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Dziko la Malawi likufunika ndalama zothandizira ntchito zokopa alendo

Dziko la Malawi likufunika ndalama zothandizira ntchito zokopa alendo
Dziko la Malawi likufunika ndalama zothandizira ntchito zokopa alendo
Written by Harry Johnson

Pamene alendo akuchedwa kubwerera, dziko la Malawi likuyang'ana njira zina zowonjezera m'malo mwa anthu omwe adalira zokopa alendo.

“Anthu okhala mozungulira Kasungu National Park amadalira zokopa alendo komanso ulimi. Kuyamba kwa mliri wa COVID-19 kudapha zokopa alendo ndikusokoneza misika yakumidzi. Zinali zomvetsa chisoni kwa anthu ambiri akumeneko.”

Malingaliro awa pazotsatira za mliri wozungulira Kasungu National Park M’Malawi Malidadi Langa, wapampando wa bungwe la Kasungu Wildlife Conservation for Community Development Association (KAWICCODA), awonetsedwa m’maiko ena m’dziko muno komanso mu Africa muno chifukwa choletsa kuyenda pofuna kupewa kufalikira kwa COVID-19 kusokoneza ntchito zokopa alendo komanso zamalonda. mu 2020 ndi 2021.

"Ngakhale COVID-19 isanachitike, zokopa alendo sizinali ndalama zochepetsera umphawi. Sizili ngati madera amenewa anali mwadzidzidzi olemera ndi zokopa alendo. Ambiri anali akuvutikira kale, "adatero Langa, pofotokoza kuti ogwira nawo ntchito ang'onoang'ono omwe amagwira nawo ntchito zokopa alendo mliriwu usanachitike analibe ndalama zothanirana ndi kusokonezeka kwa mabizinesi kwanthawi yayitali.

“Kukhudzidwa kwake kunali kofala. Anthu amene amagulitsa zinthu, kugulitsa zinthu, ndi kugwira ntchito m’nyumba zogona alendo mwadzidzidzi analibe ndalama, nthaŵi zina osagula ngakhale chakudya cha tsikulo. Panali otsogolera alendo amene anayenera kukhala asodzi. Amuna ndi akazi ankadula mitengo ya makala. Anthu adataya mtima,” adatero Brighten Ndawala wa ku Mangochi-Salima Lake Park Association (MASALAPA). Bungweli likuthandiza kugawana ndalama zomwe apeza ndi Lake Malawi National Park ndi anthu omwe ali m'malire a park.

"Kudya chuma chathu"

Franciwell Phiri, Managing Director ku Small Steps Adventure Tours mu malawi, anati, “Tinatsala pang’ono kugwa ngati bizinesi. Kuchokera kwa ogwira ntchito 10, tatsala ndi owongolera atatu omwe amangolipidwa kuchokera kuntchito kupita kuntchito. ” Kampani yake idadaliranso kwambiri anthu omwe amawatsogolera odziyimira pawokha kuzungulira dziko la Malawi, omwe amawaphunzitsa ndi kuwalipira paulendo uliwonse "kuti athe kupeza ndalama kuchokera ku zokopa zomwe iwo ndi madera awo amateteza. Ndipo kulikonse kumene tinkapita, tinkathandiza anthu a m’madera mwa kuwagulira chakudya ndi zokolola zawo. Tidaperekanso malo okhala m'midzi, komwe alendo amatenga nawo gawo m'moyo momwe zimachitikira, ndipo madera - makamaka azimayi - amatha kupeza ndalama zomwe zimafunikira."

WTM London 2022 zidzachitika kuyambira 7-9 Novembala 2022. Lowetsani tsopano!

Kampani yobwereketsa maulendo idavutika ndi kubweza ndalama ndikubweza ma depositi omwe adayimitsa, pomwe Phiri adafotokoza kubwereka ndalama ku Malawi ngati "kosatheka" chifukwa cha chiwongola dzanja chokwera. “Tinkadya katundu wathu. Tinagulitsa ndi kutaya zinthu monga magalimoto athu omwe tidagwira ntchito kuti tilipire pazaka 10 zapitazi. Zipserazo ndi zakuya, ndipo zitenga nthawi yaitali kuti zichiritse,” adatero Phiri, yemwe sanachitepo kanthu popereka mitengo yapadera kwa apaulendo komanso kugwiritsa ntchito chidziwitso chake cha chikhalidwe cholemera cha Malawi popereka nkhani ndi maphunziro kwa mabizinesi kuti abweretse ndalama zochepa. cha ndalama.

“Tiyenera kubweza zida kuti tipikisanenso pamsika. Chiyembekezo chathu ndi cha mabungwe omwe akufuna kuthandiza ma SME. Ndife okondwa kubweza ngongole. Tikungofuna mawu abwino,” adatero Phiri.

Zotsatira za COVID-19

Zaka khumi zisanafike 2020, ntchito zokopa alendo ku Malawi zidakwera pang'onopang'ono. Mu 2019, ndalama zonse zomwe gawo lazaulendo ndi zokopa alendo ku GDP ya dzikolo linali 6.7%, ndipo gawoli lidapereka ntchito pafupifupi 516,200. Koma COVID-19 itagunda mu 2020, zopereka zonse zokopa alendo ku GDP zidatsika mpaka 3.2%, ndikutayika kwa ntchito 167,000 pantchito yoyendera ndi zokopa alendo.

"Izi ndi zazikulu. Gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a ntchito za dziko lino m’gawoli zinatha, zomwe zakhudza anthu oposa theka la miliyoni omwe amadalira zokopa alendo kuti akwaniritse zosowa zawo za tsiku ndi tsiku,” anatero Nikhil Advani wa WWF. Ndiwo manejala wa ntchito ku Africa Nature-Based Tourism Platform, yomwe idafunsa mabizinesi 50 okhudzana ndi zokopa alendo ku Malawi miyezi ingapo mliri utayamba. Malinga ndi zomwe zasonkhanitsidwa, palibe amene adatha kupititsa patsogolo ntchito za mliri usanachitike popanda ndalama zachangu. "Ambiri adanena kuti angakonde ndalamazi ngati ngongole zofewa kapena zandalama, koma zokonda za chithandizo chandalama zinali zachiwiri kuposa momwe zimafunikira mwachangu," adatero Advani.

The African Nature-based Tourism Platform

Bungwe la Global Environment Facility (GEF) linakhazikitsidwa mu 2021 ndi ndalama zokwana madola 1.9 miliyoni kuchokera ku Global Environment Facility (GEF). kuzungulira madera otetezedwa ndikuchita nawo ntchito zokopa alendo zachilengedwe. KAWICCODA ndi abwenzi a nsanja ya African Nature-Based ku Malawi, dziko lomwe lili ndi zokopa zachilengedwe monga Nyanja ya Malawi, malo osungirako zachilengedwe, komanso zokopa za chikhalidwe ndi mbiri yakale.

“Atamaliza gawo lotolera zidziwitso, bungwe la African Nature-Based Tourism Platform lidathandiziranso KAWICCODA kukonzekera ndikupereka lingaliro landalama ku BIOPAMA Medium Grants Facility for a Alternative Livelihoods Project ngati yankho lachindunji pakugwa kwa zokopa alendo chifukwa cha COVID-19. Kasungu National Park. Kaya bungwe la KAWICCODA likupatsidwa thandizoli kapena ayi, ndondomeko yotukula ndondomekoyi inali yosowa komanso yofunikira kwambiri yomwe KAWICCODA ikuthokozabe ku Platform,” adatero Langa.

Kuchira pang'onopang'ono

Ngakhale dziko la Malawi lidachotsa ziletso zambiri zoyendera - kuyambira pa 1 June 2022, apaulendo atha kulowa m'Malawi ndi chiphaso cha katemera kapena mayeso a PCR - apaulendo akuchedwa kubwerera, akutero Ndwala, yemwe akuti anthu omwe angofika kumene ku Lake Malawi National Park akadali. osachepera 80% kutsika kuposa mliri usanachitike.

"Ndikuganiza kuti mfundo yaikulu yophunzirira ndi yakuti anthu ambiri omwe amagwira ntchito zokopa alendo amadalira 100% pa zokopa alendo, ndipo kuthekera kwa kugwa sikunaganizidwe, kotero anthu anali osakonzekera. Madera omwe amadalira zokopa alendo amafunikira kuthandizidwa kuti ntchito zawo zikhale zolimba komanso kukhazikitsa mabizinesi ena omwe angagwirizane ndi zokopa alendo. Si ndalama chabe. Ndi za luso lokonzekera komanso kasamalidwe ka ndalama,” adatero Ndawala.

Pafupifupi 50 peresenti ya nthaka m’Malawi muno imagwiritsidwa kale ntchito pa ulimi. Komabe, misikayi idakhudzidwanso ndi mliriwu, ndipo anthu akumidzi anali ndi njira zochepa zopezera ndalama zogulira chakudya ndi kulipirira sukulu. "Mwachidziwitso, mliriwu ukuwoneka kuti ukukulirakulira pakati pa malo otetezedwa ndi anthu ammudzi. Kubera ndi kupha nyama zinangochitika mwachibadwa chifukwa anthu amatembenukira ku chilengedwe kuti apezeko ndalama kapena chakudya mwamsanga kuti apulumuke,” adatero iye.

Dziko la Malawi limadziwika chifukwa cholima makala omwe amapangitsa kuti nkhalango ziwonongeke chifukwa anthu akumidzi amatulutsa matumba a nkhuni zoyaka moto kuti akagulitse m’njira kwa oyendetsa galimoto kuti apeze ndalama. Ndipo ngakhale Banki Yadziko Lonse idapereka ndalama zokwana US $ 86 miliyoni zothandizira mabizinesi ang'onoang'ono ndi apakatikati ku Malawi mu Seputembala 2020, ndalamazi zidangothandiza kuchepetsa mavuto omwe amabwera chifukwa cha mliriwu, ndipo thandizo lina tsopano likufunika (World Bank, 2020).

Kuthetsa njala

Mwa mabizinesi 50 omwe adafunsidwa ku Malawi, pafupifupi aliyense adawonetsa chidwi ndi njira imodzi kapena zingapo zopangira chakudya ngati njira ina yopezera ndalama zokopa alendo. Mabizinesi ambiri anali ndi chidwi choweta njuchi, kupanga madzi a zipatso, ndi kuweta mbalame za njuchi. Ena amanenanso za ulimi wa bowa ndi kugulitsa mbande zamitengo.

“Maderawa amachita kale zinthu zingapo: kulima chimanga, mtedza wantha, soya, ndi kuweta njuchi. Akathandizidwa akhoza kudzithandiza okha, adatero Ndawala, yemwe akukhulupirira kuti amalephera chifukwa “amagulitsa mbewu zosaphika ndipo amapeza zochepa. Kuonjezera mtengo ku mbewu zimenezi kungapangitse kusiyana kwenikweni. Mtedza wapansi ukhoza kupangidwa kukhala peanut butter. Soya imatha kupanga mkaka.”

Malinga ndi a Matias Elisa, yemwe amagwira ntchito ngati ulangizi wa zachitetezo ku Kasungu National Park pa nthawi ya mliriwu, kusintha kwa nyengo kukukhudzanso anthu omwe amadalira ulimi omwe amakakamizika kupha kapena kuwononga malowa kuti apulumuke. Ndi njala yomwe ikuwopseza anthu okhala kumadera akutali ndi akumidzi, akukhulupirira kuti zoyesayesa zobwezeretsa ziyenera kuyang'ana pa kuthandiza anthu kuti adziyime okha.

"Zomwe tikuyesera kuti tikwaniritse ndi African Nature-Based Tourism Platform ndikupirira zowopsa zamtsogolo, kaya miliri, kusintha kwanyengo kapena masoka amtundu uliwonse," atero Advani, yemwe akuyembekeza kuti opereka ndalama awona kuthekera kothandizira. omwe ali pachiwopsezo kwambiri m'zamoyo zomwe zili zabwinonso zachilengedwe.

Kupatsa mphamvu amayi

Akazi ndiwo ali pachiwopsezo kwambiri. Malinga ndi buku lomwe Banki Yadziko Lonse linatulutsa mu December 2021 lofotokoza za chitukuko cha chuma cha dziko la Malawi pothetsa kusiyana kwa kusiyana pakati pa amuna ndi akazi pakati pa anthu ogwira ntchito, pafupifupi 59% ya amayi omwe ali pa ntchito komanso 44% ya amuna omwe amagwira ntchito akugwira ntchito zaulimi, lomwe ndi gawo lalikulu kwambiri la ntchito m'Malawi. Minda yomwe imayendetsedwa ndi abambo imabweretsa zokolola zochulukirapo 25% kuposa zomwe zimayendetsedwa ndi amayi. Ndipo akazi ogwira ntchito yolipidwa amapeza 64 cents (512 Malawi kwacha) pa dola iliyonse (≈800 Malawi kwacha) yomwe abambo amapeza.

Ndemanga yomwe Jessica Kampanje-Phiri, (PhD), wa ku Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, ndi Joyce Njoloma (PhD), wa World Agroforestry (ICRAF) m’Malawi, adatsindika kufunika kokhala ndi njira zosiyanasiyana zopezera amayi. Iwo anali nawo pamsonkhano wapagulu ku NGO Forum of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW66) 2022, yokhudza kupatsa mphamvu amayi pakubwezeretsa chuma chobiriwira kuchokera ku COVID-19. Iwo ati kusiyana pakati pa amuna ndi akazi pazaulimi kumabwera chifukwa choti amayi amakhala ndi mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito nthaka mosagwirizana, kuchepa kwa ntchito zaulimi komanso kusapeza njira zopititsira patsogolo zaulimi ndi ukadaulo. Ndipo ngakhale "kuzindikira kuchulukitsidwa kwa kusatetezeka kosiyana komanso zochitika zapadera ndi luso lomwe amayi ndi abambo amabweretsa pachitukuko ndi zoyesayesa zosamalira zachilengedwe, amayi samathabe kupirira - ndipo amawonekera kwambiri - zotsatira zoyipa za kusintha kwa chilengedwe. nyengo ndi miliri monga COVID-19. ”

Kuchira kozikidwa paufulu

Lamulo la National Wildlife Act likuwonetsetsa kuti anthu ali ndi ufulu wopindula ndi zokopa alendo ndi kasungidwe; Langa akukhulupirira kuti ndi thandizo loyenera, kuphatikizira kulimbikitsana mwamphamvu kuchokera ku mabungwe amdera monga KAWICCODA, Amalawi - kuphatikiza amayi - apeza njira zothandizira kasamalidwe ka zachilengedwe m'madera kuti moyo wawo ukhale wabwino. Monga wapampando wa bungwe la National CBNRM Forum, Langa akuyimira mabungwe a Malawi Community Based Natural Resource Management ku Southern Africa Community Leaders Network (CLN), omwe amalimbikitsa ufulu wa anthu.

"Choyamba ndikupangitsa kuti anthu am'deralo akhale ndi mphamvu ndikuteteza zomwe tapeza posamalira malo athu otetezedwa," adatero. Izi zikuphatikiza kuwonetsetsa kuti ndalama zokopa alendo zikuyenda bwino m'madera akumidzi komanso kulimbikitsa zokopa alendo m'deralo pamsika wapakhomo pomwe ndikukhazikitsa mabizinesi owonjezera omwe amagwirizana ndi chilengedwe. Kuwonjezera pa ndalama ndi kugawana phindu, palinso zovuta zina zokhudzana ndi mikangano ya anthu ndi nyama zakutchire, mwayi wopeza zinthu zomwe zili m'mapaki, ndi njira zoyendetsera malamulo zomwe ziyenera kuthetsedwa.

"Kum'mwera kwa Africa kuno, tili ndi mwayi woti anthu aganizirenso za njira zawo ndikukonzanso mabizinesi awo. Chifukwa cha zoyeserera monga African Nature-Based Tourism Platform, pali chiyembekezo kuti titha kukhala ndi zabwino kuposa kale ndi chithandizo choyenera. Sitiyenera kuwononga zimenezo,” akutero.





Ponena za wolemba

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson wakhala mkonzi wa ntchito ya eTurboNews kwa zaka zoposa 20. Iye amakhala ku Honolulu, Hawaii, ndipo kwawo ndi ku Ulaya. Amakonda kulemba ndi kufalitsa nkhani.

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