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Wachiwiri kwa Wachiwiri kwa US Kamala Harris ku NASA pa Urgent Climate Work

Written by mkonzi

Kufulumira kwa maphunziro a sayansi ya Earth ndi nyengo kudawonekera lero, Lachisanu pomwe Wachiwiri kwa Purezidenti Kamala Harris adayendera NASA ya Goddard Space Flight Center ku Greenbelt, Maryland. Wachiwiri kwa purezidenti adawonera yekha momwe pulogalamu yadziko lapansi imaphunzirira kusintha kwanyengo ndikupereka chidziwitso chofunikira kuti timvetsetse kusintha kwa dziko lathu komanso momwe zimakhudzira miyoyo yathu.

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Paulendowu, Woyang'anira NASA a Bill Nelson adavumbulutsa zithunzi zoyamba kuchokera ku Landsat 9, ntchito yolumikizana ya NASA ndi US Geological Survey (USGS) yomwe idakhazikitsidwa kumapeto kwa Seputembala. Zithunzizi zikuwonetsa Detroit ndi Nyanja yoyandikana nayo ya St. Clair, yomwe ikusintha m'mphepete mwa nyanja ya Florida, ndi madera a Navajo Country ku Arizona. Adzawonjezera kuchuluka kwa deta yomwe ingatithandize kuyang'anira thanzi la mbewu ndi madzi omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'thirira, kusamalira zachilengedwe zofunikira, ndikuwona zotsatira za kusintha kwa nyengo.

Zithunzi zatsopano, zonse zomwe zidapezedwa pa Oct. 31, zimaperekanso chidziwitso chokhudza kusintha kwa malo a Himalaya ndi Australia, ndikuwonjezera zolemba zosayerekezeka za Landsat zomwe zimatenga pafupifupi zaka 50 zakuwonera dziko lapansi.

"Ndimakhulupiriradi kuti zochitika zakuthambo ndizochita zanyengo. Ntchito zapamlengalenga ndi maphunziro. Ntchito zapamlengalenga ndikukulanso kwachuma. Komanso ndi luso ndi kudzoza. Ndipo zikukhudza chitetezo chathu ndi mphamvu zathu, "wachiwiri kwa purezidenti adatero. “Pankhani ya zochita zathu zakuthambo, pali kuthekera kopanda malire. … Kotero, pamene tikuchoka pano, tiyeni tipitirize kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi wa danga.”

Harris ndi Nelson adakambirananso za chilengezo cha NASA cha Earth Venture Mission-3 (EVM-3) yatsopano. Investigation of Convective Updrafts (INCUS) iphunzira momwe mphepo yamkuntho ndi mabingu amakulirakulira, zomwe zingathandize kukonza nyengo ndi nyengo.

"Akatswiri athu a NASA lero adatipatsa chithunzithunzi cha njira zambiri zomwe tikufunikira kuti timvetsetse bwino dziko lathu lapansi, kuchokera ku chilala ndi kutentha m'mizinda, kunyanja zathu ndi malo ambiri omwe titha kuwona akusintha kuchokera kumwamba," adatero Nelson. "Bungwe la Biden-Harris likudzipereka kuti lipite patsogolo pavuto lanyengo kuti lipindulitse m'badwo wotsatira, ndipo NASA ili pamtima pa ntchitoyi."

NASA, pamodzi ndi National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) ndi USGS, ndi ena mwa mabungwe omwe amapanga kafukufuku wa nyengo ndikupereka chidziwitso cha nyengo chofunikira kwa mabungwe ndi mabungwe padziko lonse lapansi. Zochitika zanyengo ndi nyengo - kuphatikizapo chilala, kusefukira kwa madzi, ndi moto wolusa - zikukhala zochitika nthawi zonse. Kuzindikira kochokera mumlengalenga kumatithandiza kuphunzira dziko lapansi monga dongosolo logwirizana kuti timvetsetse zochitikazi ndi kupindulitsa anthu kumene amakhala.

Wachiwiri kwa purezidenti adakumana ndi asayansi ndi mainjiniya kuti akambirane momwe ntchito za NASA za Earth science mission zimathandizira kuthana ndi zovuta zanyengo zomwe dziko lathu likukumana nalo.

Zochita zasayansi zapadziko lonse za NASA zikuphatikiza ma satelayiti omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mogwirizana ndi mabungwe ena. Izi zikuphatikiza NOAA ndi USGS, omwe analinso ndi oyimira kuti akumane ndi Harris.

"Tsopano m'zaka zake zachisanu ndi chimodzi, mgwirizano wa NOAA-NASA umayika luso lapamwamba kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi kuti likhale ndi luso lotha kuyang'anira ndi kulosera za nyengo ndi nyengo ya Dziko lapansi," anatero NOAA Administrator Rick Spinrad, Ph.D. "Magulu a NOAA ndi akatswiri a NASA omwe ali ku NASA Goddard akupititsa patsogolo ma satellites amtundu wina wadziko lathu, otchedwa GOES-R, omwe amatulutsa zidziwitso zolosera zolondola komanso zapanthawi yake zomwe zimapulumutsa miyoyo ndikuthandizira anthu kusintha kusintha kwa nyengo."

"Zithunzi zowoneka bwino za Landsat 9 ndi zomwe zapezeka zasayansi zithandizira Zamkatimu kuwongolera bwino malo ndi chuma cha dziko lathu, kusunga chikhalidwe chathu, kulemekeza udindo wathu wodalirika ndi Amwenye Achimereka ndi anthu amtundu wawo, ndikuthana ndi vuto lanyengo," atero a Tanya Trujillo, dipatimenti. wa mlembi wothandizira wa Interior wa Water and Science. "Tsiku lililonse, malo osungira zakale a Landsat azaka pafupifupi 50 omwe amayang'aniridwa ndikugawidwa mwaufulu ndi USGS akupereka zidziwitso zatsopano ndikuthandizira zisankho kwa akuluakulu aboma, aphunzitsi, ndi mabizinesi kuti amvetsetse bwino ndikuwongolera momwe tikusintha."

Paulendo wake, Harris adagwiritsa ntchito mkono wa robotiki womwe ukuyesedwa kuti akwaniritse ntchito yamtsogolo ya satellite ya Landsat 7. Setilaitiyi pakadali pano ikuphunzira Earth ngati gawo la zombo za Landsat.

Harris adayenderanso ntchito ya Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE), yomwe ikuphatikiza chida chomwe chikumangidwa ku Goddard pakukhazikitsa 2022. PACE idzapititsa patsogolo luso lowunika thanzi la m'nyanja poyesa kugawa kwa phytoplankton - zomera zing'onozing'ono ndi algae zomwe zimasunga chakudya cha m'nyanja. Pulogalamu ya GOES-R, yomwe satellite yake ya GOES-T ikuyembekezeka kukhazikitsidwa ku NOAA mu February 2022 kuti ikonze zolosera zanyengo, idawonetsedwanso. 

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mkonzi

Mkonzi wamkulu ndi Linda Hohnholz.

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