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Airbus: Kafukufuku watsopano wamafuta okhazikika a 100% akuwonetsa kulonjeza koyambirira

Airbus: Kafukufuku watsopano wamafuta okhazikika a 100% akuwonetsa kulonjeza koyambirira
Airbus: Kafukufuku watsopano wamafuta okhazikika a 100% akuwonetsa kulonjeza koyambirira
Written by Harry Johnson

Zomwe zapeza pa kafukufukuyu zithandizira zoyeserera zomwe zikuchitika ku Airbus ndi Rolls-Royce kuwonetsetsa kuti gawo la ndege ndi lokonzeka kugwiritsa ntchito kwambiri SAF monga gawo lalikulu la ntchito yochotsa mpweya m'makampani.

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Zotsatira zoyamba kuchokera ku kafukufuku woyamba padziko lonse lapansi wokhudza mphamvu ya 100% yamafuta oyendetsa ndege (SAF) pamainjini onse a jeti yamalonda apereka zotsatira zolimbikitsa zoyambirira.

Kafukufuku wa ECLIF3, wokhudza Airbus, Rolls-Royce, malo ofufuzira aku Germany DLR ndi SAF wopanga Neste, akuwonetsa nthawi yoyamba 100% SAF iyesedwa nthawi imodzi pa injini zonse za ndege zonyamula anthu - Airbus A350 ndege zoyendetsedwa ndi Rolls-Royce Trent XWB injini.

Mayeso otulutsa mpweya mu ndege komanso kuyesa kwapansi kogwirizana ndi pulogalamu ya ECLIF3 kudayamba kumayambiriro kwa chaka chino ndipo ayambiranso. Gulu lamagulu osiyanasiyana, lomwe limaphatikizaponso ofufuza ochokera ku National Research Council of Canada ndi The University of Manchester, akukonzekera kufalitsa zotsatira zake m'magazini amaphunziro kumapeto kwa chaka chamawa ndi 2023.

Zomwe zapeza pa kafukufukuyu zithandizira zoyeserera zomwe zikuchitika ku Airbus ndi Rolls-Royce kuwonetsetsa kuti gawo la ndege ndi lokonzeka kugwiritsa ntchito kwambiri SAF monga gawo lalikulu la ntchito yochotsa mpweya m'makampani. Ndege pakadali pano zimaloledwa kugwira ntchito mophatikiza 50% ya SAF ndi mafuta wamba a jet, koma makampani onsewa amathandizira kutsimikizira kugwiritsa ntchito 100% SAF.

Mu Epulo, a A350 idawuluka maulendo atatu panyanja ya Mediterranean motsatiridwa ndi ndege ya DLR Falcon chaser kuti ifananize mpweya wotuluka m'ndege wa mafuta onse amafuta a Neste ndi mafuta opangidwa ndi hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids (HEFA) a Neste. Gululi lidachitanso mayeso otsata kugwiritsa ntchito 100% SAF ndipo palibe zovuta zomwe zidachitika.

Mayeso otulutsa mpweya m'ndege pogwiritsa ntchito 100% SAF ndi mafuta a HEFA/Jet A-1 ayambanso mwezi uno, pomwe kuyezetsa mpweya wotuluka pansi kuti muwone phindu la SAF pamtundu wa mpweya wakumaloko kudachitikanso. Gulu lofufuzalo lidapeza kuti SAF imatulutsa tinthu tocheperapo kusiyana ndi palafini wamba pamikhalidwe yonse yoyesedwa ya injini, zomwe zikuwonetsa kuthekera kwa kuchepa kwanyengo komanso kusintha kwa mpweya kuzungulira ma eyapoti.

Kuphatikiza apo, SAF ili ndi kachulukidwe kakang'ono koma mphamvu zambiri pa kilogalamu imodzi yamafuta poyerekeza ndi palafini wamba, zomwe zimabweretsa zabwino zina zamafuta oyendetsa ndege chifukwa chakuchepa kwamafuta oyaka komanso mafuta ochepa kuti akwere kuti akwaniritse cholinga chomwechi. Kusanthula mwatsatanetsatane kwa gulu kukupitilira.

"Mainjini ndi machitidwe amafuta amatha kuyesedwa pansi koma njira yokhayo yosonkhanitsira deta yonse yotulutsa mpweya wofunikira kuti pulogalamuyi ikhale yopambana ndikuwulutsa ndege muzochitika zenizeni," adatero Steven Le Moing, Woyang'anira Pulogalamu Yatsopano ya Mphamvu pa. Airbus. "Kuyesa mu ndege ya A350 imapereka mwayi wowonetsa mpweya wotuluka m'makina olunjika komanso osalunjika, kuphatikiza madontho omwe amachokera kuseri kwa ndege pamalo okwera."

Simon Burr, Mkulu wa Rolls-Royce Director of Product Development and Technology, Civil Aerospace, adati: "Kafukufukuyu akuwonjezera mayeso omwe tapanga kale pamainjini athu, pansi komanso mlengalenga, omwe sanapeze chopinga chaukadaulo. injini zathu kuthamanga pa 100% SAF. Ngati tikufuna kuti tichepetse kuyenda kwandege kwakutali, ndiye kuti 100% SAF ndiyofunikira kwambiri ndipo tadzipereka kuthandizira ziphaso zake kuti zigwire ntchito. ”

Ndege ya DLR Falcon chaser ili ndi ma probe angapo kuti athe kuyeza mpweya womwe umachokera pamtunda wamtunda mpaka mtunda wa mita 100 kuchokera ku A350 ndikuwadyetsa kukhala zida zasayansi kuti aunike.

"SAF yasonyezedwa kuti ili ndi mpweya wochepa kwambiri pa moyo wake poyerekeza ndi mafuta a jet wamba ndipo tsopano tikuwona kuti ndizothandiza kuchepetsa mafuta omwe si a CO.2 nawonso, "atero a Markus Fischer, membala wa DLR's Divisional Board for Aeronautics. "Mayeso ngati awa akupitiliza kukulitsa kumvetsetsa kwathu kwa 100% SAF, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake pakuwuluka ndipo tikuwona zizindikiro zabwino za kuthekera kwake pakuchepetsa nyengo. Tikuyembekezera kuphunzira zomwe zachitika pamndandanda wachiwiri wandege za ECLIF3, zomwe zidayambiranso ndikuthamangitsa ndege yoyamba pamwamba pa Mediterranean koyambirira kwa mwezi uno. "

Mu 2015, DLR idachita kampeni ya ECLIF1, ndikufufuza mafuta ena ndi ndege zake zofufuzira za Falcon ndi A320 ATRA. Kafukufukuyu adapitilira mu 2018 ndi kampeni ya ECLIF2 yomwe idawona ndege ya A320 ATRA ikuwuluka ndi mafuta osakanikirana a jet mpaka 50% HEFA. Kafukufukuyu adawonetsa kupindula kwamafuta osakanikirana mpaka 50% SAF ndikutsegula njira yoyeserera ndege za 100% SAF za ECLIF3.

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Ponena za wolemba

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson wakhala mkonzi wa ntchito ya eTurboNews pafupifupi zaka 20. Amakhala ku Honolulu, Hawaii, ndipo kwawo ndi ku Europe. Amasangalala kulemba ndikulemba nkhani.

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