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Chisokonezo chamlengalenga: Kodi ndege yanu imatha kuthana ndi mkuntho?

Chithunzi chovomerezeka ndi Artemis Aerospace
Written by Linda S. Hohnholz

Tsiku lililonse, ndege zimakumana ndi chipwirikiti chamlengalenga, ndipo ndege zimafunika kuthana ndi nyengo yosadziŵika bwino.

Tsiku lililonse, kukumana ndege kugwedezekagwedezeka chifukwa cha nyengo yoipa komanso yosakhazikika. Ngakhale kuti palibe woyendetsa ndege amene angadutse mwakufuna kwawo pa mphepo yamkuntho, ndege zimafunikabe kulimbana ndi zochitika zosayembekezereka zokhudza nyengo. Apa, akatswiri a Artemis Aerospace amayang'ana momwe ndege zimapangidwira kuti zipirire zovuta komanso luso lomwe oyendetsa ndege onse amafunikira kuti ayende bwino mkuntho.

Kuyesa kupsinjika kwambiri

Si zangochitika mwangozi kuti kuyenda pandege ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yoyendera mtunda wautali. Chitetezo chakhala chofunikira kwambiri pamakampani oyendetsa ndege ndipo zochitika zazikulu zokhudzana ndi ndege ndizosowa.

Kuvuta kwa ndege zamakono kumatanthauza kuti ndege zatsopano zimayesedwa nthawi yayitali komanso yovuta. Mayesowa, omwe amaphatikizanso zochitika ngati kumenyedwa kwa mbalame, akusintha pafupipafupi kuti athetse kusintha kwa kapangidwe ka ndege komanso zoopsa zomwe ndege ingakumane nazo.

Zochitika zakale zomwe zidachitika chifukwa cha zolakwika zaukadaulo, kutopa kwa fuselage ndi mvula yamkuntho zathandiziranso kwambiri pakupanga njira zowongolera ndi kukonza ndege, zomwe zidayambitsa kupita patsogolo kwaukadaulo kuonetsetsa kuti zochitika ngati izi sizidzachitikanso.

Kuphatikiza pa kuyesa kwakukulu komanso kozama ndege zomwe zimayesedwa zisanalowe mlengalenga, ndege zamalonda zimayeneranso kuyang'aniridwa ndi kuyang'aniridwa ndi mainjiniya ndi oyendetsa ndege panthawi iliyonse yoyendetsa ndege komanso kuyang'anitsitsa zofunikira zokonzekera masiku awiri aliwonse ndikuwunika bwino. zaka zingapo zilizonse. Kukonza, kukonza ndi kukonzanso (MRO) ntchito ndi chinthu chofunikira pakuwonetsetsa kuti ndege zimakhala zotetezeka komanso zokonzeka kuwuluka nthawi zonse.

Kuthana ndi chipwirikiti

Ngati mudakwera ndege, ndiye kuti mwakhala mukukumana ndi chipwirikiti. Ngakhale kuti kukhoza kusokoneza minyewa, chipwirikiti, kunena mwachidule, ndiko kuyenda kosasinthasintha kwa mpweya. Mofanana ndi mafunde a m’nyanja, amene nthawi zina amakhala aakulu komanso osokonekera, chipwirikiti ndi madontho a chipwirikiti sizikhala zoopsa kwenikweni.  

Pali mitundu itatu ya chipwirikiti yomwe ndege imakumana nayo: kumeta ubweya (pamene madera awiri oyandikana ndi mpweya akuyenda mbali zosiyanasiyana), kutentha (kukangana pakati pa mpweya wotentha ndi wozizira) kapena makina, chifukwa cha kusintha kwa malo - mwachitsanzo, kuwuluka pamwamba pa phiri lalikulu.

Mapiko omwe amapindika

Mapiko pa jeti zamasiku ano zonyamula anthu ndi opindika kwambiri, zomwe zimawapangitsa kukhala osagwirizana kwambiri ndi chipwirikiti.

Kuti ayese kulimba mtima kwawo, mapiko amapindika pafupifupi madigiri 90 pogwiritsa ntchito makina opangidwa ndi akatswiri - opindika kwambiri kuposa momwe ndege iliyonse ingakumane nayo.

Mapiko ndi fuselage nawonso amayesedwa mokweza mpaka 1.5 kuposa momwe angayesedwere pakuthawa.

Mayeso a Snap amachitidwanso pamapiko kuti adziwe pomwe akusweka ndikuwonetsetsa kuti akupitilira mulingo womwe unanenedweratu.

Madzi amphepo

Kuchuluka kwa madzi obwera chifukwa cha mvula yamkuntho kungayambitse tsoka pa ndege. Choncho, ndege zimayesedwa mozama za madzi, kuphatikizapo kukwera takisi kudutsa m'miyendo yamadzi yopangidwa mwapadera, kapena kukakamiza kuti madzi aziyenda pang'onopang'ono kapena kuwombera madzi oundana osakanikirana kuti atengere mvula ndi matalala. Izi zimathandiza mainjiniya kudziwa momwe ma injini, ma thrust revers ndi ma braking system angagwirire ntchito atakumana ndi madzi komanso momwe izi zingakhudzire ndege yolimbana ndi nyengo yoipa.

Mphepo yamkuntho

Anthu ochokera padziko lonse lapansi adakopeka ndi kanema wa Big Jet TV wowonetsa ndege zomwe zikuvutikira kutera pabwalo la ndege la Heathrow pa nthawi ya Storm Eunice.

Kwa okwera ndi owonerera pansi, mphepo yamphamvu, yomwe imachititsa ndege kugwedezeka, imatha kuwoneka yowopsa komanso yowopsa kwa omwe ali m'ndege.

Oyendetsa ndege ndi akatswiri oyendetsa chipwirikiti komanso nyengo yoipa. Maphunziro a nthawi zonse oyendetsa ndege amatanthawuza kuti oyendetsa ndege amadziwa bwino zamtundu uliwonse wa zochitika zomwe angakumane nazo panthawi ya ndege, kuphatikizapo mphepo yamkuntho kapena kutera pamene kuli mphepo.

Ndege ndi ma eyapoti adzakhalanso ndi malire awo othamanga a mphepo - ngati mphepo ili yamphamvu kwambiri, ndiye kuti ndege sizidzaloledwa kunyamuka kapena kutera. Zowonadi, maulendo apandege ambiri ochokera ku Heathrow adayimitsidwa panthawi ya Storm Eunice pomwe ena amayenera kupita kozungulira kapena masewera. Ntchito za pabwalo la ndege zimayendetsedwa bwino kuti zitsimikizire chitetezo cha okwera ndi ogwira nawo ntchito.

Ngakhale kuti palibe malire a mphepo imodzi yokha, chifukwa zimatengera momwe mphepo ikulowera ndi gawo la ndegeyo, mphepo yamkuntho (mphepo yodutsa pamtunda) pamwamba pa 40mph ndi mchira woposa 10mph amaonedwa kuti ndi ovuta. Malire adzadaliranso mtundu wa ndege, komwe akuchokera komanso nyengo.

Panthawi yoyeserera, ndege ziziyikidwa mwapadera ma ngalande amphepo kuti awone mphamvu zawo m'malo ovuta kwambiri. Mwachitsanzo, ngalande ya dipatimenti ya Boeing's Test and Evaluation imatha kuyesa kuthamanga pakati pa 60 ndi 250 knots (70 ndi 290mph). Malowa amatengera mitundu yambiri ya mvula, ayezi ndi mitambo yomwe ndege zimatha kukumana nazo.

Mayesero a mphezi

Pafupifupi, ndege zamalonda zimawombedwa ndi mphezi kuzungulira kamodzi kapena kawiri pachaka.

Ngakhale kuti mphamvu yamagetsi ya aluminiyamu imatha kutaya magetsi kudzera mu ndegeyo mofulumira popanda kuwononga, si ndege zonse zopangidwa ndi zitsulo.

Pofuna kuchepetsa kulemera ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta, zipangizo zopepuka zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, monga carbon fiber, yomwe imakhala ndi mphamvu zochepa kwambiri zamagetsi.

Pofuna kuteteza zinthu zoterezi ku mphepo yamkuntho, zitsulo zopyapyala zazitsulo kapena zojambulazo zimawonjezeredwa. Mapanelo amayikidwanso pakumenya kwa mphezi kuti amvetsetse bwino momwe zida zosiyanasiyana zimagwirira ntchito.

Nkhani Zogwirizana

Ponena za wolemba

Linda S. Hohnholz

Linda Hohnholz wakhala mkonzi wamkulu wa eTurboNews kwa zaka zambiri.
Amakonda kulemba ndipo amamvetsera kwambiri tsatanetsatane.
Amayang'aniranso pazinthu zonse zoyambirira komanso zofalitsa.

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