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Ndege Zodabwitsa za F-117 Nighthawk Stealth Fighter

F-117 Nighthawk Wobisalira Wankhondo
Written by Linda S. Hohnholz

Ngakhale ndege ya F-117 Nighthawk Stealth Fighter yasinthidwa mwalamulo ndi ndege ya F-22 Raptor, ikuwoneka kuti ikugwirabe ntchito, yodziyesa ngati mivi yoyenda. M'malo mwake, mbiri ya Nighthawk siyachilendo.

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  1. Kulengedwa kwa Nighthawk kunachitika mwachinsinsi kuyambira mu 1975.
  2. Inayamba kuwuluka mu 1981, koma inali yobisika, ndipo anthu sanadziwe za ndegeyo mpaka zaka 7 pambuyo pake.
  3. Pambuyo polengeza kupuma pantchito kuyambira pomwe adalowedwa m'malo ndi Raptor, zikuwoneka kuti ndegeyo yakhala ikusungidwa pomwe nthawi yomweyo siyikhala yotanganidwa.

Nighthawk idapangidwa ngati ndege yowukira ndi Lockheed Martin atagwira ntchito zapaukadaulo. Kupangidwa kwa omwe adamutsatira, ndege yoyeserera yoyeserera yotchedwa Have Blue, idachitika mwachinsinsi kuyambira 1975.

Mu 1978, F-117A idayamba kupanga chitukuko ndipo idayamba kuwuluka mu 1981. Koma anthu samadziwa zakupezeka kwake mpaka adalengezedwa mwalamulo patatha zaka 7 mu 1988.

Pakati pa 1982 ndi 1988, Nighthawk yoyamba idaperekedwa ngati ndege yoyamba kugwirira ntchito ku United States Air Force (USAF). Idzakhala imodzi mwamapulogalamu 59 oyendetsa ndege omwe USAF ikalandira kudzera mu 1990, ndikumaliza komaliza kuperekedwa.

Gulu Lankhondo Laku United States lidalowetsa m'malo mwa F-117 Wokwera F-22 pulogalamu ya F-22 isanathetsedwe mu 2009. Idasinthidwa ndi F-35 Joint Strike Fighter yotsika mtengo. Ndege zoyambirira pa ndege 55 za F-117 zomwe zidagwira ntchito zidapuma pantchito mu Disembala 2006. Mwambo wopuma pantchito unachitika ku Wright-Patterson Air Force Base mu Marichi 2008.

Koma ma Nighthawks sanapite. Zili kusungidwa m'ma hangars pabwalo la ndege mu Tonopah Test Range ku Nevada. Ma Nighthawks omaliza anayi anafika ku Test Range pa Epulo 4, 22. Mapikowa ndi michira yachotsedwa kuti isungidwe, koma ndege zina zimatha kukumbukiridwa mwachangu kuti ziwuluke zikafunika.

Posachedwa, Air National Guard yatsimikizira kuti F-117 Nighthawks ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pochita masewera olimbitsa thupi, kuphatikiza kukhala olowa m'malo mivi yomwe ikubwera. Umboni ukusonyeza kuti mchitidwe wophunzitsawu wakhala ukuchitika kwanthawi yayitali tsopano. Chifukwa ndegeyo imatha kutengera zochitika ngati mivi yapamtunda, ndiye nsanja yabwino kwambiri yachitetezo chazombo zankhondo.

Nighthawk mwina idatchedwa dzina chifukwa imagwiritsidwa ntchito kokha pantchito zausiku. Ndipo mobisa, mosakaika, chifukwa cha mbiri yake komanso mtundu wakuda, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kuphatikiza mumlengalenga usiku. Koma ndani ayenera kuphatikiza pamene inu simungakhale wosaoneka pa radar?

Maonekedwe ndi m'mphepete mwa Nighthawk amakonzedweratu kuti awonetse radar yoyipa kukhala zizindikilo zazing'ono, zochokera kutali ndi chowunikira cha rada. Zitseko zonse ndi zotsegulira za ndegeyo zili ndi mazenera kutsogolo ndi m'mbali mwake komwe kumawunikira radar. Kunja kwa ndege kumakutidwa ndi zinthu zotengera radar (RAM). Zonsezi zimapangitsa kukhala kosaoneka.

Amadziwikanso kuti Frisbee ndi Wobblin 'Goblin, cholinga cha F-117A Nighthawk ndikulowera m'malo owopsa ndikuwukira zigoli zamtengo wapatali molondola kwambiri. Nighthawk wakhala akugwira ntchito ku Panama, pa Operation Desert Storm, ku Kosovo, Afghanistan, komanso pa Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Ndege zobisalira zimapangidwa ndi aluminium yokhala ndi titaniyamu m'malo amainjini ndi makina otulutsa utsi.

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Ponena za wolemba

Linda S. Hohnholz

Linda Hohnholz wakhala mkonzi wamkulu wa eTurboNews kwa zaka zambiri.
Amakonda kulemba ndikusamala zambiri.
Amayang'aniranso pazinthu zonse zoyambirira komanso zofalitsa.

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