24/7 eTV KusinthaNewsShow : Dinani pa batani la voliyumu (kumanzere kumanzere kwa kanema)
Malo olandirira alendo

Kukwera Kwamitengo Ya Carbon Yamkati

Written by mkonzi

Pomwe nkhawa zakusintha kwanyengo zikukula, makampani amakumana ndi zovuta boma zomwe zimawalanga chifukwa chopitilira mpweya. Zilango izi nthawi zambiri zimabwera ngati mtengo wazachuma ndipo zimadziwika kuti msonkho wa kaboni.

Sangalalani, PDF ndi Imelo
  1. Makampani ena amatsutsa misonkho ya kaboni.
  2. Ena amadziwa chifukwa chake misonkho ikuyendetsedwa ndipo akuyesera kuchepetsa mpweya.
  3. Njira imodzi yodziwika ndi yomwe nthawi zambiri imadziwika kuti mitengo yamkati kaboni.

Mwachidule, mitengo ya kaboni imakhudzana ndi makampani omwe amakhazikitsa ndalama pamtundu wawo. Ngakhale mtengo uwu ndiwongolingalira, umapatsa zisankho zambiri ndikuthandizira makampani kuti asatenge mbali pakaboni.

Mosadabwitsa, makampani ambiri akutsatira lingaliro la misonkho ya kaboni. Malinga ndi Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), makampani opitilira 2,000, omwe akuimira ndalama zoposa US $ 27 trilioni pamisika yamsika, awulula kuti pano akugwiritsa ntchito mtengo wamkati wa kaboni kapena akufuna kukhazikitsa imodzi mzaka ziwiri zikubwerazi.

Pakadali pano, mitengo yamkati ya kaboni ndiyofala m'makampani opanga mphamvu, zakuthupi, komanso zachuma.

gwero

Kuyambira 

Mitengo yamkati ya kaboni imathandizira makampani kukhazikitsa mtengo pakufalitsa kaboni wambiri, ngakhale zochepa zomwe amachita pakadali pano zikutsatira ndondomeko zakunja za mitengo ya kaboni ndi malamulo ake. 

Makampani amagwiritsa ntchito mitengo yamkati m'njira izi:

  • Kukopa zisankho zokhudzana ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito kandalama, makamaka ngati mapulojekiti amakhudza kwambiri mpweya, makamaka ngati ntchito zimakhudza mpweya, kusamalira mphamvu zamagetsi, kapena zosintha zina zambiri zamagetsi. 
  • Kuwunika, kupanga, ndikuwongolera zovuta zachuma komanso zoyendetsera ndalama pamakina amitengo aboma omwe alipo kale. 
  • Kuthandiza kupeza zoopsa ndi mipata ndikusintha njira moyenera.

Mitengo yosankhidwa mkati ikuwonetsa misonkho yomwe ilipo kale kapena chindapusa chokhazikitsidwa m'mabungwe awo mabungwe ena. Makampani ena sangakhale ndi maulamuliro m'malamulo okhala ndi mfundo zomveka bwino za mitengo ya kaboni. 

Mitengo yosankhidwa ndi makampani padziko lonse lapansi imasiyana kwambiri, pomwe makampani ena amagula kaboni wotsika mtengo wani tenti imodzi. Mosiyana ndi izi, ena amawunika pamtengo woposa $ 100 pa tani. 

Mtengo wa kaboni wosankhidwa umadalira pamakampani, dziko, komanso zomwe kampaniyo ikufuna. Tisanalongosole njira zosiyanasiyana zomwe makampani amagwiritsa ntchito mitengo yamkati kaboni, ndikofunikira kuti timvetsetse momwe amasankhira pamtengo wa kaboni.

Kuyeza Mapazi a Mpweya

Pakapita, makampani ayenera kumvetsetsa bwino za awo mpweya

Ngakhale mayiko ndi mayiko atengera malamulo osiyanasiyana azachilengedwe komanso mitengo ya kaboni, makampani amadziwika kuchuluka ndi mawonekedwe a mpweya wawo wachindunji komanso wosalunjika wa CO2. US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) imayang'anira malipoti a zotulutsa zachindunji kuchokera kumakampani opanga zamagetsi ndi opanga ku United States. 

Kutulutsa kwachindunji kapena kuchuluka kwa mpweya umodzi kumachokera kuzinthu zomwe kampaniyo imayang'anira kapena kuyang'anira - mwachitsanzo, mpweya wotenthedwa chifukwa chowotcha mafuta awiri kapena magalimoto ake. Momwe mungayang'anire mpweyawu umadalira komwe kumachokera. Mwachitsanzo, ndi kusuta fodya, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito njira zowunikira mosalekeza (CEMS) kutsata kutulutsa kwa kaboni. Ofufuza a CEMS amathanso kutsata mpweya ngati NOx, SO2, NKHA, O2, THC, NH3Ndipo kwambiri.

Kutulutsa kosawonekera chifukwa cha kampani yomwe imapeza magetsi, kutentha, nthunzi, ndikuzizira. 

Zinyalala zina zosadziwika (gawo 3) zimachitika pakampani, monga kupanga ndi kunyamula zinthu zomwe zagulidwa ndikuwononga zinyalala. Kusiyanitsa pakati pa mpweya wachindunji ndi wosadziwika kumasonyeza kuti ngakhale makampani omwe sali mu mafakitale omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mpweya wambiri amathanso kuyankha chifukwa cha mpweya waukulu.

Mpweya wamkati nthawi zambiri umatenga imodzi mwanjira zitatu izi:

Amalipiritsa mkati mpweya

Ndalama zolipirira kaboni ndimtengo wamsika wampweya uliwonse wa mpweya womwe amavomereza madipatimenti onse m'bungweli. Mtengo umapanga njira yodziperekera yopezera ndalama panjira zosiyanasiyana zothetsera mpweya. 

Mtengo wamakampani omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ndalama zamkati mwa kaboni umachokera pa $ 5- $ 20 pa tonic. Kukhazikitsa mtengo kumafunikira kulingalira pazinthu zosiyanasiyana pabizinesi motsatira misonkho yomwe imakhomeredwa komanso maziko amomwe ndalama zingapezeke. 

Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamitengo ya kaboni, monga kapangidwe kandalama ndi malonda omwe amatsata njira zakunja monga EU Emissions Trading Scheme. Ndalama zomwe zimapezeka munjirayi zimayikidwanso pantchito zokhazikika komanso zochepetsera kaboni. 

Mtengo wamthunzi

Mitengo yamithunzi ndi mtengo wamalingaliro kapena woganiza kuti ungachitike pa tani ya mpweya. Ndi njira yamithunzi, mtengo wa kaboni umadziwikiratu mumalonda. Izi zitha kuphatikizira kuwunika kwamilandu yamalonda, njira zogulira, kapena kukonza mfundo zamabizinesi kuwonetsa mtengo wa kaboni. Zotsatira zake zimaperekedwa kwa oyang'anira kapena omwe akutenga nawo mbali.

Nthawi zambiri, mtengo umakhazikitsidwa pamlingo womwe umawonetsa mtengo wakutsogolo wa kaboni. Mtengo wamthunzi wa njira ya kaboni umathandizira bizinesi kuti imvetsetse chiopsezo cha kaboni ndikudzikonzekeretsa mtengo wamthunzi usanakhale weniweni. Kungakhale kosavuta kupanga mtengo wamithunzi mkati mwa bizinesi popeza palibe kusintha kuma invoice a dipatimenti kapena mapangano azachuma.

Mtengo wokwanira

Mtengo wokwanira umadalira momwe kampani imagwiritsira ntchito kuchepetsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha kapena mtengo wotsatira malamulo aboma. Mwachitsanzo, itha kukhala ndalama zomwe kampani imagwiritsa ntchito magwero omwe angapitsidwenso mphamvu

Mtengo wokwanira umathandiza mabizinesi kuzindikira ndikuchepetsa ndalamazi ndikugwiritsa ntchito zomwe amapeza kuti amvetsetse momwe amapangira kaboni. Mtengo wokwanira wa kaboni ukhoza kukhazikitsa bwaloli musanakhazikitse pulogalamu yamkati yamakampani m'makampani ena.

Ubwino wokhazikitsa Mtengo wa Mpweya Wamkati

Kukhazikitsa mtengo wamkati wamkati kungapindule kwambiri. Zikuphatikizapo:

  • Kupanga zokambirana za kaboni kukhala kofunikira kwambiri pakampani. 
  • Imateteza kampaniyo motsutsana ndi mtengo wamtsogolo wa kaboni
  • Zimathandizira kampani kuzindikira ndikumvetsetsa chiwopsezo cha kaboni ndi kaboni mu bizinesi
  • Kulephera kumateteza njira zamtsogolo zamabizinesi 
  • Amapanga ndalama zogwiritsa ntchito magetsi
  • Amapanga chidziwitso mkati ndi kunja
  • Amapereka yankho kwa ogula ndi osunga ndalama pazovuta zawo kusintha kwa nyengo 
  • Amachepetsa kutulutsa kwa mpweya

Mitengo yamkati ya kaboni ikhoza kukhala chida chothandizira kuchepetsa chiopsezo ndi zabwino zingapo kunja kwa zomwe kampani, ogula, komanso chilengedwe. Kuphatikizidwa ndi njira zina, makampani amathandizira kupititsa patsogolo kusintha kwa kaboni wotsika kwambiri.

Sangalalani, PDF ndi Imelo

Ponena za wolemba

mkonzi

Mkonzi wamkulu ndi Linda Hohnholz.

Siyani Comment