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Kuswa Nkhani Zoyenda Culture Kupita Hawaii Makampani Ochereza Nkhani Tourism Nkhani Zoyenda Pamaulendo Trending USA

Kugunda Kwakukulu kwa Mwezi waku America waku Hawaii

Irish Bagpipe Players - chithunzi mwachilolezo cha A.Anderssen

Mwezi wa Irish-American Heritage Month umachitika ku United States polengeza Purezidenti ndi Congress kuti azindikire zomwe achita ndi zopereka za osamukira ku Ireland ndi mbadwa zawo omwe adakhazikika ku United States kwa mibadwo ingapo. Chikumbutso choyamba chinachitika mu 1991. Mwezi wa March wasankhidwa kukhala Mwezi wa Cholowa kuti ugwirizane ndi Tsiku la Saint Patrick, tchuthi cha dziko la Ireland chomwe chimakondwerera pa March 17. Miyezi ya Heritage nthawi zambiri imalengezedwa ndi maboma kuti azikumbukira zaka mazana ambiri za zopereka zomwe bungwe la bungwe linapereka. gulu linalake ku dziko.

Ireland ndi chisumbu, osati dziko kapena ufumu. Chilumbachi nthawi zonse chimakhala ndi gulu la nyenyezi la olamulira; sipanakhalepo mfumu imodzi yeniyeni imene inalamulira chisumbu chonsecho monga dziko lodziimira la Ireland. Pakhala pali mafumu okwana 30 pachilumba cha Ireland, koma mwamwambo adagawidwa kukhala maufumu asanu amphamvu.

Nthawi yotsiriza dziko la Ireland lidatsala pang'ono kutchedwa dziko lodziimira palokha, kupatulapo pamene linkalamulidwa ndi British, linali zaka chikwi zapitazo, pansi pa Brian Boru ndi dzina lotchedwa "High Kings of Tara." Unali ufumu wa feduro wokhala ndi mafumu asanu a zigawo (kwenikweni, akalonga) amene mwadzina anali kuvomereza wolamulira wamkulu mmodzi. Mafumu Akuluakulu a ku Tara amenewo anali “okwezeka” m’lingaliro lakuti anali amphamvu kwambiri pakati pa ochuluka a Mafumu. Brian Boru adavekedwa korona wa Imperator Scottorum kapena "Emperor of the Scots" (ie, waku Irish) ku Armagh mu 1005. Chilumbachi chidali chogawikanabe, cholamulidwa ndi mabanja ambiri. Fuko (kapena chabwino mu Irish) linaphatikizapo mfumu ndi achibale ake okwiya; komabe mafuko aku Ireland adaphatikizanso makasitomala osagwirizana ndi mfumuyo. Mafumu a Tara anali ndi udindo wapamwamba - koma izi zidawapatsa ulamuliro wocheperako kuposa ufumu wawo, ndi msonkho wochepa kapena kumvera kuchokera kwa mafumu ena a mafuko.

Kapangidwe kake ka maufumu kakadakhala kodzipatula kuti kadasinthika kudzera pakugonjetsa, kukambirana komanso kukwatirana kukhala United Kingdom of Ireland, koma sizinachitike. Maiko akuluakulu, odziwika bwino amasiku ano ndizochitika zaposachedwa kwambiri m'mbiri ya geopolitical.

Njala ya mbatata ya ku Ireland, yomwe imadziwikanso kuti Great Hunger, inayamba mu 1845 ndipo inachititsa kuti anthu ambiri asamuke. United States ndiyo inali yolandira kwambiri anthu othawa kwawo ku Ireland. Society of the Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 1771 ku Philadelphia, idabwera kudzawapulumutsa. M’zaka zonse za zana loyamba la Sosaite, ziŵalo zake zinasonkhezeredwa kuthandiza mikhole ya njala, kuthamangitsidwa, ndi kuthamangitsidwa ku Ireland. Izi zinali choncho makamaka m’zaka za m’ma 1840, pamene anthu a ku Ireland anasautsidwa ndi Njala Yaikulu, njala chifukwa cha kusoŵa kwa mbewu, ndi kuipa kwa boma lopondereza. M’nthaŵi imeneyi, pamene chiŵerengero cha anthu a ku Ireland chinachepetsedwa ndi mamiliyoni asanu, mamembala a Sosaite anagwirizana ndi ziŵalo za Society of Friends ndi mabungwe ena osiyanasiyana kuti achepetse kuvutika kobwera chifukwa cha njala. Sizinalinso zofunikira komwe makolo a ku Ireland anayambira. Munthu aliyense waku Ireland, mosasamala kanthu za fuko lake, adalandira thandizo.

Society of the Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick inasintha tanthauzo la kukhala Irish. 

“Waku Ireland” tsopano anali munthu aliyense pachisumbucho; sichinaphatikizepo ma dynasties a Munster, Leinster, Connacht, Bréifne, Ulaid, Airgíalla, Northern ndi Southern Uí Néill, komanso mbadwa za Ufumu wa Dál Riata kumene fuko la Ireland lotchedwa Scotti linakhazikika pachilumbachi. ku Ireland ndi kugombe lakumadzulo kwa Caledonia (dera lomwe tsopano limatchedwa Scotland).

Choyamba Tsiku la St. Patrick parade idachitika osati ku Ireland koma ku America. Zolemba zimasonyeza pa March 17, 1601 pamalo amene tsopano amatchedwa St. Augustine, Florida, kunachitika chionetsero cha Tsiku la St. Patrick. Kugubaku, komanso chochitika cham'mbuyo cha Tsiku la St. Patrick, chinakonzedwa ndi Ricardo Artur, woimira dziko la Irish Colony wa ku Spain. Patapita zaka zoposa 17, pa March 1772, XNUMX, asilikali a ku Ireland omwe ankatumikira m’gulu la asilikali a ku England anadutsa mumzinda wa New York polemekeza woyera mtima wa ku Ireland. Kuchokera kumeneko, chidwi cha ziwonetsero za Tsiku la St. Patrick ku New York City, Boston, ndi mizinda ina yoyambirira ya ku America chinakula kwambiri.

Anthu a ku America adalengeza za Tsiku la St. Patrick monga momwe tikudziwira lero. Anthu a ku Ireland Akatolika amapita kutchalitchi ndipo amakondwerera tsikuli ngati holide yachipembedzo. Ngakhale kuti Marichi 17 amalowa mkati mwa Lent, nthawi ya apapa imalola kuti Akatolika a ku Ireland asamalowe mulamulo la Canon kuti asadye nyama patsikulo.

Tsiku la St. Patrick ndi lodzaza ndi bacchanal ku America. Khrisimasi idali tsiku lachisangalalo chauchidakwa mpaka azungu achizungu adaletsa. Krisimasi inaletsedwa mu 1647 m’maufumu a England (omwe anali ku Wales panthaŵiyo), Scotland, ndi Ireland. Sizinabwerenso ngati tchuthi chokondwerera mpaka nthawi ya Victorian. Panthawiyi Tsiku la St. Patrick linayamba ku America.

The Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick ndi omwe amakonzekera zikondwerero za Mwezi wa Irish-American Heritage ku Honolulu, Hawaii. Mpira wa Emerald unayambitsa zikondwererozo. Karen Elizabeth-Blackham Goodwin adakonza mwambowu, womwe udachitikira ku Annie O'Brien's, malo ogulitsira aku Ireland ku Honolulu. Phwandoli lidaulutsidwanso pompopompo pa Zoom, yolumikizidwa ndi Karen, ndi Jodi Bearden waku Hawaii Island. Karen anati, “Bill Comerford, mwini bar ndi Purezidenti wakale. Purezidenti wapano ndi Tim Dunne, yemwe sanakhalepo chifukwa pano akuphunzira masters ake ku Genealogy ku yunivesite ya Limerick kwa chaka chimodzi. Matt McConnell akutitsogolera ngati Wachiwiri kwa Purezidenti pomwe palibe. "

Tim Dunne (Pulezidenti) analankhula kuchokera ku Ireland kudzera ku Zoom, nati “Tabwera kudzapanga mabwenzi atsopano ndikusangalala wina ndi mnzake cholowa chathu cha ku Ireland.” Dunne anapitiliza kuti, “Zaka 54 zapitazo gulu lathu lidapereka maphunziro oyamba. Tikuyembekezera kuyambiranso ntchito zathu zanthawi zonse komanso zochitika zopezera ndalama zamaphunziro athu. Mwa kuyenda limodzi, sitiyenda tokha, ndipo tingatsatire zolinga zathu zolemekezeka za kukhala gulu lachifundo, lachifundo, ndi chikhalidwe.”

Kevin Kelly adalandira mphotho ya 2022 Irish Person of the Year. Kevin anakulira ku Texas akufika ku Hawaii kudzera ku San Diego kumapeto kwa 1985. Analandira digiri yake ya Master in geological oceanography mu 1988 ndipo adalowa nawo utsogoleri ku yunivesite ya Hawaii mpaka pamene adapuma pantchito mu 2020. gulu la magalimoto oyendetsedwa patali ku Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory ndipo atalandira MBA yake ku Portland State University mu 1999 adasankhidwa kukhala mlangizi wa wachiwiri kwa purezidenti wa yunivesiteyo kuti afufuze. Kevin wakhala akugwira ntchito m'mabodi ambiri a dziko, m'mayiko komanso m'madera ambiri ndipo panopa ndi woyambitsa komanso pulezidenti wa North Shore Economic Vitality Partnership, chitukuko cha zachuma m'deralo chomwe sichinapindule chomwe chimayang'ana kumanga mwayi watsopano wamalonda kumidzi ya Hawaii, makamaka ulimi ndi ulimi. magawo azakudya. Kevin anali wapampando wa Friends of St Patrick kwa zaka 10 ndipo wakhalanso ngati msungichuma, wachiwiri kwa purezidenti komanso Purezidenti. Panopa ali ndi udindo wa Purezidenti Emeritus.

Mpira wa Emerald udapezeka patali komanso pamaso ndi anthu pafupifupi 100, kuphatikiza Purezidenti wakale Bill Comerford, yemwe ali ndi ma pubs ambiri aku Ireland ku Honolulu, ndi Dante Sbarbaro, m'modzi mwa omwe adalandira maphunziro a 2022. Dr. Nancy Smiley ndi wokongola Chris Harmes adalowa ndikuwonetsetsa kuti afalitsa chisangalalo kwa aliyense yemwe analipo pa mpirawo.

The Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick adakonzanso mwambo wazaka 55 wa Saint Patrick Day Parade womwe ukuyenda mumsewu wa Kalakaua ku Waikiki. Mwambowu udawonetsa anthu pafupifupi 800 kuphatikiza mabungwe ammudzi, magulu oguba, magulu ankhondo, ndi keiki ochokera kusukulu. Chiwonetserocho chinatha mphindi 90, ndi mazana a oguba, magalimoto 40 ndi magulu anayi akuyenda kuchokera ku Ft. DeRussy Park kupita ku Kapiolani Park.

Aliyense wofuna kulowa nawo The Society of Friends of St. Patrick angapeze zambiri za umembala apa.

Tsatirani wolemba, Dr. Anton Anderssen, pa Twitter @Hartforth

Ponena za wolemba

Dr. Anton Anderssen - wapadera ku eTN

Ndine katswiri wa chikhalidwe cha anthu. Dokotala wanga ali malamulo, ndipo digiri yanga yomaliza maphunziro anga ali mu chikhalidwe cha anthropology.

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