Vinyo Wonyezimira wochokera ku Spain Akutsutsa "The Other Guys"

Chithunzi mwachilolezo cha E.Garely

A French awononga ndalama zambiri zotsatsa kutipangitsa kuti tifananize Champagne ndi nthawi yabwino, nthawi yomweyo kutilimbikitsa kukhulupirira kuti vinyo wonyezimira ndi wachi French. Zotsatira? Champagne yasanduka mawu omwe amapezeka paliponse. Ngati tili ndi chikhumbo cha galasi la vinyo wonyezimira ubongo wathu nthawi yomweyo umalowa pa mawu akuti Champagne, ndipo timayika oda yathu ndi bartender kapena manejala ku shopu ya vinyo.

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Zoona zake, kuwonjezera pa France (kupanga mabotolo 550 miliyoni), tili ndi zisankho zomwe zikuphatikizapo Italy (prosecco - kupanga mabotolo 660 +/-), Germany (kupanga mabotolo 350 biliyoni), Spain (Cava. +/- kupanga mabotolo 260 miliyoni ), ndi United States (akupanga mabotolo 162 miliyoni) (forbes.com). Tazindikira kuti vinyo wonyezimira ndi wabwino kwambiri tikakhala osangalala, odabwitsa tikakhala achisoni, ofunikira titachotsedwa ntchito, komanso zomwe timafunikira tikalandira mayeso a Omicron.

Kukopa kwa vinyo wonyezimira kwachuluka ndi 57 peresenti kuyambira 2002 ndipo kupanga mabotolo 2.5 biliyoni padziko lonse lapansi ndikocheperako pang'ono ndi 8 peresenti ya mabotolo 32.5 biliyoni omwe amapangidwa padziko lonse lapansi. Kuwonjezeka pang'onopang'ono ndi kufunikira ndi kupanga vinyo wonyezimira ndi Australia, Brazil, UK, ndi Portugal.

Vinyo Wonyezimira mu Spanish? CAVA

CAVA amatanthauza "phanga" kapena "m'chipinda chapansi pa nyumba" kumene, kumayambiriro kwa kupanga cava, vinyo wonyezimira anapangidwa ndikukalamba kapena kusungidwa. Opanga vinyo ku Spain adagwiritsa ntchito mawuwa mu 1970 kuti alekanitse malonda aku Spain ndi shampeni yaku France. A cava nthawi zonse amapangidwa ndi nayonso mphamvu yachiwiri mu botolo, ndi osachepera miyezi 9 ya botolo kukalamba pa lees.

Don Josep Raventos, mbadwa ya Don Juame Codorniu (woyambitsa Cordorniu - m'modzi mwa opanga cava akulu kwambiri ku Spain), adapanga botolo loyamba lojambulidwa la Cava m'chigawo cha Penedes, kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa Spain. Panthawiyo, phylloxera (tizilombo tokhala ngati nsabwe zomwe zinawononga minda ya mpesa zomwe zimalakalaka mitundu yofiira ku Penedes) zidachoka m'derali ndi mitundu yoyera yokha. Pa nthawiyi, mitundu yoyerayo sinali yogwira ntchito popanga vinyo wabwino kwambiri. Ataphunzira za kupambana kwa shampeni ya ku France, Raventos adaphunzira ndondomekoyi, ndikuyisintha kuti ipange champagne ya Chisipanishi pogwiritsa ntchito Methode Champenoise kuchokera ku mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Chisipanishi Macabeo, Xarello, ndi Parellada - kubereka Cava.

Zaka khumi pambuyo pake, Manuel Raventos adayamba ntchito yotsatsa ku Europe ku Cava yake. Mu 1888, Cordorniu Cavas adapambana mendulo ndi mphotho zambiri zagolide, ndikukhazikitsa mbiri ya Spanish Cava kunja kwa Spain.

pamsika

Spain ndi yachitatu padziko lonse lapansi yotulutsa vinyo wonyezimira, kumbuyo pang'ono kwa France, ndipo zotumiza kunja zimapita ku United States, Germany, ndi Belgium. Monga vinyo wonyezimira waku Spain, Cava amapangidwa mwanjira yachikhalidwe cha French Champagne. Amapangidwa makamaka kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa dzikolo (Penedes dera la Catalonia), ndi mudzi wa Sant Sdaurni d'Anoia komwe kuli nyumba zambiri zazikulu zopanga Chikatalani. Komabe, opanga amabalalika kumadera ena adziko, makamaka komwe kupanga Cava kuli gawo la Denominacion de Origen (DO). Itha kukhala yoyera (blanco) kapena rose (rosado). Mitundu ya mphesa yotchuka kwambiri ndi Macabeo, Parellada ndi Xarel-lo; komabe, mavinyo okha omwe amapangidwa mwanjira yachikhalidwe angatchulidwe kuti CAVA. Ngati vinyo amapangidwa ndi njira ina iliyonse ayenera kutchedwa "vinyo wonyezimira" (vinos espumosos).

Kuti mupange rose cava, kusakaniza ndi NO NO.

Vinyo ayenera kupangidwa kudzera mu njira ya Saignee, pogwiritsa ntchito Garnacha, Pinot Noir, Trepat kapena Monastrell. Kupatula Macabeu, Parellada ndi Xarel-lo, cava ingaphatikizepo mphesa za Chardonnay, Pinot Noir ndi Subirat.

Cava imapangidwa mosiyanasiyana kutsekemera, kuyambira kuuma (chilengedwe cha brut) kupyolera mu brut, brut reserve, seco, semiseco, mpaka dulce (yotsekemera kwambiri). Ma cavas ambiri siamphesa chifukwa ndi osakaniza amitundu yosiyanasiyana.

Mavuto Otsatsa a Cava

Chifukwa chiyani mawu akuti Champagne amayenda mwachilengedwe kuchokera pamilomo yathu, ndipo Cava sangakhale mu lexicon yathu ya vinyo? Vinyo wonyezimira wochokera ku Spain ali mumsika wa vinyo wonyezimira, ndipo ali ndi bajeti yosakwanira yotsatsa. Anthu aku Italiya awononga mabiliyoni a madola ndi ma Euros kuti Prosecco ikhale gawo lathu latsiku ndi tsiku, ndipo France yakhala ikulimbikitsa Champagne kuyambira 1693 (pamene Dom Pérignon "adapanga" Champagne,

Ogula vinyo odziwa bwino amayamikira makhalidwe a Cava: kukolola m'manja, kukanikiza mofatsa kwa magulu ang'onoang'ono osindikizira pamwamba; kukalamba lees mu botolo; kutayika kwa manja kwa ma cuvees apamwamba; ndi kutsatira mokhulupirika miyambo yakale. Ngakhale kuti gulu la vinyo limadziwa, ndikuyamikira tsatanetsatane, ena omwe amangokhala "monga vinyo," amawona vinyo wonyezimira yemwe ali.

Osunga mashelufu m'sitolo amayikanso Cava pachiwopsezo, nthawi zambiri amakankhira Cava mkati ndi vinyo wa jug wotchipa kapena mizimu yotsika mtengo. Ma cuvees apamwamba kwambiri (malo osungira, Gran Reserva, ndi Cava del Paraje) sakhala ndi malo mu ubongo wa ogula vinyo, kapena, ngati atero, akhoza kukhala mu gawo la ubongo lotchedwa "bajeti," kukakamiza Cava kupikisana. ndi vinyo wonyezimira wachingerezi komanso ma Champagne otsika mtengo.

Cava ikukula kutchuka, ndipo malamulo atsopano ayamba kusunga ndi kuonjezera khalidwe kupanga Regulatory Council of the CAVA Protected Designation of Origin. Kuyambira mchaka cha 2018, Javier Pages adatsogolera bungweli pomwe ndi Purezidenti wa Barcelona Wine Week (wapadziko lonse lapansi wa vinyo waku Spain).

Malamulo Atsopano

Kodi malamulowo adzachita chiyani? Malamulo adzakulitsa mawonekedwe a Cava ndikuphatikiza onse olima vinyo ndi opanga Maudindo a Origin (DO), kukulitsa chiyambi chachikulu, ndi mtundu.

Ngati Cava ali wamkulu kuposa miyezi 18 idzatchedwa Cava de Guarda Superior, ndipo imapangidwa kuchokera ku mphesa kuchokera m'minda yamphesa yolembetsedwa mu Regulatory Board's Register ya Guara Superior, ndipo iyenera kukwaniritsa izi:

a. Mipesa iyenera kukhala yosachepera zaka 10

b. Mipesa iyenera kukhala organic (zaka 5 za kusintha)

c. Zokolola zochulukirapo zokwana matani 4.9/ekala, kupanga kosiyana (kusiyana kosiyana kuchokera kumunda wamphesa kupita ku botolo)

d. Umboni wa mpesa ndi organic - pa chizindikiro

1. Kupanga kwa Cavas de Guarda Superior (kuphatikiza Cavas Reserve yokhala ndi ukalamba wosachepera miyezi 18; Gran Reserva yokhala ndi miyezi 30 yokalamba), ndi Cavas d Paraje Calificado - kuchokera pachiwembu chapadera chokhala ndi miyezi ingapo ya 36 kukalamba - kuyenera kukhala 100 peresenti yachilengedwe pofika 2025.

2. Malo atsopano a DO Cava: Comtats de Barcela, Ebro Valley, ndi Levante.

3. Kulengedwa mwaufulu kwa "Integral Producer" chizindikiro kwa wineries kuti asindikize ndi vinify 100 peresenti ya mankhwala awo.

4. Magawo atsopano ndi magawo a Cava DO aziwoneka pamabotolo oyamba mu Januware 2022.

Corpinnat. Wineries Kumenyera Ufulu

Ena ogulitsa vinyo ku Spain asiya DO yawo, ndikupanga dzina la membala m'modzi: Conca del Rui Anoia chifukwa sakukhutira ndi kusayanjanitsika kwa mbiri ya Dos ku khalidwe lomwe likunyozetsa chizindikirocho. Corpinnat ndi dzina latsopano pakati pa vinyo wapamwamba kwambiri, wonyezimira wa ku Spain, ndipo oyambitsawo apereka dongosolo ku Unduna wa Zaulimi ku Spain kuti apereke ziphaso. Pamene / ngati kuvomerezedwa, kudzakhala kukonzanso kochititsa chidwi kwa mtundu wa Cava. 

Mu 2019 wineries asanu ndi anayi adachoka ku Cava DO kuti apange Corpinnat kuti akhale vinyo wonyezimira. Omwe amapangira vinyo ankafuna kuphatikiza Corpinnat ndi DO koma bungwe loyang'anira linakana - kotero adachoka. Opanga vinyo ali ndi chidwi chopanga vinyo wolunjika pa terroir. Mosiyana ndi dziko la France, Spain ilibe dongosolo loyang'anira ma terroir, ndipo opanga mavinyo ang'onoang'ono ku Spain akhala akupempha kuti asinthe kwa zaka zambiri. Olima mochulukira omwe amagula mphesa kwa aliyense komanso kulikonse m'dera lawo lalikulu kwambiri lodziwika bwino la malo, amapanga zinthu zambiri zotsika mtengo, zopangitsa mutu, zopangidwa zamafakitale, kuzilemba ndi DO zomwezo, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosatheka kuti madera ang'onoang'ono a terroir-drive adzisiyanitse. .

Cava samadutsa mayeso okhwima monga Champagne.

Izi zimabweretsa chowonadi kuti opanga zazikulu za cava amatha kupanga vinyo wambiri wocheperako ndi gulu lomwelo ndikupaka opanga ang'onoang'ono a vinyo wabwino kwambiri ndi burashi ya mediocre yomweyo. Kusayang'anira khalidwe kwachititsa kuti dzina lomwe linali lodziwika kwambiri padziko lonse la Cava litaya kutchuka kwake pamene msika wapadziko lonse wa vinyo wonyezimira ukukula. Cava yataya gawo la msika ku prosecco, yemwe njira yake yachithumwa imapangitsa kuti ikhale yotsika mtengo kupanga.

Ma Cavas Osankhidwa

Pamwambo wa vinyo waposachedwa wa New York City, wothandizidwa ndi European Union (Quality Wines from the Heart of Europe) ndinali ndi mwayi wopeza ma Cavas angapo. Mwa vinyo wonyezimira omwe alipo, awa ndiwo omwe ndimakonda:

1. Anna de Codorniu. Blanc de Blancs. PANGANI Cava-Penedes. 70 peresenti Chardonnay, 15 peresenti Parellada, 7.5 peresenti Macabeo, 7.5 peresenti Xarel.lo

Kodi Anna anali ndani ndipo chifukwa chiyani amayika dzina lake pa Cava? Anna de Codorniu amadziwika kuti ndi mayi yemwe adasintha mbiri ya winery kudzera mu luso lake, komanso kukongola komwe adachita upainiya kuwonjezera kwa Chardonnay varietal mu Cava blend.

M'maso mwake, Anna akuwonetsa mtundu wa blonde wonyezimira komanso wowoneka bwino wokhala ndi zobiriwira zobiriwira zomwe zimapangitsa kukhala kosangalatsa kuwona chifukwa ming'omayo ndi yabwino, yokhazikika, yamphamvu komanso yopitilira. Mphuno imakondwera ndi kupezeka kwa miyala yonyowa, zipatso za malalanje, ndi zipatso za kumalo otentha zomwe zimagwirizanitsidwa ndi fungo lokalamba (ganizirani toast ndi brioche). Mkamwa umakonda zotsekemera, zopepuka za acidity, komanso chisangalalo chokhalitsa chomwe chimatsogolera kutha kokoma. Wangwiro ngati aperitif, kapena ndi masamba sauteed, nsomba, nsomba zam'madzi ndi nyama yokazinga; imayima yokhayokha kapena yophatikizidwa ndi zokometsera.

2. L'avi Paul Gran Reserva Brut Nature. Maset. 30 peresenti Xarel-lo, 25 peresenti Parellada, 20 peresenti Chardonnay.

Paul Masan (1777) amakumbukiridwa mu L'avi Pau Cava, monga woyamba mumzera wabanja. Mipesa yakale (zaka 20-40) imabzalidwa pamalo otsika pamtunda wa 200-400 m pamwamba pa nyanja. Vinyo amakalamba m'chipinda chosungiramo 5 m pansi pa nthaka ndi kukalamba kochepa kwa miyezi 36.

Diso limapeza mithunzi yagolide, ndi thovu lolumikizana bwino pomwe mphuno imapatsidwa zipatso zakucha kwambiri, malalanje, brioche, ndi maamondi. M'kamwamo mumapeza ulendo wouma, komanso wotsekemera womwe umatsogolera ku mapeto aatali, olimbikira ndi kutsekemera kwa uchi ndi crabapples. Phatikizani ndi prawns ndi tsabola wotentha kapena kutsanulira pa oyster.

Kuti mudziwe zambiri, Dinani apa.

Izi ndizomwe zikuyang'ana kwambiri za Vinyo waku Spain:

Read Part 1 Pano:  Spain Ikweza Masewera Ake Avinyo: Zambiri Kuposa Sangria

Read Part 2 Pano:  Vinyo waku Spain: Lawani Kusiyanako Tsopano

© Dr. Elinor Garely. Nkhaniyi, kuphatikiza zithunzi, sizingapangidwenso popanda chilolezo cholembedwa kuchokera kwa wolemba.

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Ponena za wolemba

Dr. Elinor Garely - wapadera kwa eTN komanso mkonzi wamkulu, vinyo.travel

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  • Nkhani yabwino kwambiri komanso yatsatanetsatane yokhudza dziko la vinyo wonyezimira ku Spain. Zikomo Dr. Elinor Barely. Inde, ndikuvomereza, ubongo wathu uli ndi mawaya olimba ndi mawu akuti Champagne pachilichonse chowala. Ndinayenera kukonzanso ubongo wanga kuti ndisiyanitse ndikuyamba cavasocials.org ngati njira yoyambira ndikuphunzira za vinyo wonyezimira ku Spain CAVA ndi CORPINNAT. Nayi chaka cha 2022 chowoneka bwino! ndi zolemba zambiri zakusiyana kwa Sparkling Wines padziko lonse lapansi.

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