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Mtendere Kudzera mu Ntchito Zokopa
Written by Max Haberstroh

Mtendere ndi woposa kusowa kwa nkhondo - palibe mtendere, palibe Tourism. N’zoona kuti m’nthawi ya nkhondo muli ngwazi zake zotchuka, pamene mtendere uli ndi ‘ankhondo ake osalankhula. Munthawi za COVID ndi anamwino, madotolo, akutsogolo ndi anthu ogwira ntchito. Ndi hotelo ya SME, malo odyera ndi malo ogulitsira, komanso ogwira ntchito omwe amapereka chithandizo chamankhwala ndi thanzi komanso momwe angathere ndi masks ndi kutalikirana - ndikudziwa kuti kutseka kwina kungagwetse bizinesi.

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  1. Pamene kusefukira kwa madzi kunabwera, kuwononga minda, nyumba, zomangamanga za anthu, ndi moyo wa anthu, odzipereka ochokera kufupi ndi kutali adathamangira kukathandiza kaamba ka zachifundo.
  2. Anthu anapereka ndi mtima wonse.
  3. M’madera owonongedwa ndi moto wolusa, ozimitsa moto olimba mtima, amene nthaŵi zambiri anali otsika mopanda chiyembekezo poyerekezera ndi mphamvu za mphepo yamkuntho, ankamenyana movutikira usana ndi usiku, mpaka atatopa kwambiri.

Mwadzidzidzi, kudzikuza, hedonism ndi malo otonthoza, mwinamwake amanyansidwa ngati zizindikiro za khalidwe loipa, anamva ngati akuthamangitsidwa, osapereka china chilichonse koma chikhumbo chokonda mnansi wanu. Caaclysms amapanga malamulo awoawo. Nthawi yamtendere yapeza ngwazi zake, ndipo panthawi yangozi ndi tsoka anthu amatha kuwonetsa mbali yawo - zitha kukhala zabwino kwambiri.

Ntchitoyo ndi yolimba, zolepheretsa ndi zenizeni, kukhala ndi chiyembekezo ndikofunikira, komabe. Zadzidzidzi zomwe zimachitika nthawi yomweyo zimayamba kuyambitsa - komanso mwachangu - thandizo, pomwe zochitika zomwe zimangofa pang'onopang'ono sizikuzindikira kuti anthu angachitepo kanthu mwachangu. Katundu, zomwe zimapezedwa pang'onopang'ono, zitenga nthawi kuti zibale zipatso, pomwe mwayi wapawokha kuti akatswiri 'awale' akudikirira.

Kaŵirikaŵiri, kulimba mtima panthaŵi yamtendere ndiponso nthaŵi zina zosadziŵika bwino sikungakhale kochititsa chidwi kwenikweni, koma n’kosafunika kwenikweni (“heroic pacifism mosakayikira n’njotheka kuganiziridwa,” akutero. Albert Einstein). Mtendere suli wochita sewero; mtendere ndi zotsatira za ntchito zathu. Mosafunikira kunena kuti izi zimapereka zovuta zenizeni kwa oyang'anira Travel & Tourism ngati akatswiri olankhulana kuti achitepo kanthu!

Monga apaulendo, timalipira ndalama patchuthi chathu. Zimenezi zikutanthauza kuti timayamikira kusangalala ndi maholide athu kuposa ndalama zimene tinalipira. Tiyenera kudziwa za mwayi wokhala alendo otilandira. Khalidwe la chikhalidwe cha anthu ndilofunika kwambiri kuti mukhale ndi moyo. Kumbali ina, ngati ife - monga ochereza - tikuwona kuti kuchereza komwe timapereka kwa alendo athu kumawopseza kutha kukhala mtundu wankhanza wolandidwa ndi alendo, ndiye kuti kudzidalira kwathu kwa anthu kumaphwanyidwa kwambiri. Kupanga kuphwanya ndi kusagwirizana ndi njira ina yowonongera chilengedwe.

'Diso' lathu lachidziwitso cha chilengedwe ndi chifundo chaumunthu liyenera kukongoletsedwa, kuti tidziwe zomwe zili zabwino kwa chilengedwe chathu (chakunja) ndi chamaganizo (mkati) 'chozungulira.' Pamakhala mtendere wokha, ngati wozika mizu m’kati mwathu monga anthu, amene amagawana malingaliro aulemu wina ndi mnzake. Travel & Tourism imapereka gawo lapadziko lonse lapansi pazabwino - kapena zoyipa - machitidwe. Munthu wina ananenapo kuti, zili ngati diso limene silingathe kudziona lokha. Ikhoza kuphunzira kuzindikiritsa chilengedwe chake, mofanana ndi luso la wojambula zithunzi.

Tikayang'ana zomwe Tourism ikunena kuti imalimbikitsa kumvetsetsa kwapadziko lonse lapansi, titha kupeza kuti: Zoyipa kwambiri ndi zabodza (monga ulendo wophatikiza zonse!), Ubwino wake ndi malingaliro ongolakalaka. Imadyetsa nthano yomwe amagawana nawo kuti tsankho lidzatha, ndikuyambitsa chiyembekezo chomwe timagawana ndi ife tokha, apaulendo, kuti izi sizingachitike, ndipo titha kupirira malingaliro athu okhazikika. M'malo mokumana ndi anthu am'deralo, timakumana ndi anzathu. Zolinga zokhuza kumvetsetsa kwapadziko lonse lapansi ndizochepa: Ngakhale mumalowa nawo malo okaona malo, kusangalala ndi luso lazakudya za wolandirayo kapena kuyang'ana m'malo ogula zinthu zokongola, anthu ambiri ocheza nawo patchuthi amakhala apa ndi apo ndipo amangochitika mwachisawawa. Amazimiririka pakapita nthawi, monga momwe anthu amachitira nthawi zina.

Maonekedwe akunja a 'Tourism Unlimited' atulukira chifukwa chakuti zizindikiro zomwe kale zinali zodziwika bwino zasokonekera kapena kutheratu. Malo opita kutchuthi omwe ankaganiziridwa kuti ndi apadera akuperekedwa tsopano m'kalozera kapena tsamba lililonse.

Malo ena adasintha kwambiri, mwachitsanzo Baden-Baden: Kale amadziwika kuti 'likulu la chilimwe la ku Europe,' komwe olemera ndi okongola anali kupanga zawo 'Vanity Fair,' mzindawu masiku ano ndi malo otsitsimula komanso osangalatsa. ubwino ngakhale kwa makasitomala pa zaubwino. - Kapena sankhani ku Madeira, komwe kuli zipatala zodziwika bwino m'nyengo yofatsa, anthu apamwamba padziko lapansi adachira: Masiku ano pachilumbachi ndi malo oyendera alendo komanso oyendera.

Chofunika kwambiri, ndi nkhani ya Venice: Wodziwika ngati UN World Heritage, Venice yalandidwa mpaka posachedwapa ndi alendo akanthawi kochepa ochokera m'sitima zapamadzi zazikulu zomwe zikuwopseza chikhalidwe cha mzindawu komanso bata la anthu akumaloko. Anthu am'deralo awona kuwukira kwamtunduwu ngati kuwukira - ku mzinda wawo komanso moyo wawo wamagulu.

Mmene zinthu zilili kwinanso zikufanana ndi zimenezi: Angkor, womwe kale unali mzinda wolemekezeka wa kachisi wa Ahindu ndi Chibuda wa mafumu a Khmer, unayamba kuwola kuyambira m’zaka za m’ma 15 kupita m’tsogolo ndipo unaiwalika. Zimakhulupirira kuti kusintha kwa nyengo (!)

Pokhapokha m'zaka za zana la 19 ofufuza a ku France adapeza mabwinja ndikubweretsa Angkor masana. Pambuyo pa nkhondo ya Vietnam, gulu lachikomyunizimu la Khmer Rouges linawagonjetsa. Masiku ano, a Khmer Rouges apita, ndipo "khamu la anyani ndi alendo" (Christopher Clark, wolemba mbiri wa ku Australia) adagonjetsanso mabwinja ochititsa chidwi a kachisi wa Angkor Vat ndi Angkor Thom.

M'nkhani ya 'Expansion du tourisme,' Mayi Anita Pleumaon a m'gulu la Tourism Investigation & Monitoring Team (tim-tim) akufotokoza mwachidule kuti: "Makhalidwe amakono, operekedwa kwa anthu aku Asia omwe akutukuka mofulumira, akuwoneka kuti ayambitsa zotsatira zowononga kwambiri ndi malingaliro osokonezeka, kusakhazikika, kusakhazikika komanso kusakhazikika. Njira yamalonda ndi kugwirizanitsa anthu ndi kufalitsidwa kwakukulu kwa malingaliro atsopano, zithunzi ndi zidziwitso zinasiya malo ochepa ku miyambo, chikhalidwe, makhalidwe a banja ndi dera. " Kodi njira yathu yofikira ikumanga lupanga lakuthwa konsekonse popeza malingaliro ake ndi njira zake zimatsata machitidwe akumadzulo? Kodi pali kufanana pakati pa zoyesayesa zathu zokakamiza za 'kumanga kopita' ndi lingaliro la pambuyo pa Cold-War la 'kumanga dziko'?

Umboni wankhanza kwambiri wa kusagwirizana kwa demokalase yakumadzulo ndi kumanga dziko zitha kuwonetsedwa ku Afghanistan. Afghanistan, m'zaka za m'ma 1960 ndi 70s malo osangalatsa opitako komanso kumwamba kwa otsika kuchokera ku Ulaya, anali atakonzekera bwino malo ogonjetsera maulamuliro awiri amphamvu padziko lonse: asilikali a Soviet mu 1989 ndi asilikali a NATO otsogoleredwa ndi US mu August 2021. Soviets, Afghanistan inali masewera amphamvu, chifukwa US ndi NATO inali likulu la zigawenga zapadziko lonse komanso kubisala kwa Osama Bin Laden, wachigawenga wamkulu wa 9/11.

Cholinga cha kulowererapo kwa asitikali a US-NATO chinali kugwetsa boma la Taliban panthawiyo ndikugwira Bin Laden. Ntchito ziwirizi zidakwaniritsidwa, koma vuto lalikulu kwambiri lidakopa mgwirizano waku Western kuti "akhalebe kwakanthawi," kuti aphatikize Afghanistan ngati demokalase yaku Western. Cholinga ichi chinalephera mochititsa manyazi, asilikali a Taliban adabwerera ndikukakamiza US ndi NATO kuti achoke ku Afghanistan harum scarum - ndi anthu ambiri omwe anafa, ovulala kapena okhumudwa, mabiliyoni ambiri a madola adawonongedwa, ndipo kukayikira kwakukulu kunatsala. Amafika pachimake pa funso lachikhalire koma losayankhidwa: Chifukwa chiyani?

Zikumbutso zomvetsa chisoni za Nkhondo ya Vietnam zayambiranso. Zithunzi za kuthawa kochititsa chidwi kwa ma helikopita kuchokera padenga la Saigon ku 1975 zidajambulidwa mu 2021, ku zithunzi zakuthambo kuchokera ku Kabul Airport, zodzaza ndi anthu osimidwa, ena a iwo akukakamira pansi pa ndegeyo ndikugwa ...

Ndani ali ndi mlandu? Ndani amatenga udindo? Nanga bwanji za maphunziro?

Ali ndi udindo ndi onse omwe sakanatha kumvetsa kapena kukana kuvomereza maphunziro omwe anayenera kuphunzira kale: choyamba, machitidwe a chikhalidwe cha anthu ndi chikhalidwe cha anthu sizingasinthidwe kwa ena mokakamiza - palibe kulikonse komanso ku Afghanistan; chachiwiri, ntchito ya asilikali ndi kuchita nkhondo, osati kumanga masukulu, zipatala, ndi kukumba zitsime; Chachitatu, ntchito zonse zankhondo ndi zachitukuko zimafunikira masomphenya okhazikika komanso okhazikika panthawi yake, kapena cholinga chomwe chiyenera kupangidwa chifukwa cha aliyense - osati kungofuna kutsata njira zomwe zili ndi mapeto otseguka komanso zonyenga zambiri; Kupitilira apo, maubale olumikizana pakati pa anthu osankhika am'deralo ndi anzawo akunja ali ndi chizolowezi chopititsa patsogolo tsankho ndi ziphuphu. Mtundu woterewu wa 'maubwenzi owopsa' udzabweretsa mikangano kapena nkhondo ndikuyambitsa chipwirikiti pamapeto pake.

Nthawi zambiri, pambuyo pa kudzipereka kwausilikali kwanthawi yayitali koma kwanthawi yayitali, chisankho chabwino kwambiri cha abwenzi akunja chikuwoneka kuti chikuchoka pazochitikazo - ndikuthawirako kobwerezabwereza kochititsa manyazi, m'malo monyamuka mwadongosolo, komabe tsopano ndikuyembekeza ndi phunziro lalikulu lomwe mwaphunzira: kusunga. kuchokera kumayiko ena, makamaka pamene kusiyana kwa chikhalidwe ndi chikhalidwe kumakhala kovuta kwambiri kuti tipewe. Mlembi wachingelezi-chi Dutch Ian Buruma akunena za 'msampha wa atsamunda' mphamvu zazikulu zomwe zimakonda kugweramo, kale komanso pano.

Kodi ndizosawerengeka kuti tigwiritsenso ntchito malingaliro a 'atsamunda atsamunda' ku mabungwe othandizira chitukuko? Thandizo lachitukuko chotsutsa limayang'ana kwambiri mawonekedwe osatha a mapulojekiti ambiri aukadaulo, okhala ndi zolinga zapamwamba koma zotulukapo zochepa zowoneka. Ndizowona kuti akatswiri akunja angachite zopindulitsa osati kokha ngati othandizira ndi ophunzitsa, komanso ngati amkhalapakati odalirika pakati pa magulu omwe akupikisana nawo. Kukula kwa zokopa alendo m'magawo ake osiyanasiyana ndizovuta. Tsoka ilo, chiyeso chiri chenicheni chakuti munthu aloŵerera mopambanitsa m’zochitika za m’dziko lokhalamo, ndipo kuchoka kwa katswiri kungawone m’maganizo chabe kuti iye wakhala mbali ya vutolo, m’malo mwa njira yake yothetsera vutolo.

Nthawi zambiri zimayamikiridwa kwambiri kutchula mawu momveka bwino koma potengera malingaliro odabwitsa a etymological kufanana kwa 'Tourism' ndi 'uchigawenga,' kunyoza kumatha kukhala koopsa: zokopa alendo zimakonda ufulu, uchigawenga umafuna chidani. Tourism, m'mawu ake oyipa kwambiri, imatha kupha chikhalidwe chakumaloko pang'onopang'ono, pomwe uchigawenga umapha nthawi yomweyo, molunjika komanso mwachisawawa, popanda chifundo, komabe Tourism ngati m'modzi mwa omwe adazunzidwa.

Ulendo sungathe kuphuka, kumene uchigawenga ukuchitika, Tourism imafuna mtendere. Kodi tinganene bwanji kuti Travel & Tourism imathandizira kuti pakhale mtendere? Kodi pali wina amene adamvapo za gawo lalikulu lomwe bungwe la Tourism, molumikizana ndi ena, lachitapo, poyesa kusunga, kunena kuti, Afghanistan ndi dziko lamtendere komanso lololera komanso malo oyendera alendo, momwe zimakhalira m'zaka za m'ma XNUMX?

Pafupifupi zaka makumi awiri nkhondo itatha, Vietnam yakhala malo okongola oyenda, ngakhale ndi ulamuliro wachikomyunizimu m'malo a capitalist (!), komanso ubale wabwino ndi US ndi dziko lapansi. Kukambitsirana pazandale, kulumikizana kwamakampani abizinesi, komanso ulendo wodziwika bwino wa Purezidenti Clinton mu 2000 zidapangitsa kuti ubale wawo ndi boma ndi bizinesi ukhale wabwinobwino. Travel & Tourism ikutsatiranso izi, komabe njira zam'mbuyomu zomwe zikadawonetsa kudzipereka kwa UNWTO kapena WTTC ndizovuta kukumbukira.

Kodi tingatenge Vietnam ngati pulani yolimba mtima ya 'kukhazikika' kwa ubale ndi Afghanistan Emirate? Kodi tingayembekezere zokopa alendo za mapiri ku Hindu Kush kachiwiri cha m'ma 2040 - ndi Asilamu a Taliban ngati otsogolera ochezeka?

Wopenga mokwanira, wina angaganize, akugwedeza mutu - kwa zaka makumi awiri pambuyo pa nkhondo ya Vietnam, Samuel P. Huntington adafalitsa blockbuster yake yandale 'The Clash of Civilizations.' Lingaliro la Huntington loti nkhondo zamtsogolo sizingachitike pakati pa mayiko koma zikhalidwe, zomwe zimadzetsa zokambirana - ndikuyambiranso kwa 'Dialogue Among Civilizations,' mfundo yotsutsa yomwe wafilosofi wa ku Austria Hans Köchler adateteza mu 1972, m'kalata yopita ku UNESCO. anasiyidwa moiwalika.

Kodi zomwe zikuchitika pano sizingalungamitse kusokoneza kodzipereka kwa Travel & Tourism, ndi mabungwe ake apamwamba UNWTO ndi WTTC, kuti athandizire kukonzanso zokambirana pakati pa 'chitukuko,' kudzera m'ma TV ndi ma digito, mowonekera komanso mwamphamvu, m'malo mwa lingaliro lopanga " Mtendere kudzera mu Tourism - ngakhale osati kokha”?

Uthengawu umafuna kuphatikizidwa kwa mabwenzi omwe ali ndi malingaliro ofanana mkati ndi kunja kwa Travel & Tourism, kuti agwirizane pamalingaliro ndi zochita. Itha kudzozedwa ndi malingaliro a Louis D'Amore omwe adalengezedwa mwachidwi ndikutetezedwa ngati woyambitsa komanso Purezidenti wakale wa '.International Institute for Peace kudzera pa Tourism.

Chabwino, kulola maloto kukhala mwayi wa omwe ali ndi chiyembekezo komanso kuseketsa chida cha opanda mphamvu - amphamvu adzakhala ndi zovuta zawo: Ngakhale Russian Bear yachira ku "Afghanistan" ndikudzikonzanso, Mphungu ya US ndi transatlantic. mbalame za hummingbird zidakali zotanganidwa ndi kunyambita mabala awo kuchokera ku ntchito yawo yomwe inalephera. Chinjoka cha ku China sichingathe koma kuchita manyazi chifukwa cha manyazi omwe amapikisana nawo padziko lonse lapansi. Zikuoneka kuti dziko likuyenda kuchokera ku Cold War nthawi yomweyo kupita ku Cold Peace. Izi zikutanthawuza zambiri kuposa kungolimbana ndi zida, komabe zokwanira kuyika pachiwopsezo cha kusintha kwa ndale 'kotentha', mwina osati pachikhalidwe cha Huntington, komabe pafupifupi kugawika kwakale, komwe kumadziwika kuti West-East. Ndizovuta kunyalanyaza lingaliro loti khungu la ndale likhoza kuyambitsa "zitsanzo, zoyambira kubwerera kwa zochitika - koma makamaka," monga wafilosofi Leibniz adanena. Ndi kugwa kotani nanga kwa luso la ndale kuyambira pamene Iron Curtain inazimiririka!

Palinso lingaliro lina lodabwitsa la machitidwe awa: “Pamene Munthu aloŵa m’dziko monga wachifwamba, dziko lidzamkakamiza kukhalabe ndi moyo monga wachifwamba. Uku ndiko kuyankha kwa dziko, tinganene kuti, kubwezera kwake,” akutero Ludwig Fusshoeller mu 'Die Dämonen kehren wieder' ('Kubweranso kwa Daemons'). Alendo omwe amaonedwa ngati olowa, adzachitiridwa nkhanza, kaya ndi alendo oyendayenda, ochita malonda - kapena asilikali akunja! Kodi tinganene chiyani? 'Bye-bye kulandira chikhalidwe' sikungakhale kokwanira.

Mu sewero lodziwika bwino la Goethe, cholinga chenicheni cha Faust chimatsimikiziridwa ndi kupambana kwake pa chilengedwe. Komabe, monga momwe amasangalalira kuti wakwaniritsa ntchito yake yodzitukumula, wataya ndalama zake ndi Mephisto ndikuchonderera kuti: “Ndiyeno, mpaka pano ndingayerekeze kunena kuti: 'Khalani pang'ono! Ndiwe wokongola kwambiri!'”

Tikayang'ana dziko lathu lapansi lero, timazindikira za 'dziko la Faustian' kuti labwerera mobisa, pomwe kukongola kwavalanso zowoneka bwino zakale komanso chikhumbo chosatha cha omwe adalandira komanso alendo, chophatikizidwa ndi temberero lowopsa la mliri - "Kukhala kanthawi ..."

Wolemba, Max Haberstroh, ndi membala woyambitsa World Tourism Network (WTN).

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