Nkhani

Angola ndi Democratic Republic of the Congo yellow fever yatha

Dziko la Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) lalengeza za kutha kwa mliri wa yellow fever m’dzikolo lero kutsatira chilengezo chofananacho ku Angola pa 23 December 2016, kuthetsa vutoli.

Dziko la Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) lalengeza kutha kwa mliri wa yellow fever m'dzikolo lero kutsatira chilengezo chofananacho ku Angola pa Disembala 23 2016, kuthetsa kufalikira m'maiko awiriwa pambuyo poti palibe milandu yatsopano yotsimikizika yochokera kumayiko onsewa. kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yapitayo.

"Titha kulengeza kutha kwa mliri waukulu kwambiri komanso wovuta kwambiri wa yellow fever m'zaka zaposachedwa chifukwa chakuchitapo kanthu mwamphamvu komanso kogwirizana ndi akuluakulu adziko, ogwira ntchito zachipatala komanso othandizana nawo," atero Dr Matshidiso Moeti, wa World Health Organisation (WHO). ) Mtsogoleri Wachigawo ku Africa, akuyamikira kuyankha komwe sikunachitikepo komanso kokulirapo pa mliriwu.


Mliriwu, womwe udapezeka koyamba ku Angola mu Disembala 2015, udayambitsa milandu 965 yotsimikizika ya yellow fever m'maiko awiriwa, ndipo ena masauzande akuwakayikira. Mlandu womaliza kupezeka ku Angola unali pa 23 June 2016 ndipo mlandu womaliza ku DRC unali pa 12 July chaka chomwecho.

Anthu opitilira 30 miliyoni adalandira katemera m'maiko awiriwa panthawi yachitetezo chadzidzidzi. Gawo lofunikirali lakuyankhidwa lidaphatikizanso kampeni yodzitetezera m'malo ovuta kufikira kumapeto kwa chaka kuti atsimikizire chitetezo cha katemera kwa anthu ambiri omwe ali pachiwopsezo chilichonse. Kuyankha kotereku kunatopetsa kuchulukana kwa katemera wa yellow fever padziko lonse lapansi kangapo.

Odzipereka odzipereka opitilira 41 000 ndi magulu otemera 8000 okhala ndi ma NGO opitilira 56 adachita nawo kampeni yopereka katemera. Makatemera omwe adagwiritsidwa ntchito adachokera ku nkhokwe zapadziko lonse zomwe zimayendetsedwa ndi Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), UNICEF ndi WHO. M'miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yoyambirira ya 6 yokha, abwenziwo adapereka Mlingo wopitilira 2016 miliyoni wa katemera - kuwirikiza katatu mlingo wa 19 miliyoni womwe umayikidwa pambali kuti pakhale mliri. Gavi, a Vaccine Alliance adapereka ndalama zambiri za katemera.

Mliri wovuta

Milandu yoyamba pa mliriwu idadziwika pa 5 December 2015 ku Viana, m'chigawo cha Luanda, Angola. Mliriwu udafalikira m'dziko lonselo komanso kudziko loyandikana nalo la Democratic Republic of the Congo, komwe kufalikira kudakhazikitsidwa mu Marichi 2016.

Kuyambira kuyambika kwa mliriwu, Angola idanenanso za milandu 4306 yomwe akuwakayikira ndi kufa 376, pomwe milandu 884 ndi kufa 121 zidatsimikizika.

Pakuphulikaku, DRC yanena za milandu 2987 yomwe akuwakayikira, pomwe 81 adatsimikizika ma labotale ndi 16 afa.

Mlingo wadzidzidzi kuti ufikire anthu ambiri

Chimodzi mwazochita zazikulu pakuyankhira ku mliriwu chinali kukhazikitsidwa kwa njira yatsopano yochepetsera mlingo pogwiritsa ntchito gawo limodzi mwa magawo asanu a mlingo wokhazikika wa katemera wa yellow fever - njira yovomerezedwa ndi gulu la akatswiri a katemera padziko lonse la WHO kuti ateteze anthu ambiri momwe angathere. kuchokera pachiwopsezo chachangu cha kufalikira kwakukulu kwamatawuni.

WHO inathandiza Unduna wa Zaumoyo ku DRC kuti upatse katemera anthu 10.7 miliyoni mumzinda wa Kinshasa pogwiritsa ntchito njira yochepetsera mlingo ngati njira yanthawi yochepa yomwe ingapereke chitetezo ku yellow fever kwa miyezi 12 komanso motalikirapo.

Thandizo ku mayiko likupitirirabe

Kuwonjezera pa kuthandizira ntchito zopangira katemera wambiri, WHO ndi ogwira nawo ntchito akupitiriza kupereka chithandizo ku Angola ndi DRC kuti alimbikitse kuyang'anira matenda, kuti athetse kufalikira kwa udzudzu ndikugwirizanitsa madera kuti athe kudziteteza.

Kusintha kwa nyengo, kuchulukirachulukira kwa anthu mkati ndi kudutsa malire kuchokera kumidzi kupita kumadera okhala ndi anthu ambiri, komanso kuyambiranso kwa udzudzu wa Aedes aegypti zikuwonjezera chiopsezo cha miliri ya yellow fever.

“Mliri wa Yellow Fever ngati wa ku Angola ndi ku DRC ukhoza kuchulukirachulukira m’maiko ambiri padziko lapansi pokhapokha ngati atagwirizana kuti ateteze anthu omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu. Chifukwa chake tikuyenera kukhazikitsa njira yodzitetezera kuti tizitemera anthu omwe ali pachiwopsezo kudera lonselo, "atero Dr Ibrahima Socé Fall, Mtsogoleri wa Zadzidzidzi wa WHO.

Poyankha, mgwirizano waukulu wa mabungwe kuphatikizapo WHO posachedwapa wapanga njira yatsopano yopempha 'Kuthetsa Matenda a Yellow fever' (EYE) kuti alimbikitse zochita zapadziko lonse ndikuphatikiza maphunziro omwe aphunzira kuchokera ku Angola ndi DRC.

Zomwe zili mundondomeko ya EYE zikuphatikiza njira zowonetsetsa kuti anthu apatsidwa katemera mliri usanachitike, kuonjezera chiwerengero cha katemera wapadziko lonse kuti ayankhe komanso kuthandizira kukonzekera kwambiri m'mayiko omwe ali pachiwopsezo.

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