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Zomwe muyenera kudziwa zokhudzana ndi kutumiza kwa tchuthi, kusokonezeka kwa magulidwe ndi tanthauzo la 2022

Written by Harry Johnson

Pomwe funde lachiwiri la Covid-19 likuwoneka kuti likuchepa, chiwopsezo cha mliri wapadziko lonse lapansi chikhala pafupifupi kulikonse m'moyo watsiku ndi tsiku. Zinthu zomwe ogula amagula, mwachitsanzo, ndizosakhazikika. Pokhala ndi mashelufu opanda kanthu kwa ogulitsa njerwa ndi matope ndi kuchedwetsa kutumiza kuchokera kwa ogulitsa pa intaneti, ogula amakumana ndi kukayikira zakupeza zinthu zomwe akufuna - makamaka mpaka nthawi yogula tchuthi. Mu Q&A yayifupi, Chris Craighead, pulofesa wa John H. "Red" Dove mu Supply Chain Management ndi University of Tennessee, Knoxville's Haslam College of Business komanso katswiri wazosokonekera pamakampani ogulitsa, posachedwapa adakambirana za nthawi ya tchuthi ndi nkhawa zotumiza ndi kutumiza. mavuto chain zambiri.

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Pomwe funde lachiwiri la Covid-19 likuwoneka kuti likuchepa, chiwopsezo cha mliri wapadziko lonse lapansi chikhala pafupifupi kulikonse m'moyo watsiku ndi tsiku. Zogulitsa zamakasitomala, mwachitsanzo, sizikhazikika. Pokhala ndi mashelufu opanda kanthu kwa ogulitsa njerwa ndi matope ndi kuchedwetsa kutumiza kuchokera kwa ogulitsa pa intaneti, ogula amakumana ndi kukayikira zakupeza zinthu zomwe akufuna - makamaka mpaka nthawi yogula tchuthi. Mwachidule Q&A, Chris Craighead, a John H. "Red" Nkhunda Pulofesa Wogulitsa Chakudya ndi University of Tennessee, Haslam College of Business ku Knoxville komanso katswiri wazovuta zamakampani, posachedwa adalankhula zakusowa kwa tchuthi kugula ndi kutumiza nkhawa komanso mavuto amakampani ambiri.

Q: US Postal Service ikuwonetsa kutumiza makalata oyambira kugulitsa ndi Disembala 15, makalata oyambira pa 17 Disembala, oyambira ku Disembala 18 ndi oyambira kutulutsidwa ndi Disembala 23. Komabe, malo ogulitsira aposachedwa akuti ogula ayenera kuyitanitsa ndi mwina tumizani mphatso isanafike Halowini kuti muwonetsetse kuti mwabweranso nthawi yatchuthi. Ngati malipotiwa ndi olondola, kodi iyi ndi vuto la supply chain?

A: Ngakhale sindikudziwa kafukufuku weniweniyu, ndimakhulupirira kuti ogula amayenera kupita chaka chino mosiyana ndi nyengo zam'mbuyomu zatchuthi. Ili ndi vuto lalikulu kwambiri la suppliers. Iyi ndi nkhani yamagetsi, chifukwa vuto lalikulu ndiloti kuthekera koperekera katundu / katundu kwachepa chifukwa cha zinthu zingapo, monga kusowa kwa ntchito ndi mayendedwe (mwachitsanzo, magalimoto, ma trailer). Kutha kwapang'onopang'ono kumeneku, kungayambitsenso kuyenda pang'onopang'ono kwa phukusi komanso kuchedwa komwe kungachitike.

Q: Kodi, ngati chilipo, ogula angachite chiyani kuti awonetsetse kuti zinthu zafika panthawi yake patchuthi chino?

A: Pali zinthu zitatu zomwe ogula angachite kuti athe kuthana ndi mavuto omwe angakhalepo.

Choyamba, yambani molawirira. Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, kuyamba koyambirira kugula / kutumiza kumatha kukhala kopindulitsa. Ngati ogula okwanira ayamba molawirira, izi zithandizira kupewa kukwera kwakukulu pakatundu kumapeto kwa Novembala ndi koyambirira kwa Disembala komwe kungakule mphamvu zochepera.

Chachiwiri, chotsani zowonjezera zowonjezera. Mwachitsanzo, ogula pa intaneti atha kukhala ndi makampani omwe amatumiza mwachindunji kwa abale ndi abwenzi m'malo mongodzitumizira okha kenako kutumiza kwa abale ndi abwenzi.

Pomaliza, sankhani njira zotumizira komanso makampani apaintaneti mwanzeru. Zosankha zonse zotumizira sizofanana pakudalirika komanso kuthamanga. Momwemonso, makampani onse alibe luso lofanana pakutumiza mwachangu komanso kodalirika pakugula pa intaneti. 

Q: Kodi palinso nkhawa zina zomwe ogula ayenera kudziwa panyengo yatchuthi?

A: Makampani ambiri akukumana ndi zovuta zakusowa kwamasheya komanso pang'onopang'ono kuposa kubwezeretsanso kwanthawi zonse. Chofunikira ndichakuti, nthawi zambiri, timafunikira kwambiri kuposa kupereka. Ogula akuyenera kuganizira zosachepera ziwiri zosintha panyengo yawo yatchuthi.

Choyamba, musawope, koma khalani olimbikira. Kusagwirizana pakati pa kupezeka ndi kufunika kungayambitse kupezeka komwe kungakhale kovuta pamene tikupita kumapeto kwa 2021.

Chachiwiri, yang'anani bajeti. Zolakwitsa zakukweza / kufunikira zimatha kuyambitsa (monga tikuchitira umboni kale) mitengo yokwera. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa chakuchepa kwa zinthu, ogulitsa sangakhale okonzeka kupereka kuchotsera kwakukulu. Tonsefe timakonda malonda koma kuwayembekezera kungakhale koopsa chaka chino.

Q: Ngakhale ogula atha kuimba mlandu mashelufu osavala m'sitoloyo makamaka chifukwa cha kusokonezeka kwa magulitsidwe, kodi zinthu monga kusowa kwa ntchito ndi kusowa kwa zopangira zomwe zikusewera pano?

A: Inde, koma kwenikweni zonsezi zitha kuwonedwa ngati zosokoneza zamagetsi kapena zochitika zomwe zimawayambitsa. Mwachitsanzo, ngati kampani yopanga zinthu ikukonzekera kutulutsa mayunitsi 10,000 a chinthu munthawi inayake, koma kusowa kwa ntchito kumabweretsa mphamvu zokwanira kupanga 5,000, dongosololi lasokonekera. 5,000 zomwe zikusowa zitha kubweretsa mashelufu opanda kanthu m'malo ena. Ndipo ichi ndi chitsanzo chimodzi chabe cha zinthu zambiri zomwe zingapangitse kuti pakhale kusowa kwa ma chain chain.   

Funso: Pomaliza, timamva kawirikawiri akatswiri akunena za "zatsopano" zomwe zimafotokozedwa m'maketoni. Komabe, pamene tikuyandikira kumapeto kwa chaka chachiwiri cha mliriwu, zokhumudwitsa za ogula zikuwoneka kuti zikuwonjezereka kuti zinthu zogulitsa sizikupezeka mosavuta. Kodi kusowa kwa mankhwala kwanthawi zonse kwatsopano?

A: Iya Nthawi zambiri, zinthu zimabwerera ku pre-Covid mikhalidwe. Pali zochepa kupatula izi, komabe. Ndikuganiza kuti tipitilizabe kuwona kuchepa kwapang'onopang'ono pomwe maunyolo operekera zinthu akubwereranso. Komanso, pali zovuta zina zomwe zingatenge nthawi yayitali kuti zithetse, monga kuchepa kwa oyendetsa magalimoto.

Pazowoneka bwino, ndikuganiza kuti padzakhala luso lazopanga za Covid lomwe lingapangitse ena kuti azikhala apamwamba kwambiri, zomwe zingabweretse phindu kwa ogula. Momwe izi zimachitikira, ogula amatha kukhala ndi "zabwinoko" zabwinobwino.    

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Ponena za wolemba

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson wakhala mkonzi wa ntchito ya eTurboNews pafupifupi zaka 20. Amakhala ku Honolulu, Hawaii, ndipo kwawo ndi ku Europe. Amasangalala kulemba ndikulemba nkhani.

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