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Kusankhidwa kwa Masewera a UNWTO: Kodi zigwira ntchito bwanji?

Momwe UNWTO ikuwonongera mayitanidwe aliwonse a United Nations kuti achite zisankho mwachilungamo?

Tsiku latsopano la World Tourism! Tsiku latsopano la UNWTO! Tsiku latsopano la Tourism ku Costa Rica! Dziko la zokopa alendo likukonzekera kusintha masewera ndi Costa Rica akutsogolera zisankho zomwe zikubwera ku UNWTO General Assembly ku Madrid.

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  • Today The Hon. Gustav Segura Costa Sancho, Minister of Tourism ku Costa Rica adatulutsa khosi lake popempha voti yachinsinsi kuti atsimikizirenso Mlembi Wamkulu wa UNWTO pa Msonkhano Waukulu wa UNWTO womwe ukubwera pa Disembala 3, 2021.
  • Pempholi lidzachotsa chitsimikiziro cha SG ndi kuvomereza. Kusunthaku ndi koyamba m'mbiri ya UNWTO, komanso kusintha kwamasewera.
  • Kodi chingachitike ndi chiyani ngati Mlembi Wamkulu wa Zurab Pololikashvili sadzalandira mavoti a 2/3 kuti atsimikizidwe nthawi ina? Ndondomeko yeniyeni yafotokozedwa m'nkhaniyi - ndipo ndiyosavuta!

Modabwitsa lero, The Hon. Gustav Segura Costa Sancho, nduna ya Tourism ku Costa Rica adamupangitsa iye ndi dziko lake kukhala woyendetsa pa World Tourism.

Hon. Gustavo Segura Sancho, Minister of Tourism Costa Rica

On behalf of his government, he officially demanded a secret ballot vote to endorse the recommendation by the Executive Council to confirm UNWTO Secretary-General for another term. This vote will take place on December 3, 2021 at the upcoming UNWTO General Assembly in Madrid.

Atumiki ambiri ankayembekezera kuti kusamukaku kudzachitika, koma palibe amene analimba mtima kutulutsa khosi lake kapena kugwidwa mawu.

In showing true leadership and a commitment to world tourism, The Hon. Gustav Segura Costa Sancho today did what many were hoping would happen, but no one wanted to initiate.

Poganizira zavuto la COVID-19 lomwe likupitilira kupangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kuti mayiko ambiri atumize nduna yawo ya zokopa alendo kapena nthumwi ku Madrid, kulimba mtima kumeneku kwa Costa Rica mwachiyembekezo kulimbikitsa ena kuti atsatire.

Kutengapo mbali kwabwino kumafunikira osati pa quorum yokha, komanso kutsimikizira chisankho chachilungamo ndi chokwanira ndi mamembala a UNWTO. Poganizira zokopa alendo zikuyenda pamavuto ovuta kwambiri, utsogoleri wabwino komanso wamphamvu udzapindulitsa dziko lililonse, chuma chake, ntchito ndi mfundo zake.

Kuyenera kudziŵika, kuti Costa Rica akufunsa, kuti kusankhidwa kwa Secretary-General kwa nthawi ya 2022-2025 iyenera kuchitidwa ndi voti yachinsinsi ya mamembala onse omwe alipo komanso ogwira ntchito monga momwe zafotokozedwera m'machitidwe. Pempholi lidzakwaniritsidwa lamulo lomwe limagwirizana pakati pa States / UNWTO, a Costa Rica adanena m'kalata yake yopita ku Secretariat ya UNWTO pa November 15.

Chenjezo: Kuvotera Kwachinsinsi sikutanthauza "Kuvotera Kwamagetsi."

eTurboNews adalandira chenjezo lero kuchokera kwa membala wamkati komanso wamkati wa UNWTO wodziwa zambiri. Adauza eTN..

Kuopsa pakati pa voti yachikhalidwe yamapepala ndi voti yamagetsi!

Mtsutso waukulu wa Mlembi Wamkulu ndikuti zikhale zosavuta kuti mamembala avote pa Msonkhano Wachigawo pogwiritsa ntchito makina ovotera pakompyuta.

Chochititsa chidwi n'chakuti, Mlembi Wamkulu wamakono akupanganso zomwezo Agenda item 16. This item suggest a change in the rules of procedure for the General Assembly (A/24/16)

Zifukwa zomwe Mlembi Wamkulu wamakono angakonde njirayi ndizodziwikiratu:

Mavoti ndi owerengera sangathe kusinthidwa chifukwa ndondomekoyi imawerengedwa kuyambira A mpaka Z.

Voti yamagetsi siyingawunikidwe.

Electronic votes may easily be manipulated by the Secretariat, as they control the gears of the e-voting system. Such a vote may also not ensure the confidentiality of the vote. It may put pressure on those countries that may have given oral reassurances, but wanted to take a different path.

What exactly will happen if Secretary General Zurab Pololikashvili was not confirmed on December 3?

  1. Ngati Msonkhano Waukulu sunatsatire malingaliro opangidwa ndi Executive Council paudindo wa Mlembi Wamkulu wa bungwe.
  2. GA idzalangiza Executive Council kuti pa gawo lake la 115 lomwe lidzachitike ku Madrid, Spain, Disembala 3, 2021, atsegule njira yatsopano yosankha Mlembi Wamkulu wa bungwe.
  3. Amalangiza Bungwe la Executive Council kuti zisankho zotere zimakhala ndi nthawi yochepera miyezi itatu ndi miyezi isanu ndi umodzi, kuyambira tsiku lotsegulira chisankho.
  4. Amalangiza Purezidenti wa Executive Council ndi Mlembi Wamkulu wa bungwe kuti ayitanitsa 116th Executive Council ndi extraordinary Assembly General Assembly, mu May 2022, pamalo ndi tsiku lomwe lidzafotokozedwe.
  5. Mayina ngati Ad Interim Secretary General, Mr. Zhu Shanzhong, Executive Director, omwe azichita izi mogwirizana ndi Purezidenti wa Executive Council, kuyambira Januware 1, 2022.

Ndondomeko

Ndondomeko ndi kalendala pakusankhidwa kwa Mlembi Wamkulu wa bungwe mu nthawi ya 2022-2025

  • December 3, 2021: Kuvomereza ndondomeko ya chisankho ndi ndondomeko ya nthawi pa gawo la 115 la Executive Council ku Madrid, Spain. 
  • December 2021: Kulengeza ntchito kudzatumizidwa patsamba la UNWTO ndikuti verbale iyenera kutumizidwa kwa Mamembala onse osonyeza nthawi yomaliza yolandirira mapulogalamu. 
  • 11 March 2022 (tsiku liyenera kutsimikiziridwa): Tsiku lomaliza la kulandira zopempha, mwachitsanzo, miyezi iwiri isanakhazikitsidwe gawo la 116th la Executive Council ku Madrid, Spain, pa 11 May 2022 (tsiku liyenera kutsimikiziridwa). 
  • Pakutsegulidwa kovomerezeka kwa osankhidwawo, ofuna kusankhidwa amadziwitsidwa za kutsimikizika kwa voti yawo.
  • 11 April 2022 (tsiku liyenera kutsimikiziridwa): Zindikirani mawu oti aperekedwe kulengeza omwe adalandira (tsiku lomaliza la kufalitsa osankhidwa ndi masiku a kalendala a 30 asanatsegule gawo la 116th Executive Council).
  • 11-12 Meyi 2022 (masiku kuti atsimikizidwe): Kusankhidwa kwa wosankhidwa ndi Executive Council pamsonkhano wawo wa 116 womwe udzachitike ku Madrid, Spain, likulu la bungwe la Organisation. 
  • 13 May 2022: Kusankhidwa kwa Mlembi Wamkulu kwa nthawi ya 2022-2025 pamsonkhano wodabwitsa wa Msonkhano Wonse womwe udzachitike ku Madrid, Spain. 
chizindikiro cha logo

Malamulo, Njira ndi Smallprint:

Tiye General Assembly:

Njira Yachisankho ya Mlembi Wamkulu wa UNWTO:

Kusankhidwa kwa Mlembi Wamkulu wa UNWTO kuli ndi magawo awiri:

  1. Njira yachisankho mu Komiti Yaikulu pomwe, polandira ofuna kusankhidwa, Executive Council imavota kuti AKUYAMBIRA ku General Assembly woimira.
  2. Wosankhidwayo amavomerezedwa (kapena ayi) ndi General Assembly.

Ndime 22 ya Malamulo a UNWTO imatsimikizira momveka bwino kuti chisankho cha Mlembi Wamkulu chiyenera kutengedwa ndi magawo awiri mwa atatu a mamembala ogwira ntchito komanso omwe alipo:

Pa nthawi yomweyi, Ndime 38, ndime 2, dash e) ya Malamulo a Msonkhano Waukulu, ikunena kuti chisankho cha Mlembi Wamkulu chidzatengedwa ndi ambiri mwa magawo awiri mwa atatu a mamembala omwe alipo komanso ogwira ntchito.

Pambuyo pake, ndime 43 ya Malamulo a Msonkhano Waukulu ikunena momveka bwino kuti chisankho chiyenera kuchitidwa ndi voti yachinsinsi.

Chakhala chizoloŵezi chosankha Mlembi Wamkulu mwa kuvomereza, koma izi sizinakhazikitsidwe m'malamulo apano, ndi mwambo.

Ngati State membala imodzi yokha ifunsa kuti chisankho chichitidwe mwachinsinsi, ndikokwanira kusiya kuvomereza ndikupita patsogolo ndi voti yachinsinsi ndi mamembala onse omwe alipo komanso ogwira mtima.

Kuti asankhidwe kapena kusankhidwanso, wosankhidwa ndi Executive Council, akuyenera kufikira 2/3 ya mamembala onse omwe alipo komanso ochita kuvota.

Ngati palibe kusankhidwanso kwa Mlembi Wamkulu, Msonkhano Waukulu udzatenga mgwirizano mu ndondomeko 9 ya chisankho cha Mlembi Wamkulu, pamene ikulangiza Executive Council kuti atsegule njira yatsopano yosankha Mlembi Wamkulu wa UNWTO.

Ndondomeko ndi kalendala pakusankhidwa kwa Mlembi Wamkulu wa bungwe mu nthawi ya 2022-2025

Background    

  1. Ndime 22 ya Malamulo a UNWTO imati:

"Mlembi Wamkulu adzasankhidwa ndi magawo awiri mwa atatu a mamembala athunthu omwe akupezeka ndikuvota mumsonkhano, malinga ndi malingaliro a Bungwe, kwa zaka zinayi. Kusankhidwa kwake kudzakhala kosinthidwa. "

  • Nthawi yokhala paudindo wa Secretary-General wapano imatha pa 31 Disembala 2021. Chifukwa chake ndiyenera ku General Assembly kusankha Mlembi Wamkulu kwa nthawi ya 2022-2025 pa msonkhano wodabwitsa womwe uyenera kuchitika komanso tsiku lomwe lidzakhale. idakhazikitsidwa mu 2022.
  • Chifukwa chake, molingana ndi Ndime 22 ya Malamulo komanso ndi Rule 29 ya Malamulo a Kayendetsedwe ka Executive Council, Executive Council idzafunika pa gawo lake la 116 (11-12 May 2022)masiku oti atsimikizidwe)) kupangira munthu wosankhidwa ku Msonkhano Waukulu. Chikalatachi chimapereka ndondomeko ndi ndondomeko ya chisankho chotere.
  • Pazolinga za kusankhidwa uku, akufunsidwa kuti mchitidwe wokhazikitsidwa utsatidwe ndipo, makamaka, kuti malamulo ovomerezedwa ndi Bungwe posankha wosankhidwa paudindo wa Secretary-General pa gawo lake la makumi awiri ndi atatu mu May 1984 (chigamulo 17 (XXIII)), chowonjezeredwa ndi omwe adavomerezedwa pa gawo lawo la makumi atatu ndi anayi mu November 1988 (chigamulo 19 (XXXIV)), komanso pa gawo la makumi anayi ndi anayi mu November 1992 (chigamulo 19 (XLIV)) kuwonedwa
  • Malamulo omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa, omwe akhala akugwiritsiridwa ntchito nthawi zonse kuti asankhidwe paudindo wa Mlembi Wamkulu kuyambira 1992, amapereka kuti:

                  “(a) nzika zokha za Mayiko a Mamembala a WTO ndi omwe angakhale ofuna;

 "(b) ofuna kusankhidwa adzasankhidwa ku Council, kudzera mu Secretariat, ndi maboma a mayiko omwe ndi nzika zake, ndipo malingalirowa ayenera adalandira pasanathe (tsiku liyenera kutsimikiziridwa[1]), chizindikiro chosonyeza umboni wake;

 “(c) Kuvota kudzachitidwa mwachinsinsi motsatira Mfundo Zotsogola pa Kayendetsedwe ka Chisanko mwa Kuvotera mwachinsinsi zotsatiridwa ndi Malamulo a Kayendetsedwe ka Msonkhano Waukulu;

                     “(d) voti idzagamulidwa molingana ndi Ndime 30 ya Malamulo ndi Chigamulo 28 cha Malamulo a Kayendetsedwe ka Khonsolo, mwaunyinji wosavuta, wofotokozedwa ngati XNUMX peresenti kuphatikiza limodzi mwa mavoti ovomerezeka;

 “(e) Kusankhidwa kwa munthu mmodzi wosankhidwa ndi Khonsolo kudzachitidwa motsatira lamulo la 29 la Malamulo a Kayendetsedwe ka Bungwe, pamsonkhano wachinsinsi, womwe gawo lake lidzakhala msonkhano woletsa, motere:

   (i) Kukambitsirana kwa ofuna kusankhidwa kudzachitidwa pamsonkhano wachinsinsi woletsa pomwe nthumwi ndi omasulira okha ndi omwe azidzapezeka; sipadzakhala zolembedwa kapena tepi zojambulira pazokambirana;

                                                                 (ii) pa nthawi ya mavoti ogwira ntchito ya Secretariat yofunikira kuti athandize kuvota adzavomerezedwa;

 "(f) Bungwe la Executive Council lisankha kusavomereza munthu yemwe wasankhidwa ndi boma la membala wa dzikolo kuti abweze ngongole popanda chifukwa (ndime 12 ya Malamulo a Zachuma ophatikizidwa ndi Malamulo);

                  (g) Khonsolo idzasankha munthu m'modzi yekha amene angavomereze ku Nyumba Yamalamulo."

  • Kuphatikiza apo, njira yomwe idakhazikitsidwa polandila mayina omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito kuyambira 1992 imapereka izi pokhudzana ndi kufotokozera mayina:

“Aliyense Kusankhidwa kuyenera kutsagana ndi curriculum vitae ndi chikalata cha ndondomeko ndi zolinga za kasamalidwe, kufotokoza maganizo a wosankhidwayo pa m'mene angagwirire ntchito za Mlembi Wamkulu. Izi zidzalembedwa ngati chikalata cha Council ndikudziwitsidwa kwa Mamembala ake mkati mwanthawi yomwe yakhazikitsidwa.

"Pofuna kuti pakhale kufanana pakati pa omwe adasankhidwa ndikuwonetsetsa kuti zolemba zawo ziwerengeka, akuti curricula vitae ingokhala, kunena, masamba awiri ndi ziganizo za ndondomeko ndi kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe kake pamasamba asanu ndi limodzi. Kusankhidwa kudzaperekedwa motsatira zilembo mu chikalata cha Council. "

  • Kuyambira 1992, nthawi yoikidwiratu yolandila anthu (omwe boma lofananira limathandizira, curricula vitae ndipo ziganizo za cholinga ziyenera kuphatikizidwa) zakhazikitsidwa miyezi iwiri isanayambe msonkhano umene Executive Council ikuyenera kusankha wosankhidwa. Chifukwa chake Secretariat imadziwitsa Mamembala onse polemba kuti walandira kusankhidwa kulikonse.
  • Kuyambira 1997, omwe adasankhidwa kukhala Mlembi Wamkulu apereka ndemanga pakamwa za omwe akufuna komanso zolinga zawo panthawi yosankha bungwe la Council. Otchedwa mu zilembo za Chisipanishi za mayina awo, osankhidwawo amapatsidwa nthawi yofanana kuti afotokoze zomwe sizitsatiridwa ndi zokambirana.
  • Mogwirizana ndi lamulo la 29(3) la Malamulo a Kayendesedwe ka Utsogoleri Waukulu, uphungu ku Msonkhano wa Wosankhidwa kuti asankhidwa kukhala Mlembi Wamkulu: “zidzapangidwa ndi unyinji wa Mamembala a Khonsolo omwe alipo ndikuvota2. Ngati palibe munthu amene walandira unyinji pa voti yoyamba, voti yachiwiri ndipo ngati n’koyenera kuvota kotsatira kudzachitidwa kuti asankhe pakati pa anthu amene adzalandira mavoti ochuluka kwambiri.”
  • Mogwirizana ndi machitidwe osalekeza a Bungwe, okumbukiridwa mu chigamulo 17 (XXIII) cha 1984, owerengeka ochepa "amatanthauzidwa ngati 50 peresenti kuphatikiza limodzi mwa mavoti ovomerezeka". Lamuloli linatsimikiziridwa mu 1988 ndi 1992 (zisankho 19 (XXXIV) ndi 19 (XLIV)). Pakachitika nambala yosamvetseka, zikuwoneka kuti ikugwirizana ndi malingaliro, ndi matanthauzo wamba a mawu komanso mchitidwe wodziwika bwino, kutanthauzira m'malo moyimira mavoti ochulukirapo kuposa theka la mavoti omwe aponya.3
  • Ponena za njira za "voti yachiwiri" ndi "voti yotsatila" yomwe yatchulidwa mu Chilamulo 29 (3), ngati ikuyenera, mafotokozedwe operekedwa ndi Mlangizi wazamalamulo mu Chidziwitso Chachidziwitso cha Kusankhidwa kwa Mlembi Wamkulu mu 1989 ndikutsimikiziridwa. mu 2008 (16(LXXXIV)) angalembetse ngati osankhidwa awiri agawane malo achiwiri pavoti yoyamba. Chotsatira chake chingakhale chakuti voti ina (ndi zina zambiri monga momwe zingafunikire kuti anthu ambiri apezeke) adzakonzedwa pakati pa anthu atatuwo kuti asankhe awiri omwe alandira mavoti ochuluka kwambiri, omwe adzatenge nawo gawo pomaliza. 
  • Kuyimiridwa kwa Boma ndi membala wina Wathunthu wa bungwe panthawi ya chisankho cha wosankhidwayo kudzatsatira ziganizo zomwe bungwe la General Assembly lidavomereza pamsonkhano wawo wa 19th ku Republic of Korea mu 2011 (chigamulo 591(XIX)), pamsonkhano wake wa 20 Zambia/Zimbabwe mu 2013 (chigamulo 633(XX)) komanso pa gawo lake la 21 ku Colombia mu 2015 (chigamulo 649(XXI)).
  • Zimakumbukiridwa kuti mamembala omwe Ndime 34 ya Malamulo ndi ndime 13 ya Malamulo a Zachuma omwe amaphatikizidwa ndi Malamulo akugwiritsidwa ntchito pa nthawi ya chisankho amalandidwa mwayi wa umembala monga ntchito komanso ufulu wovota mu Msonkhano. ndi Khonsolo pokhapokha ngati apatsidwa ufulu kwanthawi yochepa pakugwiritsa ntchito mfundozi ndi Nyumba Yamalamulo. 
  • Ndondomeko yomwe yafotokozedwa m'chikalatachi yakhala ikugwiritsidwa ntchito bwino, ndipo popanda kubweretsa vuto lililonse, pakusankhidwa komwe kwachitika kuyambira 1992. 
  • Mogwirizana ndi malingaliro a Joint Inspection Unit of the United Nations (JIU) okhudzana ndi kusankha ndi mikhalidwe yogwirira ntchito ya Executive Heads mu United Nations System Organisations (JIU/REP/2009/8), wofunsira aliyense akufunsidwa satifiketi yaumoyo wabwino yomwe yasainidwa ndi chipatala chodziwika posonyeza kuti akufuna kudzakhala ndi moyo monga momwe tafotokozera ndime 6.
  • Malinga ndi lamulo la 27(2), mawu oti "Mamembala omwe alipo ndikuvota" atanthauza "Mamembala omwe alipo ndikuvotera kapena kutsutsa". Chifukwa chake, osavota komanso osavota adzatengedwa ngati osavota.

Zoyenera kuchita ndi Executive Council  

Executive Council ikuyitanidwa: 

  • Kusankha kuti malamulo okhazikitsidwa ndi Council pakusankha wosankhidwa kukhala Mlembi Wamkulu pa gawo lake la makumi awiri ndi atatu mu May 1984 (chigamulo 17 (XXIII)), kuwonjezeredwa ndi omwe adavomerezedwa pamsonkhano wawo wa makumi atatu ndi anayi. November 1988 (chisankho 19(XXXIV)), ndipo pa gawo lake la makumi anayi mu November 1992 (chigamulo 19(XLIV)) chidzawonedwanso pa gawo lake la 105;
  • Kutsimikizira kuti, kutanthauzira kwa malamulo ovomerezeka okhudza chisankho cha Mlembi Wamkulu ndi zisankho zomwe zatchulidwa m'ndime (a) pamwambapa, zidzatchulidwa zomwe zili m'bukuli; 
  • Kuyitanitsa Mayiko a Mamembala kuti asankhe ofuna kukhala Mlembi Wamkulu kwa nthawi ya 2022-2025, kuonetsetsa kuti osankhidwa awo afika ku Likulu la Bungwe (Capitán Haya 42, 28020 Madrid, Spain) miyezi iwiri isanakhazikitsidwe gawo la 116 la Executive Council, mwachitsanzo, pofika 24:00 maola nthawi ya Madrid, 11 Marichi 2022 (tsiku liyenera kutsimikiziridwa), posachedwa; 
  • Kupempha ofuna kuti apereke, pamodzi ndi mbiri ya moyo ndi ntchito, ndondomeko ya ndondomeko ndi zolinga za kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe kake ndi
  • Kutsimikizira kuti gawo la 116 la Executive Council lidzasankha wosankhidwayo liyenera kulangiza ku msonkhano wodabwitsa wa General Assembly paudindo wa Mlembi Wamkulu wa bungwe kwa nthawi ya 2022-2025.

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Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.

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