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Chitukuko Chokhazikika cha Tourism ndi Zitsimikizo zonse ndizo Buzz

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Kukhazikika kumawoneka ngati buzzword, koma ndi yotakata komanso yosokoneza, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti eni eni amalonda ndi mautumiki okopa alendo, komanso makasitomala, asokonezedwe ndi zonena zosiyanasiyana ndi zosankha zosamveka bwino popanda cholinga chenicheni.

Ulemu wokhazikika umatanthauzidwa ndi UN Environment Programme ndi Bungwe la UN World Tourism Organisation (2005), monga "zokopa alendo zomwe zimayang'ana zonse zomwe zikuchitika panopa komanso zamtsogolo zachuma, chikhalidwe, ndi chilengedwe, kuthana ndi zosowa za alendo, makampani, chilengedwe, ndi madera omwe akukhala nawo."

Kulankhula za kukhazikika ndikuzindikira kuti chilichonse chimalumikizidwa ndikulumikizidwa bwino, chifukwa chake, ndikuwongolera mndandanda waukulu watsatanetsatane kuwonetsetsa kuti bizinesi kapena ntchito yoyendera alendo imaperekedwa poganizira kusakanikirana kwazinthu zomwe ziyenera kuganiziridwa. kuti azigwira ntchito monga: ntchito zabwino, chitetezo, mauthenga ndi mauthenga (ICTs), maphunziro a anthu, maphunziro ndi zosangalatsa, ndondomeko za chilengedwe, jenda, kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu, kugwiritsa ntchito madzi, mphamvu zina, zachilengedwe ndi kuteteza chikhalidwe, kusintha kwa nyengo. kuchepetsa ndi kusintha njira, ndi kasamalidwe kokhazikika machitidwe, pakati pa ena lolunjika osati kupereka chikhutiro kwa alendo, komanso kuyamikira ndi kusunga cholowa zachilengedwe ndi chikhalidwe cha malo amene anayendera ndi kasamalidwe yoyenera zisathe mabizinesi kapena kopita alendo.

Makamaka komanso chofunikira kwambiri, Seventh Session ya United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD - 1999) idalimbikitsa kuti maboma alimbikitse ndikuthandizira chitukuko chokhazikika cha zokopa alendo kudzera:

• Kufotokozera ndondomeko ndi ndondomeko za dziko.

• Kugwirizana kwakukulu ndi ena onse okhudzidwa ndi zokopa alendo.

• Kuphunzitsa anthu amwenye komanso madera awo za zokopa alendo.

• Kukhazikitsa malo abwino kwa mabizinesi ang'onoang'ono ndi apakatikati (motsata maphunziro, ngongole ndi kasamalidwe).

• Zambiri zokhudzana ndi chilengedwe ndi chikhalidwe cha alendo.

• Kulimbana ndi ntchito zokopa alendo zosaloledwa, zachipongwe, kapena zadyera.

Imalimbikitsanso kuti amalonda okopa alendo:

• Kutengera njira zodzifunira zomwe zimakomera chitukuko chokhazikika ndi kasamalidwe ka ntchito zawo.

• Kuwongolera kasamalidwe ka chilengedwe (mphamvu, madzi, zinyalala, ndi zina zotero).

• Phunzitsani antchito awo (makamaka ochokera kwanuko).

• Kanani poyera mtundu uliwonse wa zokopa alendo osaloledwa, wankhanza, kapena wopondereza. Dziwani zotsatira za zochita zawo pa chilengedwe ndi zikhalidwe za komwe akupita.

Agenda 21 yamakampani azokopa alendo akuti:

"Zokopa alendo ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zopambana kwambiri m'nthawi yathu ino."

“Koma tikudziwanso kuti pali kale zizindikiro za chiopsezo chachikulu ndi kuchulukira komanso kuwonongeka kwa malo ena ndi zikhalidwe zawo, ndi kuchulukana kwamayendedwe komanso kusakhutira kwakukulu kwa mamembala amizinda ndi madera ena chifukwa chakusayendetsa bwino ntchito zokopa alendo. ”

Malinga ndi Global Sustainable Tourism Council (GSTC, 2021), zokopa alendo zokhazikika zimatanthawuza machitidwe okhazikika m'makampani azokopa alendo. Ndichikhumbokhumbo chovomereza zotsatira zonse za zokopa alendo, zabwino ndi zoipa. Cholinga chake ndi kuchepetsa zotsatira zoyipa ndikukulitsa zabwino. Ntchito zokopa alendo zokhazikika sizikutanthauza mtundu wina wa zokopa alendo, koma ndi cholinga choti zokopa alendo zamitundu yonse zikhale zokhazikika kwa mibadwo ikubwerayi.

M'malo mwake, m'malingaliro otere ndi momwe machitidwe a GSTC adabadwira mabizinesi poyamba, kubwerera ku 2008, kenako komwe amapita, komwe kumakhala ngati miyezo yapadziko lonse lapansi yokhazikika pakuyenda ndi zokopa alendo. Njirazi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pophunzitsa komanso kudziwitsa anthu

Izi ndi zotsatira za kuyesetsa kwapadziko lonse lapansi kuti pakhale chilankhulo chodziwika bwino chokhudzana ndi zokopa alendo. Iwo ali m'magulu anayi:

  • kasamalidwe kokhazikika
  • zotsatira za chikhalidwe cha anthu
  • zotsatira za chikhalidwe
  • zotsatira za chilengedwe

Monga momwe GSTC's imakhazikitsira: "Njira yopangira njira idapangidwa kuti itsatire malamulo a ISEAL Alliance. ISEAL Alliance ndi bungwe lapadziko lonse lapansi lomwe limapereka chitsogozo pakuwongolera miyezo yokhazikika m'magawo onse. Khodiyo imayendetsedwa ndi miyezo yoyenera ya ISO. ”

Zomwe zikuchitika masiku ano ndikuti malo okopa alendo akufuna kupeza ziphaso monga Slovenia yatenga zawo kuchokera ku mabungwe omwe siaboma a Certification monga Green Destinations ndi madera ena monga Bonaire ali ndi makampani odziwika kwambiri, ang'onoang'ono, komanso apakatikati omwe ali ndi ziphaso. ziphaso zokhazikika monga Good Travel Seal Programme kuchokera ku bungwe lomwelo.

Njira zina zopangira ziphaso ndi mabizinesi ndi monga kuti pa Januware 31, 2014, Bambo Albert Salman adayamba njira ina yatsopano yophatikiza GSTC kupita ku Green Destinations (GD), yomwe lero ikuphatikiza izi:

- Nkhani 100 zapamwamba

- Mphotho za GD ndi Zitsimikizo

- Pulogalamu ya Atsogoleri Adziko Lonse

- Pulogalamu Yothandizira Yopita

- START zida

- Pulogalamu Yabwino Yoyenda

- Upangiri Wabwino Woyenda

- Maphunziro a GD

Ndi Green Seal Travel Programme, mabizinesi amtunduwu amatsimikizira machitidwe awo okhazikika pazinthu monga:

  • Kugula & kugulitsa, F&B
  • Ubwino wa anthu
  • Ntchito yabwino
  • Zaumoyo & chitetezo
  • screen
  • Mphamvu & nyengo
  • Sungani
  • Water
  • Kuipitsa & kusokoneza
  • Chilengedwe & mawonekedwe
  • Chikhalidwe chachikhalidwe
  • Information

Kuti mudziwe zambiri za certification, Dinani apa.

Ponena za wolemba

Roberto Baca Plazaola

Roberto ndi Mlembi Wamkulu wa Skål International Panama Executive Board & Purezidenti wa Soluciones Turísticas Sostenibles STS CR SA - Panama ndi Green Destinations Representative ndi Auditor ku Central America ndi Panama @stssacrpa

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