera zapadera ndi zida zamagetsi zowunikira wailesi kuti athe kutsatira mosavuta.

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  1. Zipembere khumi ziziikidwa chizindikiro m'malo osungira pofika mwezi uno.
  2. Chiwerengero cha zipembere zomwe zimakhala mkati mwa Ngorongoro Crater zakula mpaka 71, pakati pawo amuna 22 ndi akazi 49.
  3. Zipembere zonse zokhala ku Tanzania zidzalembedwa zilembo zozindikiritsa zomwe zidatchulidwa ndi "U" kuti zizisiyanitse ndi zomwe zili pafupi ndi Kenya, ndikulembedwa dzina loti "V" patsogolo pa chiwerengero cha nyama.

Nambala zovomerezeka za zipembere ku Ngorongoro ku Tanzania zimayamba kuyambira 161 mpaka 260, akuluakulu oyang'anira zachilengedwe adati.

Ma tagi ozindikiritsa za zipembere kumanzere ndi kumakutu akumanja adzayikidwa, pomwe 4 mwa nyama zamphongo zidzakonzedwa ndi zida zowunikira wailesi kuti ziwone mayendedwe awo kwinaku akupitilira malire a zachilengedwe.

Kutetezedwa kwa zipembere zakuda za ku Africa ku Ngorongoro zikuchitika panthawiyi pomwe akatswiri a zachilengedwe akukumana ndi mavuto okhudzana ndi kuchuluka kwa zochita za anthu mdera lino chifukwa chakuwopseza anthu kugawana zachilengedwe ndi nyama zamtchire.

Sungani Rhino International, bungwe lowona zachilengedwe loteteza zachilengedwe ku United Kingdom (UK), lipoti lake laposachedwa akuti pali zipembere 29,000 zokha zomwe zatsala padziko lapansi. Chiwerengero chawo chidatsika kwambiri pazaka 20 zapitazi.

Ofufuza kuchokera ku Sigfox Foundation akhala akupanga zipembere kumwera kwa Africa ndi zida zapadera zokhala ndi masensa kuti azitsatira mayendedwe awo kuti awapulumutse kwa osaka nyama, makamaka ochokera ku Southeast Asia komwe nyanga ya chipembere imafunidwa.

Pofufuza nyamazo, ofufuzawo amatha kuziteteza kwa opha nyama mosavutikira ndikumvetsetsa zizolowezi zawo kuti aziteteze, kenako kuzisinthana kuti ziziberekere, m'malo otetezedwa ndipo pamapeto pake amasunga zamoyozo.

Sigfox Foundation tsopano ikugwirizana ndi mabungwe atatu akuluakulu padziko lonse lapansi oteteza nyama zakutchire kukulitsa njira yolondolera zipembere ndi masensa.

Gawo loyambilira la mlandu wofunafuna zipembere, lotchedwa "Tsopano Rhino Speak," lidachitika kuyambira Julayi 2016 mpaka February 2017 m'malo oteteza zipembere zakutchire 450 Kumwera kwa Africa.

South Africa ili ndi 80% ya zipembere zomwe zatsala padziko lapansi. Pokhala ndi anthu ochepa omwe awonongeka ndi achiwembu, pali chiwopsezo chenicheni kutaya mitundu ya zipembere mzaka zikubwerazi pokhapokha maboma aku Africa atachitapo kanthu mozama kupulumutsa nyama zazikuluzikuluzi, akatswiri a Save Rhino atero.

Zipembere zakuda zili m'gulu la nyama zomwe zathamangitsidwa kwambiri komanso zomwe zatsala pang'ono kutha ku Africa pomwe anthu ake akucheperachepera.

Kusunga zipembere tsopano ndichofunika kwambiri kwa osamalira zachilengedwe akuyang'ana kuti apulumuke ku Africa pambuyo pozembedwa koopsa komwe kwachepetsa kuchuluka kwawo mzaka makumi angapo zapitazi.

Mkomazi National Park ku Tanzania tsopano ndi paki yoyamba yamtchire ku East Africa yodziwika bwino komanso yopatulira zokopa alendo za zipembere.

Poyang'ana phiri la Kilimanjaro kumpoto, ndi Tsavo West National Park ku Kenya kum'mawa, Mkomazi National Park ili ndi nyama zamtchire zingapo kuphatikiza mitundu yopitilira 20 ya zinyama ndi mitundu ina ya mbalame 450.

Kudzera mwa George Adamson Wildlife Preservation Trust, chipembere chakuda chija chinabwezeretsedwanso kumalo otetezedwa kwambiri komanso otetezedwa mkati mwa Mkomazi National Park yomwe tsopano ikusunga ndi kuswana zipembere zakuda.

Zipembere zakuda zaku Africa zidasamutsidwa kupita ku Mkomazi kuchokera kumapaki ena ku Africa ndi Europe. Zipembere zakuda ku Africa kwazaka zapitazi zakhala nyama zosakidwa kwambiri zomwe zikukumana ndi zoopsa zazikulu kuti zitheke chifukwa chofunidwa kwambiri ku Far East.

Malo okwera makilomita 3,245, Mkomazi National Park ndi amodzi mwamapaki achitetezo omwe akhazikitsidwa kumene ku Tanzania komwe agalu amtchire amatetezedwa limodzi ndi zipembere zakuda. Alendo obwera kuderali amatha kuwona agalu amtchire omwe amawerengedwa kuti ndi omwe ali pangozi ku Africa.

Zaka makumi angapo zapitazi, zipembere zakuda zinkakonda kuyendayenda pakati pa nyama zamtchire Mkomazi ndi Tsavo, kuyambira ku Tsavo West National Park ku Kenya mpaka kutsika kwa Phiri la Kilimanjaro.

Zipembere zakuda zaku Africa ndi mitundu yakomweko yomwe imakhala kumayiko akum'mawa ndi kumwera kwa Africa. Amadziwika kuti ndi nyama zomwe zatsala pang'ono kutheratu zomwe zili ndi mitundu itatu yocheperako yomwe yalengezedwa ndi International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

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Apolinari Tairo - eTN Tanzania

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