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China Ikutsogola ndi Chuma Chobiriwira Padziko Lonse

Written by mkonzi

Kumayambiriro kwa Okutobala, bungwe la International Monetary Fund, mu World Economic Outlook, lidachepetsa chiwopsezo chake chakukula kwapadziko lonse lapansi mu 2021 kufika pa 5.9 peresenti ndikuchenjeza za kusatsimikizika kwakukulu pakuyambiranso kwachuma.

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Potsutsana ndi izi, atsogoleri a mayiko akuluakulu a zachuma 20 padziko lonse adasonkhana ku Rome ku Italy Loweruka kuyesera kuti agwiritsenso ntchito nsanja ya mayiko ambiri - monga momwe adachitira pamene adachita misonkhano iwiri pachaka pambuyo pa kusokonezeka kwachuma kwa 2008.

China, yomwe ndi injini yofunika kwambiri yokulitsa chuma cha padziko lonse, idawunikira mgwirizano, kuphatikizidwa ndi chitukuko chobiriwira pa Msonkhano wa 16 wa Atsogoleri a Gulu la 20 (G20).

Mgwirizano polimbana ndi mliri

Pomwe COVID-19 ikuwonongabe dziko lapansi, mgwirizano wa katemera wapadziko lonse lapansi udayikidwa patsogolo ndi Purezidenti waku China Xi Jinping pomwe amalankhula kudzera pavidiyo pagawo loyamba la msonkhano.

Adapereka lingaliro la mfundo zisanu ndi imodzi za Global Vaccine Cooperation Action Initiative zomwe zimayang'ana kwambiri pa mgwirizano wa katemera wa R&D, kugawa katemera mwachilungamo, kuchotsera ufulu wachidziwitso pa katemera wa COVID-19, kugulitsana bwino kwa katemera, kuvomerezana kwa katemera komanso kuthandizira pazachuma pa mgwirizano wapadziko lonse wa katemera. .

Kusafanana pakugawa katemera ndikodziwika, pomwe mayiko omwe amapeza ndalama zochepa amalandira ndalama zosakwana 0.5 peresenti ya chiwonkhetso chapadziko lonse lapansi ndipo ochepera 5 peresenti ya anthu aku Africa ali ndi katemera wokwanira, malinga ndi World Health Organisation (WHO).

Bungwe la WHO lakhazikitsa zolinga ziwiri zothana ndi mliriwu: kupereka katemera pafupifupi 40 peresenti ya anthu padziko lonse lapansi pofika kumapeto kwa chaka chino ndikuwonjezera 70 peresenti pofika pakati pa 2022.

"China ndiyokonzeka kugwira ntchito ndi maphwando onse kuti awonjezere kupezeka ndi kukwanitsa kwa katemera m'maiko omwe akutukuka kumene ndikuchitapo kanthu pomanga njira yodzitetezera padziko lonse lapansi," adatero Xi.

China yapereka Mlingo wopitilira 1.6 biliyoni wa katemera kumayiko opitilira 100 ndi mabungwe apadziko lonse lapansi mpaka pano. Ponseponse, China ipereka Mlingo wopitilira 2 biliyoni padziko lonse lapansi chaka chonse, adawonjezeranso, ndikuzindikira kuti China ikupanga katemera wophatikizana ndi mayiko 16.

Kumanga chuma chotseguka padziko lonse lapansi

Polimbikitsa kusintha kwachuma, pulezidenti adatsindika kuti G20 iyenera kuika patsogolo chitukuko mu mgwirizano wa ndondomeko zazikulu, ndikuyitanitsa kuti chitukuko cha dziko lonse chikhale chofanana, chogwira ntchito komanso chophatikizana kuti atsimikizire kuti palibe dziko lomwe lidzasiyidwe.

"Mabungwe azachuma akuyenera kukwaniritsa malonjezo awo okhudza thandizo lachitukuko ndikupereka zothandizira mayiko omwe akutukuka kumene," adatero Xi.

Analandiranso kutenga nawo mbali kwa mayiko ambiri mu Global Development Initiative.

Posachedwapa, adapereka lingaliro la Global Development Initiative ku United Nations ndipo adapempha mayiko kuti alimbikitse mgwirizano m'malo ochepetsa umphawi, chitetezo cha chakudya, mayankho a COVID-19 ndi katemera, ndalama zachitukuko, kusintha kwanyengo ndi chitukuko chobiriwira, chitukuko cha mafakitale, chuma cha digito ndi kulumikizana.

Ntchitoyi ikugwirizana kwambiri ndi cholinga cha G20 komanso chofunikira kwambiri pakulimbikitsa chitukuko chapadziko lonse lapansi, Xi adatero.

Kutsatira chitukuko chobiriwira

Pakalipano, kuthana ndi kusintha kwa nyengo kuli kwakukulu pazochitika zapadziko lonse monga gawo la 26 la Msonkhano wa Maphwando (COP26) ku Msonkhano wa UN Framework Convention on Climate Change udzatsegulidwa Lamlungu ku Glasgow, Scotland.

M'menemo, Xi analimbikitsa mayiko otukuka kuti apereke chitsanzo pa kuchepetsa mpweya, ponena kuti mayiko akuyenera kulandira mokwanira mavuto apadera ndi nkhawa za mayiko omwe akutukuka kumene, kukwaniritsa zomwe alonjeza popereka ndalama zothandizira nyengo, komanso kupereka luso lamakono, kulimbikitsa mphamvu ndi zina zothandizira. mayiko omwe akutukuka kumene.

"Izi ndizofunikira kwambiri kuti COP26 ikwaniritse bwino," adatero.

Xi, nthawi zambiri, adawunikira malingaliro a China paulamuliro wanyengo padziko lonse lapansi ndikuwonetsa kuthandizira kolimba kwa China pa Pangano la Paris, kuthandizira kupita patsogolo kwakukulu padziko lonse lapansi.

Mu 2015, Xi adakamba nkhani yayikulu pamsonkhano wapadziko lonse wa Paris wokhudza kusintha kwanyengo, zomwe zidathandizira mbiri yomaliza ya Pangano la Paris pazanyengo padziko lonse lapansi pambuyo pa 2020.

Kumayambiriro kwa mwezi uno, adatsindika za kuyesetsa kukwaniritsa zolinga za dziko la China komanso kusalowerera ndale polankhula ndi atsogoleri a msonkhano wa 15 wa Conference of Parties to Convention on Biological Diversity.

Msonkhano wa G20 chaka chino unachitika pa intaneti komanso osagwiritsa ntchito intaneti pansi pa Utsogoleri wa Italy, kuyang'ana kwambiri zovuta zapadziko lonse lapansi, zokhudzana ndi mliri wa COVID-19, kusintha kwanyengo ndi kukonzanso kwachuma zomwe zili patsogolo.

Gulu la G1999 lopangidwa mu 20, lomwe lili ndi mayiko 19 kuphatikiza European Union, ndiye bwalo lalikulu la mgwirizano wamayiko pazachuma ndi zachuma.

Gululi limatenga pafupifupi magawo awiri mwa atatu a anthu padziko lapansi, kupitilira 80 peresenti ya Gross Domestic Product ndi 75 peresenti ya malonda apadziko lonse lapansi.

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mkonzi

Mkonzi wamkulu ndi Linda Hohnholz.

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