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Lipoti latsopano la World Tourism Barometer kuchokera ku Dziko Lina?

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World Tourism Organisation

Pambuyo pa theka loyamba lofooka la 2021, zokopa alendo zapadziko lonse lapansi zidachulukanso m'nyengo yachilimwe ya Kumpoto kwa Dziko Lapansi, zomwe zikuwonjezera zotsatira mu gawo lachitatu la chaka, makamaka ku Europe. 

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Ndi Msonkhano Waukulu wa UNWTO womwe ukuchitikira sabata ino ku Madrid, bungweli pa nthawi yake lidatulutsa UNWTO World Tourism Barometer Lolemba.

Barometer iyi ya UNWTO yapangidwa ndi maulamuliro onse a World Tourism Organisation kuyambira 2003 ndipo ikuphatikiza kafukufuku wokhudza gawo lazaulendo ndi zokopa alendo padziko lonse lapansi.

Ndi chitukuko chatsopano cha COVID Omicron strain, Southern Africa ikukhala kutali ndi dziko lonse lapansi, komanso ndi UNWTO General Assembly yomwe yatsekedwa kwa ena, koma ikupitabe patsogolo motsutsana ndi zovuta zonse, lipoti ili likuwoneka kuti likuchokera kudziko lina. dziko.

Kubwerera mu Q3 koma Kubwezeretsa Kumakhalabe Kwamphamvu

Malinga ndi mtundu waposachedwa kwambiri wa UNWTO World Tourism
Barometer,
 obwera alendo padziko lonse lapansi (alendo ogona usiku) adakwera ndi 58% mu Julayi-Seputembala poyerekeza ndi nthawi yomweyi ya 2020. Komabe, adakhalabe 64% pansi pa milingo ya 2019. Europe idalemba magwiridwe antchito abwino kwambiri mgawo lachitatu, pomwe ofika kumayiko ena 53% adatsika pamiyezi itatu yofanana ya 2019. Ofika mu Ogasiti ndi Seputembala anali -63% poyerekeza ndi 2019, zotsatira zabwino kwambiri zapamwezi kuyambira chiyambi cha mliri.

Pakati pa January ndi September, ofika alendo padziko lonse lapansi adayima pa -20% poyerekeza ndi 2020, kusintha koonekeratu kuposa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yoyambirira ya chaka (-54%). Komabe, omwe afika onse akadali 76% pansi pa mliri wapadziko lonse lapansi ndi machitidwe osagwirizana pakati pa zigawo zapadziko lonse lapansi. M'madera ena ang'onoang'ono - Southern ndi Mediterranean Europe, Caribbean, North ndi Central America - ofika adakweradi pamwamba pa 2020 m'miyezi isanu ndi inayi yoyambirira ya 2021. Zilumba zina ku Caribbean ndi South Asia, pamodzi ndi malo ang'onoang'ono ku Southern ndi Southern Mediterranean Europe idawona kuchita bwino kwambiri mu Q3 2021 malinga ndi zomwe zilipo, ofika akuyandikira, kapena nthawi zina kupitilira mliri usanachitike.

Mlembi wamkulu wa UNWTO a Zurab Pololikashvili adati: "Zidziwitso za gawo lachitatu la 2021 ndizolimbikitsa. Komabe, ofika akadali 76% pansi pa mliri usanachitike ndipo zotsatira zake m'madera osiyanasiyana padziko lonse lapansi zimakhalabe zofanana. ” Poganizira zomwe zikuchulukirachulukira komanso kuwonekera kwamitundu yatsopano, adawonjezeranso kuti "sitingasiye kukhala maso ndipo tifunika kupitiriza kuyesetsa kuti tipeze katemera wofanana, kugwirizanitsa njira zoyendera, kugwiritsa ntchito ziphaso za katemera wa digito kuti tithandizire kuyenda komanso kuyenda. pitilizani kuthandizira gawoli. " 

Kuwonjezeka kwa kufunikirako kudayendetsedwa ndi kuchuluka kwa chidaliro cha apaulendo mkati mwa kupita patsogolo kwachangu pa katemera komanso kuchepetsa ziletso zolowera m'malo ambiri. Ku Ulaya, a Satifiketi ya EU Digital Covid yathandizira kuyenda mwaufulu mkati mwa European Union, kumasula zofuna zazikulu pambuyo pa miyezi yambiri ya maulendo oletsedwa. Ofika anali 8% okha pansi pa nthawi yomweyo ya 2020 komabe akadali 69% pansi pa 2019. America adalemba zotsatira zamphamvu kwambiri mu Januware-Seputembala, omwe adafika adakwera 1% poyerekeza ndi 2020 koma akadali 65% pansi pamiyezo ya 2019. The Caribbean adalemba zotsatira zamphamvu kwambiri ndi madera omwe adafika 55% poyerekeza ndi nthawi yomweyi mu 2020, komabe 38% pansi pa 2019.
 

Kuchira pang'onopang'ono komanso kosafanana 

Ngakhale kusintha komwe kunachitika mu gawo lachitatu la chaka, a liwiro la kuchira silili lofanana padziko lonse lapansi. Izi zimachitika chifukwa cha kusiyanasiyana kwa zoletsa kuyenda, mitengo ya katemera komanso chidaliro cha apaulendo. Pomwe Europe (-53%) ndi America (-60%) idachita bwino mu gawo lachitatu la 2021, ofika ku Asia ndi Pacific anali otsika ndi 95% poyerekeza ndi 2019 popeza madera ambiri adatsekedwa kumayendedwe osafunikira. Africa ndi Middle East zidatsika 74% ndi 81% motsatana mgawo lachitatu la 2021 poyerekeza ndi 2019. Pakati pa malo akuluakulu, Croatia (-19%), Mexico (-20%) ndi Turkey (-35%) adatumiza. zotsatira zabwino mu July-September 2021, malinga ndi zomwe zilipo panopa.

Kusintha kwapang'onopang'ono kwa ndalama zolandirira ndi ndalama

Zomwe zili pamalisiti okopa alendo padziko lonse lapansi zikuwonetsa kusintha kofananako mu Q3 ya 2021. Mexico idalemba zopeza zomwezo ngati 2019, pomwe Turkey (-20%), France (-27%), ndi Germany (-37%) zidayika kutsika kocheperako kuchokera ku kumayambiriro kwa chaka. M'maulendo opita kunja, zotsatira zake zinali zabwinoko pang'ono, pomwe France ndi Germany adanenanso -28% ndi -33% motsatana pakugwiritsa ntchito zokopa alendo m'gawo lachitatu.

Kuyang'ana patsogolo 

Ngakhale kusintha kwaposachedwa, kuchuluka kwa katemera wosagwirizana padziko lonse lapansi komanso mitundu yatsopano ya Covid-19 zitha kukhudza kuchira kwapang'onopang'ono komanso kosalimba. Mavuto azachuma omwe abwera chifukwa cha mliriwu athanso kukulitsa kufunikira kwapaulendo, kukulitsidwa ndi kukwera kwamitengo yamafuta kwaposachedwa komanso kusokonekera kwaunyolo.

Malinga ndi kafukufuku waposachedwa wa UNWTO, obwera alendo ochokera kumayiko ena akuyembekezeka kukhalabe 70% mpaka 75% pansi pamiyezo ya 2019 mu 2021, kutsika kofanana ndi mu 2020. Chuma cha zokopa alendo chidzapitilirabe kukhudzidwa kwambiri. Zogulitsa zapanyumba zaku Tourism zitha kutayanso $ 2 thililiyoni, monga momwe zinalili mu 2020, pomwe zotumiza kunja kuchokera ku zokopa alendo zikuyembekezeka kukhala pa US $ 700-800 miliyoni, pansi pa US $ 1.7 thililiyoni omwe adalembetsedwa mu 2019.

Kuyambiranso kotetezeka kwa zokopa alendo zapadziko lonse lapansi kudzapitilirabe kudalira kuyankha kogwirizana pakati pa mayiko malinga ndi zoletsa kuyenda, chitetezo chogwirizana, ndi ukhondo, komanso kulumikizana bwino kuti zithandizire kubwezeretsa chidaliro cha ogula, makamaka panthawi yomwe milandu ikukula m'madera ena. .

Source: UNWTO

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Ponena za wolemba

Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.

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