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Brilliant Hotel Man Amamanga Palmer House ku Chicago mu 1871

Chithunzi chovomerezeka ndi S.Turkel

Nyumba yoyambirira ya Palmer House idamangidwa mu 1871 ndi Potter Palmer yemwe adayamba ntchito yake ngati kalaliki wakubanki kumpoto kwa New York. Pambuyo pake adakhala mwini sitolo ya zinthu zowuma ku Chicago komwe adasinthiratu malonda ogulitsa. Iye anali woyamba kupanga ziwonetsero zazikulu zazenera, kugwiritsa ntchito malo akuluakulu otsatsa malonda, kutumiza katundu pa chilolezo ku nyumba ndi kusunga malonda a malonda. Adakhala bambo wanzeru kuhotelo pomwe adagwiritsa ntchito njira zake zopambana zogulitsira hotelo pakuyendetsa hotelo yake. Sanaone chifukwa chimene makleliki, ophika ndi operekera zakudya amayenera kupatsidwa chilango chofanana ndi cha oyenda pansi ndi odumphadumpha. The Hotel Gazette idati amatha kuwonedwa nthawi zonse pamalo olandirira alendo komanso m'makonde a Palmer House akuyang'anira ndikuwongolera.

Pakhala pali mahotela atatu osiyanasiyana a Palmer House. Woyamba, wotchedwa The Palmer, adamangidwa ngati mphatso yaukwati kuchokera kwa Potter Palmer kwa mkwatibwi wake Bertha Honorè. Idatsegulidwa pa Seputembara 26, 1871, koma modabwitsa idawonongedwa ndi moto patatha masiku khumi ndi atatu mu Great Chicago Fire. Palmer mwamsanga anamanganso Palmer House yomwe inatsegulidwanso mu 1875. Idalengezedwa kuti "Hotelo Yokha Padziko Lonse Yowonetsera Moto" ndipo inali ndi malo olandirira alendo, zipinda zochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi, ma parlors apamwamba, bridal suites, ma cafes ndi malo odyera. Hoteloyo idakopa anthu okhazikika omwe amasangalala ndi malo akulu, zipinda zogona, zipinda zogona, zimbudzi zingapo, zosamalira m'nyumba komanso ntchito zonyamula katundu. Pofika m'chaka cha 1925, Palmer anamanga hotelo yatsopano ya nsanjika 25 yomwe idakwezedwa kukhala hotelo yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Omangawo anali Holabird & Roche omwe amadziwika bwino chifukwa cha Chicago School of skyscrapers. Anapanganso Stevens Hotel, Cook County Courthouse, Chicago City Hall ndi Muehlebach Hotel ku Kansas City.

Nyumba yatsopano ya Palmer House idakumbukiridwapo chifukwa chakuti madola a siliva 225 adayikidwa pansi pa matabwa a matabwa a malo ometeramo tsitsi.

Anaikidwa kumeneko ndi William S. Eaton, wogwira ntchito m’sitoloyo, amene anachitapo kanthu pa lingalirolo m’zaka zingapo zotsatira. Aliyense ankafuna kuwona pansi chifukwa cha chidwi kapena kutsimikizira kuti wometa amatha kusonyeza ndalama zake.

Monga imodzi mwa yayitali kwambiri-yogwira ntchito Map ku America, Palmer House ili ndi mndandanda wabwino kwambiri wa alendo otchuka kuphatikiza pulezidenti aliyense kuyambira Ulysses S. Grant, atsogoleri ambiri adziko lapansi, otchuka komanso osuntha ndi ogwedeza ku Chicago. Chipinda cha Empire ku Palmer House chinakhala malo owonetsera ku Chicago. Pa Chiwonetsero Chapadziko Lonse cha 1933, gulu lovina lodziwika bwino la ballroom, Veloz ndi Yolanda adagonjetsa mitima ya mzindawo ndikuimba kumeneko kwa chaka choposa. Adatsatiridwa ndi osangalatsa amoyo kuphatikiza Guy Lombardo, Ted Lewis, Sophie Tucker, Eddie Duchin, Hildegarde, Carol Channing, Phyllis Diller, Bobby Darin, Jimmy Durante, Lou Rawls, Maurice Chevalier, Liberace, Louis Armstrong, Harry Belafonte, Peggy Lee, Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland ndi Ella Fitzgerald, pakati pa ena.

Mu 1945, Conrad Hilton anapita ku Chicago kukagula hotelo ya Stevens, hotelo yaikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi yokhala ndi zipinda zikwi zitatu ndi mabafa zikwi zitatu. Pambuyo pokambirana kwa nthawi yayitali ndi Stephen A. Healy, mwiniwake wa makontrakitala mamiliyoni ambiri komanso womanga njerwa, Hilton adagula Stevens. Pambuyo pake mchaka chomwecho, Hilton adagula Palmer House kuchokera kwa Potter Palmer kwa $19,385,000. Hilton adalemba ganyu Colonel Joseph Binns yemwe anali wankhondo waku US yemwe anali wokhoza kuyang'anira mahotela onsewa. Hilton anafotokoza m’nkhani yake ya moyo wa “Be My Guest” kuti: “Ndinapita ku Chicago ndikuyembekeza kukagula mgodi umodzi wa golide ndipo ndinabwera kunyumba ndi ziwiri.”

Mu 1971, Palmer House idakondwerera kubadwa kwake kwazaka 100. Octogenarian Conrad Hilton analipo pamwambowo. Meya wa Chicago Richard J. Daly anati, “M’dziko lonselo ndi padziko lonse lapansi, palibe malo ochitira hotelo odziwika bwino kapena olemekezeka kuposa Palmer House. …. Anthu omwe akhala akulowa ndi kutuluka mumzinda wathu amaganiza za Palmer House akaganiza za Chicago. "

Mu 2005, Palmer House idagulidwa ndi Thor Equities kwa $240 miliyoni. Joseph A. Sitt, pulezidenti wa Thor, adayambitsa ntchito yokonzanso $ 170 miliyoni yomwe inaphatikizapo kukonzanso zipinda za 1,000 (kuchokera ku 1,639), kuwonjezera malo osungiramo magalimoto apansi panthaka, kuchotsa maulendo angapo othawa moto omwe anawononga mawonekedwe a State Street ndikuwonjezera malo odyera atsopano ndi malo odyera ku hotelo yochititsa chidwi. Mwina zolemba zotsatsira za Palmer House Hilton zimanena bwino kwambiri:

Mphatso yaukwati yochokera kwa Potter Palmer ikupitilizabe kusangalatsa otopa kwambiri ndi omwe ali otopa kwambiri komanso osowa kwambiri omwe ali pafupi ndi mzinda wa Chicago Theatre District.

Palmer House Hilton ndi membala wa pulogalamu ya Historic Hotels of America ya National Trust for Historic Preservation. Inali hotelo yoyamba ku Chicago yokhala ndi zikepe, komanso hotelo yoyamba yokhala ndi mababu amagetsi ndi matelefoni m'zipinda za alendo. Ngakhale hoteloyi idatchedwa kuti hotelo yayitali kwambiri ku North America, idatsekedwa mu Marichi 2020 chifukwa cha mliri wa Covid-19 ndikutsegulidwanso pa June 17, 2021.

Stanley Turkel adasankhidwa kukhala 2020 Historian of the Year ndi Historic Hotels of America, pulogalamu yovomerezeka ya National Trust for Historic Preservation, yomwe adatchulidwapo kale mu 2015 ndi 2014. Turkel ndiye mlangizi wodziwika bwino wamahotelo ku United States. Amagwiritsa ntchito malo ake owerengera kuhotelo ngati mboni waluso pamilandu yokhudzana ndi hotelo, amapereka kasamalidwe ka chuma ndi kuyankhulana kwa hotelo. Amadziwika kuti ndi Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus ndi Educational Institute of the American Hotel and Lodging Association. [imelo ndiotetezedwa] 917-628-8549

Buku lake latsopano "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" langotulutsidwa kumene.

Mabuku Enanso Omasindikizidwa:

• Ma Hoteli Akuluakulu aku America: Apainiya a Makampani Ogulitsa (2009)

• Kumangidwa Pomaliza: Mahotela Akale Zaka 100+ ku New York (2011)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Azaka 100+ Kum'mawa kwa Mississippi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar waku Waldorf (2014)

• Great American Hoteliers Voliyumu 2: Apainiya a Hotel Viwanda (2016)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Akale + Zaka 100+ Kumadzulo kwa Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Great American Hotel Architects Volume I (2019)

• Hotel Mavens: Voliyumu 3: Bob ndi Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Mabuku onsewa atha kuyitanitsidwa kuchokera ku AuthorHouse poyendera stanleystkel.com  ndikudina pamutu wabukuli.

Ponena za wolemba

Stanley Turkel CMHS hotelo-online.com

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