Mahotela & Malo Okhazikika Nkhani Tourism Nkhani Zoyenda Pamaulendo USA Nkhani Zoswa

Grand Canyon Jewels: El Tovar Hotel ndi Hopi Gift Shop

El Tovar Hotel

Zaka zana limodzi ndi khumi ndi zisanu ndi chimodzi zapitazo, miyala yamtengo wapatali iwiri inatsegulidwa ku Grand Canyon National Park: Hotelo ya El Tovar yazipinda 95 komanso pafupi ndi Hopi House Gift Shop. Onsewa adawonetsa kuwoneratu zam'tsogolo komanso bizinesi ya Frederick Henry Harvey yemwe mabizinesi ake adaphatikizapo malo odyera, mahotela, magalimoto odyera njanji, masitolo ogulitsa mphatso, ndi malo ogulitsira nkhani.

Sangalalani, PDF ndi Imelo

Mgwirizano wake ndi Atchison, Topeka ndi Sante Fe Railway adayambitsa alendo ambiri atsopano ku America Southwest popanga maulendo a njanji ndi kudya momasuka komanso mosangalatsa. Pogwiritsa ntchito akatswiri ambiri a ku America Achimereka, Fred Harvey Company inasonkhanitsanso zitsanzo za madengu, mikanda, zidole za kachina, zoumba, ndi nsalu. Harvey ankadziwika kuti "Civilizer of the West."

Kale kwambiri US Congress isanasankhe Phiri la Grand Canyon mu 1919, alendo oyambirira anabwera kudzera pa stagecoach ndipo ankagona usiku wonse m'mahema, m'nyumba, kapena m'mahotela amalonda. Komabe, pamene Atchison, Topeka ndi Sante Fe Railway anatsegula spur pafupifupi molunjika ku South Rim ya Grand Canyon, izo zinayambitsa kusowa kwa malo ogona okwanira. Mu 1902, Sante Fe Railway inalamula kumanga El Tovar, hotelo yoyamba ya nsanjika zinayi yopangidwa ndi katswiri wa zomangamanga ku Chicago Charles Whittlesey yokhala ndi zipinda pafupifupi zana. Hoteloyi idagula $250,000 kuti amange ndipo inali hotelo yokongola kwambiri kumadzulo kwa Mtsinje wa Mississippi. Anatchedwa "El Tovar" polemekeza Pedro de Tovar wa Coronado Expedition. Ngakhale kuti hoteloyi inali yochititsa chidwi kwambiri, inali ndi jenereta yoyaka malasha yomwe imayatsa magetsi, kutentha kwa nthunzi, madzi oyenda otentha ndi ozizira komanso mipope ya m’nyumba. Komabe, popeza kuti m’zipindazo mulibe chipinda chilichonse cha alendo chomwe chinali ndi bafa, alendo ankagwiritsa ntchito bafa la anthu onse pansanjika zinayizo.

M’hotelayi munalinso nyumba yobzalamo zipatso ndi ndiwo zamasamba, khola la nkhuku komanso ng’ombe za mkaka woti muziperekako mkaka watsopano. Zina zinaphatikizapo malo ometeramo tsitsi, solarium, dimba lapamwamba padenga, chipinda cha billiard, zipinda zaluso ndi nyimbo ndi ntchito ya telegraph ya Western Union pamalo olandirira alendo.

Hotelo yatsopanoyi idamangidwa Grand Canyon isanakhale malo otetezedwa a Federal National Park kutsatira ulendo wa Purezidenti Theodore Roosevelt ku Canyon mu 1903. Roosevelt anati, “Ndikufuna kukufunsani kuti muchite chinthu chimodzi chokhudza izi mwachidwi chanu komanso pokomera dziko- kuti musunge zodabwitsa za chilengedwe monga momwe zilili tsopano… mtundu uliwonse, osati nyumba yachilimwe, hotelo kapena china chilichonse, kuwononga kukongola kodabwitsa, kutsika, kukongola kwakukulu ndi kukongola kwa Canyon. Zisiyeni momwe zilili. Simungawongolere.”

Malo odyera a Fred Harvey adamangidwa pafupifupi mamailosi 100 panjanji ya Sante Fe Railway kudutsa Kansas, Colorado, Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico ndi California. Ankagwira ntchito m'malesitilanti ndi m'mahotela ndi "Harvey Girls", atsikana omwe adalembedwa ntchito ku US konse ndi "makhalidwe abwino, maphunziro osachepera asanu ndi atatu, makhalidwe abwino, kulankhula momveka bwino komanso maonekedwe abwino." Ambiri a iwo pambuyo pake anakwatira alimi ndi ang'ombe ndipo anatcha ana awo "Fred" kapena "Harvey". Woseketsa Will Rogers adanena za Fred Harvey, "Anasunga kumadzulo muzakudya ndi akazi."

El Tovar inayikidwa pa National Register of Historic Places pa September 6, 1974. Inalengezedwa kuti ndi National Historic Landmark pa May 28, 1987 ndipo ndi membala wa Historic Hotels of America kuyambira 2012. Hoteloyi yakhala ndi zowunikira ngati Albert. Einstein, Zane Gray, Purezidenti Bill Clinton, Paul McCartney, mwa ena ambiri.

Hopi House Gift Shop (1905) idamangidwa kuti igwirizane ndi malo oyandikana nawo ndikutengera nyumba za Hopi pueblo zomwe zidagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zachilengedwe zakumaloko monga mchenga ndi juniper pomanga. Pamene El Tovar ankakonda zokonda zapamwamba, Hopi House ankaimira chidwi cha Southwestern Indian zaluso ndi zaluso zolimbikitsidwa ndi Fred Harvey Company ndi Sante Fe Railway.

Hopi House idapangidwa ndi mmisiri wa zomangamanga a Mary Jane Elizabeth Colter akuyamba mgwirizano ndi Fred Harvey Company ndi National Park Service yomwe idatenga zaka zopitilira 40. Anapangidwa ndikumangidwa ngati malo ogulitsira zojambula zaku India. Anapempha akatswiri a Hopi ochokera kumidzi yapafupi kuti amuthandize kumanga nyumbayi. Colter adawonetsetsa kuti mkati mwake mukuwonetsa masitayilo aku Pueblo. Mazenera ang'onoang'ono ndi denga lotsika amachepetsa kuwala kwa dzuwa kwa m'chipululu ndikupangitsa kuti mkatimo mukhale ozizira komanso omasuka. Nyumbayi ili ndi makoma a khoma, zoyatsira moto pamakona, makoma adobe, utoto wa mchenga wa Hopi ndi guwa lansembe. Chimney amapangidwa kuchokera ku mitsuko yosweka ya mbiya yosanjidwa ndikuyika pamodzi.

Pamene nyumbayo inatsegulidwa, nyumba yosanjikizana yachiŵiri inasonyeza zofunda zakale za Navajo, zimene zinapambana mphoto yaikulu pa Chiwonetsero Chapadziko Lonse cha 1904 St. Louis. Chiwonetserochi pamapeto pake chinakhala Fred Harvey Fine Arts Collection, chomwe chinaphatikizapo pafupifupi zidutswa 5,000 za zojambula za Native American. Zosonkhanitsa za Harvey zinayendera dziko la United States, kuphatikizapo malo otchuka monga Field Museum ku Chicago ndi Carnegie Museum ku Pittsburgh, komanso malo a mayiko monga Berlin Museum.

Hopi House, panthawiyo ndi pano, imapereka zaluso ndi zaluso zosiyanasiyana zaku America zomwe zimagulitsidwa: mbiya ndi zosemasema zamatabwa zokonzedwa pamakauntala zokulungidwa ndi mabulangete a Navajo olukidwa ndi manja, madengu opachikidwa pamitengo yosenda, zidole za kachina, masks amwambo, ndi zojambula zamatabwa zounikira ndi kuwala kwapamawindo ang'onoang'ono a nyumbayo. Zithunzi za Hopi zimakongoletsa makoma a masitepe, ndipo zinthu zakale zachipembedzo ndi mbali ya chipinda chopatulika.

Kampani ya Fred Harvey inapempha amisiri a Hopi kuti asonyeze momwe amapangira zodzikongoletsera, zoumba, zofunda, ndi zinthu zina zomwe zidzagulitsidwa. Posinthanitsa, adalandira malipiro ndi malo ogona ku Hopi House, koma analibe umwini wa Hopi House ndipo sankaloledwa kugulitsa katundu wawo mwachindunji kwa alendo. Chakumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 1920, Kampani ya Fred Harvey inayamba kulola Amwenye ena a Hopi kukhala ndi maudindo mu bizinesi. Porter Timeche adalembedwa ntchito kuti awonetsetse kuluka bulangeti koma ankakonda kucheza ndi alendo moti nthawi zambiri sankamaliza bulangeti kuti agulitse, ndipo adapatsidwa ntchito yogulitsa mu shopu ya mphatso ya Hopi House. Pambuyo pake adagwira ntchito yogula zinthu za Fred Harvey ku Grand Canyon. Fred Kabotie, wojambula wotchuka yemwe adapenta mural ya Hopi Snake Legend mkati mwa Desert View Watchtower, adayang'anira malo ogulitsira mphatso ku Hopi House chapakati pa 1930s.

Kuchokera ku kutchuka kwa Hopi House alendo ambiri angaganize kuti Ahopi anali fuko lokhalo lobadwira ku Grand Canyon, koma izi siziri zoona. Ndipotu, masiku ano mafuko 12 osiyanasiyana amadziwika kuti ali ndi zikhalidwe ku Canyon, ndipo National Park Service yakhala ikugwira ntchito kuti ikwaniritse zosowa za chikhalidwe cha magulu enawa.

Hopi House idasankhidwa kukhala National Historic Landmark mu 1987. Pakukonzanso kwathunthu mu 1995, alangizi a Hopi adagwira nawo ntchito yokonzanso ndikuthandiza kuonetsetsa kuti palibe chilichonse mwazomangamanga kapena mapangidwe omwe adasinthidwa. Hopi House ndi Lookout Studio ndi nyumba zomwe zikuthandizira kwambiri ku Grand Canyon Village National Historic Landmark District.

PICHA YA STANLEY

Stanley Turkel adasankhidwa kukhala 2020 Historian of the Year ndi Historic Hotels of America, pulogalamu yovomerezeka ya National Trust for Historic Preservation, yomwe adatchulidwapo kale mu 2015 ndi 2014. Turkel ndiye mlangizi wodziwika bwino wamahotelo ku United States. Amagwiritsa ntchito malo ake owerengera kuhotelo ngati mboni waluso pamilandu yokhudzana ndi hotelo, amapereka kasamalidwe ka chuma ndi kuyankhulana kwa hotelo. Amadziwika kuti ndi Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus ndi Educational Institute of the American Hotel and Lodging Association. stanturkel@aol.com 917-628-8549

Buku lake latsopano "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" langotulutsidwa kumene.

Mabuku Enanso Omasindikizidwa:

• Ma Hoteli Akuluakulu aku America: Apainiya a Makampani Ogulitsa (2009)

• Kumangidwa Pomaliza: Mahotela Akale Zaka 100+ ku New York (2011)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Azaka 100+ Kum'mawa kwa Mississippi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar waku Waldorf (2014)

• Great American Hoteliers Voliyumu 2: Apainiya a Hotel Viwanda (2016)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Akale + Zaka 100+ Kumadzulo kwa Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Great American Hotel Architects Volume I (2019)

• Hotel Mavens: Voliyumu 3: Bob ndi Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Mabuku onsewa atha kuyitanitsidwa kuchokera ku AuthorHouse poyendera stanleystkel.com  ndikudina pamutu wabukuli.

Sangalalani, PDF ndi Imelo

Ponena za wolemba

Stanley Turkel CMHS hotelo-online.com

Siyani Comment