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Ndalama Ziwiri Zokongola Kwambiri Padziko Lonse Zimagwirizanitsa Mbiri ndi Tsogolo mu Mtendere

Ndalama Zokongola za ku Italy

Bungwe la Editorial Project Group mogwirizana ndi Poligraphic Institute la Zecca dello Stato ku Rome (Italian State Mint) linayambitsa uthenga wabwino kwambiri kudzera mu luso la ndalama.

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  1. Mu 2017 ku Berlin, ndalama za "Zaka 70 Zamtendere ku Europe" zopangidwa ndi Italy State Mint zidaperekedwa ngati ndalama yokongola kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.
  2. Kudali kuzindikira kwa luso la ku Italy komanso luso lazojambula zokongola komanso kusindikiza bwino komanso kutsiriza.
  3. Chifukwa chake, Progetto Editoriale ndiyonyadira kupereka chojambula chapadera.

Kujambulaku kumachokera koyambirira kwa dipatimenti yamkati yojambula zojambula za Istituto Poligrafico e Mint dello Stato yopangidwa m'mabuku owerengeka komanso ovomerezeka, kuti apereke umboni wonse ndi kufalitsa ku chochitika chachikulu cha mbiri yakale chomwe sichinachitikepo m'mbuyomu. Old Continent.

Kukongola, kudabwa, mbiri, mtendere, luso, chikhalidwe - izi ndi zinthu zomwe zimagwirizanitsa pamsonkhano wowonetsera ku Mint Museum ku Rome za mendulo ziwiri zofunika kwambiri zomwe zinabadwa kuchokera ku mgwirizano pakati pa Progetto Editoriale Publishing House ndi State Mint.

Oyankhula pamwambowu anali Mkonzi wa Project Editor, Francesco Malvasi; Eng. Matteo Taglienti, Mtsogoleri wa Mint ndi zopangira zojambulajambula ku Dipatimenti ya Integrated Solutions Development ya Poligrafico; Ing. Antonio Cascelli, Mtsogoleri wa State Mint plant kudzera mwa Gino Capponi; ndi Franco Salvatori, Purezidenti Wolemekezeka wa Italy Geographic Society.

Malowa ndi malo apadera komanso apadera, otsegulidwa kwa anthu pazochitika zapadera pazochitika zofunika. Museum of the Mint of Rome, yomwe idabadwa koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la khumi ndi zisanu ndi zinayi monga nduna ya Numismatic ya kukhazikitsidwa kwa ndalama za apapa ndikuperekedwa ku Ufumu wa Italy mu 1870, ili ndi chuma chenicheni: ndalama, mendulo, ma cones, nkhonya, zitsanzo za sera, ndi ndalama zonse zomwe zangotulutsidwa kumene ndi mendulo.

Osati zokhazo, makina akale opangira zitsulo ndi kupanga ndalama ndi mendulo, mapepala a pantograph a m'zaka za zana la khumi ndi zisanu ndi zinayi, ndi zipangizo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'madipatimenti osiyanasiyana a Mint ya ku Italy yomwe inamangidwa pa phiri la Esquiline (chigawo cha Roma) mu 1911 zikhoza kuwonedwa pano.

Kukongola, Mtendere

Kuchokera ku "ndalama yokongola kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi" kupita ku mendulo yoperekedwa ku Mtendere ku Europe, njira idapangidwa mu 2015, pomwe ndalama ya 10 euro yoperekedwa kumutu wamtendere idabadwa kuchokera ku luso la kulenga la Maria Carmela Colaneri, wojambula. Sukulu ya Mendulo ya IPZS (State Mint Polygraphic Institute) pankhondo yomaliza ku Europe. Mu 2017, ndalamazo zidaperekedwa kuti ndizokongola kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, zopambana pakati pa malingaliro a 40 mints yamitundu ina, ndipo mu 2019, ukuluwo kudatsimikiziridwanso ku St.

Pakalipano, ndalama za 10 euro sizipezeka, ndipo mtengo wake wamsika ukuwonjezeka nthawi zonse. Mu 2020, chaka chodabwitsa cha mliriwu, Progetto Editoriale adaganiza zogwirizana ndi IPZS kuti atsindike kufunikira kwa mtendere, chitetezo, komanso kukhalirana pamodzi mwa kutanthauziranso ndalama za "zaka 70 zamtendere ku Europe".

Kujambula bwino kwa Silvia Petrassi kwabala mendulo yatsopano yokhala ndi zoyimira ndi zizindikilo zomwezo, ndi cholinga cholimbikitsa nthawi yowunikira komanso kuzindikira munjira yovuta kwambiri yapadziko lonse lapansi yokhala ndi mafunso ambiri amtsogolo.

Zodabwitsa

Ndi munthu wa mbiri iti, ngati si uja wa Frederick II wa ku Swabia, yemwe angatsanzire bwino kwambiri mfundo zamtendere? Mfumu ya Ufumu Woyera wa Roma, Mfumu ya Sicily ndi mbali yaikulu ya kummwera kwa Italy, kwenikweni anali wotsogola wotukuka komanso wowona patali, wandale wochenjera komanso wanzeru, wokonda kwambiri zolemba ndi zaluso, kotero kuti adadziwika kuti Stupor Mundi.

Dzina lomweli linaperekedwa kwa Mendulo ngati ndalama, yopangidwa ndi Remo Carboni ndikupangidwa ndi Mint ya ku Italy, yomwe yaperekedwa pamodzi ndi Mendulo ya Mtendere.

Wojambulayo adakoka kudzoza kwake mwachindunji kuchokera ku Augustal, ndalama yakale yagolide yomwe idaperekedwa mu 1231 ndikuperekedwa kwa Frederick II. Zosokoneza zinali ndi mbiri ya Mfumu monga mmene Kaisara anavekedwa chisoti chachifumu, pamene kumbuyo kwake kunali chiwombankhanga chachiroma cholembedwa kuti FRIDERICVS.

M'kumasuliranso kwamakono, chithunzithunzi chomwe chawonetsedwa pachithunzichi chasinthidwa ndi chidindo chodziwika bwino cha mbiri yakale cha mfumu, sichinabwerezedwe motere, pomwe kumbuyo kwake kudapangidwanso mogometsa ngati choyambirira.

History

Kuwonetsedwa kwa mendulo ziwirizi, chifukwa chake, kumayimira ulendo wodutsa mbiri yakale ya Italy ndi Europe, mokulitsidwa ndi nkhani yamtengo wapatali yoperekedwa ndi Mint Museum, malo omwe amatsimikizira miyambo yakale ya Italy State Mint, yomwe lero yakhala yaukadaulo. ndi mtundu wa avant-garde pomwe nthawi zonse amasunga mzimu wake waluso komanso waluso.

"Potengera zomwe zachitika posachedwa ku Middle East, Northeast Asia, Africa, ndi Afghanistan, gulu lathu laganiza zopanga mendulo yokhudzana ndi mtendere ndi zikhalidwe zomwe zimayambitsa izi," adatero Francesco Malvasi, Mtsogoleri wa Progetto Editoriale. “Tinachigwirizanitsa ndi kupangidwa kwa ndalama zongoyerekezera, Stupor Mundi, kachipangizo kakang’ono kakang’ono kochititsa chidwi kwambiri. Kudzipereka kofunikira kwambiri kumeneku kumayimira thandizo lathu lenileni kwa omwe angadziwike, tikuyembekeza, monga malangizo a ku Ulaya amphamvu, olandirira, ogwirizana, ogwirizana, ndi ochirikiza, omwe amawafotokozera ndi kuyerekezera mayiko onse ndi anthu padziko lapansi. "

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Ponena za wolemba

Mario Masciullo - eTN Italy

Mario ndi msirikali wakale pamsika wamaulendo.
Zomwe adakumana nazo zimafalikira padziko lonse lapansi kuyambira 1960 pomwe ali ndi zaka 21 adayamba kuyendera Japan, Hong Kong, ndi Thailand.
Mario wawona World Tourism ikukula mpaka pano ndikuwona
Kuwonongeka kwa mizu / umboni wam'mbuyomu wamayiko ambiri mokomera ukadaulo / kupita patsogolo.
Pazaka 20 zapitazi zoyendera za Mario zakhazikika ku South East Asia ndipo mochedwa kuphatikizanso Indian Sub Continent.

Chimodzi mwazomwe Mario adakumana nazo ndikuphatikizapo zochitika zingapo mu Civil Aviation
munda unamaliza atakonza kik kuchokera ku Malaysia Singapore Airlines ku Italy ngati Institutor ndikupitiliza kwa zaka 16 ngati Wogulitsa / Kutsatsa Italy ku Singapore Airlines atagawanika maboma awiriwa mu Okutobala 1972.

Chilolezo chovomerezeka cha Mario wolemba nkhani ndi a "National Order of Journalists Rome, Italy ku 1977.

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