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Vinyo - Chenin Blanc Chenjezo: Kuchokera ku Yummy kupita ku Yucky

Chenin Blanc

Chenin Blanc ndi mphesa yosasamalidwa. Chifukwa chiyani? Chifukwa ndizovuta kwambiri kuposa Chardonnay kapena Sauvignon Blanc kukula ndikupanga vinyo. Mphesa imafuna kusakanikirana kwabwino kwa dothi ndi nyengo, ndipo ndizovuta kwa wopanga vinyo kuti asamalire thundu ndi zina zokometsera.

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Mphesa ndi gawo la vinyo wa mtsuko wochokera ku California ndipo umapezeka mu vinyo woyera wochokera ku South Africa… ndi ku Loire Valley kokha kumene dzina la Vouvray limafikira mphamvu zake zonse - kuchokera kuzitsulo mpaka kutsekemera kwambiri. Chenjezo pang'ono ndi lofunika: kupeza Vouvray pa lebulo sikutanthauza Chenin Blanc wabwino. Kuti mupewe OOPS, sankhani kuchokera kwa opanga bwino kwambiri.

•             2019 Domaine Pinon, Vouvray, Sec. 100 peresenti Chenin Blanc

Vouvray ndi vinyo woyera wotengedwa ku mphesa za Chenin Blanc zomwe zimalimidwa m'mphepete mwa Mtsinje wa Loire m'chigawo cha Touraine ku France, kum'mawa kwa mzinda wa Tours, m'chigawo cha Vouvray. Appellation d'Origine controlee (AOC) imaperekedwa kwa Chenin Blanc, mphesa yosadziwika bwino komanso yaying'ono ya Arbois ndiyololedwa (koma yosagwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri).

Tsiku lomaliza la zokolola za PINON mu 30s

Viticulture ndi mbiri yakale m'dera lino ndipo unayamba ku Middle Ages (kapena kale) pamene

Tchalitchi cha Katolika chinaphatikizapo minda ya mpesa m’nyumba za amonke. Mphesa imadziwikanso kuti Pineau de la Loire ndipo mwina idachokera kudera la vinyo la Anjou mzaka za 9th ndipo idasamukira ku Vouvray.

 M’zaka za m’ma 16 ndi 17 amalonda achi Dutch ankayang’anira minda ya mpesa m’derali kuti idzagwiritsidwe ntchito pochita malonda a vinyo ndi misika ya ku London, Paris ndi Rotterdam. Mphesa zochokera kudera la Touraine zidalumikizidwa kuti zikhale zosakanikirana zotchedwa Vouvray. Malo osungiramo vinyo anamangidwa kuchokera kumapanga opangidwa kuchokera ku miyala ya tuffeau (laimu) yomwe inagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga Chateaux ya Loire Valley. Kuzizira, kutentha kosasunthika kwa m'chipinda chapansi panthaka kunali koyenera kupititsa patsogolo vinyo wonyezimira wopangidwa pamtundu wa methode champenoise ndipo kudayamba kutchuka m'zaka za 18th ndi 19th. Vouvray idakhala AOC mu 1936 ndipo ikuphatikiza mudzi wa Vouvray kuphatikiza midzi 8 yapafupi (Chancay, Nouzilly, Vernou-sur-Brenne ndi Rochecorbon).

Dera la Vouvray lili pamwamba pa phiri, logawanika ndi mitsinje yaing'ono ndi mtsinje wa Loire. Mitsinjeyi imathandizira ku nyengo yapaderadera yomwe imalimbikitsa kukula kwa bowa wa Botrytis cinerea womwe umayambitsa zowola zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga vinyo wotsekemera.

Nyengo nthawi zambiri imakhala ku continent ndipo ili ndi mphamvu yapanyanja kuchokera ku Nyanja ya Atlantic ngakhale ili pamtunda wa makilomita oposa 100 kumadzulo. Vinyo amadalira nyengo ndi kusintha kwakukulu kwa mpesa chaka chilichonse chifukwa cha kusintha kwa nyengo. Zaka zozizira zanyengo zimasinthira kuchuluka kwa zopanga kukhala masitayelo ouma a vinyo kuphatikiza wonyezimira wa Vouvray. Nyengo yotentha imalimbikitsa kupanga vinyo wotsekemera, wotsekemera.

Malo akumpoto komanso nyengo yozizirira bwino imapangitsa zokolola ku Vouvray kukhala imodzi mwazomaliza kumalizidwa ku France, nthawi zambiri zimatha mpaka Novembala. Masitayelo a Vouvray amayambira owuma mpaka okoma komanso owoneka bwino komanso odziwika ndi fungo labwino lamaluwa komanso kukoma kolimba.

Mitundu imayambira pa udzu wapakatikati (wa vinyo wonyezimira) kupyola mumtundu wachikasu mpaka ku golide wozama (kwa Moellex wokoma wachikulire). Nthawi zambiri, fungo lokhala m'malire kumbali yofatsa kwambiri ndikutumiza malingaliro a peyala, honeysuckle, quince ndi apulo (wobiriwira / wachikasu) kumphuno. Pakhoza kukhala mfundo zofatsa za ginger ndi phula (zikusonyeza kukhalapo kwa zowola zabwino… taganizani Sauterne). Zokometsera m'kamwa zimakhala zowonda, zowuma komanso zowuma mpaka zofewa komanso zotsekemera (malinga ndi kalembedwe).

Sec imapereka vinyo wouma (wosakwana 8 g/L wa shuga wotsalira; mtundu wouma kwambiri wa Vouvray) ndipo nthawi zambiri umakhala wachangu komanso wopatsa mchere.

Minda ya mpesa ya Pinon imadziwika kuti ndi yabwino kwambiri m'chigawo cha Vouvray ndipo ndi ya banja kuyambira 1786. Francois Pinon adayamba ntchito yake ngati katswiri wa zamaganizo a ana, atatenga malowa kuchokera kwa abambo ake (1987). Pinon amaonedwa ngati wopanga vinyo kwambiri ndipo amangoyang'ana pa organic viticulture komanso kulowererapo pang'ono pakupanga vinyo. Malowa pano akutsogoleredwa ndi Julien Pinon.

Minda ya mpesa ili ku Vallee de Cousse komwe dongo ndi dothi la silika zimaphimba maziko a miyala yamwala ndi mwala (silex). Pinon amatsatira dongosolo lomwe limaphatikizapo kulima munda wa mpesa, kupewa feteleza wamankhwala ndi mankhwala ophera tizilombo komanso kukolola m'manja. Kubzala kwatsopano kwatsopano kumachitidwa ndi kusankha masanjidwe (mawu okulitsa vinyo ku France oti abzalenso minda ya mpesa yatsopano ndi zodulidwa kuchokera ku mpesa wakale wapadera kuchokera kumalo omwewo kapena oyandikana nawo); palibe ma clones a nazale omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Mipesa yake imakhala pafupifupi 25 y/o. Malowa adatsimikiziridwa ndi organic mu 2011.

Kuwotchera kwa mowa kumachitika m'migolo yamatabwa ndikukalamba muzitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri kapena foudres (mitsuko yayikulu, pafupifupi kuwirikiza kawiri kukula kwa barrique Bordelaise) kuti ifike pakati pa zipatso ndi kuchepetsa. Pali chiboliboli chimodzi chochotsa ma lees olemera ndipo vinyo amakhalabe pamiyendo yake yabwino mpaka kuyika botolo, komwe kumatenga miyezi 12 pambuyo pa kukolola kuti amalize vinyoyo. Pinon amasefa vinyo wake mofatsa kuti atsimikizire kukhazikika kwawo komanso kukalamba kwawo.

Pinon amasankha mahekitala 0.6 a malo osalala bwino, otsogola ndi dongo kuti alowetse mabotolo. Mitunduyi imakhala ndi zaka 40. Zipatsozo zimakololedwa m'manja, kusanjidwa mwamphamvu ndikusindikiza gulu lonse. Madziwo amayenderera ndi mphamvu yokoka m'matangi kuti afufuze modzidzimutsa - yisiti yomwe imatha miyezi 2-3 kuyima mwachilengedwe m'chipinda chapansi pamadzi cha Pinon chojambulidwa kuphiri la tuffeau. Vinyoyo amakalamba pamiyendo yake yabwino kwa miyezi 4-5 pakusakaniza kwa oak wogwiritsidwa ntchito kuyambira 500-lita oak demi-muids mpaka 20-hectoliter foudres. 

•             2019 Domaine Pinon Notes

Amapereka chikasu chotuwa m'maso ndipo amapereka zipatso za citrus ndi zachikasu kumphuno pamodzi ndi zokometsera za mandimu ndi peel lalanje. M'kamwa mumapeza zipatso zokongoletsedwa ndi zonunkhira ndi malalanje. Kutsirizitsa kwautali kumapereka minerality yomwe ili yoyenera komanso yoyengedwa. Zimagwirizana bwino ndi nsomba ndi tuna.

© Dr. Elinor Garely. Nkhani yakulemba, kuphatikiza zithunzi, sizingatengeredwe popanda chilolezo cholemba kuchokera kwa wolemba.

Werengani Part 1 apa: Kuphunzira za vinyo wa Loire Valley pa NYC Lamlungu

Werengani Part 2 apa: Vinyo waku France: Kupanga Koyipa Kwambiri Kuyambira 1970

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Ponena za wolemba

Dr. Elinor Garely - wapadera kwa eTN komanso mkonzi wamkulu, vinyo.travel

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