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Mbiri Yakale: Shelton Hotel New York Ikuwonetsa Njira Zamtsogolo

Mzinda wa Shelton

Ndi nyumba zazing'ono zochepa zomwe zidasangalatsidwa ngati 1924 Shelton Hotel ku Lexington Avenue ndi 49th Street, yomwe tsopano ndi New York Marriott East Side.

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  1. Otsutsawo adagwirizana kuti zojambulazo zokongola zazithunzithunzi 35 komanso mapangidwe ake achilengedwe zofananira ndi zomwe zikusonyeza tsogolo la nyumba yayitaliyi.
  2. Shelton idamangidwa ndi James T. Lee, wopanga mapulani omanga nyumba, amenenso anali ndi nyumba ziwiri zapamwamba: 998 Fifth Avenue ya 1912 ndi 740 Park Avenue ya 1930.
  3. Anali agogo a Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, obadwa a Jacqueline Lee Bouvier.

Masomphenya a Mr. Lee anali hotelo ya zipinda 1,200 yokhala ndi ziwonetsero zonga zamakalabu: dziwe losambira, makhothi a squash, zipinda zama biliyadi, solarium ndi malo ochezera. New York World mu 1923 idati Shelton ndiye nyumba yayitali kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Wopanga mapulaniwo, a Arthur Loomis Harmon, adakutira unyolowo ndi njerwa zosalongosoka zachikasu, zowotcha ngati zaka mazana ambiri, ndikujambula kuchokera ku Romanesque, Byzantine, Christian oyambirira, Lombard ndi mitundu ina. Koma otsutsa adachita chidwi kuti idakumbukira "palibe kalembedwe kapangidwe kakale," monga momwe Hugh Ferriss adanenera mu The Christian Science Monitor mu 1923.

Shelton inali imodzi mwazinyumba zoyamba kutenga mawonekedwe ake kuchokera ku lamulo lokhazikitsa magawidwe mu 1916 lomwe limafuna zolepheretsa pazitali zina kuti zitsimikizire kuwunika ndi mpweya mumsewu. Izi zidapangitsa kuti zikhale zosiyana kwambiri ndi mahotela ataliatali omwe adapangidwa kusanachitike kusintha, monga 1919 Hotel Pennsylvania, moyang'anizana ndi Pennsylvania Station.

"Nyumba yabwino, yopatsa chidwi," atero a Helen Bullitt Lowry ndi a William Carter Halbert m'buku la The New York Times mu 1924. Wotsutsa Lewis Mumford, mwamwambo wosakanikirana ndikutamanda, adaitcha kuti "yokoma, yoyenda, yopanda bata, ngati Zeppelin pansi pa thambo loyera ”m'magazini ya Commonweal mu 1926.

Zojambula zowonera zili ndi malire, komabe, mkati mwake a Mr. Chipinda chachitatu cha zipindacho chinali ndi malo osambira limodzi, omwe ayenera kuti anali ndi mavuto kumapeto kwa 1924, pomwe a Shelton adasinthiratu lamulo lawo lokha amuna. Nyumbayi inali yoyenda mozungulira dziwe la m'chipinda chapansi, lomwe linali lokongoletsedwa ndi matayala opangidwa ndi polychromed.

Kuyambira 1925 mpaka 1929, Georgia O'Keeffe amakhala pansi pa 30th ku Shelton Hotel ndi amuna awo, wojambula zithunzi Alfred Stieglitz. Kupatula kuthekera kwa Hotel Chelsea, ndizovuta kuganiza za ina New York City hotelo yomwe idakhudza kwambiri zaluso, makamaka hotelo yomwe mwina simunamvepo.

Pogwiritsa ntchito Lexington Avenue pakati pa Misewu ya 48 ndi 49, nyumba yosanja ya 31, chipinda cha 1,200 Shelton Hotel idatamandidwa ngati nyumba yayitali kwambiri padziko lapansi pomwe idatsegulidwa mu 1923. Sikuti inali yayitali chabe, inali malo osowa kwambiri - hotelo yokongola yokhalamo amuna okhala ndi bowling alley, matebulo a biliyadi, mabwalo a sikwashi, malo ometera komanso dziwe losambira.

Zomwe sizinakayikire konse ndizomangamanga zomangamanga. Chifukwa chokhala ndi miyala yamiyala iwiri yosalala komanso zopinga zitatu za njerwa zomwe zimakwera nsanja yapakati, Shelton idasweka. Otsutsa adaona kuti ndi nyumba yoyamba kukwaniritsa zofunikira zapa 1916 zomwe zidafunikira zopinga kuti osanja nyumba azikhala malo owonera.

Empire State Building ndi amodzi mwa nyumba zomwe a Shelton adachita. Chakumapeto kwa chaka cha 1977, katswiri wa zomangamanga ku New York Times, a Ada Louse Huxtable anati hoteloyo ndi "nyumba yachifumu yodziwika bwino ku New York."

O'Keeffe sakanakhoza kufunsa situdiyo yabwino kwambiri. Kuchokera pamalo ake okwera ndege, ankakonda kuwona mosadukiza, ndikuwona mbalame pamtsinjewo komanso mbewu zomwe zikukula m'mizinda. Monga Charles Demuth, Charles Sheeler ndi akatswiri ena a m'nthawi yake, O'Keeffe adachita chidwi ndi anthu ambiri okhala ndi zomangamanga monga chizindikiro chamakono amakono akumizinda, mfundo yayikulu ya Precisionism, Post-World War I. , mafakitale ndi nyumba zosanja zitalizitali.

Atakhazikika mu nsanja yake ya Shelton, O'Keeffe adapanga zojambula zosachepera 25 ndi zojambula zazitali ndi zomata m'mizinda. Mwa zina zomwe amadziwika bwino ndi "Radiator Building - Night, New York," chikondwerero chokongola kwambiri chazitali zazitali kwambiri - komanso nyumba yomangamanga yaku America yakuda ndi golide yomwe pano ikutchedwa Bryant Park Hotel.

A Arthur Loomis Harmon, omanga nyumba za Shelton, adapitiliza kuthandiza popanga Empire State Building. (Adapanganso Allerton House, hotelo yayikulu yapa 1916 ku New York).

Koma mbiri yotchuka ya Shelton idawombera m'mwamba atapita ku dziwe losambira pansi mu 1926 ndi wojambula Harry Houdini. Atasindikizidwa m'bokosi lopanda mpweya, ngati bokosi (ngakhale linali ndi telefoni ngati zingachitike mwadzidzidzi), Houdini adatsitsidwa mu dziwe momwe adayamira m'madzi kwa ola limodzi ndi theka. Adatulukira panthawi yake, atatopa koma wamoyo. "Aliyense akhoza kuchita izi," adauza The New York Times.

Ngakhale ili ndi mbiri yakale komanso kamangidwe kake, The Shelton, monga momwe ziliri ndi pafupifupi mahotela onse okalamba sanakondwere. Panali anthu 11 okha okhala nthawi zonse m'ma 1970. Mu 1978 idakhala Halloran ya malo omwe adalandidwa. Adalemba ganyu a Stephen B. Jacobs kuti akonzenso zamkati, ndikuchepetsa zipinda mpaka 650.

Pofika 2007 anali a Morgan Stanley omwe adapereka ntchito ku Marriott Company.

Zomangamanga ndi zomangamanga Superstructures ili ndi ntchito yayikulu yokonzanso kunja komwe kukuchitika. Richard Moses, womanga nyumbayo, akuti zomwe a Mr.

A Moses ananena kuti a Harmon adapangitsa makomawo kutsamira pang'ono, kuti alimbitse Shelton. Zotsatira zake, zomwe sizimveka bwino pamwamba, zimawonekera pansi.

Mkati mwamkati mwa hotelo ya 1924 mwatsika ndi zidutswa, monga holo ya masitepe kumanja kwa malo olandirira alendo. Mabwalo a sikwashi apita; m'malo mwawo muli chipinda chochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi pansi pa 35th chokhala ndi mawonekedwe owoneka bwino mozungulira. Hoteloyo yatcha zipinda pambuyo pa Arthur Loomis Harmon, Alfred Stieglitz ndi Georgia O'Keeffe.

Stanley Turkel adasankhidwa kukhala 2020 Historian of the Year ndi Historic Hotels of America, pulogalamu yovomerezeka ya National Trust for Historic Preservation, yomwe adatchulidwapo kale mu 2015 ndi 2014. Turkel ndiye mlangizi wodziwika bwino wamahotelo ku United States. Amagwiritsa ntchito malo ake owerengera kuhotelo ngati mboni waluso pamilandu yokhudzana ndi hotelo, amapereka kasamalidwe ka chuma ndi kuyankhulana kwa hotelo. Amadziwika kuti ndi Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus ndi Educational Institute of the American Hotel and Lodging Association. [imelo ndiotetezedwa] 917-628-8549

Buku lake latsopano "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" langotulutsidwa kumene.

Mabuku Enanso Omasindikizidwa:

• Ma Hoteli Akuluakulu aku America: Apainiya a Makampani Ogulitsa (2009)

• Kumangidwa Pomaliza: Mahotela Akale Zaka 100+ ku New York (2011)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Azaka 100+ Kum'mawa kwa Mississippi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar waku Waldorf (2014)

• Great American Hoteliers Voliyumu 2: Apainiya a Hotel Viwanda (2016)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Akale + Zaka 100+ Kumadzulo kwa Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Great American Hotel Architects Volume I (2019)

• Hotel Mavens: Voliyumu 3: Bob ndi Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Mabuku onsewa atha kuyitanitsidwa kuchokera ku AuthorHouse poyendera stanleystkel.com  ndikudina pamutu wabukuli.

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Ponena za wolemba

Stanley Turkel CMHS hotelo-online.com

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