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Kubwezeretsa Zoyendera ku Dominican Zonama? Zodabwitsa za Simpson Zikuyang'ana Choonadi

Dominican Republic
Written by Galileo Violini

Mphamvu ya mliriwu pa zokopa alendo padziko lonse lapansi komanso pazachuma padziko lonse lapansi yakhala yayikulu kwambiri. Chopereka cha zokopa alendo ku Global Gross World Product mu 2020 - $ 4.7 trilioni - chinali pafupifupi theka la 2019. M'nyuzipepala yaposachedwa, director general on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) akuti mu zoyembekeza, kumapeto kwa chaka, tidzakhala 60% pansi pa 2019.

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  1. Popeza ntchito zokopa alendo ndizofunikira kwambiri pazachuma padziko lonse lapansi, kuchira kumayiko onse ndikofunikira.
  2. Posachedwa Ministry of Tourism ku Dominican yapereka deta yomwe ikuwonetsa kuti gawoli likuyambanso bwino.
  3. Ngakhale kuti zomwezo ndizolondola, kutanthauzira kumatha kusiya wina kufunsa ngati kuli bwino.

Kubwezeretsa ndicholinga cha mayiko onse, popeza zokopa alendo ndizofunikira kwambiri pachuma padziko lonse lapansi, koma makamaka kwa iwo omwe ali ndi zokopa alendo ngati gawo lofunikira pachuma.

M'masabata angapo apitawa, Ministry of Tourism ku Dominican yawonetsa zomwe zingatsimikizire kuti dziko la Dominican likubwera kudzacheza. Zambiri ndizolondola, koma kutanthauzira kwawo kumafunikira kusanthula komwe kumayika zowunikira ndi mithunzi ya kuchira uku, kutengera ndi chidziwitso cha padziko lonse chomwe chimaphatikiza chidziwitso cha magawo osiyanasiyana.

Kwa zaka makumi asanu, zotsatira zawerengedwa zomwe zidazindikirika zaka zopitilira zana zapitazo, zodabwitsazi za Simpson. Malingaliro achinyengo atha kufikiridwa pamene ziwerengero zimaphatikiza zosagwirizana. Popanda kufotokoza mwatsatanetsatane za chiphunzitsochi, timawona kuti zimalola kumvetsetsa malire a kutanthauzira kwa deta ndi Dominican Ministry of Tourism, zomwe, zomwe tikunena kuti tipewe kusamvana, sizikufunsidwa.

Kufunika kodziwa malamulowa sikukuyenera kutsutsidwa m'dziko lomwe, mu 2019, kudzera pakupeza ndalama zakunja, zokopa alendo zidapereka 8.4% ku GDP, kuyimira 36.4% yotumiza katundu ndi ntchito kunja. Kuphatikiza apo, zokopa alendo, osapendekera 13% poyerekeza ndi 2018, zathandizira mu 2019 pafupifupi 30% ya Investment Yachilendo Yachilendo.

Pazifukwa izi, kutsimikizira mosamala kwa mawu akuti ku Dominican Republic, gawo la zokopa alendo likusiya kumbuyo komwe vuto lomwe linayambitsidwa ndi mliri wa COVID-19 ndilofunikira pamalamulo aboma mdziko muno, komanso kuwongolera zisankho zazing'onozing'ono za omwe agwira ntchitoyi.

Tiyeni tikumbukire zomwe zanenedwa ndi Undunawu:

- Osakhalako ndi ndege, mu Ogasiti chaka chino, akuyimira 96% ya iwo mu 2019, zomwe zimatsimikizika kwambiri kuposa zomwe zidachitika theka loyamba la Seputembala.

- Izi zimatsimikizika ndikuwunikanso kwa chizindikirochi mwezi uliwonse kuyambira kuchira. poyerekeza ndi 2019, yakula, kuyambira 34% mu Januware-February, mpaka 50% mu Marichi-Epulo, mpaka pafupifupi 80% mu Meyi-Juni ndi 95% mu Julayi-Ogasiti.

- Kufika kwa omwe siomwe amakhala ku Dominican kwakhala kukukula mokhazikika kwa miyezi khumi.

- Kuchuluka kwa alendo okhala m'mahotela ndi 73%.

Izi zonse ndi zowona komanso zolembedwa. Komabe, Simpson akutikumbutsa kuti amatchula zitsanzo zomwe zimaphatikiza magulu osiyanasiyana komanso nthawi zosiyanasiyana.

Kusanthula konse kwa nthawiyi kukanakhala kolondola ngati pangakhale bata pakubwera kwa mwezi uliwonse munthawi yomwe yasankhidwa poyerekeza. Izi sizinali choncho, ndipo miyezi ya 2019 siyofanana ndi kuyerekezera ndi 2021. Chaka chimenecho, oyang'anira maulendo adakhudza zomwe zimachitika chifukwa chakufa kwa alendo ena pakati pa Meyi ndi Juni, zomwe zidasinthitsa kukula kwa zokopa alendo ku North America zolembedwa mu theka loyambirira la chaka (pafupifupi 10%) mpaka kutsika kwa 3% m'miyezi khumi yoyambirira (4% ngati akufikirako akunja akuwerengedwa).

Izi zimafunikira kusiyanitsa kuchuluka kwa 96% mu Ogasiti kapena opitilira 110% m'masabata awiri oyamba amwezi uno chifukwa chakuwonjezera kwa owerengera (ofika 2021) komanso kuchuluka kwakuchepa kwa zipembedzo (ofika mu 2019).

Izi zimalemera makamaka ngati obwerawo ataphwanyidwa potengera chinthu china chosagwirizana, kusiyanitsa omwe siomwe amakhala ku Dominican ndi akunja.

Timachita izi pagome lotsatira pomwe timapereka izi deta, ya miyezi ya Januware-Ogasiti, kuyambira mu 2013.

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 D414598433922498684546051538350616429707570345888811156
 F289187031750333394208361914738617744027620395646612936502081389

Izi, popanda kukayikira kuyerekezera kwa Undunawu m'mwezi wa Ogasiti, zimachepetsa, poti kwa miyezi isanu ndi itatu, obwera onse ndi 60% ya 2019 ndipo tiyenera kubwerera ku 2013 kuti tikapeze otsika . Kuyerekeza komaliza kumeneku kumatanthawuza deta yonse, koma ngati titati tiwone za alendo akunja okha, izi zitha kupereka 53%, kuyerekeza ndi 2019, ndi 72%, kuyerekeza ndi 2013.

Kuganizira zakunja komwe sikunakhaleko ndikofunikira chifukwa nzika za ku Dominican zomwe sizikukhala mwina sizigwiritsa ntchito zochulukirapo monga mahotela, malo odyera, mayendedwe. Izi sizabwino kwenikweni zimathandizidwa ndi kukhalamo kwa hoteloyi, komwe, ngakhale ndi alendo 86% ya omwe adavomereza, ndi ochepera kuchuluka kwake, pomwe kale magawo awiriwo anali ofanana.

Palinso zambiri zosagwirizana zokhudzana ndi zokopa alendo zomwe zikuyenera kukhala zofunikira. Izi, zomwe zafotokozedwa patebulo lotsatirali, zikutanthauza kuwonongeka kwa obwera ndi dera lochokera kwa omwe siomwe amakhala.

chakakumpoto kwa AmerikaEuropeSouth AmericaAmerica chapakati
201860.8%22.4%12.6%3.9%
201961.9%21.6%12%4.1%
202061.2%24.7%10.7%3%
202170.6%14.6%9.5%5%

Zomwe zili zofunikira kwambiri pazowunikira zathu ndikukula kwa zokopa alendo ku North America komwe kumatsatana ndi kuchepa kwa zomwe zidachokera ku Europe. Ngati izi zikuwerengedwa pamodzi ndi zomwe zikukhudzana ndi dziko, zomwe tafotokozapo, zikuwoneka kuti kuchepa kwa zokopa alendo ku Europe sikungalipidwe ndi kuchuluka kwa zokopa alendo ku North America.

Izi zimathandizidwanso ndi mbiri yaku Europe yokhudza kuyambiranso kwa maulendo apandege aku Europe. Kuyerekeza pakati pa chilimwe ndi zaka zam'mbuyomu kukuwonetsa kuti 40% yokha yamagalimoto a 2019 yapezeka, ndikuwongolera poyerekeza ndi 2020, pomwe kuchira kunali 27%. Tiyeneranso kuwonjezeranso kuti kuchuluka kwa mayendedwe apandege sindiwo chizindikiro chofananira, popeza ku Europe pakhala kuchepa kocheperako kwamayendedwe omwe ayenera kukopa chidwi ku Dominican Republic, maulendo apandege. M'malo mwake, omwe amachira makamaka anali maulendo apansi ku Europe otsika mtengo. Masiku ano, akuimira 71.4% ya chiwerengerocho, pomwe zaka ziwiri zapitazo adayimira 57.1% yokha, ndipo siziyenera kunyalanyazidwa kuti malo omwe akuthandizira kwambiri pazotsatirazi, mwanjira ina, akuyimira njira zina zoperekera alendo aku Caribbean.

Kwa ameneyu akuyenera kuwonjezera kuti njira za European Green Pass sizikopa zokopa alendo ku Europe mwina chifukwa katemera yemwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ku Dominican Republic, Sinovac salola kulandira Green Pass. Izi zitha kukhala zokayikitsa, koma zimakhudzanso gawo lazoyendera, kotero kuti chithunzi chomwe chikubwera ndichakuti padakali njira yayitali kuti zokopa alendo ku Dominican zisanabwererenso ku miliri yake isanachitike.

Kudalira kuchira kwa mliri womwe wabwera chifukwa chothana ndi mliriwu mwina ndi chiyembekezo, ndipo mulimonsemo, zikuwoneka kuti sizingachitike kwakanthawi kochepa.

Izi zikutanthauza kuti, osapereka kufunika kochulukirapo kwa madera angapo, ndikofunikira kulingalira za mfundo zokonzanso zomwe zikuyang'ana kumapeto kwa 2023.

Lipoti laposachedwa la World Travel and Tourism Council limalimbikitsa kuchitapo kanthu kochitidwa ndi maboma, monga kuyika ndalama ndikukopa mabungwe azabizinesi kuzinthu zakuthupi ndi digito ndikulimbikitsa magawo ena apaulendo, monga zokopa alendo kapena MICE zokopa alendo. Izi zikutanthawuza mfundo yapadziko lonse lapansi, yopanda gawo yomwe imakhudzanso magulu ena a anthu.

Malingaliro ofananawo adapangidwa miyezi iwiri yapitayo ndi director general woyang'anira UNCTAD, akuumirira zakufunika koganiziranso za chitukuko cha zokopa alendo, kulimbikitsa zokopa alendo mdziko lonse komanso kumidzi, ndikuwongolera digito.

Zomwe zilipo mdziko muno zimalola izi, ndipo izi zimafunikira ndondomeko yolimbikitsira, yolumikizidwa ndi mabungwe azinsinsi, osakhutira ndikuti kuchira kwina kukuchitika. Zowona kuti kumapeto kwa chaka chino kudafika 4.5 miliyoni kapena 5 miliyoni, akadali ochepa poyerekeza ndi zaka zam'mbuyomu, sizingabweretse kusiyana kwakukulu, pokhapokha pokhapokha ngati pakhazikitsidwe njira zoyambitsanso gawo, zomwe zingalole dziko likhalebe lotsogola pantchito zokopa alendo ku Caribbean.

#kumanga

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