Dinani apa ngati iyi ndi nkhani yanu yosindikiza!

Kupulumuka kwa Khansa Yam'mapapo Kwawonjezeka

Chizindikiro cha American Lung Association
Written by Alireza

Lipoti Latsopano: Kupulumuka kwa Khansa Yam'mapapo Kwawonjezeka, Koma Kuli Patsikira Kwambiri kwa Anthu Amitundu

Sangalalani, PDF ndi Imelo

latsopano "State of Lung Cancer" lipoti akuwulula kuti chiwopsezo cha kukhala ndi khansa ya m'mapapo kwa zaka zisanu chidakwera ndi 14.5% kudziko lonse mpaka 23.7% komabe chimakhalabe chotsika kwambiri pakati pa anthu amitundu. Bungwe la American Lung Association la 4th lipoti lapachaka, lomwe latulutsidwa lero, likuwonetsa momwe kuchuluka kwa khansa ya m'mapapo kumasiyanasiyana malinga ndi boma ndikuwunika zizindikiro zazikulu ku US kuphatikiza: milandu yatsopano, kupulumuka, kuzindikira koyambirira, chithandizo cha opaleshoni, kusowa kwa chithandizo ndi kuwunika.

Malinga ndi lipotilo, kuwonjezera pa kuchepetsa kupulumuka kwa anthu, anthu amitundu yosiyanasiyana omwe amapezeka ndi khansa ya m'mapapo amakumana ndi zotsatira zoipa kwambiri poyerekeza ndi azungu, kuphatikizapo kusapezeka msanga, kulephera kulandira chithandizo cha opaleshoni komanso kusalandira chithandizo. Ichi ndi chaka chachiwiri kuti lipoti la "State of Lung Cancer" likuwunikira kuchuluka kwa khansa ya m'mapapo pakati pa mafuko ndi mafuko ochepa pamayiko ndi mayiko.

"Lipotili likuwonetsa nkhani zofunika - anthu ambiri akupulumuka khansa ya m'mapapo; komabe, ikugogomezeranso mfundo yakuti, mwachisoni, kusiyana kwa thanzi kumapitirirabe kwa madera amitundu. M'malo mwake, pomwe chiwopsezo cha khansa ya m'mapapo yapadziko lonse chidakwera mpaka 23.7%, chimangokhala 20% yokha yamitundu yamitundu ndi 18% ya Akuda aku America. Aliyense akuyenera kukhala ndi mwayi wokhala ndi moyo wathanzi komanso wathanzi, chifukwa chake pali zambiri zomwe ziyenera kuchitidwa kuti athane ndi kusiyana kwaumoyo uku, "atero a Harold Wimmer, Purezidenti Wadziko Lonse ndi CEO wa Lung Association.

Pafupifupi anthu 236,000 ku US apezeka ndi khansa ya m'mapapo chaka chino. Lipoti la 2021 la "State of Lung Cancer" lidapeza izi zomwe zikuchitika mdziko muno pakupulumuka, kuzindikira koyambirira, komanso chithandizo cha matendawa:

  • Mtengo Wopulumuka: Khansara ya m'mapapo ndi imodzi mwazomwe zimakhala zotsika kwambiri kwa zaka zisanu chifukwa matenda amapezeka pakapita nthawi, pomwe sangachiritsidwe. Pafupifupi dziko lonse la anthu omwe ali ndi moyo zaka zisanu atapezeka ndi khansa ya m'mapapo ndi 23.7%. Miyezo yopulumuka inali yabwino kwambiri ku Connecticut pa 28.8%, pomwe Alabama idakhala yoyipa kwambiri pa 18.4%.
  • Kuzindikira Koyambirira: M'dziko lonselo, 24% yokha ya anthu omwe amapezeka ndi matenda adakali aang'ono pamene moyo wazaka zisanu ndi wapamwamba kwambiri (60%). Tsoka ilo, 46% ya milandu samagwidwa mpaka mochedwa pomwe kuchuluka kwa kupulumuka ndi 6% yokha. Kuzindikira koyambirira kunali bwino ku Massachusetts (30%), komanso koyipa kwambiri ku Hawaii (19%).
  • Kuyeza khansa ya m'mapapo: Kuyeza khansa ya m'mapapo ndi CT scans yapachaka yapachaka kwa omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu kumatha kuchepetsa kufa kwa khansa ya m'mapapo ndi 20%. Padziko lonse, 5.7% yokha ya omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu adayesedwa. Massachusetts ili ndi chiwongola dzanja chachikulu kwambiri pa 17.8%, pomwe California ndi Wyoming ndizotsika kwambiri pa 1.0%.
  • Opaleshoni Monga Njira Yoyamba ya Chithandizo: Khansara ya m’mapapo imatha kuchiritsidwa ndi opaleshoni ngati yapezeka isanayambike ndipo sinafalikire. Padziko lonse, 20.7% yokha ya milandu inachitidwa opaleshoni.
  • Kusowa Chithandizo: Pali zifukwa zingapo zomwe odwala sangalandire chithandizo pambuyo pozindikira. Zina mwa zifukwazi zingakhale zosapeŵeka, koma palibe amene ayenera kusamalidwa chifukwa chosowa wopereka chithandizo kapena chidziwitso cha odwala, kusalidwa kokhudzana ndi khansa ya m'mapapo, imfa pambuyo pozindikira matenda, kapena mtengo wa chithandizo. Padziko lonse, 21.1% ya milandu salandira chithandizo.
  • Kufunika kwa Medicaid: Mapulogalamu a boma a Medicaid ndi amodzi mwa omwe amalipira chithandizo chamankhwala omwe safunikira kuti aziwunika kuyezetsa khansa ya m'mapapo kwa anthu omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu. Bungwe la Lung Association linasanthula ndondomeko zowunikira khansa ya m'mapapo m'mapulogalamu a boma a Medicaid kuti awone momwe anthu aku Medicaid akuwunika momwe khansa ya m'mapapo imayendera ndipo idapeza kuti mapulogalamu 40 a 'Medicaid fee-for-service' amaphimba kuyezetsa khansa ya m'mapapo, mapulogalamu asanu ndi awiri sapereka chithandizo, ndipo mayiko atatu analibe chidziwitso pa ndondomeko yawo yopereka chithandizo.

Ngakhale kuti lipoti la "State of Lung Cancer" likuwonetsa ntchito yofunika kuchitidwa, pali chiyembekezo. Mu Marichi 2021, United States Preventive Services Task Force idakulitsa malingaliro ake owunikira kuti aphatikizepo zaka zazikulu komanso osuta apano kapena akale. Izi zidachulukitsa kwambiri chiwerengero cha amayi ndi Akuda aku America omwe ali oyenera kuyezetsa khansa ya m'mapapo.

Bungwe la Lung Association limalimbikitsa aliyense kuti achite nawo ntchito yothetsa khansa ya m'mapapo. Pitani ku Lung.org/solc kuti mudziwe zambiri za khansa ya m'mapapo m'boma lanu ndikusayina pempho lathu loti tiwonjezere ndalama ku Centers for Disease Control and Prevention kuti titeteze thanzi la dziko lathu ku matenda, kuphatikiza khansa ya m'mapapo.

Kwa osuta amakono ndi akale, pali zopulumutsa moyo. Dziwani ngati ndinu oyenera kuyezetsa khansa ya m'mapapo pa SavedByTheScan.org, ndiyeno lankhulani ndi dokotala wanu za kuyezetsa.

Sangalalani, PDF ndi Imelo

Ponena za wolemba

Alireza

Siyani Comment