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China Nkhani Zachangu

Munthu ndi Chilengedwe. UNESCO ya Man ndi Biosphere Program

Popeza China idalowa nawo pulogalamu ya UNESCO ya Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme, makamaka maziko a Chinese National Committee for MAB Programm (MAB China), kukhazikitsidwa kwa MAB kwathandiza kwambiri pakusunga zachilengedwe, kugwiritsa ntchito zachilengedwe mokhazikika, kumanga zachilengedwe. chitukuko ndi China wokongola, ndi chitukuko cha kafukufuku zachilengedwe ku China, Wang Ding, mlembi wamkulu wa MAB China, posachedwapa ananena m'nkhani yofalitsidwa Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

M'nkhani yake "Kugwirizanitsa Ubale Pakati pa Anthu ndi Chilengedwe ndi Kukwaniritsa Chitukuko Chokhazikika: Pulogalamu ya UNESCO ya Man ndi Biosphere ku China," Wang akuwunika momwe ntchito ya MAB ikuyendera ku China, ikuwunika mavuto ndi zovuta, ndikupanga malingaliro okhudza kukwera kwakufunika kwa kayendetsedwe ka chilengedwe padziko lonse lapansi ndikumanga gulu la tsogolo logawana zamoyo zonse Padziko Lapansi ndi mgwirizano pakati pa mayiko.

M’zaka za m’ma 1950 ndi m’ma 1960, kuipitsidwa ndi kuteteza chilengedwe kunakopa chidwi cha anthu pang’onopang’ono. Mu 1971, René Maheu, yemwe kale anali mkulu wa bungwe la UNESCO, adayambitsa MAB Programme padziko lonse lapansi pa Msonkhano Wachigawo wa UNESCO. China idalowa nawo pulogalamuyi mu 1973, ndipo Chinese National Committee for UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB China) idakhazikitsidwa mu 1978, mothandizidwa ndi Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) mogwirizana ndi maunduna ena omwe amagwira ntchito yoyang'anira zachilengedwe. kusamalira, nkhalango, ulimi, maphunziro, nyanja ndi mpweya, ndi zina zotero. Kuyambira pamenepo, MAB China yachita zowunikira zosiyanasiyana kuphatikiza mtengo wa UNESCO-MAB ndi zosowa za malo osungirako zachilengedwe ku China.

Malinga ndi nkhaniyi, China tsopano yamanga, yokhayo padziko lapansi, dziko lake lokhala ndi zosungirako zachilengedwe, ndipo likuchita chitetezo chochuluka chachilengedwe ndi njira zachitukuko zokhazikika pa intaneti. Malo achilengedwe 34 otetezedwa, monga Changbaishan Nature Reserve ku Jilin, Dinghushan Nature Reserve ku Guangdong ndi Wolong Nature Reserve ku Sichuan asankhidwa kukhala nkhokwe zapadziko lonse lapansi ndi UNESCO, ndipo chiwerengero chonsecho chili pamalo oyamba ku Asia. "Malo osungirawa amakhala ndi zachilengedwe zosiyanasiyana komanso zachilengedwe, kugwiritsa ntchito bwino zachilengedwe, kufufuza m'malire ndi mgwirizano wapadziko lonse popititsa patsogolo madera otetezedwa ndi madera ozungulira," adatero Wang.

Kuti agwiritse ntchito mokwanira nsanja yapadziko lonse ya MAB ndikukulitsa chikoka cha MAB ku China, Chinese Biosphere Reserves Network (CBRN) idakhazikitsidwa mu 1993. 2020 peresenti ya omwe anali malo osungira zachilengedwe, omwe amawerengera 185 peresenti ya malo osungira zachilengedwe ku China. Maukondewa amakhudza pafupifupi mitundu yonse yayikulu yazachilengedwe komanso madera otetezedwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana yazachilengedwe mdziko muno. "Maukonde amakhala ndi masemina ophunzitsira ndi ntchito zina zosinthana chaka chilichonse, kukhala imodzi mwamapulogalamu osinthana ndi dipatimenti yapakatikati komanso yapakati pamilandu yotetezedwa kumadera achilengedwe," Wang akulemba.

"N'zochititsa chidwi kuti CBRN ndiye network yoyamba yapadziko lonse yogwirizana ndi World Biosphere Reserves Network (WBRN), ndipo ntchito yochita upainiyayi yayamikiridwa kwambiri ndi UNESCO. Ntchitoyi idalimbikitsa UNESCO kuti ipange maukonde amdera komanso ma network osungitsa zachilengedwe padziko lonse lapansi, omwe, mwanjira ina, adafalitsa nzeru zaku China padziko lonse lapansi. Mu 1996, MAB China inapatsidwa mphoto ya Fred M. Packard (imodzi mwa mphoto zofunika kwambiri zapadziko lonse posungira zachilengedwe) ndi International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), ndipo chifukwa chachikulu cha mphothoyo chinali kukhazikitsidwa kwa CBRN kulimbikitsa machitidwe ambiri a MAB," akupitiriza.

Wang akuwulula kuti njira zachitukuko zokhazikika zachitika m'malo osungirako zachilengedwe. Mwachitsanzo, ubale pakati pa malo osungirako zachilengedwe ndi madera ozungulira wawongoleredwa kuti upititse patsogolo chitukuko chokhazikika, ndipo alangizidwa kuti alimbikitse chitukuko chokhazikika. Monga pulogalamu yapadziko lonse yasayansi yapakati pa maboma, MAB yathandizira ntchito zambiri zofufuza, ndipo idakonza ndikukhazikitsa ntchito zingapo zofufuza ndi zowunikira mogwirizana ndi mabungwe ovomerezeka kunyumba ndi kunja kuyambira zaka za m'ma 1980. Lingaliro la mgwirizano pakati pa anthu ndi chilengedwe lafalitsidwa ndi zofalitsa zachikhalidwe ndi zatsopano, ndipo palinso mndandanda wa ntchito zophunzitsira kuti apititse patsogolo luso la nkhokwe.

Ngakhale zapambana kwambiri, a Wang akunena, pali zovuta zina pakukhazikitsa pulogalamuyi ku China. "Makamaka, ikhala ntchito yayikulu kuti China iwonetsetse bwino zaubwino ndikuthandizira zofooka pambuyo pa mliri wapadziko lonse lapansi komanso kumanga malo otetezedwa otetezedwa ndi malo osungiramo nyama," akutero. "MAB China iyesetsa kulimbikitsa chitukuko chabwino cha UNESCO-MAB ku China kuchokera kuzinthu zitatu."

Choyamba ndikulimbitsa gawo lotsogola la sayansi. "Ndikofunikira kupititsa patsogolo gawo lotsogola la sayansi ndi ukadaulo komanso ubwino wa gulu la talente la bungwe la CAS." Ananenanso kuti alimbikitse mgwirizano wapadziko lonse lapansi kuti ulimbikitse kusinthana pakati pa China ndi dziko lapansi. “Kumbali ina, tipitiriza kufalitsa lingaliro lapamwamba lapadziko lonse la kasamalidwe ka chilengedwe ku China; Kumbali ina, tidzafalitsa zomwe China idakumana nazo pomanga chitukuko chaposachedwa komanso nzeru zaku China kudziko lonse lapansi," akutero. Lingaliro lake lachitatu ndikupereka masewero ambiri kwa akatswiri a magawo okhudzana ndi kusonkhanitsa nzeru kuti apange gulu la tsogolo logawana zamoyo zonse padziko lapansi.

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