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Anthu Akukulira Pakati Pa Mliriwu ndi Zida Zabwino Kwambiri

Bill Gates
Bill Gates

Bill Gates ali ndi uthenga kudziko lapansi.

Zambiri zatsopano zikuwonetsa kuti dziko lonse lapansi lathandizidwa kuti zinthu zoopsa zisachitike; zowunikira zimafunikira ndalama zakanthawi yayitali kuti zitsimikizire kuti zinthu zikuyenda bwino ndikupitabe patsogolo ku Global Goals, yotchedwa UN Sustainable Development Goals.

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  • Bungwe la Bill & Melinda Gates lero layambitsa lipoti lawo lachisanu la Goalkeepers Report, lokhala ndi nkhokwe zosinthidwa zapadziko lonse lapansi zomwe zikuwonetsa kukhudzidwa kwa mliriwu kupita patsogolo ku United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (Global Goals). 
  • Lipoti la chaka chino, lolembedwa ndi a Bill Gates ndi a Melinda French Gates, apampando a Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, akuwonetsa kuti kusiyana komwe kudachitika chifukwa cha COVID-19 kumakhalabe koopsa, ndipo omwe akhudzidwa kwambiri ndi mliriwu ndi akuchedwa kuchira.
  • Chifukwa cha COVID-19, anthu owonjezera 31 miliyoni adakakamizidwa kukhala umphawi wadzaoneni mu 2020 poyerekeza ndi 2019. Ndipo ngakhale 90% ya chuma chambiri ipezanso miliri ya mliri wa munthu aliyense chaka chamawa, gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a otsika- ndi apakati -chuma chachuma chikuyembekezeka kutero. 

Mwamwayi, mkati mwa chiwonongekochi, dziko lapansi lidalimbikira kuti lipewe zovuta zina. Mu Lipoti la Goalkeepers chaka chatha, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) idaneneratu za kutsika kwa magawo 14 peresenti pakupezeka kwa katemera wapadziko lonse lapansi - ndikuchotsa zaka 25 zomwe zikuchitika m'masabata 25. Kusanthula kwatsopano kuchokera ku IHME kukuwonetsa kuti kutsikako, ngakhale kuli kosavomerezeka, kunali theka la zomwe zimayembekezeredwa. 

Mu lipotilo, ma co-mipando akuwonetsa "zopatsa chidwi" zomwe zidatheka chifukwa cha mgwirizano wapadziko lonse lapansi, kudzipereka, komanso kusungitsa ndalama kwazaka zambiri. Amavomereza kuti kupewa zomwe zachitika kwambiri ndiyabwino, komabe amazindikira kuti sikokwanira. Pofuna kuonetsetsa kuti mliriwu uchira bwino, akufuna kuti pakhale ndalama zazitali zathanzi komanso zachuma - monga zomwe zidapangitsa kuti katemera wa COVID-19 apite patsogolo - kuti athandizire kuyambiranso ndikubwezeretsa dziko panjira khalani ndi Zolinga Zapadziko Lonse. 

"[Chaka chatha] chalimbitsa chikhulupiriro chathu kuti kupita patsogolo ndikotheka koma sikungapeweke," alembera anzawo. "Ngati tingafalikire pa zabwino zomwe tawona miyezi 18 yapitayi, titha kuthetsa mliriwu m'mbuyo ndikufulumizitsanso kupita patsogolo pakuthana ndi mavuto monga thanzi, njala, komanso kusintha kwanyengo."

Ripotilo likuwonetsa kukhudzidwa kwakukulu kwachuma komwe mliriwu wakhudza amayi padziko lonse lapansi. M'mayiko omwe amapeza ndalama zambiri komanso zochepa, azimayi akhala akuvutika kwambiri kuposa amuna ndi mavuto azachuma padziko lonse omwe adayambitsidwa ndi mliriwu. 

"Amayi amakumana ndi zopinga padziko lonse lapansi, zomwe zimawapangitsa kukhala pachiwopsezo cha mliriwu," atero a Melinda French Gates. “Mwa kuyika ndalama kwa azimayi pakadali pano ndikuthana ndi izi, maboma angalimbikitse kupeza bwino ndikulimbikitsa chuma chawo motsutsana ndi zovuta zamtsogolo. Sikuti ndi chinthu choyenera kuchita basi, koma ndi malangizo anzeru omwe adzapindulitse aliyense. ”

Ripotilo likuwonetsanso momwe zomwe zimatchedwa "chozizwitsa" cha katemera wa COVID-19 zidachitika chifukwa cha zaka makumi ambiri zandalama, mfundo, komanso mgwirizano womwe udakhazikitsa zomangamanga, luso, komanso zachilengedwe zofunikira kuti zizigwiritsidwa ntchito mwachangu. Komabe, machitidwe omwe adalola kuti pakhale chitukuko komanso kutumizidwa kwa katemera wa COVID-19 kulipo makamaka m'maiko olemera, motero, dziko silinapindule chimodzimodzi. 

"Kuperewera kwa mwayi wopeza katemera wa COVID-19 ndi vuto lalikulu pagulu," atero a Bill Gates. “Tili pachiwopsezo chachikulu kuti mtsogolomo, mayiko olemera ndi madera adzayamba kuchitira COVID-19 matenda enanso aumphawi. Sitingathe kunyalanyaza mliriwu mpaka aliyense, mosasamala kanthu komwe amakhala, atha kupeza katemera. ”

Katemera wopitilira 80% onse a COVID-19 aperekedwa m'maiko okwera kwambiri komanso apakatikati mpaka pano, ena amateteza kawiri kapena katatu kuchuluka kofunikira kuti athe kulipira zowonjezera; ochepera 1% ya mankhwala aperekedwa m'maiko omwe amapeza ndalama zochepa. Kuphatikiza apo, kupeza katemera wa COVID-19 kwalumikizidwa kwambiri ndi malo omwe pali katemera wa R&D ndikupanga kwake. Ngakhale Africa ndi kwawo kwa 17% ya anthu padziko lapansi, mwachitsanzo, ili ndi zochepera 1% yazomwe zimapanga katemera padziko lapansi. 

Pomaliza, lipotilo likufuna kuti dziko lonse lapansi liziika ndalama mu R&D, zomangamanga, ndi zatsopano m'malo oyandikira anthu omwe akuyenera kupindula.

"Tiyenera kuyika ndalama kwa omwe timagwirizana nawo kuti tithandizire ofufuza ndi opanga maiko omwe amapeza ndalama zochepa kuti apange katemera ndi mankhwala omwe amafunikira," atero a CEO a Gates Foundation a Mark Suzman. “Njira yokhayo yomwe tingathetsere mavuto athu azaumoyo ndikutengera luso komanso luso la anthu padziko lonse lapansi.

Mliriwu wayesa chiyembekezo chathu m'njira zambiri. Koma silinawononge.

M'mikhalidwe yovuta kwambiri yomwe tingaganizire, tawona zatsopano zosangalatsa.

Tawona momwe tingasinthire mwachangu machitidwe athu, monga aliyense payekhapayekha komanso magulu, pakafunika kutero.

Ndipo lero, titha kunenanso kuti anthu mmbali zonse za dziko lapansi akhala akuchita chilichonse pofuna kuteteza chitukuko chomwe tapanga kwazaka zambiri-zikafika pa ma SDG, makamaka, kukhudzidwa kwa mliri wa COVID-19 zitha kukhala zoyipa kwambiri.

Wakhala chaka chomwe chalimbitsa chikhulupiriro chathu kuti kupita patsogolo ndikotheka koma kosapeweka. Khama lomwe timayika pazinthu kwambiri. Ndipo, monga chiyembekezo chodekha, tikukhulupirira kuti titha kuyamba kuphunzira kuchokera pakupambana ndi kulephera kwa mliriwu pakadali pano. Ngati tingathe kuwonjezera pazabwino zomwe tawona miyezi 18 yapitayi, titha kusiya mliriwu m'mbuyo mwathu ndikuthandizanso patsogolo pakuthana ndi mavuto monga thanzi, njala, komanso kusintha kwanyengo.

Kodi ndi mayankho ati omwe angathandize pa mpikisano wothana ndi mliriwu? Onerani a Bill Gates ndi Oyang'anira Goal atatu akuwonetsa zida zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchito polimbana ndi COVID.

Werengani lipotilo:

Zambiri Zikusimba Nkhani Yodabwitsa

Chaka chatha, sizinachitike kunyalanyaza kusiyana kwakukulu osati kokha pakati pa amene adadwala ndi amene wamwalira - komanso mwa omwe amayenera kupita kuntchito, amene angagwire ntchito kunyumba, ndi omwe anachotsedwa ntchito kwathunthu. Kuperewera kwazaumoyo kwakale ndi kwachikhalidwe chaumoyo komwe, koma kudatenga mliri wapadziko lonse kukumbutsa mwamphamvu dziko lapansi zotsatira zake.

Mamiliyoni Ambiri mu Umphawi Wadzaoneni

Kwa ambiri, mavuto azachuma a mliriwu akupitilirabe kukhala okhwima komanso osatha. Tikudziwa kuti tingawoneke ngati amithenga osayembekezeka pamutuwu - ndife anthu omwe ali ndi mwayi kwambiri padziko lapansi. Mliriwu wafotokozeranso izi. Anthu onga ife talimbana ndi mliriwu mwabwino, pomwe omwe ali pachiwopsezo ndi omwe akhudzidwa kwambiri ndipo atha kukhala ochepera kuchira. Anthu enanso 31 miliyoni padziko lonse lapansi aponyedwa mu umphawi wadzaoneni chifukwa cha COVID-19. Ngakhale amuna ali pachiwopsezo cha 70% kuti amwalire ndi COVID-19, azimayi akupitilizabe kukhudzidwa mopitilira muyeso ndi zovuta zachuma komanso zachikhalidwe za mliriwu: Chaka chino, ntchito za azimayi padziko lonse lapansi zikuyembekezeka kukhala ntchito 13 miliyoni pansi pa 2019 - pomwe amuna Ntchito zikuyembekezeredwa kuti ziyambirenso miliri isanachitike.

Ngakhale mitundu yosiyanasiyana ikuwopseza kusokoneza zomwe tapanga, chuma china chikuyambanso kuyenda bwino, kubweretsa kutsegulanso bizinesi ndikupanga ntchito. Koma kuchira sikuli pakati pakati ngakhale ngakhale m'maiko. Mwachitsanzo, pofika chaka chamawa, 90% ya chuma chapamwamba chikuyembekezeranso kupeza kachilombo koyambirira kwa mliri wa munthu aliyense, pomwe gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a chuma chochepa komanso chapakati chikuyembekezeka kuchita chimodzimodzi. Ntchito zothana ndi umphawi zikuyenda-ndipo izi zikutanthauza kuti anthu pafupifupi 700 miliyoni, ambiri mwa omwe ali ndi ndalama zochepa komanso apakati, akuyembekezeka kukhalabe mu umphawi wadzaoneni mu 2030.

Kukula Mipata mu Maphunziro

Tikuwonanso nkhani yofananira pankhani yamaphunziro. Mliriwu usanachitike, ana asanu ndi anayi mwa khumi omwe ali ndi ndalama zochepa anali atalephera kale kuwerenga ndi kumvetsetsa mawu oyambira, poyerekeza ndi mwana m'modzi mwa ana khumi omwe ali ndi ndalama zambiri.

Umboni woyambirira ukuwonetsa kuti kutayika kwamaphunziro kudzakhala kwakukulu pakati pamagulu operewera. Kusiyanitsa kwakukula kwamaphunziro kunapezekanso m'maiko olemera. Mwachitsanzo, ku United States, kusowa kwamaphunziro pakati pa ophunzira amtundu wakuda ndi Latino kalasi yachitatu kunali, pafupifupi, kawiri kuposa azungu komanso aku America aku Asia. Ndipo kutayika kwa kuphunzira pakati pa omwe ali mgiredi lachitatu m'masukulu amphawi kwambiri kudali katatu kwa anzawo m'masukulu amphawi.

Ana Ambiri Akusowa Katemera

Pakadali pano, katemera wapaubwana wapadziko lonse lapansi adatsika pang'ono kuwonedwa mu 2005. Kuyambira pomwe mliriwu udayamba komanso pomwe ntchito zazaumoyo zidayamba kuchira mu theka lachiwiri la 2020, ana opitilira 30 miliyoni padziko lonse adasowa katemera wawo - ndiwo 10 miliyoni kwambiri chifukwa cha mliriwu. Ndizotheka kuti ambiri mwa ana awa sadzagwiritsanso ntchito mlingo.

Koma apa, zomwe zidatifikirazo zidatidabwitsa: Chaka chapitacho, tidanenanso kuti Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation ikuyerekeza kuti kufalitsa katemera kungatsike ndi 14 peresenti padziko lonse lapansi mu 2020, zomwe zikadakhala zaka 25 zapita patsogolo. Koma kutengera chidziwitso chaposachedwa, zikuwoneka ngati dontho lenileni la katemera - ngakhale linali lowopsa - linali theka lokha.

Anthu Akukwera Kumwamba

Pomwe timapitilizabe kusanthula ma data, zidawonekeratu kuti sichinali chiphuphu: Pazisonyezo zazikuluzikulu zachitukuko, dziko lapansi lidakulanso chaka chathachi kuti lipewe zina mwazovuta kwambiri.

Tengani malungo, mwachitsanzo, omwe akhala ali amodzi mwamatenda osavomerezeka padziko lonse lapansi: 90% ya anthu odwala malungo amapezeka ku Africa. Chaka chatha, World Health Organisation idaneneratu zakusokonekera kwakukulu pazoyeserera zofunika kupewa malungo zomwe zikadatha kubwezera m'mbuyo zaka 10 - ndikupangitsa kuti anthu enanso 200,000 amwalire ndi matenda opewedwa. Kuwonetseraku kudalimbikitsa mayiko ambiri kuchitapo kanthu kuti awonetsetse kuti maukonde ogawidwa amagawidwa ndikuyesa komanso mankhwala a malungo akupezeka. Benin, komwe malungo ndi omwe amayambitsa imfa, adapeza njira yodziwira pakati pa mliriwu: Adakhazikitsa njira yatsopano yogwiritsira ntchito maukonde ophera tizilombo, ndikupeza maukonde mamiliyoni 7.6 mnyumba mdziko lonselo Masiku 20.

Mtumiki Jean Kinhouande akugawira maukonde a udzudzu m'boma la Agla ku Cotonou, Benin, kuti athane ndi malungo ngakhale kuli kusokonekera kwa mliri wa COVID-19. (Chithunzi chojambulidwa ndi Yanick Folly / AFP kudzera pa Getty Zithunzi, Epulo 28, 2020)
Cotonou, Benin Chithunzi chovomerezeka ndi Yanick Folly / AFP kudzera pa Getty Images

Ayenera kuyamikiridwa padziko lonse lapansi.

Zachidziwikire, kuchuluka kwathunthu kwa zomwe mliri ungakhudze ma SDGs kumatenga zaka kuti mumvetsetse bwino, chifukwa chidziwitso chochulukirapo chikupezeka. Ndipo izi sizimachepetsa mavuto omwe mliriwu wadzetsa anthu kulikonse — kutali ndi iwo. Koma zowona kuti titha kuloza zizindikiritso zabwino pakati pa mliri wapadziko lonse lapansi ndizodabwitsa. Atagwira dzanja limodzi kumbuyo kwawo, anthu osawerengeka, mabungwe, ndi mayiko amapita patsogolo ndikupanga zatsopano, kusintha, ndi kukhazikitsa machitidwe olimba, ndipo chifukwa cha ichi, akuyenera kuyamikiridwa ndi dziko lapansi.

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Ponena za wolemba

Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.

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