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IATA: Kukula kwa katundu wa ndege kumachepetsa, koma kumapitirira

IATA: Kukula kwa katundu wa ndege kumachepetsa, koma kumapitirira
IATA: Kukula kwa katundu wa ndege kumachepetsa, koma kumapitirira
Written by Harry Johnson

The Mgwirizano Wapadziko Lonse Woyendetsa Ndege (IATA) idatulutsa zidziwitso zamisika yapadziko lonse lapansi yonyamula katundu wapadziko lonse lapansi yomwe ikuwonetsa kukula pang'onopang'ono mu Januwale 2022. Kusokonekera kwa chain chain ndi zolepheretsa, komanso kutsika kwachuma kwa gawoli kunachepetsa kufunikira. 

  • Zofuna zapadziko lonse lapansi, zoyezedwa mu cargo ton-kilometers (CTKs), zidakwera 2.7% poyerekeza ndi Januware 2021 (3.2% pazantchito zapadziko lonse lapansi). Izi zinali zotsika kwambiri kuposa kukula kwa 9.3% komwe kunachitika mu Disembala 2021 (11.1% pazantchito zapadziko lonse lapansi).
  • Kuthekera kunali 11.4% pamwamba pa Januware 2021 (10.8% pazochita zapadziko lonse lapansi). Ngakhale izi zili m'gawo labwino, poyerekeza ndi pre-COVID-19 milingo, mphamvu imakhalabe yocheperako, 8.9% pansi pa Januware 2019. 
  • Kusokonekera kwa kagayidwe kazinthu komanso kuwonongeka kwachuma kwa gawoli kukuchepetsa kukula.

Zinthu zingapo ziyenera kuzindikirika:

  • Kusokonekera kwa kagayidwe kazakudya kudabwera chifukwa choyimitsa ndege chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa anthu ogwira ntchito, nyengo yozizira komanso kutumizidwa kwa 5G ku USA, komanso mfundo za zero-COVID ku China ndi Hong Kong. 
  • Chizindikiro cha Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) chomwe chikutsatira malamulo atsopano otumizira kunja chinatsika pansi pa 50-mark mu Januware kwa nthawi yoyamba kuyambira Ogasiti 2020, zomwe zikuwonetsa kuti mabizinesi ambiri omwe adawunikidwa adanenanso za kugwa kwa malamulo atsopano otumiza kunja. 
  • The January global Supplier Delivery Time Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) inali pa 37.8. Ngakhale mitengo yomwe ili pansi pa 50 nthawi zambiri imakhala yabwino kunyamula katundu wapamlengalenga, momwe zinthu ziliri pano zikuwonetsa kuti nthawi yobweretsera ikuchulukirachulukira chifukwa chazovuta zapakhomo. 
  • Chiyerekezo cha zinthu zogulitsira zinthu chimakhalabe chochepa. Izi ndizabwino pazonyamula ndege chifukwa zikutanthauza kuti opanga atha kutembenukira ku katundu wandege kuti akwaniritse zomwe akufuna. 

"Kukula kofunikira kwa 2.7% mu Januware kunali kocheperako, kutsatira 9.3% yolembedwa mu Disembala. Izi mwina zikuwonetsa kusintha komwe kukukulirakulira kwa 4.9% komwe kukuyembekezeka chaka chino. Kuyang'ana m'tsogolo, titha kuyembekezera kuti misika yonyamula katundu idzakhudzidwa ndi mkangano wa Russia ndi Ukraine. Kusintha kokhudzana ndi zilango pazopanga ndi zachuma, kukwera kwamitengo yamafuta ndi kusatsimikizika kwapadziko lonse lapansi kukuyenda. Kuthekera kukuyembekezeka kubwera pansi pamavuto akulu ndipo mitengo ikuyembekezeka kukwera. Kuti, komabe, kudakali koyambirira kwambiri kuti tinene," adatero Willie Walsh, IATADirector General.   

Kuukira kwa Russia ku Ukraine

Kuukira kwa Russia ku Ukraine kudzakhala ndi zotsatira zoyipa pazambiri za ndege. Kutsekedwa kwa ndege kudzayimitsa kulumikizana mwachindunji kumisika yambiri yolumikizidwa ku Russia.

WTM London 2022 zidzachitika kuyambira 7-9 Novembala 2022. Lowetsani tsopano!

Ponseponse, misika yapadziko lonse lapansi ikuyembekezeka kukhala yotsika chifukwa katundu wotengedwa kupita/kuchokera/ku Russia amangotenga 0.6% yokha ya katundu wapadziko lonse wonyamula ndege mu 2021.

Onyamula katundu angapo apadera amalembetsedwa ku Russia ndi Ukraine, makamaka omwe amagwira ntchito zonyamula katundu wolemetsa. 

Kuchita Zachigawo kwa Januware

  • Ndege zaku Asia-Pacific adawona ma voliyumu awo onyamula mpweya akuwonjezeka ndi 4.9% mu Januware 2022 poyerekeza ndi mwezi womwewo mu 2021. Izi zinali zotsika kwambiri pakuwonjezeka kwa mwezi wapitawu ndi 12.0%. Kuchuluka komwe kulipo m'derali kunali 11.4% poyerekeza ndi Januware 2021, komabe kumakhalabe kovuta kwambiri poyerekeza ndi milingo ya COVID-19 isanachitike, kutsika ndi 15.4% poyerekeza ndi 2019. Kukonzekera kwa tchuthi cha Chaka Chatsopano kutha kukhudzanso kuchuluka kwa zinthu, koma ndizovuta kudzipatula.
  • Onyamula ku North America adayika kutsika kwa 1.2% kwa katundu wonyamula katundu mu Januware 2022 poyerekeza ndi Januware 2021. Izi zinali zotsika kwambiri zomwe zidachitika mu Disembala (7.7%). Kusokonekera kwa mayendedwe azinthu chifukwa cha kusowa kwa ntchito, nyengo yozizira kwambiri komanso zovuta pakutumizidwa kwa 5G komanso kukwera kwa inflation komanso kuchepa kwachuma komwe kunakhudza kukula. Mphamvu zidakwera 8.7% poyerekeza ndi Januware 2021. 
  • Onyamula ku Europe adawona kuwonjezeka kwa 7.0% kwa katundu wonyamula katundu mu Januwale 2022 poyerekeza ndi mwezi womwewo mu 2021. Ngakhale kuti izi zinali zocheperapo kusiyana ndi mwezi wapitawo (10.6%), Ulaya inali yolimba kuposa madera ena ambiri. Onyamula katundu ku Ulaya adapindula ndi ntchito zolimba zachuma komanso kuchepetsa mphamvu. Mphamvu zidakwera 18.8% mu Januware 2022 poyerekeza ndi Januware 2021, ndipo zidatsika 8.1% poyerekeza ndi zovuta zomwe zidachitika kale (2019). 
  • Onyamula ku Middle East zidatsika ndi 4.6% m'magawo onyamula katundu mu Januwale 2022. Izi zinali zofooka kwambiri m'madera onse komanso kuchepa kwa magwiridwe antchito poyerekeza ndi mwezi wapitawo (2.2%). Izi zidachitika chifukwa chakuwonongeka kwa magalimoto pamsewu waukulu zingapo monga Middle East-Asia, ndi Middle East-North America. Kuthekera kudakwera 6.2% poyerekeza ndi Januware 2021 koma kumakhalabe kovutirapo poyerekeza ndi pre-COVID-19 milingo, kutsika ndi 11.8% poyerekeza ndi mwezi womwewo mu 2019.  
  • Onyamula ku Latin America Adanenanso za kuchuluka kwa 11.9% pazonyamula katundu mu Januware 2022 poyerekeza ndi nthawi ya 2021. Uku kunali kutsika poyerekeza ndi zomwe zidachitika mwezi watha (19.4%). Mphamvu mu Januware zidatsika ndi 12.9% poyerekeza ndi mwezi womwewo mu 2021 ndipo zikadali zotsika kwambiri poyerekeza ndi pre-COVID-19 milingo, kutsika 28.9% poyerekeza ndi 2019.
  • Ndege zaku Africa' adawona kuchuluka kwa katundu kukukwera ndi 12.4% mu Januwale 2022 poyerekeza ndi Januwale 2021. Derali linali lochita bwino kwambiri. Kuthekera kunali 13.0% pamwamba pa Januware 2021. 

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Ponena za wolemba

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson wakhala mkonzi wa ntchito ya eTurboNews kwa zaka zoposa 20. Iye amakhala ku Honolulu, Hawaii, ndipo kwawo ndi ku Ulaya. Amakonda kulemba ndi kufalitsa nkhani.

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