Kuswa Nkhani Zapadziko Lonse Nkhani Zasinthidwa

Kumene 90 peresenti ya kuwononga nkhalango padziko lonse kumachokera

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Ulimi umakhalabe woyendetsa nkhalango m'madera onse kupatula ku Europe, komwe chitukuko cha m'matauni ndi zomangamanga chimakhala ndi zotsatira zambiri, kafukufukuyu akutero. Kutembenuzidwa kukhala malo olima ndikokulirakulira kwa nkhalango ku Africa ndi Asia, ndipo nkhalango yoposa 75 peresenti ya nkhalangoyi inasokonekera n’kukhala minda yolima. Ku South America, pafupifupi magawo atatu mwa anayi alionse akuwononga nkhalango chifukwa cha udzu wa ziweto. 

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  • Kukula kwaulimi kumayendetsa pafupifupi 90 peresenti ya kudula mitengo mwachisawawa padziko lonse lapansi - kukhudzidwa kwakukulu kuposa momwe amaganizira kale, bungwe la Food and Agriculture Organisation la United Nations (FAO) linanena potulutsa zoyamba za Global Remote Sensing Survey lero. 
  • Kudula nkhalango ndiko kutembenuza nkhalango kukhala ntchito zina za nthaka, monga ulimi ndi zomangamanga. Padziko lonse lapansi, oposa theka la nkhalango zimawonongeka chifukwa cha kusandutsa nkhalango kukhala malo olimapo mbewu, pamene msipu wa ziweto ndiwo umayambitsa pafupifupi 40 peresenti ya nkhalango, malinga ndi kafukufuku watsopanoyu. 
  • Deta yatsopanoyi ikutsimikiziranso kuchepa kwa kugwetsa nkhalango padziko lonse pamene ikuchenjeza kuti nkhalango zamvula, makamaka, zili pampanipani chifukwa cha kukula kwaulimi. 

"Malinga ndi kafukufuku waposachedwa wa FAO wa Global Forest Resources Assessment, tataya mahekitala 420 miliyoni a nkhalango kuyambira 1990," adatero Mtsogoleri-General wa FAO QU Dongyu lero polankhula kokonzekera msonkhano wa 26 wa UN Climate Change of the Parties' (COP26) wapamwamba. zokambirana za mutu wakuti “Upscaling Actions to Turn the Tide on Deforestation” pomwe FAO idapereka zomwe zapezedwa. Pachifukwa ichi, adatsindika kuti kuchulukitsa kwazakudya zaulimi kuti akwaniritse zofuna zatsopano za chiwerengero cha anthu omwe akuchulukirachulukira komanso kuthetsa kudulidwa kwa nkhalango si zolinga zosiyana. 

Kutembenuza mafunde pa kudula mitengo ndi kukulitsa kupita patsogolo komwe kwapambana kutsogoloku ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti tibwerere bwino komanso kubiriwira ku mliri wa COVID-19, Qu anawonjezera. 

Kuti tipambane pantchito yotere, tifunika kudziwa komwe kugwetsa nkhalango ndi kuwonongeka kwa nkhalango kumachitika komanso komwe kukufunika kuchitapo kanthu, Director-General adati, pozindikira kuti izi zitha kutheka kokha mwa kuphatikiza luso lamakono laukadaulo ndi ukatswiri wakumaloko. . Kafukufuku watsopano amakhala chitsanzo chabwino cha njira yotereyi. 

Kuchulukitsa kwazakudya zaulimi kuti zikwaniritse zosowa zatsopano za anthu omwe akuchulukirachulukira komanso kuletsa kudula mitengo si zolinga ziwiri. Mayiko oposa 20 omwe akutukuka kumene asonyeza kale kuti n’zotheka kutero. Zowonadi, zidziwitso zaposachedwa zimatsimikizira kuti kudula mitengo mwachipambano kwachepetsedwa ku South America ndi Asia

Nkhalango za m’madera otentha zili pangozi 

Malinga ndi zidziwitso zatsopano, mu 2000-2018, kuwonongeka kwakukulu kwamitengo kunachitika m'malo otentha. Ngakhale kuti kudula mitengo kwachepa pang’onopang’ono ku South America ndi ku Asia, nkhalango za m’madera otentha m’madera amenewa zikupitirizabe kuwononga nkhalango zambiri. 

Madalaivala owononga nkhalango amasiyana m'madera onse padziko lapansi 

Kafukufuku wotsogozedwa ndi FAO adachitika pogwiritsa ntchito ma data a satellite ndi zida zomwe zidapangidwa mogwirizana ndi NASA ndi Google, komanso mogwirizana ndi akatswiri opitilira 800 ochokera kumayiko pafupifupi 130. 

The High-level Dialogue inasonkhanitsa pamodzi atsogoleri ndi akuluakulu a mabungwe omwe ali mamembala a Collaborative Partnership on Forests kuti apititse patsogolo zochitika za nyengo za nkhalango pansi pa UN Secretary-General initiative on Turning the Tide on Deforestation. Chochitikacho chidzakhalanso chothandizira kwambiri ku Stockholm + 50 Summit, gawo la 17 la United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF17) ndi kuwunika mozama kwa SDG15 (Moyo pamtunda) ndi High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) mu 2022. 

Ntchito ya FAO yothetsa kudula mitengo 

Poganizira za mgwirizano wambiri pakati pa nkhalango, ulimi ndi chitetezo cha chakudya, ndondomeko yatsopano ya FAO idzatsogolera zoyesayesa zosintha njira zaulimi kuti zikhale zogwira mtima, zophatikizana, zokhazikika komanso zokhazikika. 

Pamodzi ndi bungwe la UN Development Programme (UNDP) ndi UN Environment Programme (UNEP), FAO ikuthandiza mayiko oposa 60 kukhazikitsa njira zochepetsera mpweya wochokera kunkhalango ndi kuwonongeka kwa nkhalango kudzera mu UN-REDD. 

FAO ikutsogolelanso zaka khumi za Kubwezeretsedwa kwa Ecosystem ndi UNEP, mwayi wofunikira wofulumizitsa malingaliro atsopano kukhala zochita zolakalaka. 

Kuphatikiza apo, msonkhano waposachedwa wa UN Food Systems Summit udapanga mgwirizano pakati pa mayiko opanga ndi ogula, makampani ndi mabungwe apadziko lonse lapansi kuti aletse kuwononga nkhalango komanso kuwononga chilengedwe posintha malo kuti apange zinthu zaulimi. 

The Collaborative Partnership on Forests, motsogozedwa ndi FAO, kugwirizanitsa mabungwe 15 apadziko lonse lapansi, akupanga njira yolumikizirana yosinthira mafunde pa kudula mitengo kuti ifulumizitse kuchitapo kanthu ndikukulitsa zotsatirapo zake.

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Ponena za wolemba

Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.

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