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Kuphulika kwa Phiri ku Hawaii Kupanga Kutha Kwa Mpweya Wosauka

Kuphulika kwa mapiri ku Hawaii kupangira vog
Written by Linda S. Hohnholz

Anthu okhala ku Hawai'i komanso alendo akulangizidwa kuti akhale okonzeka komanso kudziwa momwe zinthu ziliri, ndi momwe akumvera kapena momwe angachitire ndi utsi wophulika - womwe ukuuluka kuchokera ku Big Island ya Hawaii.

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  1. Chifukwa cha kuphulika komwe kudayamba dzulo kuchokera ku Halema'uma'u crater pamsonkhano wa Kīlauea Volcano, mawonekedwe a vog and sulfure dioxide (SO₂) ma air akuwonjezeka ndikusintha.
  2. Zochitika zadzidzidzi zili mkati mwa Phiri la Hawai'i Volcanoes, komabe, kusintha kwa mphepo kwadzetsa mavuto azikhalidwe zakomweko chakumadzulo kwa msonkhanowu.
  3. Madera omwe akhudzidwa ndi Pahala, Nā'ālehu, Ocean View, Hilo, ndi East Hawai'i.

Mpweya wochepa komanso kuchuluka kwa SO₂ kuyambira pomwe kuyamba kwa kuphulika zingayambitse mavuto opuma, makamaka mwa anthu ovuta. Zinthu zikusintha mwachangu, ndipo mpweya wabwino womwe umayambitsa zovuta zathanzi ukhoza kukhala wakomweko.

Pakakhala zovuta, njira zotsatirazi zikulangizidwa:

  • Pezani zinthu zakunja zomwe zimayambitsa kupuma kwambiri. Kupewa kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi panja komanso kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi nthawi yayitali kumatha kuchepetsa kuwonekera ndikuchepetsa zovuta zathanzi. Izi ndizofunikira makamaka kumagulu ovuta monga ana, okalamba, ndi anthu omwe ali ndi vuto la kupuma komwe kumakhalapo monga mphumu, bronchitis, emphysema, ndi matenda am'mapapo ndi amtima.
  • Khalani m'nyumba ndi kutseka mawindo ndi zitseko. Ngati chogwiritsira ntchito mpweya chimagwiritsidwa ntchito, chiikeni kuti chibwererenso.
  • Ngati mukufuna kuchoka pagawo lomwe lakhudzidwa, yatsani chowongolera mpweya chagalimotoyo ndikuyiyika kuti ibwererenso.
  • Nthawi zonse sungani mankhwala pafupi ndi kupezeka mosavuta.
  • Mankhwala omwe amatchulidwa tsiku lililonse a matenda opuma ayenera kumwedwa nthawi yake ndipo amateteza ku zotsatira za sulfure dioxide.
  • Kumbukirani kuti zokutira pankhope ndi masks omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popewa kufalikira kwa COVID-19 samapereka chitetezo ku SO₂ kapena vog.
  • Lumikizanani ndi dokotala posachedwa ngati pali zovuta zina zathanzi.
  • Osasuta ndipo pewani utsi wa fodya.
  • Imwani madzi ambiri kuti mupewe kutaya madzi m'thupi.
  • Konzekerani kukonzekera ndi kukonzekera banja
  • Mverani machenjezo a oyang'anira zadzidzidzi m'boma ndi m'boma.

Alendo ku National Park ya Hawai'i Volcanoes ayenera kuzindikira kuti miyala ndi kuphulika kumatha kupanga phulusa lopangidwa ndi magalasi ndi miyala. Maphulusawa pano akuimira ngozi yaying'ono, koma kufumbi kwa phulusa kumadera ozungulira msonkhano wa Kīlauea ndikotheka.

Dipatimenti ya Zaumoyo ku Hawai'i ikulimbikitsa nzika ndi alendo kuti azigwiritsa ntchito zinthu zotsatirazi zomwe zimapereka chidziwitso chokwanira, chodziwikiratu komanso chaposachedwa pazokhudza thanzi la vog, momwe mungadzitetezere, kuneneratu za vog ndi mphepo, mpweya wabwino, kusintha kwa zinthu , ndi upangiri kwa alendo:

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Ponena za wolemba

Linda S. Hohnholz

Linda Hohnholz wakhala mkonzi wamkulu wa eTurboNews kwa zaka zambiri.
Amakonda kulemba ndikusamala zambiri.
Amayang'aniranso pazinthu zonse zoyambirira komanso zofalitsa.

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