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Bungwe la African Tourism Board Masanjano Dziko | Chigawo Nkhani Za Boma Jamaica Nkhani Rwanda Tourism Trending

Commonwealth ndi Mpata Wamphamvu Woyendera Mayiko 54

CHOGM2022

Jamaica idapereka lingaliro la mgwirizano wokopa alendo ku Commonwealth pamsonkhano wa mamembala 54 ku Rwanda.

Rwanda ndi dziko latsopano kwambiri mu Commonwealth ya mamembala 54 ndi wochititsa msonkhano wa chaka chino. Mtsogoleri wa dziko la East Africa, Paul Kagame, wati dziko lawo lidakhala membala wa bungweli kuti lipindule ndi umodzi komanso chitukuko.

Atsogoleri a mayiko 54 a m’bungwe la Britain Commonwealth akumana ku Rwanda kukakambirana za malonda, chakudya, thanzi, kusintha kwa nyengo, komanso zokopa alendo.

Mayiko omwe ali m'bungwe la Commonwealth akukumana kwa nthawi yoyamba m'zaka zinayi kuti akambirane njira zolimbitsira maubwenzi ndi kuthana ndi mavuto padziko lonse kuyambira chithandizo chamankhwala ndi mikangano mpaka kusintha kwa nyengo ndi chitetezo cha chakudya.

Polankhula mumzinda wa Kigali, likulu la dziko la Rwanda komanso woimira Mfumukazi Elizabeth, Kalonga Charles wa ku Britain anati mgwirizano wa ndale woterewu ukufunikabe kuti uthetse mavuto omwe ali padziko lapansi.

Ena mwa olemekezeka omwe akupezekapo ndi Mfumu ya Eswatini, Mfumu Mswati III, dziko lokhala ndi Bungwe la African Tourism Board.

African Tourism ikuwonetsa nkhope, ndi Bungwe la African Tourism Board Wapampando Cuthbert Ncube ali nawo.

Nduna ya zokopa alendo ku Jamaica Edmund Bartlett anali atavala chipewa chake ngati mtsogoleri wapadziko lonse lapansi woyendera komanso zokopa alendo. Adapereka lingaliro ndi lingaliro la post covid tourism led framework yolimbikitsa kuyanjana kwachuma pakati pa mayiko a commonwealth. Commonwealth Tourism ku Rwanda Forum.

Polankhula pamwambo wokhudza Tourism & Travel Sustainable Tourism Forum pa Commonwealth Business Forum Nduna ya Zokopa alendo ku Jamaica a Edmund Bartlett adatsutsa kuti ntchito yokopa alendo ili ndi kuthekera kwakukulu kolimbikitsa kusinthana kwachuma pakati pazachuma za Commonwealth.

Bungwe la Commonwealth Tourism Organisation linali logwira ntchito zaka 10-15 zapitazo ndipo linali ndi zokambirana ku Abuja, Nigeria, ndi Kuala Lumpur Malaysia pa mgwirizano wokopa alendo pakati pa Mayiko a Commonwealth.

Hon. Edmund Bartlett, Min Tourism Jamaica ku Rwanda

Nayi zolembedwa za ulaliki pa post covid yotsogozedwa ndi zokopa alendo ndi Minster Bartlett yoperekedwa ku Commonwealth Business Forum ku Rwanda.

Background

Mliri wa COVID-19 womwe ukupitilira wabweretsa mavuto azachuma m'maiko 54 a Commonwealth kumadera aku Africa, Asia, America, Europe, ndi Pacific.

Bungwe la Commonwealth lili pachiwopsezo chachikulu cha kusokonekera kwachuma kwanthawi yayitali chifukwa lili ndi mayiko ang'onoang'ono 32 mwa 42 padziko lapansi, lililonse lili ndi anthu 1.5 miliyoni kapena kuchepera (Commonwealth.Org, 2022).

Zambiri mwazachumazi ndi zosagwirizana ndipo zimadalira kwambiri mafakitale, malonda akunja, ndalama zakunja, ndi zokopa alendo - zomwe zakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi kugwa kwachuma padziko lonse lapansi.

Mu 2021, Banki Yadziko Lonse idayerekeza kuti Mayiko Ang'onoang'ono adachita mgwirizano ndi 7.1 peresenti poyerekeza ndi 1.7 peresenti pamisika yonse yomwe ikubwera komanso mayiko omwe akutukuka kumene (The World Bank, 2021). Maiko ang'onoang'ono amakumananso ndi zovuta zachitukuko zokhazikika zokhudzana ndi malo awo ocheperako, misika yaying'ono yapakhomo, madera akutali, komanso kusatetezeka ku masoka achilengedwe (The World Bank, 2021).

Kugwa kwachuma kwanthawi yayitali padziko lonse lapansi komwe kudachitika chifukwa cha mliri wa COVID-19, komabe, kwapereka mwayi kwa mayiko ang'onoang'ono a Commonwealth kuti akonzenso ubale wawo wazachuma wina ndi mnzake komanso mayiko akuluakulu a Commonwealth.

Kukonzanso ubale wachuma pakati pa Mayiko a Commonwealth

M'mbuyomu, malonda pakati pa mayiko a Commonwealth akhalabe otsika kwambiri. Ngakhale kuti Commonwealth imadzitamandira kuti ndi mayiko omwe akukula mofulumira kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, ndi kukula kwazaka makumi awiri zapitazi kuwirikiza kawiri ku European Union, malonda a m'mayiko a Commonwealth ndi 17 peresenti yokha ya malonda a padziko lonse a Commonwealth ndi malonda a ntchito omwe akusangalala ndi gawo laling'ono kwambiri. akuyerekezeredwa pa gawo limodzi mwa magawo anayi a malonda onse a intra-Commonwealth (Commonwealth. Org, 2017).

Mayiko ambiri a Commonwealth akutumiza makamaka kumayiko omwe ali m'madera omwe ali pafupi ndi mayiko omwe ali ndi chuma chokulirapo monga China, United States, The UK, The Eurozone, India, Australia, ndi New Zealand.

Potengera izi, gawo lina lakupititsa patsogolo chitukuko chachuma cha Commonwealth likhoza kukhala pakulimbikitsa kulumikizana kwakukulu pazachuma pakati pa Maiko a Commonwealth.

Zowonadi, bungwe la Commonwealth pamodzi limapanga msika wokulirapo wa 2.6 biliyoni pa anthu 7.9 biliyoni padziko lapansi omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito kulimbikitsa kukula kwachuma chambiri, makamaka pankhani ya malonda akunja.

Tourism monga chothandizira kulimbikitsa kuyanjana kwachuma pakati pa Mayiko a Commonwealth

Imodzi mwamakampani omwe ali ndi kuthekera kwakukulu kolimbikitsa kusinthana kwachuma pakati pa chuma cha Commonwealth ndi Tourism.

Mu 2019, zokopa alendo zinali gulu lachitatu lalikulu kwambiri lazachuma padziko lonse lapansi, pambuyo pamafuta ndi mankhwala, zomwe zidapangitsa 7% yamalonda apadziko lonse lapansi (UNWTO, 2019).

Mwa mayiko makumi awiri padziko lapansi omwe zokopa alendo ndiwo amathandizira kwambiri kutumiza kunja, khumi ndi atatu ndi mayiko omwe ali mamembala a Commonwealth (Commonwealth Innovation, 2020).

Pakadali pano, Tourism ndiye njira yopezera chuma cha Commonwealth chomwe chili m'madera omwe amadalira kwambiri alendo padziko lonse lapansi monga Caribbean, Pacific, Mediterranean, ndi Indian Ocean.

Tsoka ilo, misika yayikulu yofikira alendo komanso yoperekera zinthu, monga katundu ndi ntchito, kumakampani azokopa alendo ku Commonwealth ndi mayiko otukuka aku North America, East Asia (makamaka China), ndi Western Europe.

Chifukwa chake, mayendedwe odabwitsa akukula ndi kukulira kwa zokopa alendo m'zaka zapitazi zabweretsa phindu losakwanira ku chuma cha Commonwealth, chifukwa chachikulu, kutsika kwa malonda okopa alendo pakati pa mayikowa zomwe zalepheretsa maikowa kusunga ndalama zambiri kuchokera kumayikowa. makampani

Njira zolimbikitsira kusinthana kwachuma pakati pa Mayiko a Commonwealth kudzera mu Tourism

Kupanga njira zobwezeretsanso chuma pambuyo pa Covid-19 komanso njira zakukulira kwa mayiko a Commonwealth kumafuna kuti maikowa aganizirenso mwachangu machitidwe omwe alipo a maubwenzi azachuma ndi cholinga chokonzanso malire a malonda apadziko lonse lapansi mokomera iwo.

Izi zimafuna mgwirizano wambiri, mgwirizano, ndi maubwenzi omwe angalimbikitse mgwirizano pazachuma ndi mgwirizano pakati pa chuma cha Commonwealth.

Izi zithandizira kusinthana kwachuma pakati pa maiko ang'onoang'ono ndi mayiko akuluakulu a Commonwealth komwe kudzakulitsa luso lapakati pazigawo kuti lipange chuma chowonjezera ndikusunga zabwino zambiri zomwe zimachokera ku chitukuko chachuma chachikulu.

Makampani okopa alendo atha kukhala chothandizira kulimbikitsa mgwirizano pazachuma ndi kulumikizana kudzera m'njira zotsatirazi:

Kupititsa patsogolo kayendetsedwe ka ntchito mu Commonwealth:

Commonwealth ndi kwawo kwa ena mwa malo okopa alendo padziko lonse lapansi omwe amakopa anthu obwera kumayiko ena ndipo akuyembekezeka kupitiliza kukula.

Tourism ikupezekanso kukhala gawo limodzi mwamagawo omwe akugwira ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Onsewa atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuti alimbikitse kuchuluka kwa anthu ogwira ntchito ku Commonwealth, makamaka, chifukwa mliriwu wabweretsa vuto la kuchepa kwa ntchito m'malo ambiri ndipo pamafunikanso antchito aluso kwambiri pantchito zokopa alendo, (mahotela, zokopa). , maulendo apanyanja, etc.).

Izi zidzafuna makonzedwe atsopano omwe atsogolere kuyenda kosasunthika kwa ogwira ntchito zokopa alendo aluso kudera lonse la Commonwealth ndi chigawo.

Kuchulukitsa malonda a katundu ndi ntchito:

Cholinga chake ndikuthandizira makonzedwe a malonda omwe apangitsa kuti katundu ndi ntchito zambiri zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zonse m'makampani azokopa alendo zipangidwe ndikuperekedwa ndi mabungwe omwe ali m'maiko ena a Commonwealth. Izi zilimbikitsa kutengapo gawo kwakukulu kwa zokopa alendo komanso kulimbikitsa mapindu ku chuma chapafupi chomwe chimachokera ku zokopa alendo.

Kupanga njira zotsatsira mwamphamvu kuti zilowe m'misika yayikulu ya Commonwealth:

Pakali pano, alendo odzafika ku Commonwealth Maiko amadalira misika yochokera ku North America, Western Europe, ndipo tsopano East Asia (makamaka China, Japan, South Korea, ndi Taiwan).

Komabe, pamene maiko a Commonwealth akudziyika kukhala osasunthika pazovuta komanso kukulitsa magawo awo amsika, kupeza njira zopezera misika yopindulitsa komanso yomwe ikubwera yamayiko ena a Commonwealth, makamaka omwe ali ku Asia, akuyenera kupanga gawo lawo mwachangu.

Dziko la India makamaka lili ndi anthu okwana 1.35 biliyoni ndipo ndilo dziko limene likukula mofulumira kwambiri pa chuma cha padziko lonse, ndipo panopa ndi dziko lachisanu pa chuma chambiri padziko lonse.

Kuwonjezeka kwa ndalama zotayika komanso kupeza chuma chambiri ku India kumapereka mwayi wofunikira kuti maulalo okulirapo apangidwe pakati pa maiko ang'onoang'ono a Commonwealth ndi India.

Kukulitsa luso, maphunziro, ndi maphunziro:

Pankhani ya kukula kwa chuma chozikidwa pa chidziwitso, kupereka chidziwitso kwakhala chinthu chofunikira kwambiri pakukula kwachuma.

Pamene kukula kwa ntchito zokopa alendo kukukulirakulira, padzakhala kufunikira kokulirapo kwa pulogalamu ndi maphunziro akukonzekera kukonzekera anthu ogwira ntchito omwe adzapangidwe pantchito zokopa alendo komanso zomwe zingathandize kukweza miyezo ndi kutchuka kwa ntchito zokopa alendo. .

Izi zimapereka mwayi kwa mayunivesite am'madera ndi malo ena ovomerezeka ndi masukulu omwe ali ku Commonwealth Countries kuti apereke maphunziro ovomerezeka ndi ziphaso zolunjika nzika za mayiko ena a Commonwealth omwe ali ndi chidwi ndi chitukuko cha akatswiri monga ogwira ntchito zokopa alendo.

Makonzedwe amalo ambiri:

Njira yopita kumalo osiyanasiyana ndi imodzi mwazotsatira zitatu zochokera ku United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) mu 2017.

Dongosolo la malo osiyanasiyana limakhazikitsidwa ndi mgwirizano wophatikizana ndi maboma oyendetsa ndege, mahotela, oyendera alendo, ndi zokopa zomwe zingathandize alendo kupita kumayiko awiri, atatu, kapena kupitilira apo ndikukhalabe komwe akupita.

Kukwezeleza kwake kumagwirizana ndi malingaliro omwe akubwera a akatswiri okopa alendo kuti mwayi wamtsogolo wa zokopa alendo m'madera ena ukhoza kukhala pakusinthana kwachuma pakati pa maiko ogwirizana m'malo mwa njira zodziyimira pawokha.

Izi zimapanganso njira yabwino yogwirizanitsa chuma chomwe chidzalola kuti phindu la zokopa alendo lifalikire m'madera ambiri azachuma m'derali, motero kutulutsa mwayi wochuluka wachuma kwa anthu ambiri.

Zowonadi, makonzedwe opambana a malo ambiri amatha kukulitsa kuchuluka kwa alendo ndikulimbikitsa kupindula komwe amapitako ambiri m'derali.

Udindo wa Global Tourism Resilience and Crisis Management Center (GTRCMC)

Global Tourism Resilience Center idakhazikitsidwa ku University of the West Indies Mona Campus ku Kingston, Jamaica mchaka cha 2018 ngati tanki yapadziko lonse lapansi yomwe imayang'ana kwambiri pakulimbikitsa kulimba mtima, kukonzekera masoka, komanso kuthana ndi kusokonezeka kwa ntchito zokopa alendo, makamaka ku Global South. .

Center yayitanidwa kuti igwire ntchito padziko lonse lapansi yomwe imadziwika ndi zovuta zatsopano komanso mwayi watsopano wokopa alendo kuti apititse patsogolo ntchito zokopa alendo komanso kuwonetsetsa kuti ntchito zokopa alendo zikuyenda bwino padziko lonse lapansi.

GTRCMC ndi yokonzeka kutsogolera ndondomeko yamtsogolo yochitidwa ndi Mlembi wa Commonwealth kuti akulitse mgwirizano pakati pa mayiko a Commonwealth kuti awonetsetse kuti chitukuko cha zokopa alendo chikuthandiza madera ndi madera a Commonwealth kwa nthawi yaitali.

Twathu mu Commonwealth

Tourism ndiyofunika kwambiri pazachuma zambiri mu Commonwealth komanso makampani omwe akukula kwambiri. Imathandizira 2.7% ku GDP yonse ya Commonwealth, pafupifupi 6.7% ya GDP m'dziko lililonse, ndipo imalemba anthu 34 miliyoni ponseponse. Kuchepa kwachuma, kuchuluka kwa anthu, kapena dziko, zadziwika, m'pamenenso kufunikira kwa gawoli kukukula kwachuma. Zopereka zapamwamba kwambiri zagawoli mwachitsanzo zili ku Maldives (28% ya GDP), Seychelles (24%), Vanuatu (20%), ndi Antigua ndi Barbuda (17.4%) - mayiko onse ang'onoang'ono omwe akutukuka kuzilumba.

In Commonwealth ku Europe cholowa ndi chikhalidwe ndizokopa zazikulu kwa alendo; maiko nawonso ndi olemera ndipo amatha kupereka kwambiri zokopa alendo zapamwamba. Cyprus yachita bwinonso kukokera alendo ochokera kumisika yamitundu yonse kuchokera ku UK kupita ku magombe ake m'miyezi yachilimwe.

Cuthbert Ncube, Chairman of African Tourism Board (kumanzere)

Tourism ndi, mwachindunji kapena mwanjira ina, pakati pazachuma cha Caribbean; chuma chochepa chimadalira kwambiri. Geography ndi nyengo ndizokopa kwambiri. Msika waku Caribbean ndi msika waukulu wazokopa alendo ndipo uli ndi msika wachiwiri wakunyumba.

In Commonwealth Asia, Malaysia ndi Maldives akhala maiko opambana kwambiri. Malaysia ndi malo achiwiri otchuka mu Commonwealth pambuyo pa UK pomwe anthu 24 miliyoni adayendera dzikolo mu 2009, makamaka ochokera ku Asia.

Kupatula Fiji, Mayiko omwe ali m'zilumba za Pacific ndi zokopa zawo zachilengedwe zakhala zikuyenda bwino pang'ono pazokopa alendo chifukwa chakutali kwawo komanso kusowa kwachitukuko, ngakhale kuthekera, monga akatswiri akunenera, kudakali. Ambiri mwa ofikawo akuchokera ku Australia ndi New Zealand. Akatswiri amanena kuti mosasamala kanthu za kutali zilumba za Commonwealth Pacific zitha kuchita bwino kwambiri chifukwa cha kupambana kwa ntchito zokopa alendo zomwe zimawonedwa m'zilumba za Pacific ku USA ndi France monga Hawaii ndi French Polynesia, motsatana.

Australia ndi New Zealand kukopa alendo amitundu yonse kuyambira mabizinesi kupita obweza. Tourism Australia, bungwe lothandizira zokopa alendo lomwe limalandira ndalama kudziko lonse lapansi, limayang'ana kwambiri kutsatsa ku Western Europe ndi North America kwa omwe akufunafuna.

In Commonwealth Africa, nyama zakuthengo, nyengo, ndi geography ndizo zokopa zazikulu. Ndi nyama zakuthengo kumene Commonwealth Africa ili ndi kutchuka padziko lonse lapansi ndi malo ake osungira nyama ambiri komanso otchuka monga Serengeti (Tanzania), Kruger (South Africa), Masai Mara (Kenya), ndi Chobe (Botswana). Zowonadi, ndi malo osungiramo nyama omwe ali m'chigawo cha Commonwealth ku Africa omwe amapezeka m'mabuku ambiri apaulendo. Maiko ena monga Mauritius, South Africa, ndi Seychelles ndi malo apamwamba kwambiri okopa alendo.

Canada ndi malo akuluakulu oyendera alendo. Mitu yachikhalidwe m'mizinda yake inayi ikuluikulu Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, ndi Ottawa ndizokopa kwambiri alendo. Canada ndi yotchuka padziko lonse lapansi chifukwa cha mtundu komanso mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya malo ake ochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi omwe palibe dziko lina la Commonwealth lomwe lingafanane.

Mayiko Apano a Commonwealth

AFRIKA:

Asia

Caribbean ndi America

Europe

Pacific

Ponena za wolemba

Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.

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