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Kutentha kwa Dzuwa Kungayambitse Mkuntho wa Fumbi pa Mars

 Gulu la asayansi, kuphatikizapo Dr. Germán Martínez wochokera ku Universities Space Research Association, tangofalitsa kafukufuku mu Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Kafukufukuyu akuwonetsa kuti pali kusalinganika kwamphamvu kwanyengo mu kuchuluka kwa mphamvu zadzuwa zomwe zimatengedwa ndikutulutsidwa ndi Mars zomwe ndizomwe zimayambitsa mvula yamkuntho ndipo zitha kukhala ndi gawo lofunikira pakumvetsetsa nyengo ndi mlengalenga wa dziko lofiira. 

Bajeti yamphamvu yowunikira (mawu otanthauza kuyeza kwa mphamvu ya dzuwa yomwe pulaneti imatenga kuchokera kudzuwa kenako ndikutulutsa ngati kutentha) ya pulaneti ndi gawo lofunikira kwambiri. Malinga ndi zimene asayansi apeza pa maulendo angapo, gulu la asayansi linapereka chithunzi cha padziko lonse cha mmene nyengo ya Mars ilili. Miyezo yochokera ku NASA's Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Science Laboratory's Curiosity rover, ndi mishoni za InSight zimawulula kusiyanasiyana kwamphamvu kwanyengo ndi masana a mphamvu zotulutsidwa za Mars.  

"Chimodzi mwazinthu zosangalatsa kwambiri zomwe zapezedwa ndikuti mphamvu yochulukirapo - mphamvu zambiri zomwe zimatengedwa kuposa zomwe zimapangidwa - zitha kukhala njira imodzi yopangira mvula yamkuntho ku Mars," akutero Ellen Creecy, wolemba wamkulu wa kafukufukuyu.1 ndi wophunzira wa udokotala wochokera ku yunivesite ya Houston, Texas.

"Zotsatira zathu zomwe zikuwonetsa kusagwirizana kwamphamvu kwamphamvu zikuwonetsa kuti mawerengero apano akuyenera kuwonedwanso, chifukwa izi nthawi zambiri amaganiza kuti mphamvu zowunikira za Mars zimakhala bwino pakati pa nyengo za Mars," adatero Dr. Germán Martínez, USRA Staff Scientist ku Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI). ) ndi wolemba nawo pepala. "Kuphatikiza apo, zotsatira zathu zikuwonetsa kugwirizana pakati pa mkuntho wa fumbi ndi kusalinganika kwa mphamvu, motero zitha kupereka chidziwitso chatsopano chamkuntho wa fumbi ku Mars."

Pakafukufukuyu, gulu la asayansi linagwiritsa ntchito zimene aona kuchokera ku ma satellites, landers, ndi rovers kuti ayerekezere kuti dziko la Mars limatulutsa mphamvu zomwe zimatuluka padziko lonse ngati nyengo, kuphatikizapo nyengo imene kukuchitika fumbi la fumbi. Iwo adapeza kuti pali mphamvu yosagwirizana ya mphamvu ya ~ 15.3 % pakati pa nyengo ya Mars, yomwe ndi yaikulu kwambiri kuposa Padziko Lapansi (0.4%) kapena Titan (2.9%). Adapezanso kuti mchaka cha 2001 champhepo yamkuntho yozungulira pulaneti ku Mars, mphamvu zotulutsa padziko lonse lapansi zidatsika ndi 22% masana koma zidakwera ndi 29% usiku.

Zotsatira za kafukufukuyu, kuphatikiza zitsanzo za manambala, zili ndi kuthekera kopititsa patsogolo kamvedwe kake ka nyengo ya Martian ndi kuzungulira kwa mlengalenga, zomwe ndizofunikira pakuwunika kwa mtsogolo kwa Mars ndipo mwina zitha kuneneratu za nyengo ya Dziko lapansi. 

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