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Kukhala Okonzekera Masoka Achilengedwe: Pambuyo ndi Pambuyo

Dr. Peter Tarlow

Chaka chatha, 2020, sichinali chaka choyamba cha mliri wa COVID-19, komanso udawona mkuntho wamphamvu ndi masoka ena achilengedwe monga kuwotcha nkhalango padziko lonse lapansi.

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  1. Chaka cha 2021 chatiphunzitsanso kuti zinthu zitha kuipiraipira. Ku United States, New Orleans ndi mizinda yambiri yokopa alendo m'mbali mwa Gulf Coast idawonongedwa ndi mphepo yamkuntho yoopsa kwambiri padziko lapansi.
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Zochitika zanyengo izi ziyenera kukhala zodzutsa aliyense wogwira ntchito zokopa alendo. Chikhalidwe cha amayi chikuwonekeratu kuti kuyenda ndi zokopa alendo ndizovuta kwambiri. Ndi mafakitale omwe nthawi zambiri amadalira nyengo. 

Nthawi zambiri, chuma cha zokopa alendo ndi phindu zimakhala pachiwonetsero cha zochitika zachilengedwe. Mwachitsanzo, Central America ndi Caribbean nthawi zambiri amakhala pachiwopsezo cha mphepo yamkuntho. M'dera la Pacific, nyanja zamkuntho zazikuluzi zimayambitsa mikuntho, yomwe nthawi zambiri imatchedwa mphepo yamkuntho, imaphedwanso chimodzimodzi. M'magawo ena amawu, pali ma drafty ndi kusefukira kwamadzi, zivomezi ndi ma tsunami ndipo izi zomwe zimatchedwa masoka achilengedwe zitha kuwononga msika wazokopa alendo. Pambuyo tsoka lachilengedwe kwa ambiri mu ntchito zokopa alendo, kuchira kumakhala kocheperako ndipo mabizinesi akukumana ndi ziphuphu komanso anthu kutaya ntchito. Chifukwa cha mliri wa COVID-19 mabizinesi ambiri amalephera kuposa kale kuti achire mosavuta pakagwa tsoka lachilengedwe. Tsoka ilo, sitingathe kuwongolera nyengo kapena nyengo, koma ndibwino kukonzekera zivomezi, mikuntho yamkuntho / mphepo zamkuntho kapena moto wamnkhalango zisanachitike. 

Pofuna kukuthandizani kukonzekera ndikupatsani malingaliro otsatirawa.

-Konza mapulani masoka asanachitike. Kudikira mphepo yamkuntho itayamba yachedwa kwambiri kuyamba kuchitapo kanthu. Pangani dongosolo lisanachitike mwadzidzidzi. Dongosololi liyenera kukhala lokhala ndi mbali zingapo ndipo liyenera kuphatikizapo kusamalira omwe atha kupwetekedwa kapena kudwala panthawi yamavuto, kupeza malo ogona alendo, kudziwa omwe akukhala komanso osakhala m'mahotela, ndikupanga malo olumikizirana.

-Ganizirani dongosolo loyendetsera bizinesi ndi kutsatsa malonda asanagwe. Mukakhala pakati pa masoka achilengedwe mudzakhala otanganidwa kwambiri kuti mupange chitsime panthawi yochira. Khalani ndi nthawi yokonzekera zinthu zikakhala zosasokonekera ndipo mumakhala oleza mtima komanso nthawi yolankhulana ndi ena monga madipatimenti ozimitsa moto, madipatimenti apolisi, ogwira ntchito zaumoyo, komanso akatswiri oyang'anira zadzidzidzi. Dziwani mayina a anthuwa ndikuwonetsetsa kuti akudziwani. 

-Pangani mgwirizano pakati pa mabizinesi azinsinsi ndi mabungwe aboma. Tsoka lisanachitike, onetsetsani kuti mwadziwa mayina a akuluakulu aboma omwe mungafune kupita. Fotokozerani zomwe mukufuna kuchita ndi anthuwa kuti muthandizire mavutowo asanachitike.

-Osaiwala kuti masoka nthawi zambiri amakhala mwayi wamilandu. Onetsetsani kuti dipatimenti ya apolisi ndi gawo limodzi la mapulani achilengedwe, osati kokha malinga ndi momwe amathandizira pakukhazikitsa malamulo komanso pakuwona ubale wa anthu komanso kukonzanso chuma. Zomwe dipatimenti yanu ya apolisi imanena komanso momwe zimakhudzira alendo zingakhudze momwe mungapezeretsere komanso ntchito zokopa alendo kwanuko kwa zaka zikubwerazi.

-Konzani kulumikizana kwabwino pakati pa mabungwe oyamba kuyankha. Akatswiri ambiri okopa alendo amangoganiza kuti pali mgwirizano pakati pa mabungwe osiyanasiyana, maboma, zigawo kapena madera oyang'anira masoka. Nthawi zambiri sizikhala choncho. Kusagwirizana kwa Interagency kumawonetsa vuto lanu pakukopa alendo kapena mdera lanu. Mwachitsanzo, Kuphatikiza apo, mabungwe ambiri apolisi sanaphunzitsidwe zaukapolo wokonda zokopa alendo ndipo alibe lingaliro lamomwe angakwaniritsire zosowa zapadera za makampani okopa alendo panthawi yamavuto.

-Kukhazikitsa njira yolankhulira zambiri zazomwezi. Mwachitsanzo, pakagwa vuto ladzidzidzi, kodi mahotela angagwirizane polola kuti mayina a alendo amasulidwe? Ngati ndi choncho, ndimikhalidwe yotani? Kodi zolemba zaumoyo ziyenera kutulutsidwa liti ndipo udindo wamakampani azokopa alendo mdera lanu ndi chiyani pazokhudza zachinsinsi komanso zovuta zaumoyo wa anthu?

-Kukhazikitsa njira zachitetezo zachitetezo. Nthawi yamavuto, pangafunike zilolezo zamtundu uliwonse. Tsoka likachitika, ndichedwa kwambiri kuyamba kukonza zovuta zalamulo. Pangani mndandanda tsopano ndikupeza chilolezo chofunikira panthawi yazizolowezi. Momwemonso, pitani ndi anthu azaumoyo wanu kuti ndi mfundo ziti zomwe zingachitike ngati mfundo zoyendetsera ntchito ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa.

-Mdziko lamavutoli lomwe likuchulukirachulukira, ndikofunikira kuti mabungwe azokopa alendo azipanga mfundo zaumoyo wa anthu ndikudzilengeza. Pakakhala kusefukira kwa madzi, zivomezi kapena masoka ena achilengedwe mitundu ingapo yamavuto angabuke. Alendo atha kukhala kuti ataya mankhwala ndikulephera kupeza obwezeretsanso, anthu ena sangakonde mavuto ena azachipatala kuti akhale nawo pagulu. Alendo adzakhala ndi nkhawa zambiri kuposa akadakhala kuti ali kunyumba ndipo tikhoza kuyembekezera kuwona mavuto azachipatala omwe amayamba chifukwa chapanikizika.

-Dziwani kapena khalani ndi pulani ngati ntchito yanu yokopa alendo ikukhudza dera kapena madera ambiri. Pomwe zingatheke, pangani machitidwe ndi mgwirizano pakati pa mabungwe, mahotela, malo odyera, malo ogona mwadzidzidzi, ndi mabungwe ena othandizira omwe akudutsa mizinda, zigawo, zigawo kapena maboma.

-Onetsetsani kuti muli ndi telefoni yaulere kapena ntchito yolipira pa intaneti ndikulengeza komwe alendo angapite kukagwiritsa ntchito izi ngati kuzimitsa magetsi. Alendo adzafuna kuitana ndipo okondedwa awo adzawafuna. Mwamsanga momwe zingathere, pangani njira yolumikizirana yaulere. Alendo sadzaiŵala kuchereza kumeneku.

-Yambitsani mapulogalamu obwezeretsa nthawi yayitali nthawi yomweyo. Mapulogalamu anthawi yayitali akuyenera kupitilira kungogulitsa malowa kapena kupereka mitengo yotsika. Pulogalamuyi iyeneranso kuphatikizapo zinthu monga kugwira ntchito ndi akatswiri azaumoyo ndikupanga malo othandizira alendo omwe apulumuka. Mlendo akadzachoka m'derali, apitilizabe kuvutika ndi masoka achilengedwe. Pezani mayina, maimelo ndi ma nambala a foni ndipo onetsetsani kuti alendo anu alandila mafoni otsatira. Kuyimba uku sikuyenera kugulitsa kalikonse koma ingodziwitsani alendo kuti bungwe lanu limawasamalira.

Wolemba, Dr. Peter E. Tarlow, ndi Co-chair wa World Tourism Network natsogolera Ulendo Wotetezeka pulogalamu.

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Ponena za wolemba

Dr. Peter E. Tarlow

Dr. Peter E. Tarlow ndi wokamba nkhani wodziwika padziko lonse lapansi komanso katswiri wodziwa zaumbanda ndi uchigawenga pamakampani opanga zokopa alendo, zochitika pamayendedwe ndikuwongolera ngozi, komanso zokopa alendo ndi chitukuko chachuma. Kuyambira 1990, Tarlow wakhala akuthandiza anthu okopa alendo ndi zovuta monga kuyenda ndi chitetezo, chitukuko cha zachuma, kutsatsa kwanzeru, ndi malingaliro opanga.

Monga wolemba wodziwika pantchito zachitetezo cha zokopa alendo, Tarlow ndi wolemba nawo mabuku angapo okhudzana ndi chitetezo cha zokopa alendo, ndipo amasindikiza zolemba zambiri zamaphunziro ndi kugwiritsa ntchito pazokhudza chitetezo kuphatikiza zolemba zomwe zidafalitsidwa mu The Futurist, Journal of Travel Research ndi Management kasamalidwe. Zolemba zambiri za akatswiri ndi zamaphunziro a Tarlow zimaphatikizaponso zolemba pamitu monga: "zokopa zakuda", malingaliro achigawenga, komanso chitukuko cha zachuma kudzera pa zokopa alendo, zachipembedzo komanso zauchifwamba komanso zokopa alendo. Tarlow amalembanso ndikufalitsa nkhani yodziwika bwino yapaulendo yapaulendo ya Tourism Tidbits yowerengedwa ndi akatswiri zikwizikwi ndi maulendo apaulendo padziko lonse lapansi m'zinenero zawo za Chingerezi, Chisipanishi, ndi Chipwitikizi.

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