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Bolivia Akapana piramidi makeover ndi fiasco yokonzanso

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000s_94
Written by mkonzi

TIWANAKU, Bolivia - Pofunitsitsa kukopa alendo ochulukirapo, tauni ya Tiwanaku ku Andes ku Bolivia yakhazikitsa piramidi yakale ya Akapana yokhala ndi adobe m'malo mwa miyala, zomwe akatswiri ena amatcha.

TIWANAKU, Bolivia - Pofunitsitsa kukopa alendo ambiri, tawuni ya Tiwanaku ku Andes ya ku Bolivia yatulukira piramidi yakale ya Akapana ndi adobe m'malo mwa miyala, zomwe akatswiri ena amatcha fiasco yokonzanso.

Tsopano, piramidi ya Akapana ili pachiwopsezo chotaya dzina lake ngati UN World Heritage Site, ndipo pali nkhawa kuti kusinthaku kungayambitse kugwa kwake.

Piramidiyi ndi imodzi mwazomanga zazikulu kwambiri ku South America ku South America komanso nyumba yofunika kwambiri yauzimu ku chitukuko cha Tiwanaku, chomwe chinafalikira kumwera chakumadzulo kwa Bolivia ndi madera oyandikana nawo a Peru, Argentina ndi Chile kuyambira cha m'ma 1500 BC mpaka AD 1200.

Jose Luis Paz, yemwe adasankhidwa mu June kuti awone kuwonongeka kwa malowa, akuti boma la National Archaeology Union, UNAR, linalakwitsa posankha kumanganso piramidi pogwiritsa ntchito adobe, pamene zikuwonekeratu kuti choyambiriracho chinamangidwa ndi miyala. .

"Adaganiza zongopanga (zatsopano) kapangidwe kake ... boma likulu la La Paz.

Malinga ndi a Paz, amene tsopano amayang’anira zokumba pamalowo, tauni ya Tiwanaku inalemba ganyu UNAR kuti ikonzenso Akapana kuti ikhale “yokopa alendo odzaona malo,” mosasamala kanthu za mmene piramidiyo inkaonekera poyamba.

Alendo zikwizikwi amapita ku Tiwanaku chaka chilichonse ndikulipira pafupifupi $ 10 kuti alowe pamalowa, koma mudzi wa Tiwanaku, womwe umayang'anira pakiyi, udaganiza kuti piramidi yowoneka bwino ingakope alendo ochulukirapo, adatero.

Nduna ya Zachikhalidwe Pablo Groux adatsutsa zina mwazodzudzulazo ndipo adati kukonzansoko kudakhala nthawi yayitali.

"UNAR yabwezeretsanso mawonekedwe oyambirira omwe piramidi inali nayo. Tikayang'ana zithunzi za zaka zisanu zapitazo, panali phiri basi. Zomwe tikuwona pano ndizofanana ndi momwe ntchito yomangayi idawonekera poyamba," adatero.

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Komabe, Paz adati mkanganowo sumangokhudza zokongola zokha.

Katswiri wofukula za m'mabwinja adanena kuti mapepala apansi amapendekeka pang'ono chifukwa cha kulemera kowonjezera kwa makoma a adobe, zomwe zingayambitse kugwa kwa piramidi.

Bungwe la United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, kapena UNESCO, liyenera kupita ku Tiwanaku posachedwa ndipo ngati lingaganize kuti Akapana wasokonezedwa kwambiri, akhoza kusiya Tiwanaku pamndandanda wake wa World Heritage Sites.

Mu 2000, bungwe la UNESCO lidaganiza kuti Tiwanaku ndiye woyenera kukhala pamndandandawo chifukwa mabwinja ake "amapereka umboni wamphamvu wa ufumu womwe udatsogolera pakukula kwa chitukuko cha Andean chisanayambe ku Spain."

Chitukuko cha Tiwanaku, chomwe chinafalikira kuzungulira nyanja ya Titicaca, chinali chimodzi mwa zinthu zomwe zinayambitsa ufumu wa Inca, womwe unali chitukuko chachikulu kwambiri cha chikhalidwe cha Columbian ku America.

Groux akukhulupirira kuti Tiwanaku sitaya mwayi wake wa World Heritage chifukwa boma lidayimitsa ntchito yomanganso kumayambiriro kwa chaka chino, UNESCO itangowauza.

"Kuphatikizidwa pamndandanda wa malo a World Heritage Sites kumaphatikizapo kufufuza nthawi zonse, chifukwa malo ena akhoza kutaya chifukwa chake adaphatikizidwa pamndandandawo. Pankhani yoti Tiwanaku ataya udindowo sizokayikitsa,” adatero.

Kubedwa kwa miyala yosema ya Akapana ndi zoumba zake kudayamba atangolanda dziko la Spain ndipo nyumbayo idagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati miyala, pomwe adachotsamo miyala yopangira njanji komanso tchalitchi cha Katolika chapafupi.

Kukula kwake ndi masitepe otsika omwe adayimabe akuwonetsa kuti Akapana nthawi ina inali nyumba yodabwitsa, koma chifukwa cha kuwononga ndi kutentha kwakukulu ndi mphepo yamkuntho m'mapiri a Andean, pafupifupi mamita 12,500 pamwamba pa nyanja, piramidi ikuwoneka ngati yododometsa.

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mkonzi

Mkonzi wamkulu wa eTurboNew ndi Linda Hohnholz. Amakhala ku eTN HQ ku Honolulu, Hawaii.

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