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Madzi Akumwa Apoizoni ku Hawaii: Alendo ku Oahu Atha Kupumula!

Hawaii ili ndi madzi abwino kwambiri akumwa a chiphalaphala padziko lonse lapansi Izi ndizosiyana kwambiri ku Red Hill, malo a Navy pachilumba cha Oahu, ndipo mwina ndi nsonga ya madzi oundana.

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Kumwa madzi ku Waikiki, Koolina, North Shore, kapena Kailua, komwe alendo amakhala ku Oahu ndi amodzi mwamadzi apampopi oyera komanso athanzi omwe mungapeze kulikonse ku United States.

Koma malinga ndi Woimira Hawaii Kai Kahele, pali vuto lalikulu la zakuthambo ku County Honolulu. Kahele anali kunena za kutayikira kwamafuta mu Navy's Red Hill yosungira mafuta pachilumba cha Oahu.

Nthumwi za congressional ku Hawaii zidapereka ndemanga sabata yatha kulimbikitsa asitikali ankhondo kuti azilankhulana bwino ndi anthu ammudzi za zomwe zidachitika pafamu yake yamafuta a Red Hill ndikuyankha mwachangu malipoti a fungo lamafuta amafuta apampopi operekedwa ndi makina ake amadzi omwe akutumikira Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam. .

Sens. Brian Schatz ndi Mazie Hirono ndi a US Reps. Ed Case ndi Kai Kahele adanena m'manyuzipepala kuti posachedwapa anakumana ndi Mlembi wa Navy Carlos Del Toro kuti akambirane ntchito za mafuta ku Hawaii. Del Toro adzakhala ku Hawaii pa December 7 kuti afufuze nkhaniyi mwachindunji.

Asitikali ankhondo aku US ati akufufuza za kutayikira pamalo ake osungira mafuta a Red Hill pambuyo poti osakaniza amadzi ndi mafuta atulutsidwa mumzere wopopera. Izi zinali kale vuto mu 2014.

Kutulutsa kwa 2014 sikunapereke mayankho okhutiritsa, osasiyapo mayankho, patatha zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri.

Malinga ndi malipoti aposachedwa atolankhani aku Hawaii, Gulu Lankhondo Lankhondo silinafotokozere dala nkhani yonse kwa akuluakulu aku Hawaii komanso anthu.

Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility ndi malo osungira mafuta ankhondo pachilumba cha Oahu, Hawaii. Mothandizidwa ndi US Navy, Red Hill imathandizira ntchito zankhondo zaku US ku Pacific. Mosiyana ndi malo ena aliwonse ku United States, Red Hill imatha kusunga mafuta okwana magaloni 250 miliyoni.

Ili ndi matanki osungiramo pansi pa zitsulo 20 okhala ndi zitsulo zomangidwa ndi konkriti ndipo amamangidwa m'mabowo omwe amakumbidwa mkati mwa Red Hill. Thanki iliyonse imakhala ndi mphamvu yosungiramo pafupifupi magaloni 12.5 miliyoni.

Akasinja a Red Hill amalumikizidwa ndi mapaipi atatu odyetsera mphamvu yokoka omwe amayenda mtunda wa mamailosi 2.5 mkati mwa ngalande yopita kumalo opangira mafuta ku Pearl Harbor. Iliyonse mwa akasinja 20 ku Red Hill amayesa mamita 100 m'mimba mwake ndipo ndi 250 muutali.

Red Hill ili pansi pa phiri lamapiri pafupi ndi Honolulu. Adalengezedwa kuti ndi Civil Engineering Landmark ndi American Society of Civil Engineers mu 1995.

United States isanalowe Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yapadziko Lonse, a Roosevelt Administration adadera nkhawa za kuwonongeka kwa matanki ambiri osungira mafuta omwe ali pamwamba pa Pearl Harbor. Mu 1940 inaganiza zomanga malo atsopano apansi panthaka omwe angasunge mafuta ochulukirapo komanso otetezeka ku ndege za adani.

Mafuta a petroleum apezeka m'madzi kuchokera kumalo osungirako mankhwala oyendetsedwa ndi Navy ku Honolulu, Dipatimenti ya Zaumoyo ku Hawaii. Izi zidalengezedwa Lachitatu.

Akuluakulu azaumoyo ati kuyesa ku Red Hill Elementary School kunawonetsa zotsatira zabwino zamafuta amafuta m'madzi akumwa. Chitsanzo chinatumizidwa ku California kuti chikawunikenso.

Malinga ndi lipoti lofalitsidwa koyamba ndi Civil Beat, zitsanzo zomwe zidatengedwa Lamlungu usiku, akuluakulu adazindikira kuchuluka kwa "ma hydrocarbon osakhazikika" omwe amalumikizidwa ndi JP-5 jet mafuta kapena dizilo, Converse adatero. Chiyeso chachiwiri chomwe chinamalizidwa Lachinayi chinapeza "zizindikiro zomveka za mafuta a petroleum" pamwamba pa mzere wa madzi pachitsime.

Zowononga m’madzimo zinali xylene, naphthalene, ndi mafuta okwana ma hydrocarbon okhala ndi zida zamafuta.

Xylene ndi madzi oyaka moto okhala ndi fungo labwino lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito mumafuta amafuta, malinga ndi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Kuwonekera kwa mankhwala kungayambitsenso mutu, chizungulire, chisokonezo, ndi kutayika kwa minofu, CDC ikutero patsamba lake.

Lachiwiri, dipatimenti ya zaumoyo ku Hawaii idati makasitomala onse amadzi a Navy, omwe amatumikira anthu pafupifupi 93,000 ku Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam ndi kwina, apewe kumwa kapena kuphika ndi madziwo kapena kuwagwiritsa ntchito paukhondo wamkamwa, ngakhale atatero. sananunkhe cholakwika chilichonse.

Akuluakulu a usilikali akuyankha malipoti a 680 omwe adalandira mpaka pano kuchokera kwa anthu ankhondo kuti madzi awo apampopi amanunkhiza mafuta. Lachitatu akuluakulu a Navy adayamba kupereka madzi kwa anthu okhala m'madera ena.

Mabanja akugwiritsa ntchito malo osambira m'mphepete mwa nyanja chifukwa sakhulupirira gwero la madzi ku malo ochitirako masewera olimbitsa thupi omwe amaperekedwa kwa iwo.

Asitikali ankhondo apeza mafuta amafuta m'chitsime chamadzi akumwa a Red Hill, chomwe chatsekedwa kuyambira Lamlungu, The Navy idauza nyuzipepala yakomweko, mayeso okhudzana ndi kuipitsidwa munjira yogawa madzi ya Navy's Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam yabweranso yolakwika.

Bungwe la Honolulu Board of Water Supply, lomwe shaft yake ya Halawa imapereka madzi kwa anthu 400,000 kuchokera ku Moanalua kupita ku Hawaii Kai, akuda nkhawa ndi chipale chofewa.

Bwanamkubwa waku Hawaii a David Ige adapereka chikalata ku nyuzipepala ya komweko, Star-Advertiser, akutcha kuti kulengezaku kudasokoneza kwambiri.

Hawaii Lt. Governor Green adanena kuti akukhudzidwa ndi thanzi ndi chitetezo cha anthu omwe akukhala m'madera okhudzidwawo ndikumvetsetsa kufunikira kwawo kwa chidziwitso cha panthawi yake komanso cholondola.

Lt. Gov. Josh Green adaperekanso mawu lero akukakamiza Asitikali apamadzi kuti agwire ntchito mogwirizana ndi DOH ndi nthumwi za congressional ku Hawaii kuti athane ndi vutoli.

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Ponena za wolemba

Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.

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